action administration adopted African slavery American Army of Tennessee Benton bill body Buchanan cabinet Calhoun California called character civil Clay compromise measures Confederate Congress conflict Constitution contest Convention Davis declared defeat Democratic party disunion Douglas duty efforts election eminent excited executive existence fact Federal Union feel fierce Fillmore friends Fugitive Slave Law gentleman heretofore honor hope houses of Congress Jefferson Davis John Quincy Adams known Lecompton Constitution legislative Lincoln ment Mexico military Mississippi Missouri Missouri Compromise Monroe doctrine never North OBTAIN PEACE occasion official once opinion patriotic personage persons political popular present President presidential principles question referred regard republic Republican resolutions respect Richmond scene secession sectional Senate sentiment session Seward slave slaveholding South Carolina Southern speech statesman struggle Tennessee territory tion true United United States Senate Virginia vote Washington City Webster whole Wilmot Proviso Yancey
Página 326 - That the maintenance inviolate of the rights of the States, and especially the right of each State to order and control its own domestic institutions according to its own judgment exclusively...
Página 339 - They cannot but remain face to face, and intercourse, either amicable or hostile, must continue between them. Is it possible, then, to make that intercourse more advantageous or more satisfactory after separation than before ? Can aliens make treaties easier than friends can make laws? Can treaties be more faithfully enforced between aliens than laws can among friends...
Página 329 - If it were admitted that you who are dissatisfied hold the right side in the dispute, there still is no single good reason for precipitate action. Intelligence, patriotism, Christianity and a firm reliance on Him who has never yet forsaken this favored land, are still competent to adjust, in the best way, all our present difficulty.
Página 327 - It is scarcely questioned that this provision was intended by those who made it for the reclaiming of what we call fugitive slaves: and the intention of the lawgiver is the law. All members of Congress swear their support to the whole Constitution — to this provision as much as to any other. To the proposition, then, that slaves whose cases come within the terms of this clause "shall be delivered up
Página 249 - Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push it forward till it shall become alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new, North as well as South.
Página 315 - No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize, or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State.
Página 327 - I take the official oath to-day with no mental reservations and with no purpose to construe the Constitution or laws by any hypercritical rules. And while I do not choose now to specify particular acts of Congress as proper to be enforced, I do suggest that it will be much safer for all, both in official and private stations...
Página 329 - I shall have the most solemn one to " preserve, protect, and defend it." I am loth to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle-field and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.
Página 328 - I trust this will not be regarded as a menace, but only as the declared purpose of the Union that it will constitutionally defend and maintain itself.
Página 42 - That Congress have no authority to interfere in the emancipation of slaves, or in the treatment of them in any of the states; it remaining with the several states alone to provide rules and regulations therein, which humanity and true policy may require.