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or the result thereof, or if any person shall aid, counsel, procure, or advise any such voter, person, or officer to do any act herein made a crime, or to omit to do any duty the omission of which is hereby made a crime, or attempt so to do, or if any person shall by force, threat, menace, intimidation, or otherwise prevent any citizen or citizens from assembling in public meeting to discuss or hear discussed any subject whatever, or if any person shall by any means break up, disperse, or molest any assemblage, or any citi. zen in or of such assemblage when met or meeting to discuss or hear discussion, as aforesaid, or shall by any means prevent any citizen from attending any such assemblage, every person so offending shall be deemed guilty of a crime, and shall for such crime be liable to indictment in any court of the United States of competent jurisdiction, and on conviction thereof shall be adjudged to pay a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or less than one hundred dollars, and suffer imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years nor less than six months, in the discretion of the court, and pay the costs of prosecution. SEC 6. That no officer of Mississippi shall buy or sell treasury warrants, or claims of any sort upon the treasury of the State, or of any count or district thereof. All taxes and moneys collected by any officer shall be paid into the appropriate treasury; and any collector who may receive warrants in payment of taxes shall file with the treasurer a schedule, made under oath, of such warrants, with the name and residence of each person from whom any such warrant may have been received. Any person who shall violate this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished as is prescribed in the fifth section of this act. SEC. 7. That the courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction of cases arising under this act. SEC 8. That the poll-tax levied in any one year upon any citizen of Mississippi shall not exceed $150, and all laws in said State for the collection of taxes and debts shall be uniform, and every citizen shall be entitled to all the exemptions and immunities in these respects of the most favored citizen or class of citizens. SEC. 9. That all lands which shall hereafter be forfeited and sold for non-payment of any tax, impost, or assessment whatever, in the State of Mississippi, or under proceedings in bankruptcy, or by virtue of the judgment or decree of any court in the said State of Mississippi, shall be disposed of only by sale in sepa. rate sub-divisions not exceeding forty acres each: Provided however, That such portion of said land shall first be offered for sale as can be sold with the least injury to the remainder. April 1-Its further consideration was postponed till the first Monday in December next— yeas 103, nays 62, (not voting 31.) as follow:

Y#As-Messrs. Allison, Archer, Armstrong, Artell, Bailey, Beck, Biggs, Bird, Blair, Brooks. Burr, Calkin, Cleveland, Cowles, Crebs, Cullom, Dawes, Deweese.Dickinson, Dixon, Dockery, Eldridge, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Finkelnburg, Fitch, Garfield, Getz, Gilfillan, Golladay, Griswold, Haldeman, Hale, Hambleton, Hamili, Hawkins, IIawley, Hoag, Holman, Hopkins, Hotchkiss, Jenckes, Johnson, Thomas L. Jones, Kerr, Laflin, Loughridge,

Lynch, Marshall, Mayham, McCarthy, McCormick, McCrary, McNeely, Mercur. Moffat, Jesse 11. Moore, William Moore, Morgan, Morrell, Morrill, # Niblark, O'Neill, Packer, Palmer, Peters. Poland, Pomeroy, Potter, Randall, Reading, Reeves, Rice, Rogers, Schenck, Schumaker, Scofield, Shanks, Slocum, Worthington C. Smith, William Smyth, Stevens, Stiles, Stokes, Stone, Strickland, Swann, Sweeney, Taffe, Tanner, Trimble, Twichell, Van Auken. Voorhees, Cadwalader C. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Wells, Wilkinson, Willard, Eugene M. Wilson, Winans, Woodward–103.

NAYs-Messrs. Ambler, Arnell, Asper, Beaman, Beatty, Benton, Bingham, Bowen, #. Buffinton, Burdett, Benjamin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler, Cake, Cessna, Churchill, Amasa Cobh, Clinton L. Cobb, Coburn, Cook, Conger, Donley, Duvall, Ela, Fisher, Hay, Heaton, Hill, IIoar, Alexander H. Jones, Judd, Julian, Kelley, Kelsey, Ixnapp, Lash, Lawrence, Maynard, Eliakim II. Moore, Negley, Orth, Packard, Paine, Phelps, Prosser, Roots, Sargent, Sheldon, John A. Smith, William J. Smith, Stevenson, Stoughton, Tillman, Tyner, Upson, Van Horn, Ward, Welker, Whittemore, Williams, John T. Wilson, Witcher—62.

The Public Credit Act. This bill became a law March 18, 1869, being the first act approved by President GRANT: Be it enacted, &c., That in order to remove any doubt as to the purpose of the Government to discharge all just obligations to the public creditors, and to settle conflicting questions and interpretations of the laws by virtue of which such obligations have been contracted, it is hereby provided and declared, that the faith of the United States is solemnly pledged to the payment in coin or its equivalent of all the obligations of the United States not bearin interest, known as United States notes, and o all the interest bearing obligations of the United States, except in cases where the law authorizing the issue of any such obligation has ex£ provided that the same may be paid in awful money or other currency than gold and silver. But none of said interest-bearing obligations not already due shall be redeemed or paid before maturity unless at such time United States notes shall be convertible into coin at the option of the holder, or unless at such time bonds of the United States bearing a lower rate of interest than the bonds to be redeemed can be sold at par in coin. And the United States also solemnly pledges its faith to make provision at the earliest practicable period for the redemption of the United States notes in coin. March 12–It passed the House–yeas 97, nays 47 (not voting 49) as follow: YEAS–Messrs. Allison, Ambler, Ames, Armstrong, Arnell, Asper, Artell, Bailey, 13anks, Beaman, Benjamin, Bennett, Bingham, Blair, Boles, Boyd, Buffintón, Burdett. Cessna, Churchill, Clinton L. Cobb, Cook, Conger, Cowles, Cullom, Dawes, I'onley, Duval, Dyer, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Ferry, Finkelnburg, Fisher, Fitch, Gilfilhan, Hale, Hawley, Heaton, IIoar. Hooner, Hotchkiss, Jenckes, Alexander II Jones, Judd, Julian, Kelsey, Ketcham, Knapp, Laflin, Lash, Lawrence, Lynch, Maynard, McCrary, McGrew, Mercur, Jesse H. Moore, William Moore, Morrill, Negley, O'Neill, Packard. Paine, Palmer, Phelps, Poland, Pomeroy, Prosser, Roots, Sanford, Sargent, Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Sheldon, John A. Smith, Worthington C. Smith, William Smyth, Stolzes, Stoughton, 8trickland, Tanner, Tillman, Twichell Upson, Van Horn, Ward, Cadwalader C. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Welker, Wheeler. £re. Wilkinson, Willard, Williams, Winans-97. NAYS-Messrs. Archer, Beatty, Beck, Biggs, Bird, Burr, Benjamin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler, Amasa Cobb, Coburn, Crebs, Deweese, Dickinson, Eldridge, Getz, Gol. laday, Hawkins, Holman, Hopkins, Johnson. Thomas L. Jones, Kerr, Knott, Marshall, Mayham, McCormick, Arc Neely. Moffet, ''' Noblack, Orth, Reading, Reeves, Rice Shanks, Joseph S. Smith, Stiles, Stone, Strader, Sweene:

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1869, March 12–Mr. Schenck introduced the bill passed at third session of Fortieth Congress, and “pocketed” by President JoHNsos. (See page 13–395) Mr. Allison moved to strike out the second section; which was agreed to–yeas 87, nays 56, as follow :

YEAs–Messrs. Allison, Ames, Archer, Bailey, Beaman, Beatty, Beck, Bings, Bingham, Bird. Bowen, Burr, Benamin F. Butler, Cake, Cessna, Amasa Cobb, Coburn, ullom, Davis, Deweese, Dickinson, Dyer, Eldridge, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Ferry, Fitch, Getz, Galladay, Ha!deman, Hale, Hamill, Hawkins, Hay, Hoag, Holman, Hooper, Hopkins, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Thomas L. Jones, Kelsey, Kerr, Knapp, Knott, Lawrence, Loughridge, Lynch, Marshall, Mayham, McCormick, McNeely, Moffet, Jesse H. Moore, Morrill, Mungen, Niblack, O'Neill, Orth, Reading, Sawyer, Scofield, Shanks, Worthington C. Smith, Stevenson, Stiles, Stone, Stoughton, Strader. Swann, Sweeney, Taffe, Trimble, Tyner, Van Horn, William B. Washburn. Wolker, Wells, Wilkinson, Willard, illiams, IEugene M. W.1 on, john T. Wilson, Winans, Winchester, Witcher, Woo, ward–87. NAYs–Messrs. Armstrong, Asper, Arell, Banks, Benamin, Bennett, Blair. Boles, Boyd, Buffinton, Burdett, oderick I. Dutler, Churchill, Clinton L. Cobb, Conger, Cowles, Dawes, Dockery, Donley, Finkelnburg. Fisher, Garfield, Gilsillan, Heaton, Hoar, Johnson, Alexander II. Jones, Judd, Julian, Ixetcham, Laflin, Lash, Logan, McGrew, Mercur. William Moore, Packard, Paine, Palmer, Poland, Pomeroy, Prosser, Roots,Sanford, Sargent, Schenck, Sheldon, John A. Smith, Stokes, Strickland, Tanner, Twichell, Ward, Cadwalader C. Washburn, Wheeler, Whittemore-56. The bill was then passed by the vote previously given. IN SENATE. ‘March 9–The following bill was reported from the Committee on Finance: A BILL to strengthen the public credit, and relating to contracts for the payment of coin. Be it enacted, &c., That in order to remove any doubt as to the purpose of the Government to discharge all just obligations to the public creditors, and to settle conflicting questions and interpretations of the laws by virtue of which such obligations have been contracted it is hereby rovided and declared, that the faith of the United tates is solemnly £ to the payment in coin, or its equivalent, of all the interest-bearing obligations of the United States, except in cases where the law authorizing the issue of any such obligation has expressly provided that the same may be paid in lawful money or other currency than gold and silver: Provided, however, That before any of said interest-bearing obligations not already due shall mature or be paid before maturity, the obligations not bearing interest, known as United States notes, shall be made convertible into coin at the option of the holder.

SEC 2. That any contract hereafter made spe: cifically payable in coin, and the consideration of which may be a loan of coin, or a sale of property, or the rendering of labor or service of any kind, the price of which, as carried into the contract, may have been adjusted on the basis of the coin value thereof at the time of such sale or the ren: dering of such service or labor, shall be legal and valid, and may be enforced according to its terms. March 11—Mr. Howard moved to insert the word 'written" before “contract" in the 2d section where it first occurs; which was agreed to. Mr. Sumner moved to strike out the 2d section; which was agreed to—yeas 28, nays 15, as follow: YEAs—Messrs. Bayard, Boreman, Carpenter, Casserly, Conl:ling, Corbett, Cragin, Ferry, Fessenden, Gilbert, Harris, Ixellogg, McDonald, Norton, Nye, Pratt, Robertson, Sawyer, Schurz. Scott, Sprague, Stewart, Stockton, Sumner, Thurman, Trumbull, Vickers, Wilson–28. NAYS-Messrs. Abbott, Anthony, Brownlow, Drake, Grimes, IIamlin, Morrill, Morton, Osborn, Patterson, Ramsey, Ross, Sherman, Warner, Williams—15. Mr. Thurman moved to add to the 1st section the following proviso:

Provided, That nothing herein contained shall apply to the obligations commonly called fivetwenty bonds. Which was not agreed to—yeas 12, nays 31, as follow: YEAs–Messrs. Bayard. Boreman, Casserly, Morton, Norton, Osborn, Pratt, Ross, Sprague, Stockton, Thur: man, Vickers—12. NAys-Messrs. Abbott, Anthony, Brownlow, Carpenter, Conkling, Corbett, Cragin, Drake, Fenton, Ferry, Gilbert, Grimes, Hamlin, Harris, Kellogg, McDonald, Morrill, Nye, Patterson, Ramsey, Sawyer, Schurz. Scott, Sherman, Stewart, Sumner, Tipton, Trumbull, Warner, Williams, Wilson–31. Mr. Morton moved to strike from section 1st the words, "authorizing the issue of any such obligation;" which was not agreed to–yeas 14, nays 32, as follow: YEAs—Messrs. Bayard, Brownlow, Casserly, Morton, Norton, Pomeroy, Pratt, Robertson, ltoss, Spencer, Sprague, Stockton, Thurman, Vickers—14. NAYS-Messrs. Abbott, Anthony, Boreman, Carpenter, Cattell, Corbett, Cragin, Drake, Fenton, Ferry, Fessenden, Gilbert, Grimes, IIamlin, Howard, IIowe, Morrill, Patterson, Ramsey, Sawyer, Schurz, Scott, Sherman, Stewart, Sumner, Thayer, Tipton, Warner, Willey, Williams, Wilson, Yates—32. March 15–This bill was then laid aside, and the IIouse bill taken up and passed by the vote given above.

Amendment to the Tenure-of-0ffice Act.

l This bill passed both Houses, and became a aW : AN ACT to amend “An act regulating the tenure of certain civil offices.” Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the first and second sections of an act entitled “An act regulating the tenure of certain civil offices,” £i March 2, 1867, be, and the same are hereby, repealed, and in lieu of said repealed sections the following are hereby enacted: That every person holding any civil office to which he has been or hereafter may be appointed, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall have become duly qualified to act therein, shall be entitled to hold such office

during the term for which he shall have been appointed, unless sooner removed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, or by the £ with the like advice and consent, of a successor in his place, except as herein otherwise provided: SEC 2. And be it further enacted, That during any recess of the Senate the President is hereby empowered, in his discretion, to suspend any civil officer appointed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, except judges of the United States courts, until the end of the next session of the Senate, and to designate some suitable person, subject to be removed in his discretion by the designation of another, to perform the duties of such suspended officer in the meantime; and such person so designated shall take the oaths and give the bonds required by law to be taken and given by the suspended officer, and shall, during the time he performs his duties, be entitled to the salary and emoluments of such office, no part of which shall belong to the officer suspended; and it shall be the duty of the President within thirty days after the commencement of each session of the Senate, except for any office which in his opinion ought not to be filled, to nominate persons to fill all vacancies in office which existed at the meeting of the Senate, whether temporarily filled or not, and also in the place of all officers suspended; and if the Senate during such session shall refuse to advise and consent to an appointment in the place of any suspended officer, then, and not otherwise, the President shall nominate another person as soon as practicable to said session of the Senate for said office. SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That section three of the act to which this is an amendment be amended by inserting after the word "resignation,” in line three of said section, the following: “or expiration of term of office.” Approved, April 5, 1869.

The final vote was as follows:

IN House, March 31.

YEAs-Messrs. Allison, Ambler, Ames, Armstrong, Arnell, Asper, Bailey, Banks. Beaman, Bennett, Bingham, Blair, Boles, Bowen, Buffinton, Burdett, Benjamin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler, Cal:e, Cessna, Churchill, Amasa Cobb, Clinton L. Cobb, Coburn, Cook, Conger, Cowles, Cullom, Dawes, Dixon, 'Dockery. Donley, Duval, Ela, Ferriss, Finkelnburg, Fisher, Fitch, Garfield, Gilfillan, Hale, Hawley, Hay, Heaton, Hill, Hooper, Hopkins, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Alexander H. Jones, Judd, Kelsey, Knapp, Laffin, Lash, Logan, Lynch, Maynard, McCarthy, incCrary, McGrew, Mercur, Eliakim 11. Moore, Jesse II. Moore, William Moore, Morrell, Morrill, O'Neill, Packard, Packer, Paine, Palmer, Peters, Phelps, Pomeroy, Prosser, Roots, Sanford, £ Sawyer, Schenck, Scofield, Shanks, Sheldon, John A. Sinith, William J. Smith, William Smyth, Stevens, Stevenson, Stokes, Stoughton, Strickland, Taffe, Tanner, Tillman, Twichell, Tyner. Upson, Van Horn, Ward, Cadwalader C. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Welker, Wheeler, Williams, John T. Wilson, Winans, Witcher—108.

NAYs—Messrs. Archer, Artell, Beatty, Beck, Benton, Biggs, Bird. Boyd, Brooks, Burr, Calkin, Clarke, Cleveland, Crcbs, 'Davis, Deweese, Dickinson, Eldridge, Ferry, Getz, Golladay, Griswold, Haldeman, Hambleton. Hamill, Hawkins, Hoag, Hoar, Holman, Johnson, Thomas L. Jones, Julian, Kerr, Loughridge, Marshall, Mayham, McCormick, M.Neely. Moffet, Morgan, Mungen, Niblack, Orth, Poland, Patter, Randall, Reading. Reeves, Rice, Rogers, Schwmaker, Slocum, Worthington C. Smith, Siles, Stone, Swann, Sweeney, Trimble, Van Auken, Voorhees, Wells. Whittemore, Wilkinson, Willard, Eugene M. Wilson, Wood, Woodward

IN SENATE, March 31.

YEAs—Messrs. Abbott, Anthony, Boreman. Brownlow, Buckingham, Cameron, Carpenter, Chandler, Conkling, Corbett, Cragin, Drake, Edmunds, Fenton. Ferry, #: bert, Grimes, Hamlin, Harlan, Harris. Howard, Kellogg, Morrill, Nve, Osborn, Patterson, Pomeroy, Pool, Pratt, Ramsey, Rice, Sawyer, Schurz, Scott, Spencer, Sumner, Tipton, Trumbull, Willey, Williams, Wilson, Yates—42. WAYs–Messrs. Bayard, Casscrly, Davis, McCrcery, Sprague, Stockton, Thurman, Vickers—8.

PRELIMINARY VoIES.

The following is the action of each House in detail: IN HOUSE.

1869, March 9–The bill to repeal the tenureof-office act was introduced by Mr. Benjamin F. Butler, and read a first and second time and £-y" 138, nays 16, (not voting 39) as ollow :

YEAs–Messrs. Adams, Allison, Ambler. Archer, Asper, Artell, Bailey. Banks, Beaman, Leck, Bennett, Biggs, Bingham, Blair, Boutwell, Bowen, Boyd. Buffinton, Burdett, Burr, Benjamin F. Butler, Roderick R. Butler, Calve, Cessna, Churchill, Clarke, Cleveland, Amasa Cobb. Clinton L. Cobb, Coburn, Cook, Conger, Crebs, Cullom, Davis, Dawes, Deweese, Dickey, Dickinson, Dyer, Eldri'q-, Ferry, Finckelnburg, Fisher, Fitch, Gilfillan, Goll day, Griswold, Haldeman, Hale, Hamill, Hawkins, Ijawley, Ilay, Heaton, Hill, Hoag, IIoar, H. man, Ingersoll, Johnson, Alexander II. Jones, Thomas L. J nes, Judd, Julian, Kelley, Kelsey, Kerr. Ketcham, Knapp, Knott Lash, Logan. Loughridge, Marshall, Mayham, McCormick, McCrary, McGrew, McNeely, Moffet, Eliakim H. Moore, Jesse II. Moore, Morrill, Negley, Niblack, O'Neill, Orth, Packard, Packer, Paine, Palmer, Peters, Phelps, Pomeroy, Hotter, Prosser. Randell, I'eading, Rico, Rogers, Sargent, S-humaker, Scofield. Shanks. Sheldon, Slocum, John A. Smith, William J. Sm: h, Stevenson, Stiles, Stone. Stoughton, Strader. Strickland, Swann, Sweeney Trim' le. Twichell, Tyner, Upson, Van Auken, Van IIorn, Van Trump, Voorhees, Cadwalader C. Washburn, William B. Washburn, Welker. Wells Wheeler, Williams, Eugene M. Wilson. John T. Wilson, Winans, Winchester, Witcher. Wond. Woodward–138.

NAYs–Messrs. Arnell, Boles, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Hotchkiss, Jenckes, Lawrence, Maynard, Schenck, Worthington C. Smith, Stokes, Taffe, Tillman, Ward, Whittemore, Willard—16.

IN SENATE.

March 11–It was referred to the Committee

on the Judiciary—yeas 34, nays 25, as follow:

YEAs–Messrs. Abbott, Anthony, Brownlow, Buckingham, arpenter, Cattell, Chandler, t'onkling, £: Drake, Edmunds, Ferry, Gilbert, Hamlin. IIarris, Howard, Howe, Morrill, Norton, Nye, Patterson, Pomeroy, i Ramsey. Rice, Sawyer, Schurz. Scott, Stewart. Sumner,

Tipton, Trumbull, Williams, Wilson, Yates—34. NAYs—Messrs. Bayard, Boreman. Cameron, Casserly, | Corbett, Davis, Fenton. Fessenden, Fowler, Grimes, McCreery, McDonald, Morton, Pool, Pratt, Robertson, Ross, Sherman, Spencer, Sprague, Stockton, Thayer, Thurman, Wickers, Warner-25.

March 24—Mr. Trumbull reported the bill from the Committee on the Judiciary, amended so as to strike out all after the enacting clause and insert as follows:

That the 1st and 2d sections of an act entitled “An act regulating the tenure of certain civil officers,” passed March 2, 1867, be, and the same are hereby, repealed, and in lieu of said repealed sections the following are hereby enacted: That every person holding any civil office to which he has been or may £ be appointed, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall have become qualified to act therein, shall be entitled to hold such office during the term for which he shall have been appointed, unless sooner, removed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, or by the appointment, with the like advice and consent,

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of a successor in his place, except as herein otherwise provided. SEC, 2 And be it further enacted, That during any recess of the Senate the President is hereby empowered, in his discretion, to suspend any civil officer appointed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, except judges of the United States courts, until the end of the next session of the Senate, and to designate some suitable person subject to be removed in his discretion by the designation of another to perform the duties of such suspended officer in the meantime; and such person so designated shall take oaths and give bonds required by law to be taken and given by the suspended officer, and shall during the time he performs his duties be entitled to the salary and emoluments of such office, no part of which shall belong to the officer £ It shall be the duty of the President within thirty days after the commencement of each session of the Senate, except for any office which in his opinion ought not to be filled, to nominate persons to fill all vacancies in office which existed at the meeting of the Senate, whether temporarily filled or not, and also in the place of all officers suspended, and if the Senate during such session shall refuse to advise and consent to an appointment in the place of any suspended officer, and shall also refuse by vote to assent to his suspension, then, and not otherwise, such officer, at the end of the session, shall be entitled to resume the possession of the office from which he was suspended, and afterwards to discharge its duties and receive its emoluments as though no such suspension had taken place. Which was agreed to–yeas 37, nays 15, as follow: YEAs–Messrs. Abbott, Anthony, Boreman, Brownlow, £: Carpenter, Cattell, Chandler, Conkling, Cragin, Drake, Edmunds, Ferry, Gilbert, Hamlin, Harlan, Harris, Howard, kellogg, Morrill, Osborn, Patterson, Pratt, Ramsey, Rice, Sawyer, Schurz, Scott, Spencer, Stewart, Sumner, Tipton, Trumbuil, Willey, illiams, Wilson, Yates—37. NAYs–Messrs. Bayard, Casserly, Davis, Fessenden,

Fowler, Grimes, McCreery, McDonald, Norton, Ross, Sprague, Stockton, Thurman, Vickers, Warner—15.

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Twichell, Ward, Welker, Wheeler, John T. Wilson,
Winans–70.
NAYs–Messrs. Allison, Ambler, Archer, Axtell, Banks,
Beck, Biggs, Bird, Blair, Boyd, Brooks, Buffinton, Burr,
Benjamin F. Butler, Calkin, Clarke, Cleveland, Amasa
Cobb, Cook, Conger, Crebs, Cullom, Davis, Dawes, De-
weese, Dickey, Dickinson, Dyer, Eldridge, Ferry, Fisher,
Fox, Getz, Golladay, Griswold, Haight, Haldeman, Hamble-
ton, Hawkins, Hay, Heaton, Hoag, Hoar, Holman, Hop-
kins. Johnson, Alexander II. Jones, Thomas L. Jones,
Julian, Kerr, Knott, Logan, Loughridge, Marshall, May-
ham, McCrary, McNeely, Moffet, Jesse II. Moore, Morgan,
Mungen, Niblack, O'Neill, Orth, Packard, Paine, Palmer,
Phelps, Randall, Reading, Reeves, Rice, Rogers, Schu-
maker, Sheldon, Slocum, John A. Smith, Joseph S. Smith,
Stevenson, Swann, Sweeney, Tanner, Townsend, Trimble,
Tyner, Upson, Van Horn, Van Trump. Cadwalader C.
Washburn, William B. Washburn, Wells, Whittemore,
Wilkinson, Williams, Eugene M. Wilson, Winchester,
Witcher, Wood, Woodward–99.

IN SENATE.

March 30-A motion to recede from its amendments was lost—yeas 20, nays 37, as follow:

YEAs–Messrs. Bayard, Casserly, Cole, Davis, Fenton, Fessenden, Fowler, Grimes, McCreery, McDonald, Morton, Pool, Robertson, Ross, Sprague, Stockton, Thayer, Thurman, Vickers, Warner—20.

NAys-Messrs. Abbott, Anthony, Boreman, Brownlow, Buckingham, Cameron, Carpenter, Cattell, Conkling, Cragin, Drake, Edmunds, Ferry, Gilbert, Hamlin, Harlan, Harris, Howard, Howe, Kellogg, Morrill, Nye, Patterson, Pomeroy, Pratt, Ramsey, Rice, Sawyer, Schurz, Scott, Spencer, Sumner, Tipton, Trumbull, Willey, Williams, Wilson—37.

A committee of conference was then voted, and Messrs. Trumbull, Edmunds, and Grimes appointed conferees.

IN Hous E.

March 80-A motion that the House recede from its disagreement was lost—yeas 61, nays 106. The conference was granted, and Messrs. Benjamin F. Butler, Cadwalader C. Washburn, and Bingham were appointed the managers.

March 31—The committee of conference reported, recommending certain amendments, ' make the bill stand as it finally passed,) and the report was adopted—in the House, yeas 108, nays 67; in the Senate, yeas 42, nays 8, as printed above.

On the Effect of the XVth Amendment. .

1869, March 22—Mr. Johnson moved a suspension of the rules so as to enable him to submit this resolution:

Resolved. That in passing the resolution for the fifteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States this house never intended that Chinese or Mongolians should become voters.

The motion to suspend the rules was lost— yeas 42, nays 106, not voting 48. The YEAs were Messrs. Archer, Axtell, Bird, Brooks, Burr, Calkin, Crebs, Dickinson, Eldridge, Fitch, Golladay, Haight, Haldeman, Hambleton, Hamill, Hawkins, Holman, Johnson, Thomas L. Jones, Kerr, Knott, Mayham, McNeely, Potter, Ran. dall, Reading, Reeves, Sargent, Slocum, Joseph S. Smith, William J. Smith, Stiles, Stone, Strader, Swann, Van Auken, Van Trump, Wells, Eugene M. Wilson, Winchester, Wood, Woodward.

XLIII.

PRESIDENT GRANT'S INAUGURAL ADDRESS,

AND MESSAGE ON RECONSTRUCTION, AND THE OFFICIAL PROCLAMATIONS OF THE YEAR.

President Grant's Inaugural Address, March 4th, 1869, Citizens of the United States: Your suffrages having elected me to the office of President of the United States, I have, in conformity to the Constitution of our country, taken the oath of office prescribed therein. I have taken this oath without mental reservation, and with the determination to do to the best of my ability all that it requires of me. The responsibilities of the 'sition I feel, but accept them without fear. The office has come to me unsought; I commence its duties untrammelled. I bring to it a conscious desire and determination to fill it to the best of my ability to the satisfaction of the people. On all leading questions agitating the public mind I will always express my views to Congress, and urge them according to my judgment; and, when I think it advisable, will exercise the constitutional privilege of interposing a veto to defeat measures which I oppose. But all laws will be faithfully executed whether they meet my approval or not. I shall on all subjects have a policy to recommend, but none to enforce against the will of the people. Laws are to govern all alike, those opposed as well as those who favor them. I know no method to secure the repeal of bad or obnoxious laws so effective as their stringent execution. The country having just emerged from a great rebellion, many questions will come before it for settlement in the next four years which preceding Administrations have never had to deal with. In meeting these it is desirable that they should be approached calmly, without prejudice, hate or sectional pride, remembering that the greatest good to the greatest number is the object to be attained. This requires security of person, property, and free religious and political opinion in every art of our common country, without regard to ocal prejudice. All laws to secure these ends will receive my best efforts for their enforcement. A great debt has been contracted in securing to us and our posterity the Union. The payment of this, principal and interest, as '' aS the return to a specie basis, as soon as it can be accomplished without material detriment to the debtor class or to the country at larze, must be provided for. To protect the national honor every dollar of government indebtedness should be paid in gold, unless otherwise expressly stip. ulated in the contract. Let it be understood that no repudiator of one farthing of our public

debt will be trusted in public place, and it will go far towards strengthening a credit, which ought to be the best in the world, and will ultimately enable us to replace the debt with bonds bearing less interest than we now pay. To this should be added a faithful collection of the revenue, a strict accountability to the treasury for every dollar collected, and the greatest practicable retrenchment in expenditure in every department of government. When we compare the paying capacity of the country now—with the ten States in povert from the effects of war, but soon to emerge, % trust, into greater prosperity than ever beforewith its paying capacity twenty-five years ago, and calculate what it probably will be twentyfive years hence, who can doubt the feasibility of paying every dollar then with more ease than we now pay for useless luxuries? Why, it looks as though Providence had bestowed upon us a strong box in the precious metals locked up in the sterile mountains of the far west, and which we are now forging the key to unlock, to meet the very contingency that is now upon us. Ultimately it may be necessary to insure the facilities to reach these riches, and it may be necessary also that the general government should give its aid to secure this access. But that should only be when a dollar of obligation to pay secures precisely the same sort of dollar to use now, and not before. Whilst the question of specie payments is in abeyance, the prudent business man is careful about contracting debts payable in the distant future. The nation £ the same rule. A prostrate commerce is to be rebuilt and all industries encouraged. The young men of the country, those who from their age must be its rulers twenty-five years hence, £ a peculiar interest in maintaining the national honor. A moment's reflection as to what will be our commanding influence among the nations of the earth in their day, if they are only true to themselves, should inspire them with national pride. All divisions, geographical, political, and religious, cah join in this common sentiment. How the public debt is to be paid, or specie payments resumed, is not so important as that a plan should be adopted and acquiesced in. A united determination to do is worth more than divided counsels upon the method of doing. Legislation upon this subject may not be necessary now, nor even advisable, but it will be when the civil law is more fully restored in all parts of the country, and trade resumes its wonted channels.

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