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heard that she was up at Liverpool, in the Yazoo River, the patriots. Out of from eighteen to twenty and Lieutenant-Colonel Ellet informed me that the river thousand men on his rolls, he could scarcely was too narrow for our gun-boats to turn, and was also shallow in places, but suggested that Flag-Officer Davis muster five thousand in his ranks. They sui might send up some of his iron-clad boats, which draw fered far more severely than our men from only six or seven feet of water.
want of suitable hospital accommodations, med" When this was proposed to Flag-Officer Davis he con icines, and food. sented immediately, and General Williams offered to send
As it was manifest that the shore batteries up a few sharp-shooters. The next morning they went off at daylight, and by six in the morning we heard firing could not be carried without the assistance of a up the river, but supposed it to be the gun-boats firing at far more powerful land-force than we then had, the Aying artillery said to be lining the river. In a short it was judged expedient to abandon the entertime, however, the gun-boats appeared and the ram in pursuit. Although we were all lying with low fires, none prise for the present. Flag-Officer Farragut of us had steam or could get it up in time to pursue her; was therefore instructed to drop down the river but she took the broadside of the whole fleet. It was a with his fleet to New Orleans, while the nation bold thing, and she was only saved by our feeling of ge- gathered its strength to strike the rebels on the curity. She was very much injured, and was only able to drift down at the lowest speed-say one knok_and bluffs at Vicksburg an effectual blow. Comwith the current she got down to the forts at Vicksburg mander Porter was left below Vicksburg, with before any of us had steam up.
the Essex and the Sumter, to watch the move" I had a consultation with Flag-Officer Davis, and we ments of the enemy. thought it best to take the evening, when he dropped down to take the fire of the upper battery, and my squad
On the 28th of July Flag-Officer Farragut ron passed down with the determination of destroying the returned to New Orleans with most of his fleet. ram if possible. But by delays of getting in position, The Katahdin and Kineo were left at Baton etc., it was so dark by the time we reached the town that Rouge with a small land-force. On the 5th of nothing could be seen except the flashes of the guns, so that, to my great mortification, I was obliged to go down August a rebel force of ten régiments, under and anchor with the rest of my fleet, to protect the trans- command of General J. C. Breckinridge, made ports, mortar-boats, etc.
a vigorous assault upon the small force sta“The ram is now repairing damages, for we put many tioned at Baton Rouge. One of the most seholes through her, though we do not know the extent of verely contested battles of the war ensued, in damage done to her. Be assured, Sir, however, that I shall leave no stone unturned to destroy her."
which General Williams was killed by a rifle
ball through the chest. About two o'clock in It was quite evident that the Arkansas had the afternoon of the 4th some friendly negroes received pretty severe handling from the fleet, brought the intelligence to the camp that the as day after day passed and she did not ven- enemy was approaching. All possible arrangeture from her moorings beneath the guns of ments were made for the menaced attack. the shore batteries. On the morning of the At half past three o'clock the next morning 22d another attempt was made to destroy the the reveille was beaten, and our little army rebel ram. Flag-Officer Davis, about daylight marched about a mile out of town to meet the in the morning, attacked with great vehemence foe. The enemy, however, appeared in such the upper batteries with the gun-boats Benton, force that, after very severe fighting, we were Cincinnati, and Louisville. Under cover of compelled to fall back. Our troops experithis fire the Essex and the Queen of the Westenced mnch annoyance from facing the blaze rushed down the river at their utmost speed, of the rising sun. But in defiance of every to plunge upon the Arkansas, to endeavor to difficulty they manfully bore the shock of overcrush in her sides. The rebel ram was at her whelming numbers. The Sixth Michigan, with place at the levee under the batteries. The Nims's battery on the right, and the Fourteenth Queen of the West struck the Arkansas with Maine, with Manning's battery on the left, won sufficient force to do her some injury, but did great renown. They were exposed for some not succeed in disabling her. The Essex de- time, in the open field, to the swarming foe livered several very effective shots into the who assailed them from the woods. The Thirram, but in endeavoring to strike only grazed tieth Massachusetts was sent to the aid of the her side, and ran with great force upon the hotly-pressed Michigan troops, but before they bank. Here, for ten minutes, until she could were in position the rebels were driven back. be got off, the Essex was exposed to a terrible At the same time the Ninth Connecticut and fire from the shore bættery.
the Fourth Wisconsin, which had been held in The sickly season had now come. The most reserve, were ordered to advance to the aid of vigorous men wilted and broke down under the the left wing, but as they were rushing upon unintermitted and exhausting heat of that pes- the field the foe sullenly retired. tilential region. Men who were apparently During the fight a portion of the enemy well one day would sink away and die before broke into the camp of the Twenty-first Inthe close of the next. Of one hundred and diana and burned it. But the despoiled regithirty men of the mortar fleet one hundred and ment took fearful revenge, in pouring into their six were sick and off duty. The crews of the disordered ranks a volley of balls, which strewed gun-boats were, many of them, reduced to one- the ground with the wounded, and caused the half their number. Six hundred men were survivors precipitately to retreat. The rebels needed immediately to secure the efficiency of also forced an entrance into the camp of the the flotilla.
Twentieth Maine, where they encountered a The rebels suffered even more severely than similar fate. The Twenty-first Indiana fought
with such desperation of courage that it is said battle, enabling him to signal the gun-boats one of the rebel Generals, whose fortune it was where to throw their shells. These deathto encounter them, remarked :
dealing missiles, hurled from the 11-inch guns “But for those accursed Indianians we of the boats, constrained the rebels to keep at should have taken Baton Rouge!”
a respectful distance. It is said that one shell The gun-boats Essex, Sumter, Kineo, and from the Kineo killed from forty to sixty of the Katahdin took glorious part in this conflict. rebels. The two former were placed in position to pro- When near the close of the engagement, tect our left. They opened fire into the woods Lieutenant-Colonel Keith, of the Twenty-first through which the foe was swarming, and with Indiana, was taken from the field severely their screaming shells shattered the forest and wounded. Colonel Cahill says in his report scattered a storm of iron hail around the assail that no words of his can do him justice. He ants. Signal-Officer Davis, of the Kineo, took adds : a position on the tower of the State House,
"He was every where, in every place, working his men where he had an excellent view of the field of through tents, trees, and under-brush like a veteran; and
when seriously wounded and taken from the field he was borne wounded from the field, leaving the would not give up, but moved around among his officers and men, counseling and assisting in every thing, to the regiment in command of Captain Grimsley: injury and irritation of his wounds. Colonel Roberts, of “Boys, your field-officers are all gone. I will the Seventh Vermont, fell mortally wounded, and has since lead you !” The men responded with three died. Colonel Nickerson, of the Fourteenth Maine, had his
cheers. Just at that moment the fatal bullet horze shot from under him by a discharge of grape. He pierced the bosom of the General and he fell. sprang from under his dying steed, and waving his sword It is not too much to say, in the words of Colcalled upon his men for one more charge. The men sprang onel Cahill : forward with three roaring cheers, and drove back the advancing foe."
“That more undaunted bravery, coolness, and skill has
not been displayed in any battle-field than on that of But we have no space to record the individ- Baton Rouge, and that too by oficers who never before ual acts of heroism. It was near the close of handled troops in a fight." the battle when General Williams fell, mortally As the discomfited rebels retired the gunwounded. He had just said to the men of the boats continued pitching shells into the woods Twenty-first Indiana, as their gallant Colonel levery half hour during the whole night. But the foe was far away on the rapid retreat. Our small The Essex ran by her crippled antagonist, land-force, weakened by sickness and exhaust- which could only bring one gun to bear upon ed by heat and fatigue,' were not in a condition her, and taking a position about five hundred to pursue.
yards distant, opened upon the ram with three The Union force engaged numbered less guns charged with solid shot. One of these than two thousand five hundred. The enemy balls struck the bow of the Arkansas, and had at least five thousand, with twelve or four- though it produced a deep indentation the ball teen field-pieces and some cavalry. About was split in two by force of the concussion. thirty of their number were captured, and they The correspondent of the New York Herald, as left seventy wounded men upon the field.* quoted in Harper's Weekly, writes :
It was in the plan of attack by the rebels " Commander Porter then ordered the same gun to be that while Breckinridge with his overpowering loaded with an incendiary shell of his own invention, and force fell impetuously upon our little garrison, without moving the gun to take a new aim the shell was
fired, entering just where the solid shot had struck. Im. the Arkansas was to crush and sink our gun-mediately a jet of flame was shooting up from the Arkan. boats. Our boats were all ready to receive sas, and in a short time the entire vessel was on fire. It her, but the Arkansas did not make her ap- is supposed that the condensed cotton, with which the Arpearance. It was therefore decided for the kangas is packed, caught fire from the shell, and coinmuni
cating thence to the wood-work, soon wrapped the mon. gun-boats to take a trip up the river to ascer
ster in flanies. After burning till all her upper-works tain what had become of her. On turning a were destroyed she swung off into the stream, where she bend of the stream the monster ram was seen blew up with a terrific explosion." close to the bank, evidently disabled. Two Soon after this, by the 23d of August, Baton rebel gun-boats, the Webb and the Music, Rouge was evacuated by the Union troops. were hovering around her. Prudently they But the exultant rebels on the river's banks retired as soon as our little fleet hove in sight. found that the transient lull in the storm of The Essex led, followed by the Sumter, the war was only the prelude of a tempest which Kineo, and the Katahdin.
swept the Mississippi of every incumbrance, * Colonel T. W. Cahill's Report. Lieutenant G. Weit- and restored the majestic stream to the undiszel's Report states the rebel force at 6000, ours at 2000. puted possession of the nation.
But my dreams are shifting ever.
I am striving now to weave me,
From the thread which Clotho gave me, Would you like to know my fancies,
Such a web of pure endeavor
As shall fold me evermore
In a robe of light and beauty,
When my busy life is o'er-
When I've finished all my duty.
But my thread is oh, so fine!
Smallest moments form the line,
And I weave 'mid anxious fears,
For I dread the fatal shears.
Here a knot is in the worsted.
See how carefully I hide it!
Just so carefully I tied it
When to future skill I trusted
For concealment of the knot.
That's the way with woman's sorrow,
Hidden pain is half forgot
In the bustle of the morrow.
Yet my web is no less fair
For the tangle bidden there,
And our lives seem joyous still,
Though they bury many an ill.
So, while twilight shades are falling,
Threads of fancy I am twining
With the rosy wool combining;
Heedless of the voices calling
From beyond the garden wall;
Till, at last, the steady motion
Knits up all my zephyr ball.
Here's the spring of my devotion-
This is why I love my book
As the poet loves a book :
Thus its charms my cares beguile,
For I'm dreaming all the wbile.
NATIONAL CEMETERIES. THE war for the Union is over. Our sur-equip him in advance for the Happy Hunting
and the country tenders them its gratitude and with more enlightened view he commits his homage. We meet them in all the high- friend to the earth—"Dust to dust, whence it ways and by-ways of life, bronzed of feature, came”-and erects a simple tablet, or costly and a little stiff and precise, perhaps, from the mausoleum, in some village grave-yard, or urpursuit of arms; but there is that in the glance ban cemetery, to commemorate his deeds and of their eye and firmness of tread that speaks perpetuate his fame. They both follow out the of work well done, and the people welcome same ideal, the best and highest in them, the them to their hearths and homes as the crowned truest and noblest thought of their natures; heroes of the age. Society, without distinction but the ignorance and savagery of barbarism of clique or party, unites to do them honor. appear in the one, in the other the touching Doting mammas and blushing maidens smile beauties and refinements of a Christian civilizaupon them. Law and Physic invite them to tion. Human history, indeed, concurs in this their high walks; Trade and Commerce throw respect, though we do not know what it is that open their august portals and bid them enter. should every where induce such reverence and Even politicians forget their brawls, and cord-care for those who have gone from us and apially unite, as seldom before, on some soldier parently are of no further account to us, unless because strongest with the people, and, there it be that vague hope and “anxious longing fore, most "available" for candidacy. The for immortality" which all possess and none can scramble for “ soldier" candidates between the satisfy, but which by this means we yet seek two political parties, pending the elections of unconsciously to express and gratify. True, last fall, was most amusing to the on-looker ; different nations in different ages have had but it was also most instructive, because it different methods of embodying the sentiment, showed the strong and decided drift of the popu- but all have sought the same reverent result. lar current, which none detect more quickly or By some the dead were burned, and their ashes measure more accurately than our shrewd po- preserved in sacred urns. In India, and some litical managers.
other countries, this custom still prevails to And we hold this is right and fitting-emi- some extent. And we have read somewhere nently so, and in all respects. For it is but a of a Russian prince who, on the death of his just Reward of Merit. It is the Nation's si- wife, to whom he was very tenderly attached, lent but hearty Vote of Thanks. It is but our submitted her body to some German chemists, natural and inevitable hero-worship after great who reduced it by scientific processes to so deeds done. It is only mankind's unconscious small a compass that he could wear it as a stone testimony to the high dignity and worth of in an ordinary seal ring. But the usual cusbravery and pluck.
tom, from time immemorial, has every where -Men, who their duties know, been to commit the dead to the bosom of mo. But know their rights, and knowing dare maintain;" ther earth. Hence we find burial-places and these are the men whom mankind unite to re- cemeteries established by law, and consecrated ward and honor, and so may it ever be. by religion, from the earliest ages. The word
But while we all agree to honor and reward cemetery itself comes from the Greek, Koyentiour living heroes, we must not forget that there prov, meaning literally a "sleeping-place.” In are solemn duties we owe also to the dead. the German we have the corresponding words Both duties belong equally to true patriotism, Friedhof, “Court of Peace," and Gottesacker, and an enlightened civilization will surely re- "God's Field.” These all came to mean ingard one as but the complement of the other. differently a place set apart and kept for the It may be that death is an eternal sleep, and sepulture of the dead. the grave the end of all things, as some small Among the Hebrews the first care on arrivphilosophers" hold. But the instincts of hu- ing at a new place was to select burial-grounds. manity recoil from the doctrine, and with all Their cities usually had cemeteries outside of right-thinking men care for the dead stands the walls. That of Jerusalem, it will be reclose to reverence for God.
membered, was in the Valley of Cedron. The Indeed, to respect and care for the dead is Greeks, before they adopted the Phrygian cusno modern sentiment. Such was the practice tom of burning their dead, had what they called in the ruder ages and among the coarser civil- their “ sleeping-field.” At Athens the most izations, and in even the most materialistic common place of interment was near the road times it keeps steady pace with all humaner de- leading to the Peiræus, outside of the Ionian velopments. The same reverent idea prevails Gate, which on that account was also styled every where among mankind, and similar re- the Burial Gate. Those who had fallen in batsults appear ever to follow. The Indian of the tle, however, were buried at the public explains elevates his dead upon a rude scaffold, pense, in the famous Ceramicus, the most beauwith food and implements of the chase by his tiful suburb of Athens, which had been adorned side, to keep his remains from desecration and I with walks, and fountains, and columns, and