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sion of those around us perishing for he felt, that, while marshalled for lack of knowledge, cannot soon against a common enemy, there be forgotten!”
should be none other than a geneHis lordship's chaplain gives rous rivalry, and a brotherly emulaequally strong testimony to his zea- tion between our separate hosts ; lous and unwearied labours; espe- and that even thus the fortune of cially in the truly apostolical work the field is best secured, if each which he in a large measure executed, army keeps its own ranks unbroken, of visiting every part of his gigantic and its own discipline inviolate. diocese. Our readers cannot but The several societies connected with read with interest the following ex- our church partook largely of his tract on this subject.
regard and active support ; particu“ Little more than two years have larly the venerable chartered Soelapsed since he first arrived in ciety for the Propagation of the India ; but in that short period he Gospel in Foreign Parts, whose had visited almost every station general cause, as connected with where a Christian church could be their central establishment of Biassembled, and, while engaged in shop's College, he had successfully the longest and most difficult duties pleaded at the several presidencies of any bishop since the earlier ages of Bombay, Colombo, and Calcutta; of Christianity, he employed himself, and which he purposed, on his rewherever he came, not only in the turn to Madras, to recommend there higher functions of his office, but also to the benevolence of the Chrisin the more humble and laborious tian world;-the Church Missionary duties of an ordinary pastor. He Society, to whose labours and the had thus become known to all his character of their missionaries, be reclergy and to all his people, in the peatedly bore the most honourable plains and mountains of Hindostan, testimony ;-and the venerable Soin the wilder tracts of Central India, ciety for promoting Christian Knowin the stations of Guzerat, the ledge, whose interests literally ocDeckan, and the western coast, in cupied his dying thoughts. the hills and valleys of Ceylon, and 66 The missions of this last-named in these southern provinces, the scene society, at Tanjote and in this of his latest labours, and henceforth place; the foundations of the apoof his dearest memory.
stolic Schwartz, and the apostolic “ In the course of these journeys, men who have walked and are still and in all his other labours, his heart walking in his steps, awakened, in a was most earnestly and intently most powerful degree, and beyond fixed, not only on the government any thing he had previously seen, of the existing church, but on the the affections of bis heart ; and to extension of Christ's kingdom in devise and arrange a plan for their these strongholds of heathen and revived and more extended prospeMohammedan superstition. He de- rity, was the object which occupied lighted to consider himself as the for many days, and to the last hour chief missionary of India; a character of his life (as several whó now hear implied, in his judgment, in the na- me can bear witness), his anxious ture of his episcopal office itself: thoughts, his earnest prayers, and and while he felt it to be his bounden the concentrated energies of his duty to confine his pecuniary aid mind. Again and again did he reand direct influence to the establish- peat to me that all which he had ments of that church whose orders witnessed in the native congregaand ministry he received as aposto- tions of these missions, their pumlical, yet most sincerely did he re- bers, their general order, their dejoice in the successful labours of all vout attendance on the services of Christian societies of whatever de- the church, exceeded every expecnomination, in the field of India; tation he had formed; and that in their support and revival he saw the ner his last days land hours were fairest hope of extending the church occupied :-He arrived at Tanjore of Christ. Never shall I forget the on the 25th March, 1826, having warm expressions of his delight, preached on the Crucifixion the when, on Easter-day, he gathered preceding day, Good Friday, at them around him as his children, as Combaconum. On the 26th, Easter one family with ourselves, adminis- Sunday, English Divine Service was tered to them the body and blood performed at the mission church in of our common Saviour, and blest the Little Fort of Tanjore, and his them in their native tongue : and lordsbip preached an eloquent and when, in the evening of that day, impressive sermon on the Resurreche had seen before him not less tion; which, at the request of the than 1,300 natives of those districts, native members of the congregation, rescued from idolatry and supersti- he promised to have translated into tion, and joining as with one heart the Tamul language and printed, and voice in the prayers and praises In concluding the sermon, he, in the of our church,-I can never forget his most feeling manner, impressed the exclamation, that he would gladly duty of brotherly love upon all prepurchase that day with years of life. sent, without regard to rank or co
“Those of you who heard his part. lour. The Lord's Supper was ading address on the succeeding day ministered to eighty-seven commufrom the grave of Schwartz, will nicants; thirty belonging to the never lose the deep impression of English congregation, and fiftythat solemn moment, when (as if he seven native Christians who underhad foreseen that his departure was stand the English language. Divine at hand) he commended you to service was performed in the even: God and to the word of his grace, ing, at the same place, in the Tamul charging you by the love of your language. To the agreeable surSaviour and of each other, and ani- prise of all present, his Jordship mating you by the memory of your pronounced the Apostolic Benedeparted father, and by the near diction in the Tamul language. On prospect of your eternal reward, to Easter Monday he held a confirmaperseverance, fidelity, and Christian tion. In the evening, Tamul Divine order. Of his last public ministra- Service was held in the chapel in the tions in this place I need not speak mission garden. At the conclusion, to you: the memory of them is the missionaries present received an fresh in every heart ; you treasure affectionate and animated address them as the last words of a departed from his lordship; who observed, friend. You remember well the that it was probably the last time Earnestness and affection of his that all present could expect to meet manner, how he exhorted, and again in this world; and he exhorted comforted, and charged every one them to diligence and perseverance, of you, as a father doth his children, by the example of Schwartz, near that ye would walk worthy of God whose remains he was then standing. who hath called you to his kingdom His address will not soon be forgotten and glory.' Alas! who could have by those who had the privilege of foreseen, while hanging on those hearing it. On the 28th, attended lips, that they would so soon be by his chaplain and several missionclosed in death; that the voice of aries of the district, he paid a visit of your shepherd, whom you had just ceremony to his highness the Rajah begun to love, should be heard by of Tanjore, under the customary you again no more for ever!” honours. On the 29th and 30th, he
But these apostolical labours were visited and inspected the mission 8000 to close. The following brief schools and premises. On the 31st memoranda will shew in what man- he proceeded towards Trichinopoly,
where he arrived the following day. The various speakers paid the higirOn Sunday, the 1st of April, he est tribute to his learning, his talents, preached to a crowded audience, his piety, his amiable virtues; and and, in the evening, confirmed forty large sums have been subscribed toyoung persons : after which he de- wards erecting a monument at the livered a most impressive address. cathedral of Calcutta, and another The next day, April 2d, was his last in at Madras, besides endowing sevethis changeful world. “This morn- ral scholarships in Bishop's College ing," says the Rev J. Doran,one to be called after his lordship's of the Church Missionary Society's name.
We should gladly quote missionaries, “ at six o'clock, I ac- various passages from the impressive companied him to Fort Church, addresses delivered at these meetwhere he confirmed eleven native ings, as illustrating still further the Christians. In going and returning, Bishop's character ; but our limits he was most affectionate in his confining us to a single specimen, we manner; and talked freely on the must content ourselves with a paraglorious dispensation of God in graph or two from the remarks of the Christ Jesus, and of the necessity chairman at the Calcutta meeting. which rested on us to propagate the “The first point,” said Sir Charles faith throughout this vast country. Grey, “ which I would notice was, On his return, he went to the bath, that cheerfulness and alacrity of spiin which he had bathed the two rit which, though it may seem to be preceding days : but his servant, a common quality, is, in some cirthinking that he remained long, cumstances, of rare value. Disapopened the door, and saw him at pointments and annoyances came to the bottom of the water, apparently him as they come to all, but he met lifeless! The alarm was given-1 and overcame them with a smile ; hastened to the spot-and, alas! and when he has known a different mine was the awful task, together effect produced on others, it was his with Mr. Robinson, to drag his usual wish that they were but as mortal remains from the water. happy as himself.' Connected with All assistance was instantly pro- this alacrity of spirit, and in some cured—but in vain! 'The immortal degree springing out of it, was his inhabitant had forsaken its tenement activity : I apprehend that few perof clay, doubtless to realize before sons, civil or military, have underthe throne of the Lamb those bless. gone as much labour, traversed as ings of which he, yesterday, spoke much country, seen and regulated so emphatically and powerfully." so much, as he had done, in the
The mortal remains of this emi- small portion of time which had nent man are deposited on the north elapsed since he entered on his office; side of the altar of the church of St. and, if death had not broken his John in Trichinopoly.
career, his friends know that he It is not compatible with our contemplated no relaxation of exlimits to enumerate the many eu- ertions. But this was not a mere logies and deep regrets which fol. restless activity or result of temperlowed upon the intelligence of this ament: it was united with a fervent afflicting loss. At each of the three zeal, not fiery nor ostentatious, but presidencies a public meeting was steady and composed; which none promptly held, and eagerly attended could appreciate, but those who inby every class of the population, timately knew him. I was struck including several of the chief official myself, on the renewal of our acpersons of each presidency, to con- quaintance, by nothing so much as sider the best means of evincing the the observation, that, though he respect and affection so widely che- talked with animation on all subrished towards this excellent prelate. jects, there was nothing on which his intellect was bent, 'no prospect because of my conviction that they on which his imagination dwelt, no are rarely to be found, that I feel thought which occupied habitually justified in affirming his death to his vacant moments, but the further. have been a loss, not only to his ance of that great design of which friends, by whom he was loved, or he had been made the principal in- to his family, of whom he was the strument in this country. Of the idol, but to England, to India, and same unobtrusive character was the to the world.” piety which filled his heart: it is Not less deep has been the symseldom that of so much there is pathy, or less cordial the respect, 50 little ostentation: all here knew which has been shewn to the mehis good-natured and unpretending mory of Bishop Heber in his native manner; but I have seen unequi- land. In particular, the members vocal testimonies, both before and of the three great church societies since his death, that, under that connected with the extension of cheerful and gay aspect, there were Christianity in India, the Society feelings of serious and unremitting for the Propagation of the Gospel, devotion, of perfect resignation, of the Society for promoting Christian tender kindness for all mankind, Knowledge, and the Church Missionwhich would have done honour to a ary Society, held special meetings saint. When to these qualities you upon receiving the intelligence of his add his desire to conciliate, which death, with a view respectively to do had everywhere won all hearts—his honour to his memory, and that in a amiable demeanour, which invited a manner that would have been the friendship that was confirmed by the most welcome to him while living, innocence and purity of his manners, especially by endowing scholarships which bore the most scrutinizing in Bishop's College, Calcutta; and and severe examination you will by presenting petitions to the public readily admit that there was in him authorities for increasing the numa rare assemblage of all that deserves ber of bishoprics in India. For esteem and admiration.”
further particulars on these points, “I confidently trust that there we must refer our readers to our shall one day be erected in Asia a Religious Intelligence; and happy church, of which the corners shall be shall we be to learn that the prayer the corners of the land, and its foun. of these societies is complied with ; dation the Rock of ages: but, when and doubly happy if all who shall remote posterity have to examine hold the high station of a bishop in its structure, and to trace the pro- India, shall be found to tread in the gress of its formation, I wish that steps of him whose early departure they may not have to record, that it to his high reward we can never was put together amidst discord and cease to lament for the sake of the noise and bloodshed and confusion church of Christ in the East, though of tongues; but, that it rose in to himself it was unspeakable gain. quietness and beauty, like that new temple where “no hammer, nor axe, nor any tool of iron was heard, while it was in building ;' or, in the words of the Bishop himself
Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer.
It is a very common practice, and No hammer fell, no ponderous axes rung; one from which comparatively few, Like some tall palm the mystic fabric
even of the ministers of Christ sprung.
themselves, are perfectly exempt, That such may be the event, many to quote Scripture by ear or by hands, many spirits, like his, must rote, without sufficiently examining be engaged in the work: and it is whether the passage referred to, CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 301.
really bears, in its place in the sacred the sixth vial, in the Christian Obwritings, the meaning which the server for November last, p. 653 ; person quoting it attaches to it. The and in consequence of
doubt majority of the texts most currently respecting the existence at present cited in sermons and religious con- in this country of such secret versation, are so familiar to the ear associations as I have described, of every person conversant with I beg leave to state more fully my sacred topics, that there is often a meaning in the passage to which danger of using them in a sort of you allude. As respects this counconventional meaning rather than try, I have the authority of Profesin their precise signification as found sor Robison for the fact, that, at in the word of God. Hence arise the close of the last century, several many, if not most, of the perversions of the British Masonic associations and mal-appropriations which have were infected with the poison of the been so often noticed in your pages. foreign ones. I have myself likeSome persons may indeed quote wise, and that very lately, noticed Scripture with systematic perver- in young men of my acquaintance, sion of its meaning; but in general not only that they were actuated by the faults alluded to arise more from curiosity to enter into these secret ignorance, or inadvertence, than associations, but still more, by the from a direct design to invent false advantages which they expected glosses. To remedy this serious from the brethren in travelling abroad. evil, I would earnestly recommend This observation made me tremble to every preacher and theological for them; for, although the English writer, and as far as possible to societies were all uncontaminated, every private Christian, to quote no nevertheless they might in their passage of Scripture, either for the travels be taken in these depths of purpose of proof or illustration, satan before they were aware. For, which he has not at least once in even as it is now, the common effect his life fairly examined in its ac- of setting a foot on the continent tual position in the word of God. is to return, if not a sceptic, neverHe
may not indeed always arrive, theless a Liberalist and a Laodicean. after all his efforts, at the real The form of scepticism which is immeaning of a passage; and he may ported from the continent may be even have the mortification of find- stated in a few words. When we ing that various texts are popularly endeavour to convince our young quoted with a meaning far wide of travellers of the errors which have their genuine import in Scripture, been instilled into them abroad, the and to prove or illustrate points, sum and substance of their answers which, though true in themselves, is always to this effect ;—“You say are not proved or illustrated by the they are wrong, and they say you passages under his investigation : are wrong; and who is to judge but he will have the satisfaction of which of you is wrong?” This is knowing that he has been honest in the weapon of Infidelity in this age. the search of Divine truth; and what Reply what you will, the answer he does quote he will quote con- constantly is, But they say. The scientiously, preferring the sense to person whom you wish to set right the mere sound, and the word of always evades the question proposed God to the derivative comments of to him, But what do you yourself men.
think? And he evades it, by replying, either, I am no judge in
such matters, or, I shall be directed Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. to instruct me; or, by soine such
altogether by those who are appointed I RETURN you my sincere thanks answer, that to the discerning mind for having inserted my paper on speaks, that the reason why he does