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God's presence in all. Call to remem- supplied with water, this village and its brance your songs in the night.

surrounding farm lands are to be flooded. To remember the enmities of the year From this lake, and from one to be formed is to cultivate the spirit of hate ; to re- in the other basin, water is to be conmember the sins of the year is to indulge veyed in an aqueduct which will extend in the bitterness of remorse ; to remem- southward, piercing the Shawangunk ber the unavailing struggles against Mountains, crossing the level country to approaching sorrow in the year is to the Highlands of the Hudson, climbing continue the struggle after the issue has half-way up Storm King above West been determined.

Point, diving hundreds of feet beneath · Only a little of our life is spent in the the bed of the Hudson River, and then present. Most of it is spent in memories winding for fifty miles or more down to of the past orin anticipations of the future. the thirsty city. In order to make the You can make these memories sorrowful lake of West Shokan, an enormous dam or joyful, these anticipations fears or of stone and earthwork must be built. hopes. You can make your New Year This is already named the Ashokan a happy New Year by forgetting the Dam.

Dam. The whole enterprise requires enmities and remembering the friend- daring, skill, and well-adjusted co-operaships, forgetting the failures and remem- tion on the part of the engineering force. bering the successes, forgetting the de- An engineering force that is characterfeats and remembering the victories, ized by daring must be composed of men forgetting the bitterness in sorrow and with enthusiasm for their enterprise ; remembering its consolations.

one that is characterized by skill must The Outlook wishes you a Happy be composed of men of education; one New Year.

that is characterized by co-operation must be composed of men inspired with an esprit de corps. The Board of Water

Mayor McClellan and Supply in charge of the planning and

the Aqueduct

construction of this aqueduct has created

such a force. By exercising rare judgMayor McClellan, of the city of New ment in selecting men, and by imparting York, is the official head of one of the to them a spirit of confidence and pride greatest public works, if not the greatest, in their work, the Board has put at the ever undertaken by a single municipality service of New York City an engineering This enterprise, which he has organized organization which in character and so auspiciously, is in danger of serious competency has probably never been if not irreparable injury.

equaled. In contrast to many undertakings To indicate how genuine is the enthuwhich have brought upor American siasm of the force a single instance must municipal government the reproach of suffice. One of the subordinate engiinefficiency and corruption, the engineer- neers, a man of varied experience in ing organization which has been created hydraulic work, had contributed certain for the purpose of constructing the great plans that improved very materially the Catskill Aqueduct has been conspicuous design of the aqueduct. After the work as an example of efficiency and public was under way he received from a private service. In the midst of the Catskill company the offer of a position not only Mountains there are two huge natural paying twice the salary he was receiving basins. At the bottom of one of these but also affording opportunities for most lies the charming little village of West interesting professional experience. He Shokan. On almost every side rise some declined and stuck to his post, not merely of the highest peaks of the Catskill out of a sense of duty, but also because range Pleasant farm lands, many of of his faith in the work he was doing them with substantial and well-propor- and a quiet pride in the whole project. tioned old houses, stretch out from the To indicate how much expert knowledge village toward the wooded heights. has been put to the service of the city it That New York City may be amply must suttice here simply to refer to the opinion of one of America's leaders in action. Surely such grounds ought to technical education, who declares the be explicit and convincing. Surely an three consultant engineers to be among enterprise of such magnitude should not the foremost of their profession in the be imperiled on grounds that are trivial country. To indicate the esprit de corps or meager. The Outlook has tried to of this body of engineers it must suffice get from the Commissioners of Accounts here to cite a single incident. When the full text of their report, but has reground was broken for the aqueduct, ceived word that no copies are available. there was a celebration in the vicinity of It has applied to the Board of Water Peekskill. On that occasion the Mayor, Supply, but has received the astoundthe members of the Water Board, and ing information that the Board against the force, engineers of various ranks, which the charges were to be directed draughtsmen, rodmen, axmen, and had not even been considered in the disoffice-boys, gathered to hear speeches. tribution of the report, though some at Men wore the colors of the aqueduct least of the daily newspapers had been as college men wear their college supplied with it. The Board has at last colors. There was a glee club. On received a single copy, after one of its the way from New York and back members had preferred first a request again the men sang songs which cele- and then a demand for it. We leave brated incidents of the undertaking as our readers to form their own opinion college songs celebrate incidents of as to this proceeding. In the meantime college life. In a few days every man The Outlook must rely upon the fairly who attended, down to the office-boys, full newspaper ábstracts and quotations, received a letter from the Water Board The specific charges are two: (1) That thanking him for his personal attendance in the matter of letting the contract for and for the part he was playing in the the building of the Ashokan Dam the enterprise.

members of the Board of Water Supply To-day the engineers who, moved by “failed to take such steps to satisfy pride in their work, disregarded other theniselves of the accuracy of the stateoffers, are thinking about what steps they ments made to them by their chief shall take to seek other employment; engineer and consultants as would be trained to value excellence rather than expected of ordinary business men of show, they are chilled by the fear that experience;" in other words, that the what they have done will fall into Board in deciding on technical questions the hands of men who will botch it acted upon the unanimous advice of for the sake of some ulterior purpose ; experts who stand at the head of their proud of their organization, they think profession. (2) That the President of they see the beginnings of disintegration. the Board had given to the business of Why? For very good cause. Their the Board “but a scant portion of his chiefs have been subjected to investiga- attention "—more specifically, that he did tion, and are awaiting promised official not go to the site of the dam and to the charges of “incompetency and miscon- headquarters of the Board as often as duct.”

the Commissioners thought he ought. If there had been any revelation of The Outlook has carefully examined corruption or dishonesty, all honest men the full transcript of the testimony on would be willing to acquiesce in even which these charges are based. Not the total destruction of the organization. only are the charges themselves trivial, But dishonesty is not even charged. but the report to the Mayor from the What, then, is pleaded in justification Commissioners of Accounts in which the for the peril to this great enterprise ? charges are made grossly misrepresents

The Commissioners of Accounts have certain important portions of the evinot as yet formally preferred charges dence. We do not believe the Mayor against the Board of Water Supply; but will regard the charges seriously. The they have issued a report in which they first is merely the pitting of a lawgive notice that they will formulate yer's view of an engineering question charges and give the grounds for their against the view of a solid phalanx of

engineers. From the lowest engineer One of two partners would travel along on the aqueduct to the most expert of the line of the railway as a drummer and the consultants the view is practically would sell playing-cards at a marvelously unanimous that the oontract for the dam low figure to all the hotels. Three weeks was rightly awarded; that the lowest later his partner would follow him, and bidder was inexperienced in dam con would allay the suspicions of the wary by struction, that his bid was too low, that never having a pack of cards of his own, the acceptance of his bid would have but always buying them of the hotel for resulted in wastefulness and delay. As the game. The issue of the game was of to the second charge, the answer is plain. course never doubtful. The work of the Board of Water Supply Coming East at the close of the Civil is to be judged lyy its fruit and not by War, I found a different kind of gambling the number of tiines its members sit in going on in Wall Street. This story of their office chairs. Its achievements so the Street was told me by one of its far come near to being unprecedented; habitués. A certain stock speculator it is both unreasonable and unjust to whom I will call Mr. X. had a considerapply to such a Board the tests that are able amount of unprofitable stock which suitable for office-boys.

he wished to dispose of. He had We do not know whether some per- acquaintance with the popular pastor of a sonal quarrel, some political ambition, large and fashionable congregation who or mere mania for investigation, has been was totally unable to keep a secret. The the cause of putting this Board under shrewd speculator called on his unsusfire and placing the construction of the picious friend one day and imparted to aqueduct in peril. Whatever the cause, him, in the closest confidence, some we hope that the Mayor, who deserves valuable information. The stock of the great personal credit for his leadership Mining Company was certain to in the creation of the aqueduct, will put rise. "I have been buying some of it an end to the scandal and save the city's myself,” he said, “and I advise you to project from further impairment by dis- invest in it for a rise. How much missing the charges.

money have you got ?” “ A thousand dollars in savings banks, but that is my little all," said the minister. “ Draw it

mining stock.

I am so

sure of it that if it fails to rise I will take During the Civil War I resided in Terre it off your hands at the price you paid Haute, Indiana. This city of fifteen for it. But remember, this is a profound thousand inhabitants was on the direct secret. Not a word to any one else.” line of the great inter-State railway Surely not,” said the delighted minister, between New York, Philadelphia, and “not a word to any one.” He drew the Baltimore on the east and St. Louis in money and bought the stock. He told the southwest. Indianapolis to the east

all his relatives and all his wife's relaof us and St. Louis to the west of us tives, and they told all their friends, and were great gambling centers, and gam- before the week was out the report bling through that whole section was a of the “sure thing” was all over the common vice. In my congregation there parish, and Mr. X. had sold his unprofitattended, occasionally, a very polished able stock at a very good profit. It did gentleman who was without any recog- not rise ; the minister came to his counnized profession, and was currently selor with a rueful countenance. Mr. X. believed to be a professional gambler. was as good as his word, took the shares He was unquestionably familiar with the parson had purchased and paid him that profession, and gave me some inter- back his thousand dollars. But when esting information concerning it. Many the parson hesitatingly suggested that of the playing-cards of commerce, he some of his intimate friends had made once explained to me, the skillful expert purchases also, he was reminded that the could read from the back as well as from “sure thing” was to have been kept the face. Gamblers hunted in couples. a profound secret. “I will keep my

A Word on Gambling and buy the

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promise and repay you," said Mr. X., There are three morals to be drawn “but I can't take care of your friends." from these incidents and the principle

Whether these stories are true or not they illustrate. is immaterial, though I have no reason First, If you gamble with cards, be to doubt their truth. Legends serve as sure you know not only your cards but well as history the purpose of illustra- also your partner. tion; and these stories, whether legends Second, If you gamble with stocks, or histories, illustrate the methods of the trusting on “inside” information, be gambling fraternity.

sure you understand the motive of the There may be some gamblers who man who first furnished the information, play the game fairly, but, so far as I can Third, Do not desire to get somelearn, they are very few. For it is the thing for nothing; then you will not nature of the gambling passion to breed gamble at all.

L. A. dishonesty. A truly honest bargain is by both parties to it intended to be profitable to both. If A buys a horse

Springs of Life of B for $250, and the deal is a square one, it is made because A values the Multitudinous as are the human lives horse more than he values the $250, and which flow upon the earth, the hills of B values the $250 more than he values the Lord are infinite, and each little the horse. It is true that the deal may existence finds its source in a secret be dishonest on one side or on both. peculiar spring. Much of the trouble on The vender may palm off a worthless every hand, the strain and restlessness, horse; the purchaser may pay in coun comes from the failure to keep a path terfeit money. But if the bargain is a open and traveled back to this spring, square deal, it is one by which both par- each man for his own feet. ties are supposed to be profited. In a The neglect is easy enough, and comes gambling transaction only one party can about for the most part in very virtuous profit. What one gains the other loses. ways. Such a one is working hard for One makes his money out of the other. his fellows; how can he possibly drop Gambling is simply a scheme for trans- his tasks and run away and sit down by ferring money from the pocket of one himself? Then, again, as one travels man to the pocket of another man, with down the widening world-valley, one no equivalent given in return. The encounters many hundreds of streams only semblance of an equivalent is the deeper and finer than one's own, some chance that the transfer may be made of them prating loudly enough of the in the opposite direction. The honest merits of their success. Would it not gambler is not a thief. He resembles a be a broader and humbler action to folthief in one important respect: he trans low these streams back to their springs, fers his victim's purse to his own pocket, when the need for primal refreshment and gives him nothing in return. But comes, than to go ever tracing and rehe is unlike the thief in one equally im- tracing one's own familiar windings? portant respect: he gives, or professes As a matter of fact, there are, of course, to give, the victim a chance to get his no paths for us to other men's springs; opponent's purse without giving for it the Wisdom which has created us has any return. But whether the gambling seen to that interdiction. But if there is by boys pitching coppers on the side were, there could hardly be a mistake walk, or by fine ladies playing bridge, more cruel and dull on our part than the or by professional gamblers playing with effort to follow them up. It would seem cards or dice or roulette-wheel, or by that a flaming angel must stand at the speculative gamblers on 'Change playing final turn to smite us away and blind with stocks or grain, the basic motive is our daring eyes. We may drink of the always the same—the desire to get some- rivers of all the world and thank God thing for nothing. And, however veiled, for the privilege; but only of one spring, that is always essentially a vicious and sordid desire.

One may learn to guess from the eyes

our own.

of the various people one meets in the times to claim their own through humilworld which of them have kept the path ity, and the world loses them. Yes, it open, which have neglected it, which is even so bad as that; the world, which alas ! have lost it utterly. The tell-tale has need of them, every one, loses them expressions range all the way from a and suffers. That they lose themselves clear shining of peace and humor to a is sad enough ; but that the world and haunting tragic restlessness, or, worse, a their fellow-men lose them is downright lethargy. There are

not many—sad. sin on their part. What sort of children truth to tell—who seem to follow the demands the world, human lives of what path every day. Yet there are some nature ? Faint and trickling, muddy and such people. The writer once stood dull ? Away with them! No; give her beside a woman whose notable kindness joyous lives, springing each day from of heart brought her friends daily to lean the primal source, welling anew from the upon her, and heard her instantly refuse infinite, touched by the angel of peace. a sufficiently simple office of philan- Only such vigorous lives as these can do thropy.

her work for her. Why would you not do it?” he ven- We have an abiding conviction that tured to ask, when the baffled advocate joy was meant for the children of men, had departed, and he stood alone again joy and peace, even here and now. with his friend.

Eternity will be no more begun when we She regarded him with her clear eyes are dead than it is at this moment; why, a moment, hesitated, then smiled and then, do we insist on postponing our answered:

eternal advantages? The way to our joy “Well, yes, I will tell you. I have and our peace is more simple than any found that I cannot do work like that; trouble of which we complain, and lies it cuts me off from my springs.”

close at hand: Only to be true to ourIt seems that the poor vexed earth selves, to hark us back to our springs must be glad if all her children would of life, and then to go bravely down thus relieve her of their insistent pres- through the world, doing our work well. ence awhile during each strenuous day. The primal secret is our own, but we Of doing and doing there is no end, of interpret it to the world in daily parable. planning and hoping and striving ; but of simple being there is not enough always to keep the mill-wheels in motion and bear the ships to the sea.

In a world of diversity so surprising Not many seasons ago the Spectator and so unfailingly excellent as this motley had an opportunity to observe somewhat globe ("motley's the only wear') it fol. closely the mental processes of a little lows of course that the springs of life lie group of French teachers in a Catholic in all sorts of nooks and corners, strange private boarding-school in one of the and inexplicable enough to those who do suburbs of Paris. During the vacation not own them. What is this brother boarders were taken-chiefly teachers doing, perversely setting his feet towards from similar schools in Paris or the provthe Alinty rock, and that towards the very inces, with a semi-occasional foreigner desert? Springs do not rise there; they seeking a chance to practice the language. rise in the forest, green and fragrant and It was with this aim that the Spectator cool. Ah, but the truth of the matter is had become, for a few weeks, a member that springs rise everywhere; in the of the household. The school, it should heart of New York City there still are be said, was not merely formally Cathosprings, and in the sandy plain. It is lic; its directress and senior teachers only essential that every man understand were members of an “Institut" founded his own thirst.

expressly to educate the young in the To the perfectly honest and simple- true faith ; its daily life from early hearted such understanding is clear.

” to evening “ prière ” was pracThey drink and remain unperplexed. tically that of a convent; and the views But the timid and doubtful refuse some- and methods of its teaching force may

The Spectator


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