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It will be my endeavor to execute all laws in removed as promptly as possible, that a more good faith, to collect all revenues assessed, and perfect union may be established, and the counto have thern properly accounted for and econom- try be restored to peace and prosperity.. ically disbursed. I will, to the best of my ability, The convention of the people of Virginia which appoint to office those only who will carry out met in Richmond on Tuesday, December 3, 1867, this design.
framed a constitution for that State, which was In regard to foreign policy, I would deal with adopted by the convention on the 17th of April, nations as equitable law requires individuals to 1868, and I desire respectfully to call the attendeal with each other, and f would protect the tion of Congress to the propriety of providing by law-abiding citizen, whether of native or foreign law for the holding of an election in that State birth, wherever his rights are jeopardized or the at some time during the months of May and flag of our country floats. I would respect the June next, under the direction of the military rights of all nations, demanding equal respect for commander of that district, at which the quesour own. If others depart from this rule in their tion of the adoption of that constitution shall be dealings with us, we may be compelled to follow submitted to the citizens of the State; and if their precedent.
this should seem desirable, I would recom inend The proper treatment of the original occu- that a separate vote be taken upon such parts as pants of this land, the Indians, is one deserving may be thought expedient, and that at the same of careful study. I will favor any course toward time and under the same authority there shall them which tends to their civilization and ulti-be an election for the officers provided under mate citizenship.
such constitution, and that the constitution, or The question of suffrage is one which is likely such parts thereof as shall have been adopted by to agitate the public so long as a portion of the the people, be submitted to Congress on the first citizens of the nation are excluded from its priv- Monday of December next for its consideration,
any State. It seems to me very desira- so that if the same is then approved the necesble that this question should be settled now, and sary steps will have been taken for the restoraI entertain the hope and express the desire that tion of the State of Virginia to its proper relait may be by the ratification of the fifteenth tions to the Union. I am led to make this article of amendment to the Constitution. recommendation from the confident hope and
In conclusion, I ask patient forbearance one belief that the people of that State are now ready toward another throughout the land, and a de. to co-operate with the national government in termined effort on the part of every citizen to do bringing it again into such relations to the his share toward cementing a happy Union, and Union as it ought as soon as possible to establishı I ask the prayers of the nation to Almighty God and maintain and to give to all its people those in behalf of this consummation.
equal rights under the law which were asserted
in the Declaration of Independence in the words President Grant's Message respecting the Roof one of the most illustrious of its sons. construction of Virginia and Mississippi, April
I desire also to ask the consideration of Con7, 1869.
gress to the question whether there is not just
ground for believing that the constitution framed To the Senate and House of Representatives : by a convention of the people of Mississippi for
While I am aware that the time in which Con- that State, and once rejected, * might not be again gress proposes now to remain in session is very submitted to the people of that State in like manbrief, and that it is its desire, as far as is consist- ner, and with the probability of the same result. ent with the public interest, to avoid entering
U. S. GRANT. upon the general business of legislation, there is WASHINGTON, D.C., April 7, 1869. one subject which concerns so deeply the welfare of the country that I deem it my duty to bring Final Certificate of Mr. Secretary Seward resit before you,
pecting the Ratification of the Fourteenth I have no doubt that you will concur with me Amondment to the Constitution, July 28, 1868. in the opinion that it is desirable to restore the BY WILLIAM H. SEWARD, SECRETARY OF STATE OF States which were engaged in the rebeilion to their proper relations to the Government and the To all to whom these presents may come, greeting : country at as early a period as the people of Whereas by an act of Congress passed on the those States shall be found willing to become 20th of April, 1818, entitled " An act to provide peaceful and orderly communities, and to adopt for the publication of the laws of the United and maintain such constitutions and laws as will States and for other purposes," it is declared, effectually secure the civil and political rights that whenever official notice shall have been of all persons within their borders. The au- received at the Department of State that any thority of the United States, which has been amendment which heretofore has been and herevindicated and established by its military power, after may be proposed to the Constitution of the must undoubtedly be asserted for the absolute United States has been adopted according to the protec ton of all its citizens in the full enjoyment provisions of the Constitution, it shall be the of the freedom and security which is the object duty of the said Secretary of State forth with to of a republican government. But whenever
cause the said amendment to be published in the the people of a rebellious State are ready to en- newspapers authorized to promulgate the laws, ter in good faith upon the accomplishment of this object, in entire conformity with the consti. *The vote was taken June 22, 1868, and, as transmitted tụtional authority of Congress, it is certainly de- by Gen. Gillem, was as follows: For the constitution,
56,231; against it, 63,860. Number of registered voters, sirable that all causes of irritation should be 155,351.
THE UNITED STATES.
with his certificate, specifying the States by neither the United States nor any State shall which the same may bave been adopted, and assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred that the same has become valid to all intents in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the and purposes as a part of the Constitution of the United States, or any claim for the loss or emanUnited States;
cipation of any slave; but all such debts, obliAnd whereas the Congress of the United States, gations, and claims shall be held illegal and on or about the 16th day of June, 1866, subo void. mitted to the legislatures of the several States a Sec. 5. The Congress shall have power to enproposed amendment to the Constitution in the force, by appropriate legislation, the provisions following words, to wit:
of this article. SCHUYLER COLFAX, JOINT RESOLUTION proposing an amendment to
Speaker of the House of Representatives. the Constitution of the United States,
LA FAYETTE S. FOSTER, Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Rep
President of the Senate pro tempore. resentatives of the United States of America, in
Attest: Congress assembled, (two-thirds of both Houses
Edwd. MCPHERSON, concurring,) That the following article be pro
Clerk of the House of Representatives. posed to the legislatures of the several States J. W. FORNEY, as an amendment to the Constitution of the
Secretary of the Senate. United States, which, when ratified by three And whereas the Senate and House of Repfourths of said legislatures, shall be valid as resentatives of the Congress of the United States, part of the Constitution, namely:
on the 21st day of July, 1868, adopted and
transmitted to the Department of State a conSEC. 1. All persons born or naturalized in the current resolution, which concurrent resolution United States, and subject to the jurisdiction is in the words and figures following, to wit: thereof, are citizens of the United States, and of
IN SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, the States wherein they reside. No State shall
July 21, 1868. make or enforce any law which shall abridge Whereas the Legislatures of the States of Conthe privileges or immunities of citizens of the necticut, Tennessee, New Jersey, Oregon, VerUnited States; nor shall any State deprive any mont, West Virginia, Kansas, Missouri, Inperson of life, liberty, or property, without due diana, Ohio, Illinois, Minnesota, New York, process of law, nor deny to any person within Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Michi. its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. gan, Nevada, New Hampshire, Massachusetts,
Sec. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned Nebraska, Maine, Iowa, Arkansas, Florida, among the several States according to their re- North Carolina, Alabama, South Carolina, and spective numbers, counting the whole number Louisiana, being three-fourths and more of the of persons in each State, excluding Indians not several States of the Union, have ratified tha taxed. But when the right to vote at any elec- fourteenth article of amendment to the Constition for the choice of electors for President and tution of the United States, duly proposed by Vice-President of the United States, representa- two-thirds of each House of the Thirty-Ninth tives in Congress, the executive and judicial Congress; therefore, officers of a State, or the members of the legis.
Resolved by the Senate, (the Honse of Reprelature thereof, is denied to any of the male in-sentatives concurring.) That said fourteenth habitants of such State, being twenty one years article is hereby declared to be a part of the of age, and citizens of the United States, or in Constitution of the United States, and it shall any way abridged, except for participation in be duly promulgated as such by the Secretary rebellion or other crime, the basis of representa- of State. tion therein shall be reduced in the proportion
GEORGE C. GORHAM, which the number of such male citizens shall
Secretary bear to the whole number of male citizens And whereas official notice has been received twenty-one years of age in such State. at the Department of State that the legislatures
Sec. 3. No person shall be a senator or rep. of the several States next hereinafter named resentative in Congress, or elector of President have, at the times respectively herein mentioned, and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or taken the proceedings hereinafter recited upon military, under the United States, or under any or in relation to the ratification of the said proState, who, having previously taken an oath as posed amendment, called article fourteenth, a member of Congress, or as an officer of the namely: United States, or as a member of any State The Legislature of Connecticut ratified the Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer amendmeni June 30, 1866; the Legislature of of any State, to support the Constitution of the New Hampshire ratified it July 7, 1866; the United States, shall have engaged in insurrec. Legislature of Tennessee ratified it July 19, tion or rebellion against the same, or given aid 1866; the Legislature of New Jersey ratificd it or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress September 11, 1866, and the Legislature of the may by a vote of two-thirds of each House re same State passed a resolution in April, 1868, to move such disability.
withdraw the consent to it; the Legislature of Sec 4. The validity of the public debt of the Oregon ratified it September 19, 1866; the LegisUnited States, authorized by law, including lature of Texas rejected it November 1, 1866; the debts incurred for payment of pensions and Legislature of Vermont ratified it on or previous bounties for services in suppressing insurrec. to November 9, 1866; the Legislature of Georgia tion or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But rejected it November 13, 1866, and the Legisla
ture of the same Stale ratified it July 21, 1868; Done at the city of Washington, this 28th the Legislature of North Carolina rejected it De
day of July, in the year of our Lord State ratified it'July 4, 1868; the Legislature of (seal.] United States of America the ninetySouth Carolina rejected it December 20, 1866,
third. and the Legislature of the same State ratified it
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, July 9, 1868; the Legislature of Virginia reject
Secretary of State. ed it January 9, 1867; the Legislature of Ken [For previous certificates see Manual of 1868, tucky rejected it January 10, 1867; the Legisla- p. 121, or Hand-Book of Politics, p. 379.] ture of New York ratified it January 10, 1867; the Legislature of Ohio ratified it January 11, 1867, and the Legislature of the same State pass- President Johnson's Proclamation of General ed a resolution in January, 1868, to withdraw its
Amnesty, December 25, 1868. consent to it; the Legislature of Illinois ratified
Whereas the President of the United States it January 15, 1867; the Legislature of West has heretofore set forth several proclamations, Virginia ratified it January 16, 1867; the Legis- offering amnesty and pardon to persons who had lature of Kansas ratified it January 18, 1867; been or were concerned in the late rebellion the Legislature of Maine ratified it January 19, against the lawful authority of the Government 1867; the Legislature of Nevada ratified it Jan- of the United States, which proclamations were uary 22, 1867; the Legislature of Missouri rati- severally issued on the 8th day of December, fied it on or previous to January 26, 1867; the 1863, on the 26th day of March, 1864, on the Legislature of Indiana ratified it January 29, 29th day of May, 1865, on the 7th day of Sep1867; the Legislature of Minnesota ratified it tember, 1867, and on the 4th day of July, in the February 1, 1867; the Legislature of Rhode Isl. present year; and ratified it February 7, 1867; the Legislature
And wbereas the authority of the federal govof Delaware rejected it February 7, 1867; the ernment having been re-established in all the Legislature of Wisconsin ratified it February 13, States and Territories within the jurisdiction of 1867; the Legislature of Pennsylvania ratified the United States, it is believed that such it February 13, 1867; the Legislature of Michi- prudential reservations and exceptions as of gan ratified it February 15, 1867; the Legisla- the dates of said several proclamations were ture of Massachusetts ratified it March 20, 1867; deemed necessary and proper may now be wisely the Legislature of Maryland rejected it March and justly relinquished, and that a universal 23, 1867; the Legislature of Nebraska ratified it amnesty and pardon for participation in said June 15, 1867; the Legislature of Iowa ratified rebellion extended to all who have borne any it April 3, 1868; the Legislature of Arkansas rati- part therein will tend to secure permanent peace, fied it April 6, 1868; the Legislature of Florida order, and prosperity throughout the land, and ratified it June 9, 1868; the Legislature of Louis. to renew and fully restore confidence and frateriana ratified it July
, 9, 1868; and the Legislature nal feeling among the whole people, and their of Alabama ratified it July 13, 1868.
respect and attachment to the national govern. Now, therefore, be it known that I, William ment, designed by its patriotic founders for genII. Seward, Secretary of State of the United eral good: States, in execution of the aforesaid act, and of Now, therefore, be it known that I, ANDREW the aforesaid concurrent resolution of the 21st Johnson, President of the United States, by virof July, 1868, and in conformance thereto, do tue of the power and authority in me vested by hereby direct the said proposed amendment to the Constitution, and in the name of the soverthe Constitution of the United States to be pub- eign people of the United States, do hereby prolished in the newspapers authorized to promul claim and declare unconditionally, and without gate the laws of the United States, and I do reservation, to all and to every person who dihereby certify that the said proposed amend- rectly or indirectly participated in the late insurment has been adopted in the manner herein- rection or rebellion, a full pardon and amnesty before mentioned by the States specified in the for the offence of treason against the United said concurrent resolution, namely, the States of States, or of adhering to their enemies during Connecticut, New Hampshire, Tennessee, New the late civil war, with restoration of all rights, Jersey, Oregon, Vermont, New York, Ohio, privileges, and immunities under the ConstituIllinois, West Virginia, Kansas, Maine, Nevada, tion and the laws which have been made in purMissouri, Indiana, Minnesota, Rhode Island, suance thereof. Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Massachu In testimony whereof I have signed these setts, Nebraska, Iowa, Arkansas, Florida, North presents with my hand, and have caused the Carolina, Louisiana, South Carolina, Alabama, seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed. and also by the Legislature of the State of Done at the city of Washington, the 25th day Georgia; the States thus specified being more
of December, in the year of our Lord than three-fourths of the States of the United (SEAL.] United States of America the ninety
1868, and of the independence of the States. And I do further certify, that the said amend
ANDREW JOHNSON. ment has become valid to all intents and pur
By the President: poses as a part of the Constitution of the United
F. W. SEWARD, States.
Acting Secretary of State. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my [For previous proclamations of amnesty, see hand and caused the seal of the Department of Manual of 1867, p. 9; Manual of 1868, pp. 82-84, State to be affixed.
or Hand-Book of Politics, pp. 9, 342-344.]
Message Respecting this Proclamation, January bellion against the same, or given aid or com19, 1869.
fort to the enemies thereof. "This clause shall To the Senate of the United States :
include the following officers: Governor, lieutenThe resolution adopted on the 5th instant, ant governor, secretary of State, auditor of requesting the President "to transmit to the public accounts, second auditor, register of the Senate a copy of any proclamation of amnesty land office, State treasurer, attorney general, made by him since the last adjournment of Con- sheriffs, sergeant of a city or town, commissioner gress, and also to communicate to the Senate by of the revenue, county surveyor, constables, what authority of law the same was made," has overseers of the poor, commissioner of the board been received.
of public works, judges of the supreme court, I accordingly transmit herewith a copy of a judges of the circuit court, judge of the court of proclamation dated the 25th day of December hustings, justices of the county courts, mayor, relast. The authority of law by which it was corder, aldermen, councilmen of a city or town, made is set forth in the proclamation itself, coroners, escheators, inspectors of tobacco, flour, which expressly affirms that it was issued "by &c., and clerks of the supreme, district, circuit, virtue of the power and authority in me vested and county courts, and of the court of hustings, by the Constitution and in the name of the and attorneys for the Commonwealth; provided sovereign people of the United States," and pro- that the legislature may, by a vote of three-fifths claims and declares "unconditionally, and with-of both houses, remove the disabilities incurred out reservation, to all and to every person who by this clause from any person included therein directly or indirectly participated in the late by a separate vote in each case. insurrection or rebellion, a full pardon and am And I also submit to a separate vote the 7th nesty for the offence of treason against the United section of article III of the said constitution, States, or of adhering to their enemies during which is in the words following: the late civil war, with restoration of all rights, In addition to the foregoing oath of office, privileges, and immunities under the Constitu- the governor, lieutenant governor, members of tion, and the laws which håve been made in the General Assembly, Secretary of State, audipursuance thereof."
tor of public accounts, State treasurer, attor. The federal Constitution is understood to be, ney general, and all persons elected to any and is regarded by the Executive, as the supreme convention to frame à constitution for this law of the land. The second section of article State, or to amend or revise this constitution in second of that instrument provides that the any manner, and the mayor and council in any President “shall have power to grant reprieves city or town shall, before they enter on the and pardons for offences against the United duties of their respective offices, take and subStates, except in cases of impeachment.” The scribe to the following oath or affirmation, proproclamation of the 25th ultimo is in strict ac- vided the disabilities therein contained may be cordance with the judicial expositions of the individually removed by a three-fifths vote of authority thus conferred upon the Executive, the General Assembly: "1,---, do solemnly and, as will be seen by reference to the accom swear (or affirm) that I have never voluntarily panying papers, is in conformity with the pre- borne 'arms against the United States since I cedent established by Washington in 1795, and have been a citizen thereof; that I have volunfollowed by President Adams in 1800, Madison tarily given no aid, countenance, counsel, cr in 1815, and Lincoln in 1863, and by the present encouragement to persons engaged in armed Executive in 1865, 1867, and 1868.
hostility thereto; that I have never sought or
ANDREW JOHNSON. accepted, or attempted to exercise, the functions WASHINGTON, D. C., January 18, 1869. of any office whatever under any authority or
pretended authority in hostility to the United President Grant's Proclamation for the Election States; that I have not yielded a voluntary in Virginia, May 14, 1869.
support to any pretended government, authorIn pursuance of the provisions of the act of ity, power or constitution within the United Congress approved April 10, 1869, I hereby desig. States hostile or inimical thereto. And I do nate the 6th day of July, 1869, as the time for further swear (or affirm) that to the best of my submitting the constitution passed by the con- knowledge and ability I will support and defend vention which met in Richmond, Virginia, on the Constitution of the United States against all Tuesday, the 3d day of December, 1867, to the enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear voters of said State registered at the date of such true faith and allegiance to the same; that I submission, viz., July 6, 1869, for ratification or take this obligation freely, without any mental rejection.
reservation or purpose of evasion, and that I And I submit to a separate vote the fourth will well and faithfully discharge the duties clause of section 1, article III, of said constitu- of the office on which I am about to enter, so tion, which is in the following words :
help me God." The above oath shall also be Every person who has been a senator or rep- taken by all the city and county oficers before resentative in Congress, or elector of President entering upon their duties, and by all other or Vice-President, or who held any office, civil State officers not included in the above provisor military, under the United States, or under ion. any State, who, having previously taken an oath I direct the vote to be taken upon each of the as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the above-cited provisions alone, and upon the other United States, or as a member of any State legis- portions of the said constitution in the following lature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any manner, viz.: State, shall have engaged in insurrection or re Each voter favoring the ratification of the con
FOR THE CONSTITUTION.
AGAINST THE CONSTITUTION.
stitution (excluding the provisions above quoted) do hereby declare and proclaim, that on and as framed by the convention of December 3, 1867, after this date, so long as merchandize imported shall express his judgment by voting
from countries of its origin into French ports in vessels belonging to citizens of the United States
is admitted into French ports on the terms Each voter favoring the rejection of the constitution (excluding the provisions above quoted)| levied upon merchandize imported from the
aforesaid, the discriminating duties beretofore shall express his judgment by voting
countries of its origin into ports of the United
States in French vessels shall be, and are hereby, Each voter will be allowed to cast a separate discontinued and abolished. ballot for or against either or both of the pro In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my visions above quoted.
hand and caused the seal of the United States In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my to be affixed. hand and caused the seal of the United States to Done at the city of Washington, this 12th day be affixed.
of June, in the year of our Lord 1869, Done at the city of Washington, this 14th day (SEAL.] and of the independence of the United of May, in the year of our Lord 1869,
States of America the ninety-third. [SEAL.] and of the independence of the United
U. S. GRANT.
Secretary of State.
The following is the official notification containing the evidence upon which the foregoing
proclamation was issued : Respecting Wages of Labor, May 19, 1869.
[Translation.] Whereas the act of Congress, approved June
LEGATION OF FRANCE TO THE U. S., 25, 1868, constituted on and after that date eight
WASHINGTON, June 12, 1869. hours a day's work for all laborers, workmen,
MR. SECRETARY OF STATE: In conformity with and mechanics employed by or on behalf of the the desire expressed in the note addressed by you Government of the United States, and repealed to M. Berthemy, of the 19th of March last, I have all acts and parts of acts inconsistent therewith: requested of the Emperor's government to be
Now, therefore, I, Ulysses S. Grant, President informed by telegraphic dispatch of the abolition of the United States, do hereby direct that, from of discriminating duties on merchandize importand after this date, no reduction shall be made ed into France from the countries of its origin in in the wages paid by the Government by the day American vessels. to such laborers, workmen, and mechanics on I have the honor to send you herewith a copy account of such reduction of the hours of labor. of the notice which I have just received on this
In testimony whereof I have hereto set my subject from his excellency the Minister of Forhand and caused the seal of the United States to eign Affairs. This shows that discriminating be affixed.
duties upon merchandize imported into the emDone at the city of Washington, this 19th day pire under the American flag have been abolished
of May, in the year of Lord 1869, and from and after the 12th of June, 1869. Conse[SEAL.] of the independence of the United States quently, pursuant to what has been agreed be
the ninety-third. U.S. GRANT. By the President:
tween us, I pray your excellency to have the
goodness to take the necessary measures in order HAMILTON FISH,
that reciprocal treatment may at once be granted Secretary of State.
France by the Government of the United States.
Accept, Mr. Secretary of State, the assurances Relative to Duties upon Merchandize in French of my high consideration. Vessels, June 12, 1869.
COUNT DE FAVERNEY. Whereas satisfactory evidence has been re
To Hon. HAMILTON FISH, ceived by me from his majesty the Emperor of
Secretary of State. Franco, through the Count Faverney, his chargé d'affaires, that on and after this date the dis
[Translation.] criminating duties heretofore levied in French
1869. RECEIVED IN WASHINGTON ports upon merchandize imported from the
JUNE 12. countries of its origin in vessels of the United To the Chargé d'Affaires of France, Washington: States are to be discontinued and abolished: Discriminating duties on merchandize import
Now, therefore, I, U. S. Grant, President of ed from the countries of its origin in American the United States of America, by virtue of the vessels have this day been discontinued in the authority vested in me by an act of Congress of ports of the empire. Ask for reciprocity. the 7th day of January, 1824, and by an act in
THE MINISTER addition thereto of the 24th day of May, 1828, PARIS.
for Foreign Affairs.