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Treasury Report for 1832-Appropriations for Pensions-for support of Gov
ernment for Naval Service-for Fortifications-for Military Service-for
Indian Department-for District of Columbia-for Internal Improvement
ENGLAND-Dissolution of Parliament-Elections-Meeting of Reformed
Parliament--Re-election of Speaker-Debate on Address-Condition of
Ireland-Bill for repressing Disturbances-Proclamation of Lord Lieuten-
ant--Suppression of Irish Volunteers-Do. of National Trades Union-Re-
form of Irish Church-Abolition of Slavery in Colonies-East India Com-
pany-Renewal of Charter-China Trade Free-Bank of England-Re-
newal of Charter-Factory Children Bill-Parochial Saving Banks Bill-
CONTINENTAL EUROPE-France-Policy of Louis Phillippe-Return of
French Army from Belgium-Meeting of Chambers in 1833-Duchess of
Berri-Prorogation of Chambers-Second Session of Chambers-Common
School System-American Indemnity.
PORTUGAL-Parties in Peninsula-Siege of Oporto-Algarves invaded—
Don Miguel's Fleet captured-Lisbon taken-Donna Maria proclaimed-
SPAIN Salic Law abolished-Dissatisfaction of Don Carlos-Illness of
Ferdinand-Salic Law re-established-Again abolished-Death of Ferdi.
nand-Donna Maria Isabella proclaimed-Rebellious movements of Car-
lists-Liberal Policy of Regency.
TURKEY-War between the Pashas of Egypt and Syria-Capture of
Acre-Rebellion of Pasha of Egypt-War between him and the Porte-
Defeat of Grand Vizier-Interference of Russia-Peace and Annexation
of Syria and Palestine to Egypt-Treaty of Constantinople.
GREECE-Arrival of Otho-Greek Ministry-Courts of Justice estalished
-Departure of French Troops-Greek Church declared independent-
State of Commerce-Conspiracy suppressed.
List of officers of the United States government,..
Governors of States and Territories,..
Public debt of United States,...
Statement of duties of the United States for 1332,.
Revenue of the United States from other sources, do...
Expenditures of United States for 1832,..
Sales of Public Lands in 1833,..
Revenue from other sources in do...........................................
Statement of commerce of each state, for year ending Sept. 30, 1832.
Do. for year ending 1833,.........
Do. Exports of domestic produce from United States for 1832,
Statement of donations of Public Lands from 1789,..
Messsage of President of United States to 22d Congress, 2d session,
Veto of bill allowing interest on claims for advances by the states,.
Veto of the Light House bill................
Statistical view of the Commerce of the United States for the year ending
Tonnage of the several districts Dec, 31, 1831..
Message of President Santander, to the congress of New Granada,....
Treaty between Peru and Equator,...
Great Britain-King's Speech Feb. 5, 1833,........
Proclamation suppressing colonial unions, Jan. 25, 1832,...
Speech of Lieutenant Governor to Legislature of Lower Canada,.
Statement of Imports into the United States for year ending Sept. 30, 1832,....47
Statement of Exports of foreign goods, &c. from United States, for year
Do. for 1833,..
Treaty between United States and Naples,................
Treaty between the United States and Russia,............
Correspondence relating to the claims of citizens of the United States on
Speech of do. to Legislature of Upper Canada,..
FRANCE.-Speech of king to Chambers, Nov. 19, 1832,.
Convention relating to Belgium,...
SPAIN.-Protest of Don Carlos,....
AMERICAN ANNUAL REGISTER,
THE YEARS 1832-33.
HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.
General view of the course of Administration.-Foreign Policy.Domestic Policy.-Temporizing.-Poor arraigned against the Rich.-Foreign Influence.-Naturalized Voters.-Principles of the Government of the U. S.-Popularity of President.—Result of Election.-Policy after Election. Measures against U. S. Bank.-Appointment of W. J. Duane, Secretary of the Treasury.-Refuses to Remove the Deposites.-Dismissal of Mr. Duane.-R. B. Taney appointed. Removal of Deposites.Commercial distress.
THE term for which General Jackson was elected was now drawing to a close; and he being again presented as a candidate, the electors were called upon to express their opinions as to the merits of his administration.
During the canvass between Mr. Adams and himself, the principles by which he intended to be guided in conducting the government were so explicitly set forth, and the pledges of retrenchment and reform so positively given, that there could be no difficulty in determining if
those promises had been performed. This could be no longer a question. The annual reports of the secretary of the treasury, showed that there was no dimi. nution of the public expenditure, but, on the contrary, an increase. The professed disinclination of the president to serve for more than one term no longer controlled him, as was evinced by his becoming a candidate for reelection. His determination to secure the legislative department of the government from executive influence, by rendering
members of congress ineligible to office during the term for which they were elected, was abandoned, and a greater number were appointed in his first term, than had been appointed by all his predecessors. Whether these departures from the course he promised to pursue, grew out of a subsequent conviction, that the government could not be administered upon such principles, or that these pledges were given merely to influence the popular choice, it is unnecessary to determine. The course of the president was a practical refutation of the promises of the candidate, and it only remained for the people to decide upon the policy adopted after his accession to power.
There were many circumstances, however, co-operating to prevent an unbiassed decision of this question. The policy pursued by the administration, in the management of the foreign relations of the country, indeed, was easily understood and generally approved. The adjustment of the controversy respecting the intercourse between the United States and the British colonies, it is true, presented an unfortunate exception, in which both the dignity and interests of the country were forgotten; but in general, the claims of the American government upon foreign countries, whether for indemnity for old spoliations, or for the protection of existing interests, were urged with ability and success.
The domestic policy was not so clearly developed. Whether it was that the cabinet was defi
cient in a master mind capable of devising and promoting a system of policy calculated to advance the prosperity of the country, or that it was unwilling to assume the responsibility of deciding among conflicting interests; certain it is, that the principles by which it meant to be guided, were promulgated in oracular phrases of equivocal meaning, and easily construed to suit the purposes of all parties.
Not that it was without licy of its own; but this aimed rather to follow than to lead public sentiment, and to propitiate the people, by deferring, on all occasions, to popular opinion.
Its own views on the great questions which had divided the community, such as the tariff and internal improvement, were consequently cautiously advanced in propositions of ambiguous import, until the public mind was prepared for a full developement of its policy, and its partisans enlisted in its support. Thus the recommendation by the president, of a reduction of the tariff, to a revenue standard, was coupled with an admission of the necessity of protecting all articles required for the defence of the country; and his doubts as to the constitutional right of congress to appropriate moneys to internal improvement, were declared not to extend to any appropriations for the construction of works of a national character. These declarations seemed to be put forth rather to propitiate popular favour, than as the settled convictions of a mind