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labours of both the Societies advocated in poses of unity and peace, and to all the its pages.

ends of its institution.

“ Among the many causes of congratulaPROTESTANT EPISC.CHURCH IN tion which present themselves, we may

THE UNITED STATES. reckon not as the least, the harmony which We have just received the journal of has hitherto attended the deliberations of the proceedings of the bishops, clergy, and our general councils. Amidst great dilaity of the Protestant Episcopal Church versity of sentiment on important and in the United States of America, at the delicate topics, the unity of the Church General Convention held in Philadelphia has still been preserved in the bond of last November. It is in various respects peace. Whilst we felicitate ourselves on a highly interesting document; and we this retrospect, as the pledge and earnest shall lay before our readers in the present of the future, let us offer our prayers and and some succeeding Number, a portion efforts, that peace may still dwell within of the information which it contains re- our walls. Difference of opinion, unavoidlative to the progress of this our sister ably incident to human nature, arising church.

from education, association, prejudice, and From the opening address delivered to various uncontrolable circumstances, must the house of clerical and lay deputies by be expected to keep pace with the increase the president, the Rev. W. H. Wilmer, of our numbers, and to bring, incorporated D. D.*, we copy the following passages. With them, elements fraught with danger « Permit me to congratulate you on the to the best interests of the church. It is favourable circumstances under which we the prerogative of Christian charity, guidare now assembled. The present numbered by the wisdom that is pure, and peaceof our body, exceeding, perhaps, that of able, and easily entreated, to leaven this ang preceding Convention, affords pleasing lump, and to transmute these elements, proof of the extending limits of our Zion, which, otherwise, by coming in contact and of the increasing interest taken by her with their kindred affinities, would put on members in her concerns. The young the forms of combustion, into sound and scion, which was transplanted from the wholesome agencies for the general good.” parent stem into this western wilderness,

The committee on the state of the has taken deep root; it is extending its Church have drawn up a report on the branches over the land, and beginning to subject, which enters at length into the spread its leaves for the healing of the details of the proceedings, in the several nations. Our ecclesiastical system, in the dioceses, and is too long and miscellaneous test which it has given by experiment, has for transcription in our pages; but we more than realized the expectation of its copy as a specimen part of the information friends. By its nice adjustment of the respecting two dioceses, on which, from balance of liberty and power, and the wise various circumstances, the attention of our distribution of both among the respective readers has been particularly fixed-we orders, it has accommodated itself, with mean, New York and Ohio. Of New happy effect, to the genius of our civil in- York it is statedstitutions, and the habits of a free people; “ The work of the Lord continues, by at the same time that it has preserved, in his blessing, to prosper in this portion of their unbroken integrity, those great prin- his vineyard. The diocese consists, at ciples which are unchangeable, because of present, of 114 clergymen (the bishop, Divine origin; and, in all respects, has 92 presbyters, and 21 deacons) and 153 proved its high adaptation to the pur- congregations; being an accession, since

the report to the last General ConvenDr. Wilmer is known to us, as tion, of 25 clergymen, and 29 congregathe author of a valuable work published tions." “ The cause of missions, from in 1822, entitled, “ The Episcopal Manual; the circumstance of there being so much being a summary Explanation of the Doc- new country, and so many rapidly increastrine, Discipline, and Worship of the Pro- ing settlements within the borders of this testant Episcopal Church, designed to state, it ought to be expected, should ex. illustrate and enforce Evangelical Piety." cite much interest, and call forth much The author, we notice, strongly recom- active exertion, in this diocese. In a mends to masters of families to read to good degree, and we believe in an intheir households on Sundays one of the creasing degree, this is the case. Twenty“plain practical family sermons from the six missionaries are now employed. They Christian Observer."

are appointed by, and imder the di

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rection of, a committee for propagating formed for the purpose. Although, howthe Gospel, of which the bishop is chair- ever, in these several lines of usefulness, man er officio, appointed by the Conven- the church has cause gratefully to action. The funds are supplied by collec. knowledge many noble examples of libes tions in the churches, by missionary so• rality and devotedness ; still much recieties, and by an annual grant from the mains to be done, a wide field for exerSociety for propagating Religion and tion is still unoccupied, and immense reLearning, Some of the largest and most sources are still inoperative. flourishing parishes in the diocese owe “ In conclusion, we would turn to that their existence, under God, to the fostere consideration from which every other deing care of the above-mentioned commit- rives its greatest value, and to which the tee, through the faithful labours of the devout Christian will ever delight to look missionaries, and the active superintend- as the great end and aim of every visible ence of the bishop. When the settle- mean, and every external operation, the ments in which those parishes are esta- state of the diocese in reference to evanblished were just forming, the missionary gelical piety. We have reason to thank began there his pious work. His little God, that through his grace, there is geflock grew with the growth and strengthe nerally apparent, in this diocese, an inened with the strength of the town, until, crease of real religious concern, and an nurtured by the Divine blessing, the increased sensibility to the pure and holy church became competent to its own sup- obligations of the Christian profession. port, when the aid was withdrawn, and And although much indeed of alarming transferred to visit another region with a deficiency on these momentous subjects, similar blessing. In this way, two or three still exists, to awaken our solicitude, enmissionary stations are dropped every gage our prayers, and enlist our most year, and others established. Merely this, zealous efforts ; still may we thank God, however, by no means keeps pace with the and take courage, in the humble confidemand. There is a loud call for the con- dence that his word, worship, and ordistant increase of the means of this all-im- nances, are made channels of increasing portant and indispensible mode of ad- spiritual blessings to his people.” vancing the interests of the Gospel. Respecting Ohio we learn, that “the Every friend to those interests must hope church in Ohio, from the period of its and pray that this good work may abound first organization, in 1818, to the present more and more.

time, has encountered much difficulty, and “The purposes of pious charity continue suffered many trials. These have in part to be prosecuted by the several societies arisen from the scattered condition of its established with that view, by the bishop, members, from the want of missionaries, clergy, and members of the church in and from the deaths of some, and the rethis diocese. At the head of them is to movals of others, of its clergy. Owing to be ranked the Society for promoting Reli- the small number of the clergy, the pagion and Learning, which consists of a rochial reports exhibit but an imperfect board of trustees, originally appointed, return of the church in Ohio. This reand liberally endowed, about twenty-four turn, as nearly as can be ascertained by years ago, by the corporation of Trinity reference to the journals of the last three Church in the city of New-York; and years, is as follows :--Communicants 768 which annually expends between three and baptisms 506, of which 41 were of adults four thousand dollars in various measures -confirmations 287. A Diocesan Theopromotive of the interests of the Gospel. logical Seminary, having the power of Two large and flourishing daily charity conferring degrees in the Arts and schools in the city of New-York, and Sciences, under the name and style of Sunday schools in almost every parish, • The President and Professors of Kenare communicating gratuitously to many yon College in the State of Ohio,' has thousands the blessings of an ordinary, been established by the ecclesiastical auand especially of a religious, education. thority, and recognized by the civil legisMissionary societies and associations, in lature, since the meeting of the last Geall parts of the diocese, are annually neral Convention. It is deemed a matter supplying the ecclesiastical authority with of great importance, that this institution, the means of continuing and increasing which bids fair to be so extensively useful missionary services. Bibles, Common to the church in the western country, has Prayer Books, and Tracts, are circu- been placed under the controul and sulated, in great numbers, by societies pervision of the bishops and general convention. By its constitution, it is declared where the population amounted at least that nothing can be enacted contrary to to 4,000 persons. Therefore, to the great

the doctrine, discipline, constitution, and proportion of parishes they are inapplicanons of the Protestant Episcopal Church cable ; and it is in these, that the Society in the United States, and to the course has in different ways contributed to proof study prescribed, or to be prescribed, cure a larger increase of accommodation. by the bishops.' And to carry this into In several cases, churches and chapels continued effect, the bishops have a visi- were to be enlarged, in others to be retorial power in their individual and col- built with enlargements; in some inlective capacity. To found this institu- stances, from the extent of the parish, it tion, most benevolent donations have

was necessary to build additional churches been made by pious and liberal friends or chapels, and in many places ampler in England ; than which few things accommodation was to be procured withexcite a deeper sense of gratitude. The out any enlargement of pews, and by whole amount of money collected in other improvements. Thus has the Sothat country is nearly 6000l. sterling; ciety been instrumental in providing addiwhich, although munificent almost be- tional church room for 139,293 persons, yond example, yet, considering the great and in securing out of this number, 103,693 end in view, namely, the foundation free and unappropriated sittings. The of a literary as well as a theological semi. Society therefore confidently lay their nary, is obviously inadequate. A landed case before the public, in the reasonable estate, giving great promise of its future hope that the friends of religion, seeing enhancement in value, has been purchased what has been already accomplished, in a healthy and central part of the State. and, considering what remains to be The magnitude of the undertaking re- done, will, by their own liberality, quires, in addition to what has been so enable the Society to persevere in the kindly contributed from abroad, some work of benevolence for which it was speedy aid from the members of our own instituted. church in America, the interests of which it will so essentially subserve. The in- SUNDAY-SCHOOL SOCIETY FOR stitution is already commenced at the

IRELAND. bishop's residence in Worthington. The In reviewing the operations of the present number of its students is thirty; Society, the committee with gratitude the candidates for orders three.”

observe, that its general course has hitherto

been marked with a growing prosperity. SOCIETY FOR BUILDING The total receipts of the past year amounta CHURCHES.

ed to 2,5791.; of which sum, 302. were reThe Ninth Report of this Society states, ceived for the sale of books, monthly that his Majesty, in addition to his dona- extracts of the correspondence, &c. tion of 10001., had been graciously pleased During the year gratuitous assistance to become its patron, in the room of the has been afforded to 60+ schools, of late Duke of York. During the year, 81 which 393 had received similar assistapplications have been received, and in ance in former years. The number of 54 cases grants voted to the amount of books granted gratuitously, and sold at re9,9051. By the aid of that sum, 15,591 duced prices during the past year, has been additional sittings have been procured, of 1,037 Bibles, 17,557 Testaments

, and which number 11,301 are to be free and about 50,000 spelling, books and minor unappropriated. During the nine years publications. The total number of schools the Society has been in operation, it has in connexion with the Society is 1915, received 835 applications, and in 507 cases, which are reported, by the latest regrants of various magnitude have been turns, to be attended by 14,404 gratuitous voted, to which additions have been made teachers, and 163,484 scholars. The inamounting in the whole to 110,295l.; crease during the past year (after deductbut as, from different causes, several ing the schools which have been discongrants have been relinquished, the sum tinued) is as follows:--141 schools, which the Society either actually has paid, 11,093 scholars, 1,149 teachers. Of the or pledged itself to pay, is 99,065l., a scholars in connexion with the Society, small expenditure when compared with 73,864 are reading in the Bible or Testathe good it has accomplished. The dis- ment, and 25,133 are adults above the age posable balance now remaining is only of 15. In the city of Dublin some suc9,7671., a sum not equal to that which cessful attempts have been recently made the committee felt it their duty to vote to assemble parents and others, for the during the last twelve months. Numerous purpose of instructing them on Sundays : churches and chapels lately risen are a several persons far advanced in life have gratifying proof of the advantages arising attended, and have made considerable from the parliamentary grants. The spi- progress in learning and in propriety of ritual wants of a large body of Christians conduct. have thus been supplied; but these grants The committee have endeavoured to were restricted to one object, namely, ascertain what proportion of the scholars, building additional churches in places receiving instruction in the Sunday schools CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 305.

2 S

connected with the Society, were deriv- A new and already very extensive de. ing education in daily schools also. The mand has arisen for publications on the returns to the Society on this head are Roman-Catholic controversy -- a demand still defective. The committee are of which the committee are totally unable to opinion that at least one half of the supply; and they therefore make an earscholars, in the schools connected with

nest appeal for help to all the friends of the Society, do not attend daily schools.

true religion. An extensive field presents itself for calling forth the vigorous exertion of the

CHINESE MISSION. friends of the Society; and when the The following are extracts from an intecommittee take into consideration the resting letter from Dr. Morrison, dated present peculiarly important circumstances Canton, 24th October 1826. of Ireland, they feel convinced that it is “ Being spared by the Divine mercy, I the duty of the Society to employ addi- am in this distant country again seated tional means for introducing the Sunday- in the same room, and at the same table, school system into the more neglected dis- from which, during a long period of years, tricts of that country. The experience of 1 formerly addressed you. God graciously kindred institutions, and the result of supported all the members of my beloved their own proceedings during the past family and myself amidst the dangers of year, have impressed the committee with the sea, and the tumults of the people. the conviction that an extended system of “ On the 6th of September we left agency might be beneficially employed by Singapore, and on the 19th landed at the Society; and when the importance Macuo. All my former native domestics, of such a measure, and the happy effects and my old Chinese teacher, were waiting which, under the Divine blessing, might to receive us. The next day the native be anticipated from its adoption, are fully Christian, Leangala, made his appearance. understood by the friends of the Society, The following Sabbath I recommenced they trust that the additional pecuniary the religious services in which we were means which it would necessarily require formerly used to engage. Leangala has will not be wanting.

presented me with a small Chinese volume,

containing explanatory notes on the Epistle TRACT-AND-BOOK SOCIETY FOR

to the Hebrews, which he had composed IRELAND.

during my absence. It is designed to The committee of this Society have communicate to Pagans those views of issued a circular, in which they state, that, religion which he derived from the late labeing called upon for increasing exertions mented Dr. Milne. I have read a part of in these new times of rising reformation it, and, considering the few advantages he in Ireland, they feel most heavily the bur- has had, the work evinces that he has den of a debt of about 30001. incurred by made the Bible his study, although some purchasing the necessary stock of tracts, parts of his composition receive a shade of books, and paper. They feel it due to the colour, in the phraseology, from his former

intrusted to them, to mention paganism. He has also written a small the benefits which have been derived essay in favour of the Christian religion, by Ireland from this institution. It has entitled, “ The True Principles of the brought into sale upwards of 2150 differ- World's Salvation ;' in which he asserts ent kinds of tracts and books. It has the character of the eternal God, the published 170 tracts and books; partly Creator of the Universe, in opposition to original matter, partly compilations, and demons and false gods; he inculcates the partly extracts from old and valuable necessity of a Saviour from the dominion books. Before the establishment of the of sin, and from the punishment of guilt; Society, the existence of lending libraries he declares that Jesus has made an atoneand depositories for the sale of religious ment for the sins of men, and points his tracts and books, was almost unknown in

countrymen to the Bible, which European Ireland; but within the short space of Christians hare, he says, at large expense, eight years, 150 of these institutions have caused to be translated into Chinese, been established, in a great measure by printed, and given to the people. He has the instrumentality of the Society. It has also written out a short account of some most materially and efficiently assisted in- conversations he has had with certain stitutions for the education of the poor, by of his countrymen, who have casually affording the means of after instruction in taken up the Bible. He has further religion; and thus substituting much that written a short account of the work. is valuable in forming the habits of the ings of his own mind, when, as people, for the pernicious, indecent, and printer attending in the college hall, at seditious publications, which before were Mulacca, he first came under the tuition generally in circulation among them, and of Dr. Milne. At first he mocked the which it has exposed in many of its public services in his heart and sought by attencations; thus contributing to excite much of tion to the rites of Budhism to quiet his the present inquiry amongst all classes, on conscience, whilst he still lived in the the subject of true religion, as taught in practice of lying, sensuality, and other the Scriptures.

vices. Portions of the Scriptures that



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were read, and the exhortations of Christ's at Tananarivou, in 1820: to this were after-
faithful messenger, gradually convinced wards added two other schools, which,
him partially, and rendered his mind more with the former, were, in 1824, united into
favourable. As no work was allowed on one, under the denomination of the Royal
Sundays at the Society's Chinese press, College (or central school). The schools
he employed that day in reading the Bible; situated in the country are chiefly under
and thus he was at last determined to give the charge of teachers, selected from among
himself to the Lord, and live to his glory. the more intelligent native youths, who
His wife professes belief in the Saviour, had previously been distinguished by their
and has abandoned the worship of idols; proficiency in the Royal College. A thirst
but clings still to the honorary homage for knowledge has been excited in a con-
paid to the manes of ancestors. Leangala siderable portion of the rising generation.
is anxious for the welfare of his boy, who, A public examination of the schools is
although baptized, being continually sur- annually held at Tananarivou, on which
rounded by heathens, as a child, almost occasions the King usually presides, and
inevitably learns their

enters with great interest into all the
“ Concerning translations of the Holy details of the meeting. The examina-
Scriptures, Silvestre de Sacy has well re- tion is chiefly in English, and Madagasse
marked, that it is not to be expected that translations, writing, and arithmetic.
the Bible should present no obscurity to a The Missionaries state that the progress
reader who takes it up without having the children have made in the knowledge
previously acquired a sufficient knowledge of the Christian religion, is truly gratifying.
of the subject. Is it then proper to em- A society in aid of the schools has been
ploy translations of the Scriptures as the established at Tananarivou by the Mission-
first means for converting barbarous (or aries, with the sanction of the King, and
unevangelized) nations ? De Sacy declines several donations have been received from
giving an answer. I will give my opinion. individuals resident in Tananarivou and
It is very proper to put the books of Di- at the Mauritius. A public library has
vine revelation into all living languages been lately commenced at Tananarivou.
of mankind, and to employ them in first The School Society and the Library will
endeavours to christianize the nations; lay the foundation of true religion, of im-
but it is not proper to neglect the use of proved civilization, of science, and of lite-
other means. The Bible alone, to a pagan rature, in one of the largest islands of the
Chinese, who merely opens and looks at a world, containing a population of about
few passages, may or may not appear un- four millions, and subject to a ruler, who
intelligible, according to the portion of appears desirous of promoting the civil
Holy Writ that he happens to look at. improvement of his people.
But even to know simply the text of the
Bible for an inquiring, a convinced, or SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA-
converted heathen to peruse and study, TION OF THE GOSPEL.
how great an advantage! For a Christian The annual meeting of this Society,
teacher to have it to refer to, as contain- announced in our last Number, took place
ing the Revelation of God, how important at Freemasons' Hall, and was attended by
an acquisition! The Bible Society, in the Archbishops of Canterbury and York,
uniting all the friends of Christianity to accompanied by a considerable number of
give the text alone to mankind, are doing noblemen and prelates, and a large body
a work of incalculable benefit to the world. of clergymen and laymen interested in
Yet let not the idea go forth that Chris- the Christian designs of the Society. The
tian teachers, and notes, and comments, meeting was addressed by both the Arch-
are utterly useless. So convinced am I to bishops; by the Bishops of London,
the contrary, that I purpose to spend the Durham, Gloucester, Chester, Llandafir

, remnant of my days in composing Ex- and Dr. James the new bishop of Calcutta; planatory Notes on the Chinese Bible.” by Lord Winchelsea and Lord Kenyon;

by Sir Thomas Acland; Archdeacon MISSION SCHOOLS IN MADA- Barnes ; and by the Rev. Dr. Philpotts, GASCAR

Mr. Dealtry, and Mr. Le Bas. The whole The Missionaries in Madagascar have of the addresses evinced an earnest zeal presented a written language to the people for the promotion of Christian missions among whom they labour. They are, at under the auspices of this venerable institupresent, zealously exerting themselves to tion; and several of the right reverend introduce the knowledge of letters among and other speakers took especial occasion its numerous population, chiefly with a view to advert in terms of great candour and to their being rendered capable of reading conciliation to the kindred labours of other the Scriptures, which have been translated societies,-a sentiment which, we are happy into Madagasse, and will shortly be to add, was warmly hailed by the whole printed for their use. For this purpose meeting. Our limits do not allow of our they have established, in the centre of the attempting to give reports of the addresses island, with the sanction and under the delivered at the anniversary meetings of patronage of the King, Radama, nearly numerous religious and charitable thirty schools. The first was established societies; but the publication of the in


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