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fast time and fair rates from coast to halibut in Eastern markets, went from coast, the wasting shoals of the Pacific East to West to experiment on a larger are being brought to supply the defi- scale. They chartered several boats, ciency of the Atlantic.

made big catches, but still the venture It was a Gloucester man, seal-hunting did not pay. Not until the end of that in the Northwest, who found the Pacific decade had the time come, or the men, who so full of halibut going to waste that he were to make the halibut industry on the saw in his mind a home and an easy old Pacific coast a success. These, too, were age for every Gloucester man who would Gloucester and Boston men, sons and go West. Word was passed among the grandsons of the “ captains courageous" Gloucester fisher-folk of the wealth of of the North Atlantic, who had played these new halibut banks, and no gold as barefoot boys around T-wharf and


DRYING COD AT SEATTLE These fish will be shipped to Gloucester, Massachusetts, and sold from there fever ever raged more fiercely than the the Gloucester markets, who grew up Wanderlust that caused Gloucester fish- with the smell of fish in their nostrils ermen to sell or give away their boats, or and the lingo of fishermen in their ears; even be thankful for a gale that wrecked and they knew not only how fish are the schooner they could neither leave caught, but how they are bought and behind nor take along-anything to cut sold. Since that time the halibut feet loose and fare to this new country. out of Boston has had to change sails

But that was in the days when the for steam, and otherwise spend money West was sparsely settled, when trans- and thought to land halibut in Boston or portation to other markets was slow and Gloucester in the same time that it can rates high, and many a Gloucester man be put there from the Pacific. Less than lived to long for a boat wrecked on the six days is the time made from Tacoma Newfoundland rocks or sold for a rail- and Seattle to Gloucester, the fish being way ticket.

In the early nineties an- shipped in refrigerator cars attached to other set of men, moved by a scarcity of senger trains. The steamers are out on an average ten days from port, and One advantage of the Western halibut as the out trip requires from two to four fishers is that the banks, which stretch days, according to the distance beyond for fifteen hundred miles up the coast, Cape Flattery at which a school of fish are fairly sheltered, while the Atlantic is located, the fish is not more than ten fleet has run into an ice pack as late as or twelve days out of the Pacific before June. In summer the Puget Sound it is in the stalls of a Chicago, Boston, steamers seldom need to go far outside or New York fish market.

the Straits of San Juan de Fuca before In 1897 the largest of these halibut the butter on the sounding-line gives shippers, located in Tacoma, shipped the sign that makes the captain order two or three cars a month. Now the the dories overboard, and often a good same company ships an average of a day's fishing means a holdful of fish.



Within twelve hours they are shipped to the Eastern markets car-load a day during the busiest months, But as autumn brings rough weather off and other shipments from Seattle and Cape Flattery, the boats go farther north, Vancouver increase this to fifty car-loads and by midwinter the steamers lie by a month. At first a prejudice existed in and the fishing is done by Indians and the minds of Eastern consumers against others off the Alaska coast, the fish this Western fish, and the price obtained being shipped in ice from regular stafor it was only about half the price of tions at Juneau, Petersburg, and Wrangel Atlantic halibut. But within the past, on freight steamers. three years this prejudice has been over- Always as the halibut are slung from come, and to-day the average difference the dories to the decks of the fishing through the year is not more than ten to steamers they are cleaned, so that on twenty per cent, and that only because being unloaded at the dock on Puget of the vast quantity shipped, which dur. Sound they are packed in ice and trucked ing the best months is too great to justify direct from the dock to the cars sidethe asking of fancy figures.

tracked outside the warehouse, and within

twelve hours from the time the boat dred to three thousand tons of fish. The comes in they are on their way East. greatest drawback to this industry in the

From the success of the halibut and · Northwest has been the absolute lack of salmon shippers, some Eastern cod facilities for making cartons or other dealers took courage to cast their lot packages for cod in its various commerand their lines in the Pacific. For many cial forms. In San Francisco this diffi


UNLOADING SARDINES AT SAN PEDRO, CALIFORNIA years the Western market has been sup culty has been met, but on Puget Sound plied with cod caught along the Alaskan' there is not to-day a machine for making coast, the bulk of it being handled at cartons at a price that cod men can pay San Francisco. These newcomers, how- and offer their product in competition ever, located on Puget Sound, with the with Eastern cod under their own labels. Gloucester market in their minds. Bad For this reason they have been comseasons on the Grand Banks have afforded pelled to send it to Gloucester, and let it them a market there for twenty-five hun- go from there as Grand Banks cod.

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