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brew, and, having corresponded with suffering for the cause of Christ be the Malta committee on the sub- strengthened under their deep afflicject, are taking measures to carry tions, and delivered from them. their recommendation into effect. The committee would trust, that
In a former Report it was stated, whoever or whatever may have been that a spirit of inquiry prevailed to the means, the work is of God. a very considerable extent amongst They desire to commend these new the Jews of Constantinople, and that converts to Him who can alone give a great number of copies of the He- them strength to pass through the brew Old and New Testament had trial that awaits them. They canbeen actually purchased by them. not but rejoice in the intelligence The rabbies took the alarm, and in which they have received; but they vain attempted to put a stop to the would rejoice with trembling. They circulation of the sacred books, or would not rest the hopes of the to the discussions which were con- society upon the professions or the tinually taking place on the subject conduct of any man, but would look of Christianity. It was likewise for encouragement only to the word mentioned, that in this state of of an unchangeable God. things, Mr. Wolff arrived at Con- The society's missionaries have stantinople, and found that several travelled in Syria and Palestine, to Jews, who had heard him at Jeru- collect information, and by the blesssalem about two years before, but ing of God to open avenues for fuwho then opposed and derided his ture usefulness. “ Though the obdoctrines, had come to Constanti- servation,” says one of them, “ has nople, and had disseminated the been repeatedly made among us that knowledge of Christianity among the Lord seems to frown on this their brethren of that city. The country, in having permitted it rabbies said, that there were about within a short time to be deprived 300 Jews who were more or less of five of its most active and able affected with his errors. He con- missionaries, who, twelve months tinued to preach the Gospel to his ago, were all labouring in the strength inquiring brethren, until his depar- of the Lord, to restore to this land ture for England. Several applied that knowledge of the God of their to him for baptism; but, at the re- salvation which first went out from commendation of the British am- this then highly favoured country; bassador, he declined complying yet I feel assured, that the commitwith their earnest request, fearing tee will, in dependence upon the lest, in the political excitement Lord's blessing, make the greater which then prevailed in Constanti. efforts and exertions to reinforce nople, his motives should be mis- and continue this interesting though construed, and he should be ac- difficult mission. The Jews are but cused of improper interference with few in number, and they were at the subjects of the Ottoman Porte. first exceedingly prejudiced against The committee refer to the Monthly the missionaries; but they have graExtracts of the British and Foreign dually changed so far, that there Bible Society's Correspondence, and was good hope of soon establishing other documents, for further details a school for their children.” respecting the Jews at Constanti- The committee have not been nople. The details are now fami- able to comply with the earnest reliar to our readers; and have in- quest of the Madras Corresponding tensely interested every Christian Committee, that an English clergymind. We feel deeply for this small man should be sent out to co-operate but “noble army' of confessors and with Mr. Sargon, and to preach the martyrs. May those who have re. Gospel amongst the Jews of India. lapsed, by the mercy of God be re- In Cochin, the number of children on called ; and may those who are still the establishment of the White Jews' CHRIST. OBSERV. APP.
school has been reduced to forty- In concluding the Report of their three : in the Black Jews' school transactions at home and abroad there are thirty. In Bombay the during the year now past, the comWhite Jews are not numerous : mittee say,—" To those who would those called the “ Beni-Israel” are inquire, How many Jews have been much more so; perhaps about 10,000 really converted to a saving knowalong the western coast of Hindo- ledge of Christ through the instrustan, sunk into the lowest state of mentality of your exertions ? we moral degradation. Mr. Sargon has reply, This is a question which will succeeded in establishing a school never be satisfactorily answered, for Jewish children at Bombay, in until the day when the Great spite of a very serious opposition Searcher of hearts shall bring all from some of the most respectable things to light; and then, they trust Jews in that place, many of whom that many will appear as your hope have now had their prejudices sof- and joy, and crown of rejoicing, in tened, and in some few instances so the presence of our Lord Jesus far removed as to be induced to Christ at his coming. We have send their children to the schools, reason to believe that some have al. and to recommend others to do so ready died in the Lord. Others are likewise. The number of children now adorning the Christian doctrine, at present on the school books and even preaching the Christian amounts to forty. There is still faith. At this very time some are great aversion among the Jews to suffering for the sake of Christ. The the reading of the New Testament, committee regard it as no slight enand even to tracts. The schools of couragement, that ten converted the American missionaries contain Israelites are now labouring in conupwards of 100 Jewish children, nexion with the society. And, we and they have ten Jewish teachers. doubt not, there are many of whom These schools, of which there are we have never heard, of whom the thirty-five, chiefly in the neighbour- Saviour will declare, They are hood of Bombay, containing up- mine,' in that day that he makes up wards of 1800 children, have proved his jewels.” of essential benefit to the Jews.
IRISH SOCIETY. The object of this highly useful so- Under the first head, the Report ciety, our readers are aware, is to commences with the Kingscourt dispromote the education of the native trict, which extends itself into the Irish, through the medium of their counties of Meath, Westmeath, own language.
Louth, Cavan, Monaghan, and ArIn reporting the progress of the magh. In this district there have society during the year, the com- been, since the commencement of mittee consider it no longer neces- the society's labours, 165 schools sary to labour the establishment of established, in which 11,988 indifirst principles, but take it as an ad- viduals, children or adults, have been mitted truth, that the Irish language taught to read the Scriptures in the is the most proper medium for con
There are fifty-three veying scriptural knowledge to all schools, in each of which there is Irish adults to whom it is known; at least one scholar of 60 years and that every objection that has or upwards; twenty-three in which been hitherto raised inst its use, the oldest scholar is past 70; five in has fully met with refutation in ex- which are persons of 80 years of perience.
age; and in one of them. is a pupil The operations of the society re
of the age of eighty-four. It was late to the progress of its schools, from this
district that was presented and the distribution of books. the resolutions of 375 Roman Ca.
tholics, who claimed on behalf of lected 231. On Monday evening themselves and of 5000 of the in- we had the best meeting we ever habitants of several adjacent coun
had-about 700 persons, among ties, their right as men, as British whom there were supposed to be subjects, and as Christians, to read above 200 Roman Catholics. The for themselves the Testament of progress of the work in that neightheir Saviour, in its literal sense, un- bourhood is quite wonderful.” The encumbered by the note of fallible masters of the Youghal district have mortals.
passed some interesting resolutions, The schools in the counties of concluding with the following: Sligo and Leitrim continue to thrive. “ That it is our general opinion, that The number of the pupils has con- the Bible is the most proper book to siderably increased The total be read for our families; and that number paid for was 1069, of whom any other, if it be not agreeing with 685 were adults. Applications have the same, cannot impart such conbeen made for new schools; and, did solation either to reader or hearer.” the funds permit, the operations of The society add,-“ We have the society in this district would be never known a reader of the Holy greatly increased. Similar state. Scriptures in the Irish dissent from ments abound, in reference to va- these sentiments; and we have rearious other counties and districts; son to believe they are cordially but we have not space for the de. those of thousands who have not yet tails. “ There is a great spirit of had the courage or the opportunity inquiry abroad,” says one of the su- to avow them.” perintendants. “I know several who' The entire number of schools at read the Irish Testament for their the last quarterly inspection was families and neighbours in the even- 264; and in these 10,953 pupils ing, and greatly prefer it in their passed examination, of whom 8,946 own language, although they can were adults. read English well also. I have dis- The number of books distributed tributed with great success many during the year is as follows:copies of the Psalms of David, and New Testaments 752, portions of of the History of Joseph, published ditto 3,959, Psalms 240, other porin English and Irish by the Educa- tions of the Old-Testament 95, tion Society: the latter book is Books of Common Prayer 102, Elegreatly liked and valued by the mentaries 7,116, Irish vocabularies people.” Another remarks: “ The 1,676, dictionaries 16. The octavo order from the committee of the so- edition of the Bible in the Irish lanciety, restraining any addition to guage and character, was expected the schools, seems to me the only to be finished before the close of the obstacle to the further extension of year. the scriptural education of the poor, In consequence of the pressure through the medium of the Irish of debt, the committee had been language, as it is evident that a fur- obliged to resolve not to open any ther demand for the schools has new schools, and to limit their other arisen in many quarters.”
charitable expenses: but we are · The Rev. Robert Daly writes :- happy to learn that the large acces“I preached on Sunday in the sion to their resources had enabled morning at Youghal, and we col- them to relax their restrictions.
AFRICAN INSTITUTION. We avail ourselves of the general which is not only truly “philanheading of “ Religious and Philan thropic" in its objects, but a thropic Intelligence," prefixed to powerful ally to those strictly.“ rethe articles in our Appendix, to in- ligious" societies which contemplate troduce the Report of a Society the spiritual welfare of the long op
dressed race of Africa. The neces- trading under the French flag, exile sity for such an institution is far, would be no punishment at all; and very far, from being superseded — even with respect to Frenchmen, it would that it were !-either by the was driving them abroad with an actual abolition of the traffic in fact opportunity of renewing their crimes as well as upon paper, or by such on the coast of Africa, or in some improvements in all those parts of other quarter of the globe. In this the world in which slavery has been attempted amendment the Duke did introduced, as would take away from not succeed. the slave trader every inducement to That this law may produce a continue his blood-thirsty traffic. considerable effect in checking the FRANCE.
trade from the ports of France is France has at length improved very probable; but if a great change her legislation for the repression of shall not be effected in the mode the Slave Trade; and although the of administering justice in the measures she has adopted are far French colonies, the trade, it is to from heing fully adequate to the be feared, will still be carried on exigency of the case, they unques. thence. Whatever may be its future tionably indicate a better spirit on effect, the annals of the past year the subject. A law has passed, by had exhibited little or no diminution which all who co-operate or parti- of French slave-trading on the coast cipate in any manner whatever in of Africa. The list of French slavethe Negro Slave-trade, are sub- ships boarded by our cruisers shews jected to banishment, and to a fine this. equal to the value of ship and cargo, Since the French cruisers have to be inflicted jointly on the indivi- been more active in making captures duals concerned; the ship and cargo on the coast, it has become the being, moreover, confiscated. The practice of the French slave-traders captain and officers are, besides, to fortify themselves with double rendered incapable of serving either sets of papers and flags; their own, in the royal or mercantile navy; and and those of some other nation, the mariners, those excepted who, the Dutch for example. With the in fifteen days from the time of their latter they have been supplied arrival in port, shall disclose the through the criminal connivance of facts of the case, shall be imprisoned some of the Dutch colonial au. from three months to five years. thorities. These Dutch documents And these penalties are to be inde- are held in readiness, in the case of pendent of such as, by the existing being boarded by a French cruiser, penal code, may be incurred for while the French papers and flag other crimes proved to have been serve to elude English capture. committed in the course of the One of the Sierra-Leone Gazettes voyage; such as the murder of relates a fact of peculiar atrocity, slaves, &c.
unexampled except in the annals of The discussion of this measure in the Slave Trade, as having been the chambers was rendered remark- perpetrated on board a French able by a speech of the Duke de slave-ship called the Perle, which, Broglie, which will bear a compa- in July or August 1826, carried off rison, for acuteness of reasoning, 250 slaves from the Gallinas, force of eloquence, and comprehen- “ This same vessel," it is affirmed, sive knowledge of the subject, with “on the voyage previous to this, any thing which has appeared upon while lying near Point-a-Petre, it. He laboured to persuade the Guadaloupe, succeeded in landing legislature to substitute imprison- part of her slaves : sixty-five, howment and forced labour for banish- ever, still remained on board, when ment; on the ground that to many, an armed French government-cutespecially if they were foreigners ter was observed standing towards
her. The brutal captain, to avoid the indications of their slave-trading detection, and consequent capture, purposes are as clear as the sun; threw the whole of the wretched and these purposes are in many victims over board, and every one cases even avowed), are obliged to perished."
leave them unmolested to pursue Through the persevering efforts their criminal traffic; and when a of the Society of Christian Morals, fair opportunity of escape offers, formed at Paris, public feeling has they take their slaves on board in a of late been greatly excited on this few hours, and set sail for their subject in France; and we may destination. fairly look forward to such further The number of slaves captured in measures of legislation in that coun- these six ships was 1360; but one try, as will at length cleanse it from of them being overset in a tornado, the reproach of tolerating this traffic. the slaves on board, to the number NETHERLANDS.
of 197, perished. The crowded state The Netherlands government have of these ships, and the suffering of acted with good faith and cordiality the slaves from that cause, and from in acceding both to the mutual right the ravages of dysentery and smallof search, and to the right of cap- pox, are now become such necessary ture and condemnation, not only incidents of the trade, that they exwhere slaves are actually found on cite no surprise. One case, however, board, but where an intention to which occurred in February last, trade in slaves is clearly apparent; may be specified. The Paulita was but some of its colonial functionaries captured off Cape Formosa by his continue to place themselves in majesty's ship Maidstone, with 221 opposition to the wishes of their slaves on board. Her burden was government, and to lend the pro- only sixty-nine tons; and into this tection of their official character, to space were thrust eighty-two men, the nefarious speculations of the fifty-six women, thirty-nine boys, slave-trader. Of nominally Dutch, and forty-four girls. The only probut really French or American, vision found on board for their subslavers, seven have been lately con- sistence, was yams of the worst demned at Sierra Leone.
quality, and fætid water. When
captured, both small-pox and dysenThe conduct of Spain, with re- tery had commenced their ravages. spect to the Slave Trade, bas evinced Thirty died on the passage to Sierra one unvarying course of evasion, on Leone, and the remainder were the part of the colonial functionaries, landed in an extreme state of and of indifference, if not faithless wretchedness and emaciation. ness to engagements, on the part of Some of the atrocities practised the government. The papers laid by the Spanish slave-traders on the before parliament exhibit, in every coast, are forcibly and succinctly rank, from the highest to the lowest, described by Mr. Canning, in a an absence of moral restraint, and a letter to our ambassador at Madrid, recklessness of human misery, which dated October 3, 1826. are perfectly sickening. The num- pears," he says, “that it is the cusber" of Spanish slave-ships con- tom of the owners of these Spanish demned at Sierra Leone, in the last piratical vessels, the greater part of year, amounts only to six.
The which there is reason to suppose are number boarded, but not detained, equipped at the Havannah, to send was immense : they appear to have them outfitted both for trade and swarmed on the coast. The treaty for war : but their trade is the
prowith Spain unfortunately does not scribed trade in human beings, and admit of their detention, unless the war they wage is a war of piracy. slaves are found on board; so that It is their practice to hover on the our cruisers who visit them (although coast of Africa, where, if they can
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