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assassination in the White House. Apart from this likeness, however, the life of Lincoln as an example of industry, tact, perseverance, application, energy, economy, honesty, purity, devotion to principle, and triumph over obstacles in a successful career, presents a profitable study to the youth and young men of this and other lands. The only parallel to it is that of President Garfield, with which we aim to connect this later volume. The names of these two illustrious statesmen are for ever associated in the history of the American Republic. It is well-nigh impossible to separate them in the thoughts of men. Statesmen of such power and influence, beginning their lives in want and obscurity and ending them in the White House, cut off at last by the shot of the assassin, must find their niche together in the temple of fame. One other name only of the great and good men of the past naturally affiliates with these two—that of George Washington, the life of whom will follow this as soon as it can be prepared. These three-Washington, Lincoln, and Garfield—remarkably alike in their early precocity and the wisdom and influence of manhood-furnish stimulating examples to American and English readers.
Incidents are brought to the front in this life of Lincoln, as they were in that of Garfield, and they are made to portray the life of the man. Facts are better than logic to exhibit the elements of personal character; therefore we let incidents tell the story of his life.
When Abraham Lincoln was consulted respecting his biography, after his nomination for the Presidency in 1860, he replied: “You can find the whole of my early life in a single line of Gray's Elegy :
.“ The short and simple annals of the poor.'”.
While this apt reply revealed the simplicity of the man, it introduced the biographer at once to the opening of a marvellous life, For, surely, that is a marvellous life, when a boy, reared in a floorless log-cabin, works his way, by dint of perseverance, upward and onward into the highest office of the land.
The chief object of the book is to show how its hero won his position ; yet it incidentally exhibits the manners and customs of the times, and section of country, in which he was reared.
Provincialisms are intentionally avoided, as well as that singular perversion of the English language that characterized the unlettered people of Kentucky and Indiana sixty years ago.
When Mr. Lincoln was alive, and the honoured President of the United States, one of his old friends and neighbours wrote to us: “I have known him long and well, and I can say in truth, I think (take him altogether) he is the best man I ever saw. Although he has never made a public profession of religion, I nevertheless believe that he has the fear of God before his eyes, and that he goes daily to a throne of grace, and asks wisdom, light, and knowledge, to enable him faithfully to discharge his duties.” The reader will find abundant confirmation of the friend's eulogy in this volume.
W. M. T.
Cabin-home on Nolin Creek—Father and Mother-Ancestors in Vir-
ginia-Indians, and Grandfather killed by them—A Dark Day
-Could not Read or Write-Learning of his Wife-Members of