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manners of an Irish peasant, as given by time-s0 I could not help myself; and C. Sedley, in his “ Winter in Dublin." my father did vot care to help me;
and so I hopped the twig ; and parted Lady Louisa and Mrs. COLT ILLE.
old Nick's darliog-Och, may the devil “We have lost our way, good friend :
fire her wheresoever she goes.- But can you assist us in finding it?" here I am alive, and leaping, and going
“ Assist you in finding it, my lady? to see Pat married ; and faith, to dim -Aye, by my faith and troth, and that justice, he's an honest lad as any within I will, if it was to the world's end, and ten miles of us--and no disparagement farther too."
peither-and I love Pat, and I love all “We wish to return by the shortest his family, age, and by my soul I do, way to the Black Rock."
every mother's skin of them-and by "Indeed and you will, so please your the same token, I have travelled many Jadyship's honour, and O'Callaghan's a long mile to be present at his wedOwu self shall sbew the
and then ding you can't miss it, you know.”
5* Your miles in Ireland are much “We would not wish to give you so longer than our's, I believe?". much trouble, Mr. O'Callaghan.”
• Indeed and you may believe that, " It is never a trouble, so please you my lady, because why, Saint Patrick my lady, for an Irishman to do his measured them in his coach, you know duty."
-Oh, by the powers !--the time has Tbis sentence was accompanied by a been-but 'tis no matter, the devil a bow and expression feelingly eloquent. copper now belongs to one of the family
This son of Hibernia might have been - but, as I was saying, the day has two-and-thirty-tall, robust, bis limbs been, aye by my troth and the night combining strength with agility. His too, when the O'Callaghans, good luck countenance was devoid of that ruddy to them, beld up their heads as high flush of health, which distinguishes ihe as the best ; and though I have not Eoglish peasant; but his features were a rood of land belonging to me but Jively and intelligent, although some what I hire-and that from an old what clouded by a black matted beard. Ainty-hearted middleman-I love my His brogues depended upon the shilelah king-and I love my country-and I which crossed his shoulders; the upper love fighting—and the devil a Frenchpart of his brawny legs were clothed in man shall ever set foot on the sod, ihe ancient costume, which leaves the but I will lend'a hand to plant him feet and ankles naked ; and a huge where he will never grow up again, maplle buttoned across his breast with a but wither like an old stump." characteristic skewer.
“ Pray what age is the bride ?” “ Whither do you travel, friend?" “What age is she? Och, by my soul, said Mrs. Colville.
my lady, she is a neat article-old “ To Dublin, so please you, my lady enough to be a mother, and young -Sure all the world knows that Judy enough to be a wife: then she will O'Flannagan will be married to-morrow, be rigged out as gay as a Jark, and to Pat Ryan; and Pat, you know, is as fine as a peacock — because why, my own foster brother-because why, she has a great lady for her godmother we bad but one nurse between us, and -long life and success to ber-who that was my mother-but she died one has given Judy two milch cows, and day—the Lord rest her sweet soul :- five pounds in hard money—and Pat and left me an orphan : for my father has taken as pretty apartments as any in iparried again, and his new wite was the Dublin-a neat, comely, parlour, as devil's owo child, and did nothing but yould wish to see, just six foot under beat me from morning till night-Och, ground, with a nice, beautiful ladder to why didn't I die before I was born to go down, and all so complete and gensee that day-for, by St. Patrick, the teel, and comfortable, as a body might woman's heart was as hard, and as cold say.". as a bail-stone."
** Nothing like comfort, Mr. O'Cal" But what reason could she bave to laghan.” treat you so oniercifully.”
Faith, and you may say that, my “ Ah my lady, and sure enough, there lady"-rubbing his hands Comfort, are always reasons, as plenty as butter says I to Mrs. O'Callaghan, wbeu we are milk, for being hard-hearted; and I all seated so cleverly round a great big was no bigger than a dumplio at the turf fire, passing the whiskey jug, and
the pipe, as merry as grigs, with the the true Irish constitution seems abated, dear little grunters snoring so sweetly if not chilled. Here the cead mile in the corner; defying wind and wea falta' of Irish cordiality seldom leads ther with a dry thatch, and a sound its welcome home to the stranger's conscience to go to sleep upon; Och, heart. The bright beams which illojewel, sure it's not the best beds that mine the gay images of Milesian fancy make the best sleepers ; for there's are extinguished ; the convivial pleaKathleen and myself sleep like two sures dear to the Milesian beart, scared great big tops, and our bed is none at the prudential maxims of calculating of the softest-because why, we sleepinterest, take flight to the warmer ne on the ground, and have no bed at all gions of the south. at all."
À mind not too much or too deeply The Irish language is finely adapted affected or fascinated by the lorid vir. to lyric poetry; it is very forcible tues, the warm overflowings of geand expressive.
In the north-west nerous and ardent qualities, will find and souih-west counties of Ireland, the in the Northeros of this island much English language is scarcely koowa. to admire and more to esteem. They In the county of Wexford, English are au industrious thrifty race of people, Janguage, habits, and customs, prevail generally speaking. They have a great universally, and the Irish language is deal of substantial civility, without quite forgotten. It was one of the much courtesy to relieve it and set first English settlements. In the north, it off to the hest advantage. The bold you would hardly believe how little re ideas of rights and privileges which seem inains of Irish bistory, language, or cus. inseparable from their presbyterian toms. The revolutions it has undergone church, renders. them apt to be unin consequence of forfeitures to the gracious and unpleasing, especially to English, and the encroachments of the those who are acquainted with the warm, Scotch, have overturned every rempant open, liberal, courteous, gracious manof its original state.
ners of the Southeros of the island. On During the time that the English the whole, the middling and lower ranks were endeavouring to extend the pale of people in this northero quarter of the in every.
direction from the metropolis kingdom are a valuable part of the comof the kingdom, over a desperate but munity; but one must estimate ibeir disunited energy, the Scottish clans of worth as a miner often does bis ore, Mac Donalds, who by au intermarriage rather by its weight than its splendor. had got footing in Ireland, began their Honey, or jellies, and eggs, are generavages on the northeru coast of An- rally introduced at the Irish Breakfasts. trim; and by the powerful support they 'Their tables in general do not differ received from Cantyre and the Western from our's. Potatoes as good as io Eog. 'Isles of Scotland, established their do- land, and better drest-protest against minions over a considerable tract of their introduction to table in their country. ;
brown great coats or skins. They dine As the people of those days gene- late, and their dinners as well as break. rally followed the fortunes of their fasts are bountiful. 'chief, the greater part of the native The inos in Ireland are in general io. Irish who survived those bloody scenes different, and some wretched; jo sevetransplanted themselves elsewhere; ral, one side is appropriated for shop wbile the Scots remained peaceable pos- for the sale of groceries and whiskey, sessors of the field.
Dry lodgings, means lodging ools, Hence the old traditions of the coun. and no liquors. try, its customs and manners, were en Cobins. An Irish cabin is, in general, tirely lost ; and the few who speak the like a little antediluvian ark; for hus. Celtic Janguage at all, use a kind of band, wife, and children, cow and calf, mixed language, called here Scotch- pigs, poultry, dog, and frequently cat, Irish, which is but imperfectly under- repose under the same roof io perfect stood by the natives of either country. amity. This part of Ireland, therefore, may in Insufficiency of provision, which opesome measure be considered as a Scot. rales so powerfully in England against tish colony, and, in fact, Scotch dia marriage, is not known or cared about lect, Scotch manners, Scotch modes, in Ireland ; there the want of an esta. and the Scoich character, almost uni- blishment never affects the inind of the versally prevail. Here the ardour of enamoured rustic. Love lingers only
until he can find out a dry baok, pick a sion for enjoying a two-fold existence, few sticks, collect some furze and fern, independent of actual being; of tracing knead a little mud with straw, and raise back genealogical honours, and antia hut about six feet high, with a door to cipating a perpetuated life in the hearts let in the light and let out the smoke; of those they leave behind ; is a passion these accomplished, the sylvan pair, incidental to the native Irish character united by their priest, enter their syl- of every rank. van dwelling, and a rapid race of chubby The attachment of the peasantry of boys and girls soon proves by what Ireland to their family burying-places scanty means life can be sustained and is boundless. Bodies are conveyed imparted.
across the mountains for a great many Pour mud walls, with one entrance, miles, men, women, and childreo, foland frequently without either a window lowing in multitudes. Such a coucourse or chimney, will, ja a few words, de- of people generally attends the cerescribe the Irisb hovel. Such was Gillo's mony of interment with cries and howl. habitation.
ings, that would excite surprise, and “ At one of the ends he keeps his cows,
worder, and perhaps some little terror, At th' other end he kept his spouse ;
in a stranger. On bed of straw, without least grumble,
(To be concluded in our next.)
To the Editor of the European Magazine.
The rent of the cabins is from oue to time immemorial, to ridicule the two guineas a year. To each cabin is taste of us cits, especially in building altached about an acre of ground, which and laying out our country boxes. I is cropped alternately with oats and po. am happy, however, now to be able taloes, and sometimes a sinall portion to give you an example of the taste of Bax is added. With these supplies of a gentleman at the west end of the the cottier rests contented; the poia. town, wbich, I hope, will save us in toes and oats afford bim food for the future from the jokes of our neighyear ; and the Bax is spun into linen
bours in that quarter. by the female part of the family. The You must koow, Sir, that spousy overplus of corn and potatoes serves and I, on a fine Sunday, take a walk to fatten a pig, which is generally sold as far as Kensington Gardens, geneto pay a part of the reat, the remainder rally going out the Uxbridge road, and of which is made up by manual labour ; returning by Kensington, where we dine and thus all his real wants being sup or take tea, and sometimes both, if plied, the rest of his time is spent in the first stages are full, and the day total inactivity.
fine. Till last Sunday we bave not Another part of the peasant's family ventured to make this excursion since deserves notice, his boys ; by accustom- Sunday the 24th of October last (I ing them from their infancy to run over recollect the day well, one of John a great deal of ground on errands, ibeir Piper's bills having been dishonoured limbs acquire a wonderfully strong and on Saturday the 230 inst. though payaetive degree. They will go many able at the Bank of England). At that miles quickly and puoctually for a very time I was attracted by the walls of small remuneration.
a very large building, and walking forThe Irisb dance with all their heart; ward, was duly informed, by a right and tbeir jig is particularly calculated nully Maltese cross in cast iron, let for the full indulgence of this national into a brick wall, that I was at St. trait. It is not possible for an enthu Pelersburg-place. I entered a narrow siastic miod to look with indifference Jane, avd walked to the other end ; on this national sport; which is chaste but as St. Petersburg-place has never as it is empassioned-devoid of eastera been beard of in Cbeapside, I shall devoluptuousness ; yet glowing with ani scribe its situation, só as it may be mated sentiment.
found by the curious city traveller, who The affectionate regard which the may venture into outlandish parts. It Irish peasant feels for the memory of is bounded on the south by a brick wall, those dear to him in life, is indeed ro surmounted by a Jamp, and the King's maptit, and almost incredible. A pas
on the west, by a fence with
towers, columns, and other ornaments, cotta in the centre. This is a gravelled which once formed part of the cele- varandah, the first I ever saw. There brated Temple of Concord and Vic are numerous antiques, for any thing L tory in the Green Park; on the east, know of great value, let into the wall in it joins Russian-place, at present a all directions; among these, I was told, brick-field with two mud cabins, and were some of the stucco ornaments Moscow-row, a dirty lane; and on the saved from the ruins of Drury-lane north, it terminates in Lion-house, the when last burned down. residence of the proprietor. The ex So much for the house; and I must tent of this unique scene may be three pursue the same mode with the garden :
I shall now attempt to describe for I suppose it would puzzle Mr. Rep. Lion-house, though I must forewara ton, or the Surveyor.general, to make my readers not to expect to find it a plan of it. It contaios all sorts of the same should they make a journey walks, in all sorts of directions ; a pol. to see it, as it has not only been entirely lard oak-tree, witb a turf seat below; metamorphosed since I saw it in October a winding stair, and a small summerlast, but has even changed its pame, be house above ; King Charles crowned, ing now St. Petersburg Cottage, and, I and seated in the summer bouse. am told, is every day undergoing some Another summer-house contains the improvement. In October last, it had a drawings and models of Mr. Pilton's triumphal arch nearly as highly as the shop for rural iniprovemeots. Ihree house, surmounted by the Lion which mahogany summer. houses formed of Mr. Folsch, the inventor of the mani. the ventilators called Æolians, which fold-writer, used for a sign, before Mr. belonged to the ingenious, but unforlaNash pulled down his house; and a bigh nate, Mr. Deacon, of Red-lion-square. pannelled brick wall concealed the en It contains, besides, an oval pood, a trance door from the road; now there square ditto, a dragon, a dolphin, a is an open iron railing, and the arch jet d'eau, a dial, a ciuder rock-work, a and lion is removed. The lion has had brick ditto, a straight wall, and a mud bis tail broke, but notwithstanding has or turf ditto ; and, to crown all, the fouod a mate, and both are now placed summit of the Temple of Concord on old window cills in the garden, as the placed on an artificial hill or mount. guardians of a certain commonly made Is pot all this curious, Mr. Editor ? and diminutive edifice, but bere a prin- Yes! Well then, I shall vot describe cipal parterre. I will not attempt to give the Chapel of St. Peter, nor half-ayou an idea of the house as a whole, dozen buildings finished by the profor that is absolutely impossible without prietor to eucourage settlers. They a drawing, but I shall tell you what each will puzzle Mr. Soane and Mr. Wyat, part separately contaius, beginning with and frighten away even so tasteless a the enirance front, and at the roof, citizen as your bumble servant. which is slate, with a Chinese cornice I was surprised to find that the pro. from the aforementioned jubilee build- prietor of ibis place is an opulent aod ings ; below are six stucco bas-reliefs, respectable mail, who must bave some a Grecian nitch with a Venus, a Gothic literature, since he is a licensed preachbracket with a vase and a lamp, a pea- er, and who ought to have a good taste, cock over the door, and transparencies since he deals, and that extensively, in in all the windows: agaiost the west p****s and e********s
What a strange front leans a green-house, composed perversity of mind must that man have, of all sorts of old windows; some wood, who puriured in the inidst of beauty others iron or copper, some with green, can relish only deformity! Or is it, Mr. others with plate glass ; there is the Editor, that too much beauty becomes bow-front of a shop, a circular sky. tiresome, and drives us to ugliness for light of ground, and a Gothic fan light relief? Or is laste, according to the of stained glass, from Dimond's, late old doctrine of Hutcbeson and Gerrard, haberbasher (now bankrupt) in Duke. a facully of the mind, and altogether street: the north, or principal, front wanting to our master-builder ? – Pray bas an immense varandah, and a cor go and see this scene, and try to account pice that once adorned Mr. Pilton's for it. shop, called the Garden Gate, in New
-telum sine icld Bond-street. Beautiful idea! Two hen coops are at one end, a form at the Your neighbour' and fellow wardsman, other, abd the Apollo Belvidere in terra
Civium commodo explet, nos, virum
egregium tamdiu Legum Joterpretem PATRICK COLQUHOUN, Esq. LL.D. integerrimuin et acerrimum vindicem (Continued from page 310.)
ompius dignum judicavimus, qui sum
mis, in Jure et Legibus, houoribus AcaNam merenti gratias agere, facile est, Patres demicis insigniatur: Noverint itaque
Conscripti, non enim periculum est, ne omnes bomines quorum pôsse interest, quum loquor de humanilate, exprobrari
nos ipsum Patricium Colquhoun, Armi, sibi superbiam credal ; quum de frugali gerum fecisse, creasse, constituisse Juris tate, luxuriam : quum de clementia, crudelitatem ;
Legumque Doctorem et Magistrum, quum de liberalilate, avaritiám ; quum de benignitate, livorem : quum prout hisce præsentibus nostris literis de continentia, libidinem ; quum de labore,
eum Juris Leguinque Doctorem creainertiam; quum de fortitudine, timorem.
viinus, coustituimus, et renunciamus: Puinius de Trajano. eique omnes Dignitates, Immunitates,
et Privilegia concedimus, quibus Juris TOTWITHSTANDING the exer Doctores ubivis terrarum gaudere so,
tions wbich were made in the lent. In quorum tidem his literis, comyears 1795 and 1796, Mr. Colquhoun muoi Voiversitatis Sigillo muuitis, no. still found, in 1797, that much dis- nina nostra subscripsimus. tress prevailed : he therefore aided, as
ARCID. DAVIDSON, Vice Canc. et we have already hinted, the design of
Collegii Præfectus. distributing cheap and wholesome soup
GULIELMUS LOCKHART, FF. Decanus. to the deserving poor in the eastera
Robs FINDLAY, SS. Theol. Prof. district of London, wbere he then re
Jou. MILLAR, J. U. P. sided; and thus he was the means of
Pat. Cumin, Lilt. Orient. P. affording relief to several thousand in.
GUL, RICHARDSON, L. H. P. dividuals. At the close of this year, be
Jo. YOUNG, L. G. P. availed bimself of the charitable and
H. MacLeod, Hist. Prof. benevolent spirit which prevails among Pal. Wilson, Astr. Prac. Prof. the peaceful and exemplary society of
Geo. JARDINE, Log. & Rhet. Prof, Quakers, whose Christian-like efforis he
Jac. JEFFRAY, Auat. & Bot. Prof. continued to assist in laying the founda
Jac. Millar, Maih. Prof. tion of the great Soup-houses in Spital
Roos FRERE, Med. Prof. fields, Clerkenwell, and St. George's; the
Jac. MILNE, Phil. Mor. Prof. beneficial effecis of which were greatly Datum Glasguæ die vicessimo feit in the scarcity wbicb prevailed.
quarto Ociobris, anno æræ While Mr. Colquhoun was thus ac Cbristianæ,797." Lively employed in his civil capacity,
In 1798, Mr. Colquhoun removed both as a' Magistrale and as a friend his residence to Westmioster, in con, to the poor, The University of Glas- sequence of being appointed a Magis. gow (to the town he had been, as we
trate of Queen-square Office: and here Þave already seen, a great benefactor) the same vigilant benevolence for the was not uumindful of his literary werit, sufferings of the poor tracked bis profor they this year voluntarily conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doc- gress, and his removal was not one to tor of Laws, signed by all the Professors such a state would be painful to one
ease and idle tranquillity; and indeed of the Uviversity. The very honorable whose spirit always delights to luxu, and potent reasons given for this pro- riate in the promotion of virtuous in. ceeding by the Professors, renders it an dustry. He bere found, in the popu. act of justice that the diploma should be lous parishes of the liberty of West, subjoined.
minster, the same distresses prevailing “ Omnibus has literas visuris
as in the Eastern district: and by an Senatus Academiae Glasguensis appeal to the efficient humanity of the Saluten
jubabitants, he was enabled to exteod Cum nobis succurrit de cximio viro the benefit of a Soup House to this Patricio Colqobono, Armigero, qui Pri- district of the metropolis. These marium olim, in hac nostra civitate Ma- weighty and useful efforts soon at. gistralum magna cum laude gessit, et tracted the allention of Government ; postea per complures hos annos, gra and Mr. Colquhoun, at the close of the vissimuin, Regii Pacis Curatoris vel Jus. year 1799, at the request of the Privy ticiarii, munus apud Londinenses exple. Council, bestowed much of his valu. vit et adhuc feliciter et magno cum able time in furning Soup houses for Europ. Alag. Vol. LXXIII. May 1818.