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Bive not to our Princes the ministering XXXVIII. Of Christian men's Goods, either of God's Word, or of the Sacra

which are not common. ments, the which thing the Injunctions

THE Riches and Goods of Christians also lately set forth by Elizabeth our are not common, as touching the Queen do most plainly testify ; but that right, title, and possession of the same, only prerogative, which we see to have as certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. been given always to all godly Princes Notwithstanding, every man ought, of in holy Scriptures by God himself ; that such things as he possesseth, liberally is, that they should rule all states and to give alms to the poor, according to degrees committed to their charge by his ability. God, whether they be Ecclesiastical or XXXIX. Of a Christian man's Oath. Temporal, and restrain with the civil


Swe confess that vain and rash sword the stubborn and evil-doers.

Swearing is forbidden Christian The Bishop of Rome hath no jurisdic- men by our Lord Jesus Christ, and tion in this Realm of England.

James his Apostle, 80 we judge, that The Laws of the Realm may punish Christian Religion doth not prohibit, Christian men with death, for heinous but that a man may swear when the and grievous offences.

Magistrate requireth, in a cause of faith It is lawful for Christian men, at the and charity, so it be done according to commandment of the Magistrate, to the Prophet's teaching, in justice, judgwear weapons, and serve in the wars. ment, and truth.


before rehearsed, is again approved, and allowed to be holden and executed within the Realm, by the assent and consent of our Sovereign Lady ELIZABETH, by the grace of God, of England, France, and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, &c. Which Articles were deliberately read, and confirmed again by the subscription of the hands of the Archbishops and Bishops of the Upper-house, and by the subscription of the whole Clergy of the Nether-house in their Convocation, in the Year of our Lord 1571


1. OF

F Faith in the Holy Trinity. 2. Of Christ the Son of God. 3. Of his going down into Hell. 4. Of his Resurrection, 5. of the Holy Ghost. 6. Of the Sufficiency of the Scripture. 7. Of the Old Testament. 8. of the Three Creeds. 9. Of Original or Birth-sin. 10. Of Free-Win. 11. Of Justification. 12. of Good Works. 13. Of Works before Justification. 14. Of Works of Supererogation. 15. Of Christ alone without Sin. 16. Of Sin after Baptism. 17. Of Predestination and Election. 18. Of obtaining Salvation by Christ. 19. of the Church. 20. Of the Authority of the Church. 21. Of the Authority of General Councils.

22. Of Purgatory.
23. Of Ministering in the Congrega.

24. Of speaking in the Congregation.
25. Of the Sacraments.
26. Of the Unworthiness of Ministers.
27. Of Baptism.
28. Of the Lord's Supper.
29. Of the Wicked which eat not the

Body of Christ. 30. Of both kinds. 31. of Christ's one Oblation. 32. Of the Marriage of Priests. 33. Of Excommunicate Persons. 34. Of the Traditions of the Church 35. of the Homilies. 36. Of Consecrating of Ministers. 37. of Civil Magistrates. 38. Of Christian men's Goods. 39. Of a Christian man's Oath.

The Ratification


The wording of this title shows but this omission is probably due that, like the Canon Law of the simply to the fact that such marChurch generally, the Marriage riages were thought entirely unLaw of the Church of England likely. It omits, however, all takes as its basis the prohibitions prohibition of marriage between of “God's Word" (Ley, xviii. cousins; on which there was con6-18). This is, of course, not siderable variety in the old Canon simply because these prohibitions Law, but which is certainly not form part of the Levitical Law, to be deduced in any way from but because they

are conceived to the Levitical Law. be among “the Commandments, which are called moral” (see

(c) Acting on the broad and Art. vii.)—that is, which rest on infinitely important principle, great natural principles, belong. sanctioned by Our Lord Himself, ing to man as man. These

that pro

man and wife are one hibitions, however, not being flesh,” it puts affinity or concouched in terms of full legal nection by marriage on exactly exhaustiveness, require interpre- the same footing as kindred or tation and extension by analogy. connection by blood, affirming Hence have arisen considerable

that to every man a wife's relavariations into the Canon Law tions are to be held strictly as his at different times and in different

own. Hence (1) with the mother places. Speaking generally, it it classes the stepmother and was larger in its prohibitions than mother-in-law; (2) with the our present Law, which apparent- grandmother, the grandfather's ly rests on an Act of Henry vill.,

wife and wife's grandmother ; revived in the first year of Eliza- (3) with the daughter, the stepbeth, forbidding marriage her daughter and daughter-in-law ; tween persons "not without the (4) with the granddaughter, the Levitical degrees.Of that Law wife's granddaughter and the our Table, drawn up by Arch- granddaughter-in-law ; (5) with bishop Parker'in 1563, and con

the sister (including in this name firmed in the Canons of 1604

the half-sister), the sister-in-law, (Can. xcix.), is designed to be

whether wife's sister or brother's the authoritative interpretation. wife; (6) with the aunt, the auntThe principles on which it is in-law, whether the uncle's wife

or the wife's aunt; (7) with the constructed are the following:

niece, the niece-in-law, whether (a) It places both sexes on the 'the nephew's wife or the wife's same footing, forbidding to the niece. man whatever is forbidden to the

It will be seen that the Table is (6) It forbids marriage to a man

constructed on broad and obvious on the ground of near kindred or principles, and that, if these be consanguinity-either in the di. infringed in any case, there is no rect line upwards or downwards- should not be indefinitely ex

why the infringement with mother and grandmother,

tended. daughter and granddaughter; or in collateral lines--with aunt, sis- Under the present law all mar. ter, and niece. It does not add, as riages within the degrees are not might be expected from analogy, only voidable by legal process, the great-aunt and great-niece; but are actually void.






A Man may not marry his 1 GRA


A Woman may not marry with her 1

GRANDFATHER, 2 U Grandmother's Husband, 3 Husband's Grandfather.

Grandfather's Wife, 3 Wife's Grandmother.

4 Father's Sister,
5 Mother's Sister,
6 Father's Brother's Wife.

4 Father's Brother,
5 Mother's Brother,
6 Father's Sister's Husband.

7 Mother's Brother's Wife,
8 Wife's Father's Sister,
9 Wife's Mother's Sister.

7 Mother's Sister's Husband,
8 Husband's Father's Brother,
9 Husband's Mother's Brother.

10 Mother,
11 Step-Mother,
12 Wife's Mother.

10 Father,
11 Step-Father,
12 Husband's Father.

13 Daughter,
14 Wife's Daughter,
15 Son's Wife.

13 Son,
14 Husband's Son,
15 Daughter's Husband.

16 Sister,
17 Wife's Sister,
18 Brother's Wife.

16 Brother,
17 Husband's Brother,
18 Sister's Husband.

19 Son's Daughter,
20 Daughter's Daughter,
21 Son's Son's Wite.

19 Son's Son,
20 Daughter's Son,
21 Son's Daughter's Husband.

22 Daughter's Son's Wife,
23 Wife's Son's Daughter,
24 Wife's Daughter's Daughter.

22 Daughter's Daughter's Husband,
23 Husband's Son's Son,
24 Husband's Daughter's Son.

25 Brother's Daughter,
26 Sister's Daughter,
27 Br her's Son's Wife.

25 Brother's Son,
26 Sister's Son,
27 Brother's Daughter's Husband.

28 Sister's Son's Wife,
29 Wife's Brother's Daughter,
30 Wife's Sister's Daughter.

28 Sister's Daughter's Husband,
29 Husband's Brother's Son,
30 Husband's Sister's Son.


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