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1827.] Reformation Society-Continental Bible Societies. 381 with the addition of the Ordination Ser. « The' indispensable necessity of adoptvices, in a larger type than the edition ing such means, under the present cirwhich they have hitherto circulated. It cumstances of Ireland, is attested by those has also added to former selections from who are best acquainted with her spirithe Liturgy, a tract, containing such tual wants, and will be admitted by all Prayers and Thanksgivings as seemed who duly consider the nature of those particularly suitable for distribution in efforts to which, under the Divine blessthis language.
ing, we must trace the religious privi“ The value of the Homilies in Dutch leges which we ourselves enjoy. Under was much felt lately at Ostend. • The a deep sense of the responsibility which pastor, in his visits to the wounded in the attaches to the professors of the Proteshospital, after the late dreadful explosion, tant faith, the Reformation Society proavailed himself of that opportunity of dis- poses to occupy this important field of persing some of them. The Homily against exertion; and whilst its aim will be to the Fear of Death was found peculiarly contrast, in every fair and open way, the appropriate and acceptable to some.' doctrine and practice of the Church of
On the subject of the society's funds, Rome with the revealed will of God, its the committee regret that they have little committee trust that they shall be enabled that is favourable to report, and they just- to discharge this duty, not less with ly make a strong and earnest appeal to the meekness and affection, than with Chrisfriends of religion and the Church of tian fidelity and Christian wisdom. They England to assist their benevolent efforts. desire to persuade their Roman-Catholic
The issue of books during the year has brethren, by their conduct, as well as by been as follows: Prayer-books, 10,552; their professions, that, in exposing what Psalters, 369 ; Singing Psalms, bound they deem the pernicious errors of the separately, 37; a selection from the Li. Roman-Catholic religion, they are influturgy in German, 1000; Homilies in the enced solely by the interest they feel for volume, folio, octavo, and duodecimo, their present and eternal welfare, and by a 230;-making the whole issue of bound humble desire to promote the glory of God. books during the year, 12,188. Of the From the above statement, the public will Homilies in single sermons, and extracts perceive that the British Reformation So. from the Liturgy as tracts, 106,181 have ciety will hold out no secular inducement been sent out from the society's deposi- to their Roman-Catholic countrymen, for tory sincce the last anniversary. - The the purpose of accomplishing their objects: increase in the issue of bound books has it will be equally obvious that the views of exceeded 3000 copies; in that of tracts, the society have no connexion whatever 34,000.
with politics. Their high and holy aim is,
to diffuse religious truth, and religious REFORMATION SOCIETY. truth alone, and to leave the result in the An institution has been formed, en- hands of that God who has said, My titled, “ The British Society for pro- word shall not return unto me void.' For moting the religious Principles of the Re- the support of an object so unexceptionable, formation," with especial reference to the and pursued by means so simple, the socircumstances of Ireland. The commit- ciety would earnestly solicit the help of tee describe the objects of the society to the Christian philanthropist of every Probe—“ To enable clergymen, and others testant denomination; and they trust their engaged in promoting the reformation in appeal will not be in vain. Ireland, to purchase Bibles, Testaments, The committee have great pleasure in and tracts, as the increasing wants of stating that an institution, for the promotheir parishes and districts may require. tion of similar objects, has been formed in
To supply individuals and associations Dublin. With this institution they are
following passages relative to France, reWe shall be better able to judge of the serving the author's notice of the other plans of the society when they have come countries to a future Number. into active operation : in the mean time, “My first visit was to France, where we subjoin the following statements re. I remained almost continually journeying specting them, from the society's circular. for several months. It was a satisfaction
to me to arrive at Paris in time to attend pery to Protestantism, in a city in the the annual public meeting of the Bible south of France, has been materially asSociety. I can truly say that the meeting sisted by the operations of this society." was in the highest degree interesting. After a warm eulogium upon the The character of the reports, especially piety, talents, zeal, and religious ortho those of the Ladies' and Mechanics' So doxy of Professor Kieffer, Mr. Cunciety—the attendance of so many ministers ningham adverts to the distribution of of religion--the introduction of excempore the Apocryphal books. “It would be unspeaking—the feeling of warmth and zeal just,” he says, “to deny that, when the which seemed almost universally to pre- question concerning the rejection of these yail-left me no doubt but that a deep books was first proposed to the Bible interest pervaded the minds of large num- Societies in France, they almost unanibers on the subject of the circulation of the mously declared their strong preference Scriptures. lafterwards visited manyof the for Bibles with the Apocrypha. In the auxiliaries, great and small, of the Society Lutheran, which is the smaller part of in different provinces, and the hopes form- the Protestant Church of France, this preed at the meeting at Paris were not disap- ference still, to a considerable degree, prepointed. It happened to me to pass vails. But among the members and mithrough one small village in a very soli- nisters of the Reformed Church, and tary situation in the centre of France, especially those who felt the real value of where three associations had been formed the word of God, I was rejoiced to find -one of children, another of young wo
how few dissented from your late resomen, and a third of the population at
lution. And I feel assured that, when large. In this village, under a very pious the question comes to be presented to and able minister, M. Duvivier, it was continental churches in all its bearings, interesting to observe to what an extent and the danger is shewn of thus comeducation had gone hand in hand with mingling error with truth, their grounds of the circulation of the word of God. Some opposition will be removed; and they of the children in the school repeated, as will feel it their duty to pursue the same a Sunday task, not less than two hundred course as that in which your society has verses of the New Testament.”
so wisely taken the lead. “ Two collateral benefits of the Bible “ It remains only with regard to France, Society were particularly, obvious in that I should take the liberty of urging France ;-in the first place, the truly va- upon the committee the duties of the luable object which it supplied to many
most strenuous and affectionate co-operapious, active, and benevolent miuds, tion. It is impossible not to consider which powers might have been otherwise the general state of the Protestant unemployed; and in the next place, the churches as much advanced during the rallying point which it afforded for really interval of five years when I before visited pious persons of all classes. It is difficult them. The political feeling of the Proto say to what an extent the society has testants appeared to me a good deal imenlarged the efficiency, and strengthened proved; and the government in general of the union of the religious body amongst France' has done much to deserve their the Protestants.
confidence and gratitude. The Protes“ Amongst the Catholics, even where tants themselves seem to me much more the Bible Society has not been able to sensible of the state of decay in their obtain any regular establishment by means church ; and are in proportion desirous of our agents, a large number of Bibles of its restoration to life. It is true that and Testaments has been distributed in heterodoxy of a very deplorable kind bus, the schools, hospitals, and prisons, and to a considerable degree, crept into the amongst the population at large. I have universities of that country. But I was seen the Testaments of this society in often struck by observing, than when various important schools ; in the hands some of the clergy taught in those uniof the sick, and in the wards of the hos- versities entered upon the discharge of their pital. I have known them carried to the pastoral office, and it became their direct infirm and the dying by those who are so object to withdraw the profligate from emphatically and justly called the Sours sin, and lead the miserable to comfortde la Charité. I had myself also the has to confirm the wavering, to meet the piness of distributing five hundred copies wants and wishes of our fallen nature, to of those so kindly committed to me by assuage the sufferings of an awakened the society, in a prison containing upwards conscience, and supply a strong refuge in of four thousand individuals. We cannot the hour of death, they have been combelieve that these various gifts have been pelled to desert their own ground, and made in vain. Much of the fruit will be seek, within the enclosure of orthodox discovered only on the great day, when and evangelical religion, the weapons of the secrets of all hearts shall be disclosed their warfare, and the means of consoBut in the mean time no man can follow lation and of joy. I was delighted indeed the course of the Bible without perceiving to find some of those who had been inthe benefits resulting from its circulation structed in the neological school, among In one instance, I cannot but doubt that the most zealous promoters of the truth the conversion of a large body from Po- as it is in Christ.”
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
of the great bulk of the people demandPORTUGAL.—The affairs of this country ed, yet was lower than the landed procontinue in an unsettled state; a fact prietor considered due to their claims; which we learn, not only from events (the farmer would be eventually benewhich occasionally transpire on its soil, fitted by the measure ;) and every effort but from the circumstance that the ne- was made, and with some partial sucgociations respecting it are stated by cess, to elevate the scale. Still, the the British cabinet not to be hitherto principle of graduated taxation, inconcluded ; and that an armed force is stead of alternate prohibition and ruinstill necessary for its protection. It is ous importation, was recognized and gratifying, however, to know that the acted upon. But in the house of lords presence of the British arms has been not only have various alterations been the means of preserving external tran- made in the bill as respected its details, quillity, and preventing the aggressions but the principle itself has been virtuand bloodshed which must have followed ally set aside by the adoption of a clause the steps of an invading army; thus af- proposed by the duke of Wellington. fording time for the existing institutions to prohibit the sale of warehoused corn to become strengthened, and to obtain till the average of wheat was sixty-six the public confidence.
shillings the quarter. Government have GREECE.— The intelligence from this in consequence most wisely abandoned unhappy country, we regret to say, con- the whole bill. This bill being lost, tinues to be of a painful kind." Lord Mr. Western proposed to bring into Cochrane and General Church having operation, with modifications, an act drawn together such forces as they could passed in 1822, but which from the exraise, in order to relieve the Acropolis travagantly high rate which it adopted from the besieging Turkish army; a as the minimum for importation, has battle is stated to have been fought, in happily never yet come into effect, nor which the Greeks were defeated with could do so unless in a time of scarcity. considerable loss. The chief hope of This was opposed by Mr. Canning, who Greece, under present circumstances, moved, and carried in the House of must rest rather upon the humanity Commons, an amendment, substituting and just policy of the great European in effect the principle of his own bill, powers, than upon her own unassisted only with a limitation of its duration to efforts. It is understood, though no- May 1828 ; before which time the whole thing has officially transpired on the subject must again undergo ample dissubject, that Mr. Canning has strongly cussion. The object is to admit all urged both upon the Turkish govern- corn warehoused before the first of July ment, and the leading European cabinets, next, to consumption at the duties specithe necessity of some plan for the pacifi- fied in the bill which has been lost. The cation and liberty of this interesting, quantity which will thus be admitted, but long-oppressed country.
will be about 500,000 or 600,000 quar
ters. We trust that this provision will DOMESTIC.
not be rejected by the upper house ; The most important measures during for something must be done, and done the month have been the proceedings in speedily, to meet the just wishes of the parliament relative to the bill for amend- public upon the subject
. We regret ing the corn laws. The principle of however to state, that the opposition to that bill was to substitute importation Mr. Canning's bill has in some quarters at all times, under a scale of duties vary been taken up rather in a spirit of party ing in proportion to the price, instead than upon any sound principle : indeed, of absolute prohibition up to a certain the principle had been recognized by point, and above it a sudden and almost the late cabinet as much as by the prefree importation. This principle was sent; and the bill was of their own almost unanimously adopted in the House composition. We regret also, that in of Commons, the chief difference of opi- addition to the positive evil of leaving nion being only as respected the price the corn question in an unsettled state at which the scale of duties should some members of the house of lords apcommence. This rate, as proposed by pear to have urged their opposition in Government, though not so low as the à spirit little calculated to soothe th wishes, and we think the just interests, public. One nobleman of great nam
expressed his determination to defend Dr. Lushington, in presenting two “ the rights of his order ;” as if the petitions on behalf of the free Black and public had not as just a right to buy Coloured population of the West Indies, bread where they can get it most cheap- entered at considerable length into a ly, as the nobility to let their lands to statement of their grievances; and signithe best bidder. This attempt to enlist fied his intention, if no measures were the aristocracy against the commu- in the mean time taken by the colonial nity at large, is as impolitic as it is legislature for applying a remedy to gratuitous; for gratuitous it certainly them, to move parliament on the subject is, no question of privilege being con- in the next session. He was ably supcerned, directly or indirectly, in the re- ported by Mr. Brougham. Mr. Pallmer, probated measure. It is simply a strug- the member for Surrey, argued for delay, gle between high rents and cheap bread; and for leaving the whole subject to the and it cannot surely be a question either colonial legislatures, as time was required to a man of humanity or a sound poli- for the removal of long fostered prejutician, whether in making an amicable dices. Similar ground was taken by compromise between the two, the latter Mr. Wilmot Horton. Mr. Canning adobject ought not to meet with a due mitted, that there were certain evils atshare of candid consideration.
tached to the existing system which leWe are happy to state, that all Mr. gislation could not cure, and which must Peel's bills for improving our criminal be left to the influence of time, and the code are in progress through the legis- progress of more liberal sentiments. But lature; and that he intends to add to his there were others which were perfectly claims upon the gratitude of the country, fit subjects of enactment, and for which by amending the system of church and it seemed to him expedient to provide fire briefs. The inconveniences and evils without much delay. It would be abof the present system have been so often surd, for example, to attempt by law to detailed in our pages, that we shall merely overcome the reluctance the Whites might refer our readers for the present to the have to intermarry with Blacks. But it Indexes of our former volumes, reserving was perfectly right that the laws should any remarks which may occur to us till protect the property of the Black and we see the provisions of Mr. Peel's in- the Brown classes equally with that of tended bill.
the White; and that the civil disabilities The affairs of Ireland continue to be under which the former continued to ladiscussed in parliament, but only in an bour should be done away. He saw no incidental manner. Various partial mea- necessity for any great delay in proceedsures of intended benefit have been pro- ing to legislate for the removal of every posed by individuals in both Houses, but thing unjust or oppressive in the existscarcely any upon a large and national ing institutions, as they respected the scale; unless it be the most unwise and free Black and Coloured races. This, he injurious proposal of introducing the trusted, the colonial legislatures would poor laws into that country, which, we forthwith effect; but if not, such other need scarcely add, is not likely to find means must be found for effecting it, as any countenance in either house of par- the wisdom of parliament might devise, liament.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
LAIOS; R. G.; and J. S., have been received and are under consideration.
“According to a note in Mosheim's Ecclesiastical History, the doctrine of transub-, stantiation was not introduced so early as the seventh century: but there are other authorities, (See Leger's History of the Vaudois, Centuriatores Magds., and Fleming on the Apocalypse) which lead to the conclusion that it was introduced about the year 666. The doctrine of purgatory, however, from the authority of Mosheim, was certainly introduced about this time."
For the Christian Observer. him the bane of all true religion.
Mr. Ludolf hearing some talk of LIFE AND WRITINGS OF LUDOLF.
a project carried on in a certain I
SEND you the following ex- country, for uniting several branches
tracts from the writings of the of Protestants into one religious celebrated Henry William Ludolf, form and way of worship; . Why with a brief account of the author, (said he) the most effectual way to thinking they will prove acceptable bring about a union would be first to the readers of the Christian Ob- to unite people to God; for then
would they readily be united among
themselves. But whilst that divid“Mr. Henry William Ludolf was ing spirit of self-love bears so great by descent a German, but, by his a' sway in our ecclesiastical transtravels, acquainted with many other actions, we cannot possibly expect parts of the world. He was skilled any great and lasting effect from an in many languages, for which the attempt of this nature. What will family of the Ludolfs hath been it signify (continued he) to exchange famous in Germany these many one opinion for another, and one years. He was a considerable form of religion for another, if the statesman, and for some time secre- corrupt bent of the heart remains tary to the late Prince George of altogether unchanged ; and that Denmark, a prince of peaceful and conversion neglected, which is from grateful memory to this nation. darkness to light, and from the Above all, he was an excellent power of satan unto God?' Christian; one that pierced through “ His proposal for promoting the the outside of things, to the very cause of religion in the churches of soul and spirit of our holy religion, the Levant, plainly shews how his and, as this is what principally travels into those parts were imtends to recommend his pious Me- proved. With views of this nature ditations, from which the extracts he went to Russia, to Smyrna, are taken, I shall mention some and Constantinople, to Alexandria, few eminent instances of his great and other places. His learning and regard to the inward vital power of knowledge of many languages, he Christianity. Our author was a thought of no further value than as great student of the two opposite improved for the honour of God, principles of light and darkness; and the good of others. When he and a constant observer of the con- heard a man cried up on account flicts of these two principles in their of his parts and learning, and his different tendencies, to bear down skill in languages, his usual answer the souls of men to earth, and sen- was, • But
how doth he improve all suality, and selfishness, or to carry this? What use doth he make of it? them toward God and perfection. How many souls doth he bring over Men setting up themselves for a ruler, to Jesus Christ, by his languages, and seeking to serve themselves as and his other talents? Whose ends their main end, was esteemed by and interests doth he seek? his own, CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 307.