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Many factors are acting to depreciate the natural character of these rivers. The major ones we see are increasing construction of cabins and homes along their bank, subdivision activity, waste disposal, river over-use by canoeists, fishing pressure, conflicts between recreationists, trespass on private property by recreationists, litter, vandalism and rowdy behavior, and streambank erosion. Finally, property taxation acts to intensify many of these problems since taxes are unfortunately geared to the most profitable use of river frontage, which inexorably results in residential or commercial development.

We recommend that the entire length of these rivers, including the principal tributaries, be included in the study proposals. Study of the river systems should reveal the most critical problems which must be solved, aid in evaluating the most desirable methods of attacking the problems, and develop priorities for their solution.

For these reasons, we welcome the study of the Manistee and Au Sable rivers for possible designation under the National Wild and Scenic Rivers program. We hope that the protection afforded through such designation will insure the integrity of these precious natural areas for both the present generation and future generations.

(Additional Letters and Statements of General Interest)

Hon. Roy A. TAYLOR,

CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D.C., July 19, 1973.

Chairman, Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation, House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Longworth House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

DEAR CHAIRMAN TAYLOR: The enclosed statement from the St. Joe Valley Association has been sent to me with a request that it be entered in the official record of your recent hearings concerning extension of the moratorium and funding of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.

At a later date, I will be submitting my own statement for the Subcommittee's information concerning the difficulties developing along the St. Joe in regard to its presence in the study section of the Act. Thank you for your time and attention.

Yours for a free society,

Enclosure.

STEVE SYMMS, Member of Congress.

ST. JOE VALLEY ASSOCIATION,
St. Maries, Idaho, June 5, 1973.

DEAR CONGRESSMAN STEVE D. SYMMS: It's our understanding that the Parks and Recreation Subcommittee of the House Interior Committee is to consider on June 11-12 a proposal to extend the moratorium on development in areas which are under study or designated to be studied for potential inclusion in the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.

The Bill, HR-4864, calls for the moratorium to be extended another five years and also asks for an additional $20,000,000 to conduct the studies, according to our sources of information. That amount is over and above the $17,000,000 already appropriated for the current five year study.

Because the St. Joe River Basin here in North Idaho is a part of that study, our group, the St. Joe Valley Association, is solidly opposed to a continuation or extension of the moratorium. There are several reasons we are opposed, among them:

1. The current moratorium already has caused a hardship on the logging and forest products industry in this area, an industry on which we are all heavily dependent. Millions of dollars worth of standing timber is dying in the St. Joe National Forest because the moratorium prevents its harvest. With the price of lumber as it is, it seems that typing up still more timber is a total waste.

2. Private land owners along the river can't prepare plans of any kind for future development of their land.

3. The economics of it all (an additional $20,000,000) seem to be totally out of proportion with what could logically be expected as an end result.

The St. Joe Valley Association operates on a basic theme of "Environmental Quality With Economic Security" which means to us the usefulness of a river

which also provides a living. The proposal included in HR-4864 runs counter to both those ideas.

Therefore, we of the St. Joe Valley Association urge you to carefully consider all the aspects of the proposed measure.

Thank you.
Sincerely,

DOLLY HARTMAN, President.

TENNESSEE CITIZENS FOR WILDERNESS PLANNING,
Oak Ridge, Tenn. June 4, 1973.

Hon. Roy A. TAYLOR,
Chairman, Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation, Committee on
Interior and Insular Affairs, U.S. House of Representatives, House Office
Building, Washington, D.C.

DEAR CONGRESSMAN TAYLOR: Please enter the following into the record of the hearings on H.R. 4864.

Our statewide organization strongly urges support of H.R. 4864, which would extend the moratorium provision for rivers contained in the study category of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.

In our state of Tennessee the rivers are in this study category, namely the Obed with tributaries and the Buffalo. Although the field task force studies on the Obed are now complete, all of the subsequent steps necessary for addition of this river to the system still remain to be taken. As far as the Buffalo is concerned, not even the task force study is complete (though in progress). It is therefore obvious that procedures on both rivers will be incomplete when the moratorium expires.

Since the government bureaus concerned with the studies have apparently been unable to speed up the process, in spite of the expenditure of a good deal of efforts or funds, and since it is quite obvious to us that there findings will declare the rivers to be most worthy of inclusion in the system, it seems essential that the period of protection be extended.

We also strongly endorse addition of rivers to the study category, through enactment of the following bills: H.R. 134 & 1679; H.R. 1401, H.R. 2307, H.R. 2848, H.R. 4326, H.R. 5419, and H.R. 4469 & 5444 (not H.R. 5678). Other rivers may be suggested before the hearing record closes.

Sincerely yours,

WILLIAM L. RUSSELL, President.

SAVE OUR RIVERS COMMITTEE,
Salt Lake City, Utah, June 5, 1973.

HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS AND RECREATION,
Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs,
Washington, D.C.

GENTLEMEN: I wish to submit the attached statement as testimony before your committee as you consider possible inclusions for study under the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act. I have personally visited all of the rivers discussed and I have studied the Act. There is no doubt in my mind that each of the rivers discussed qualifies for protection under the Act.

Unfortunately, I will be unable to be in Washington to present my testimony in person. Please include my written statement in the record of the hearing. Very truly yours,

Attachment.

TESTIMONY OF J. B. DEWELL

J. B. DEWELL.

There are so many rivers in Utah which qualify for protection under the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act that we scarcely know where to begin. However, I comment briefly on some of the more important sections of Utah rivers that need and qualify for protection under the Act. All of the rivers on which I will comment are extensively used for recreational purposes.

SAN RAFAEL-ALL NORTH OF I-70 HIGHWAY

The San Rafael begins just below the town of Castle Dale. It cuts through the San Rafael Swell, forming one of the most spectacular canyons in Utah.

Below the San Rafael Swell the river is crossed by I-70 highway. The San Rafael then flows into the Green River.

Below the town of Castle Dale, the river enters the upper San Rafael Gorge at North Salt Wash. This canyon becomes outstanding as it passes under the Wedge Overlook (a scenic overlook maintained by BLM). This section of the river is ideally suited for canoeists, kayakers, and users of other small boats. The rapids are not difficult and the scenery is outstanding.

Farther down the river enters a broader canyon under Window Blind Peak where it is crossed by a maintained dirt and gravel road. BLM maintains an improved campground at the road crossing. This campground is well situated as a base for those using the river for boating or hiking.

The section of the San Rafael between North Salt Wash and the campground easily qualifies as a scenic river. It is free flowing. It is accessible only occasionally and then only by off-the-road vehicles. The shoreline is primitive. The only structures in evidence are a few fences to control livestock and one or two primitive cabins located back some distance from the river. The water quality is typical of desert streams in that it is somewhat alkaline and does carry considerable silt during the spring. The water is of good quality for recreational purposes.

After the river leaves the road crossing, it wanders in a shallow inner canyon backed by higher outer canyon walls. This section, like the one above the campground, is well suited for canoes or other small boats. The rapids are not difficult and the land is of wilderness quality.

About 12 miles downstream from the campground the river enters a gorge I called the Black Box. The rapids can be boated by those wanting a truly wild river experience. The river is rapid, the waterfalls must be portaged. The canyon is hiked by those desiring a wilderness experience. The Black Box is truly Zion Canyon done in wilderness.

The Black Box can be divided into two sections. The upper section ends in a beautiful gorge enclosed by high walls coming virtually down into a placid ribbon of water only 20 feet wide. One must look straight up to see the blue desert sky from this cool, narrow canyon.

The canyon becomes wider again at Mexican Bend where the river makes almost a full circle around Mexican Mountain. After winding its way around this mountain, the river enters the lower section of the Black Box. The Lower Box consists of a lower inner canyon wall backed by a high outer canyon. The inner canyon is very narrow in places. At Sid's Leap the tops of the inner canyon walls are only approximately 15 feet apart. It is said that some members of the Hole-in-theRock Gang taught their horses to jump across the canyon at Sid's Leap, thereby eluding the posse. It seems that all available posse members were reluctant to follow such a course. This fine canyon terminates at Tidwell Draw just above the crossing of Interstate Highway 70.

The section of the river between the campground and Tidwell Draw is uncommonly well suited for designation as a wild river. The river is completely free flowing. There are no dams, diversions or other structures in the canyon. In only two or three places can the river be approached by Jeep. There are no roads near the river. The shoreline is completely primitive with no evidence of man. This section includes approximately 35 miles of river.

There are no mining or other commercial activities except grazing within sight of the river.

1969 was a fairly typical water year in the San Rafael area. The following table shows the mean water flows by months during 1969 at the gauge station located just below the interstate highway.

Month (1969):

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Mean flow

(CFS)

52.3

52.4

140

211

613

542

125

146

108

87.7

45. 4

38.3

COLORADO RIVER

It is imperative that Westwater Canyon be included as an addition to the Wild and Scenic Rivers System. Since this matter is now before Congress, I will present no data here. However, the importance of this canyon cannot be over-em phasized.

From the confluence with the Dolores to the head of Cataract, the Colorado qualifies as a recreational river. This reach of the river is now used for boating in rafts, kayaks and canoes as well as by power boats.

Cataract Canyon now has some protection since it is in the National Park. This canyon should be administered as a wild river. Powered boats should be allowed to continue to use the section from the confluence of the Green to the lower end of Westwater Canyon.

DOLORES RIVER-UTAH SECTION

This section of the Dolores, along with the section that is under study in Colorado, should be included in the Wild and Scenic River System. The reach in Utah qualifies as a scenic waterway. The canyon scenery is of fine quality. It is a fine fishery, a nesting place for Canadian geese and other waterfowl. It is inhabited by blue heron and many other species of birds and animals. The quality of the water is relatively unpolluted.

ESCALANTE-TOWN OF ESCALANTE TO LAKE POWELL

The Escalante has been the subject of considerable study and I am certain that I can contribute nothing new. The Ecalante is a fine canyon and should be preserved under the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.

GREEN RIVER

1. Flaming Gorge Dam to the southwestern boundary of Dinosaur National Monument. This section of the Green qualifies as a wild river. It contains one of the best trout fisheries in Utah. It contains some of the most scenic canyons in Utah. Wild life is abundant and varied. Its canyons are inhabited by deer, antelope and mountain sheep. Bald and golden eagles make their homes above the side canyons. The area is of extreme archeological and geological importance. 2. Southewestern boundary of Dinosaur National Monument to the confluence with the San Rafael.-The administration of the above reach of the Green is complicated by the presence of Indian lands. This reach of the river easily quali fies as a scenic river. The Desolation Canyon section qualifies as a wild river except to the extent that the Indian lands would interfere with the administration as a wild river. In any case, this section of the Green needs and qualifies for some level of protection under the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.

3. The confluence with the San Rafael to the Colorado.-This section of the Green should be classified a wild river. However, powered boats should be allowed to continue to use this section of the river.

AMERICAN CANOE ASSOCIATION,
COLORADO WHITE RIVER ASSOCIATION.
Denver, Colo., June 9, 1973.

HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS AND RECREATION,
Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs,
Washington, D.C.

GENTLEMEN: I am writing to represent the 200 members of the Colorado White Water Association in favor of H.R. 4864 which would extend the moritorium on FPC licenses for dams on rivers worthy of protection under the Wild Rivers Act.

Since the enactment of the Wild Rivers Bill in 1968, the Congress, the governmental agencies involved, and we, the members of the public, have been derelict in our duty to study and evaluate the free flowing rivers and streams in our country. It is of the utmost importance that we rectify this inadequacy. It is the opinion of our club that many more rivers are worthy of consideration under the Act.

In accordance with this belief, we spent considerable time in selecting rivers that have outstanding characteristics and should be studied. These rivers have

unusual scenic, historical, biological, and recreational features and possibilities. Many of our members have traversed these rivers. (See enclosed list).

Our members are deeply concerned with the inflation that is gripping the country. It is generally agreed that much of the problem results from too much governmental spending. Many of the proposed water projects in Colorado and in other areas of the country are not justifiable from an economic standpoint. The interest rates are far too low and the cost/benefit ratios are questionable. When public money is spent on this type of water project, it wastes not only the money but it destroys an irreplaceable natural asset, a free flowing stream.

I, in behalf of the Colorado White Water Association, would like to thank you for the kind consideration of our thoughts, and request that this letter be made part of the hearing record.

Sincerely yours,

DON RAVENHILL, Conservation Chairman.

COLORADO WHITE WATER ASSOCIATION LIST OF RIVERS FOR INCLUSION IN THE STUDY CATEGORY UNDER THE WILD RIVERS ACT

Dolores River-The entire river.

Yampa River-Deerlodge Park to the Green River.

Green River-Brown's Park to Split Mountain, the entire river.
Animas River-Silverton to Durango.

Piney River-The entire river.

Arkansas River-Leadville to Florence.

White River-North and South Forks.

Colorado River-The entire River in Colorado, Utah, and Arizona.
Rio Grande-The entire river in Colorado and New Mexico.

The San Juan-The entire river.

THE IZAAK WALTON LEAGUE OF AMERICA,

INDIANA DIVISION, Huntertown, Ind., June 6, 1973.

Re Additions to the study group of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System.

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DEAR CONGRESSMAN TAYLOR: It is our understanding that the Interior Subcommittee on Parks is now taking testimony on additional streams and rivers that might be considered for study under provisions of the 1968 National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.

We respectfully submit the following recommendations for inclusion of Indiana streams in the additional group meriting study, and hopefully inclusion in the system. While the urgency of time precludes detailed technical support for these recommendations, we can assure you of our long-standing direct knowledge of these streams, and of our long standing interest in their preservation.

I would also want to observe that we are adequately aware of the criteria and history of the Act, and indeed played a highly active role in support of the original legislation adopted in 1968. With this background, we are entirely confident of the quality of the recommendations, and of their eminent worthiness for serious study:

Big Pine Creek, Warren County.

Clifty Creek, Bartholomew County.
Big Blue River, Harrison County.
Fourteen-Mile Creek, Clark County.
Sugar Creek, Montgomery County.

Little Calumet River, Porter County.

Cedar Creek, Allen County (already being studied as part of the Maumee).
Wildcat Creek, Tippecanoe County.

Big Walnut Creek, Putnam County.

Tippecanoe River, Kosciusko County.

Wabash River, from the Ohio River upstream.

Most of these streams flow through more than one county, but we are citing only one to provide general location. We may wish to supplement this list in later communications after further consultation with cur 51 chapters throughout the

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