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I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. Of the Names and Number of the

Canonical Books.
THERE is but one living and true
God, everlasting, without body,

GENESIS, parts, or passions ; of infinite power,

Exodus, wisdom, and goodness; the Maker, and

Leviticus, Preserver of all things both visible and invisible. And in unity of this Godhead

there be three Persons, of one sub- Deuteronomy,
stance, power, and eternity; the Fa- Joshua,
ther, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Judges,
II. Of the Word or Son of God, which Ruth,
was made very Man.

The First Book of Samuel,
THE Son, which is the Word of the The Second Book of Samuel,
Father, begotten from everlasting

The First Book of Kings,
of the Father, the very and eternal God,
and of one substance with the Father,

The Second Book of Kings, took Man's nature in the womb of the The First Book of Chronicles, blessed Virgin, of her substance : 60 The Second Book of Chronicles, that two whole and perfect Natures, The First Book of Esdras, that is to say, the Godhead and Man.

The Second Book of Esdras, hood, were joined together in one Person, never to be divided, whereof is one

The Book of Esther, Christ, very God, and very Man; who The Book of Job, truly suffered, was crucified, dead and The Psalms, buried, to reconcile his Father to us,

The Proverbs, and to be a sacrifice, not only for ori

Ecclesiastes, or Preacher, ginal guilt, but also for all actual sins of men.

Cantica, or Songs of Solomon,

Four Prophets the greater,
III. Of the going down of Christ into

Twelve Prophets the less.
S Christ died for us, and was buried,

And the other Books (as Hierome 80 also is it to be believed, that he saith) the Church doth read for example went down into Hell.

of life and instruction of manners; but

yet doth it not apply them to establish IV. Of the Resurrection of Christ.

any doctrine ; such are these following: CHE YHRIST did truly rise again from

The Third Book of Esdras, death, and took again his body, with flesh, bones, and all things ap

The Fourth Book of Esdras, pertaining to the perfection of Man's The Book of Tobias, nature; wherewith he ascended into The Book of Judith, Heaven, and there sitteth, until he re

The rest of the Book of Esther, turn to judge all Men at the last day.

The Book of Wisdom,
V. Of the Holy Ghost.

Jesus the Son of Sirach,
THE Holy Ghost, proceeding from Baruch the Prophet,
the Father and the Son, is of one

The Song of the Three Children, substance, majesty, and glory, with the Father and the Son, very and eternal

The Story of Susanna, God.

Of Bel and the Dragon, VI. of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scrip

The Prayer of Manasses, tures for salvation.

The First Book of Maccabees,

The Second Book of Maccabees. HOLY Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation : so that

All the Books of the New Testament, whatsoever is not read therein, nor may

as they are commonly received, we do be proved thereby, is not to be required

receive, and account them Canonical. of any man, that it should be believed as an article of the Faith, or be thought

VII. Of the Old Testament. requisite or necessary to salvation. In


THE Old Testament is not contrary the name of the holy Scripture we do to the New : for both in the old understand those Canonical Books of and New Testament everlasting life is the Old and New Testament, of whose offered to Mankind by Christ, who is authority was never any doubt in the the only Mediator between God and Church.

Man, being both God and Man. Where


fore they are not to be heard, which

XII. Of Good Works. feign that the old Fathers did look only for transitory promises. Although the

the fruits of Faith, and follow after Law given from God by Moses, as

Justification, cannot put away our sins, touching Ceremonies and Rites, do not

and endure the severity of God's Judgbind Christian men, nor the Civil pre

ment; yet are they pleasing and accepts thereof ought of necessity to be ceptable to God in Christ, and do spring received in any commonwealth ; yet

out necessarily of a true and lively notwithstanding, no Christian Faith ; insomuch that by them a lively whatsoever is free from the obedience

Faith may be as evidently known as a of the Commandments which are called

tree discerned by the fruit. Moral.

XIII. Of Works before Justification. VIII. Of the Three Creeds. , ,

Christ, and the Inspiration of his Athanasius's Creed, and that which

Spirit, are not pleasant to God, foragis commonly called the Apostles' Creed,

much as they spring not of faith in Jeought thoroughly to be received and be

sus Christ, neither do they make men lieved: for they may be proved by most

meet to receive grace, or (as the Schoolcertain warrants of holy Scripture. authors say) deserve grace of congruity: IX. Of Original or Birth-sin.

yea rather, for that they are not done

as God hath willed and commanded ORIGINAL Sin standeth not in the them to be done, we doubt not but they

have the nature of sin. gians do vainly talk ;) but it is the fault and corruption of the Nature of every XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. man, that naturally is ingendered of the Offspring of Adam; whereby man

VOLUNTARY Works besides, over

and above, God's Commandments, is very far gone from original righte

which they call Works of Supererogaousness, and is of his own nature in

tion, cannot be taught without arroclined to evil, so that the flesh lusteth always contrary to the spirit ; and

gancy and impiety for by them men therefore in every person born into this

do declare, that they do not only render world, it deserveth God's wrath and

unto God as much as they are bound to damnation. And this infection of na

do, but that they do more for his sake,

than of bounden duty is required: ture doth remain, yea in them that are

whereas Christ saith plainly, When ye regenerated; whereby the lust of the flesh, called in the Greek, phronema

have done all that are commanded to sarkos, which some do expound the

you, say, We are unprofitable servants. wisdom, some sensuality, some the af

XV. Of Christ alone without Sin. fection, some the desire, of the flesh, is not subject to the Law of God. And al- CH

HRIST in the truth of our nature though there is no condemnation for

was made like unto us in all things, ther that believe and are baptized, yet

sin only except, from which he was the Apostle doth confess, that concupi- clearly void, both in his flesh, and in scence and lust hath of itself the nature

his spirit. He came to be the Lamb of sin.

without spot, who, by sacrifice of him

self once made, should take away the X. Of Free-will,

sins of the world, and sin, as Saint John THE THE condition of Man after the fall saith, was not in him. But all we the

of Adam is such, that he cannot rest, although baptized, and born again turn and prepare himself, by his own in Christ, yet offend in many things ; natural strength and good works, to and if we say we have no sin, we faith, and calling upon God: Where- deceive ourselves, and the truth is not fore we have no power to do good works in us. pleasant and acceptable to God, without the grace of God by Christ prevent

XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. ing us, that we may have a good will

, NOT every deadly sin

willingly como us that good will.

the Holy Ghost, and unpardonable. XI. Of the Justification of Man.

Wherefore the grant of repentance is

not to be denied to such as fall into sin WE E are accounted righteous before after

Baptism. After we have received God, only for the merit of our Lord the Holy Ghost, we may depart from and Saviour Jesus Christ by Faith, and grace given, and fall into sin, and by not for our own works or deservings : the grace of God we may arise again, Wherefore, that we are justified by and amend our lives. And therefore Faith only is a most wholesome Doc- they are to be condemned, which say, trine, and very full of comfort, as more they can no more sin as long as they largely is expressed in the Homily of live here, or deny the place of forgiveJustification.

ness to such as truly repent.


XVII. Of Predestination and Election. As the Church of Jerusalem, AlecanPREDESTINATION to Life is the dria, and Antioch, have erred; so also

everlasting purpose of God, where- the Church of Rome hath erred, not only by (before the foundations of the world in their living and manner of Cere were laid) he hath constantly decreed monies, but also in matters of Faith. by his counsel secret to us, to deliver

XX. Of the Authority of the Church. from curse and damnation those whom ho hath chosen in Christ out of man- The Church hath power to decree kind, and to bring them by Christ to everlasting salvation, as vessels made

in Controversies of Faith : And yet it is to honour. Wherefore, they which be

not lawful for the Church to ordain any endued with so excellent a benefit of thing that is contrary to God's Word God be called according to God's pur- written, neither may it so expound one pose by his Spirit working in due place of Scripture, that it be repugnant season: they through Grace obey the to another. Wherefore, although the calling : they be justified freely : they

Church be a witness and a keeper of be made sons of God by adoption: they holy Writ, yet, as it ought not to decree be made like the image of his only any thing against the same, so besides begotten Son Jesus Christ : they walk the same ought it not to enforce any religiously in good works, and at length, thing to be believed for necessity of by God's mercy, they attain to ever- Salvation. lasting felicity,

XXI. Of the Authority of General As the godly consideration of Pre

Councils. destination, and our Election in Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, and unspeak. GENT

ENERAL Councils may not be gaable comfort to godly persons, and such

thered together without the comas feel in themselves the

working of the

mandment and will of Princes. And Spirit of Christ, mortifying the works

when they be gathered together, (forasof the flesh, and their earthly members,

much as they be an assembly of men, and drawing up their mind to high

whereof all be not governed with the and heavenly things, as well because it Spirit and Word of God,) they may err, doth greatly establish and confirm their

and sometimes have erred, even in faith of eternal Salvation to be enjoyed things pertaining unto God. Wherefore through Christ, as because it doth fer- things ordained

by them as necessary vently kindle their love towards God :

to salvation have neither strength nor So, for curious and carnal persons, lack- authority, unless it may be declared ing the Spirit of Christ, to have contin

that they be taken out of holy Scripture. ually before their eyes the sentence of

XXII. Of Purgatory. God's Predestination, is a most dangerous downfall, whereby the Devil doth THE Romish Doctrine concerning thrust them either into desperation, or

Purgatory, Pardons, Worshipping

and Adoration, as well of Images as of into wretchlessness of most unclean living, no less perilous than desperation.

Reliques, and also invocation of Saints,

is a fond thing vainly invented, and Furthermore, we must receive God's promises in such wise, as they be gener- grounded upon no warranty of seripally set forth to us in holy Scripture :

ture, but rather repugnant to the Word

of God. and, in our doings, that Will of God is to be followed, which we have express- XXIII. Of Ministering in the Congregaly declared unto us in the Word of God.

tion. XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salvation IT is not lawful for any man to take only by the Name of Christ.

upon him the office of publick

preaching, or ministering the SacraTHEY also are to be had accursed

ments in the Congregation, before he that presume to say, That every be lawfully called, and sent to execute man shall be saved by the Law or Sect

the same. And those we ought to judge which he professeth, so that he be dili

lawfully called and sent, which be gent to frame his life according to that chosen and called to this work by men Law, and the light of Nature. For holy

who have publick authority given unto Scripture doth set out unto us only the them in the Congregation, to call and Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men send Ministers into the Lord's vineyard. must be saved.

XXIV. Of speaking in the Congregation XIX. Of the Church.

in such a Tongue as the people under

standeth. THE visible Church of Christ is a con

IT is a thing plainly repugnant to which the pure Word of God is preach- the Word of God, and the custom of ed, and the Sacraments be duly minis- the Primitive Church, to have publick tered according to Christ's ordinance in Prayer in the Church, or to minister the all those things that of necessity are Sacraments in a tongue not understandrequisite to the same.

ed of the people.


XXV. Of the Sacraments.

whereby Christian men are discerned

from others that be not christened, but not only badges or tokens of Chris

it is also a sign of Regeneration or new tian men's profession, but rather they Birth, whereby, as by an instrument, be certain sure witnesses, and effectual

they that receive Baptism rightly are signs of grace, and God's good will to- grafted into the Church ; the promises wards us, by the which he doth work of forgiveness of sin, and of our adopinvisibly in us, and doth not only

tion to be the sons of God by the Holy quicken, but also strengthen and con

Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed; tirm our Faith in him.

Faith is confirmed, and Grace increasThere are two Sacraments ordained ed by virtue of prayer unto God. The of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is Baptism of young children is in any to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the wise to be retained in the Church, as Lord.

most agreeable with the institution of Those five commonly called Sacra

Christ. ments, that is to say, Confirmation, XXVIII. Or the Lord's Supper. Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be counted THE Supper of the Lord is not only for Sacraments of the Gospel, being

a sign of the love that Christians such as have grown partly of the cor

ought to have among themselves one to rupt following of the Apostles, partly

another ; but rather is a Sacrament of are states of life allowed in the Scrip- somuch that to such as rightly, worthi

our Redemption by Christ's death : intures ; but yet have not like nature

ly, and with faith, receive the same, of Sacraments with Baptism, and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not

the Bread which we break is a partak

ing of the Body of Christ ; and likewise any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.

the Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the The Sacraments were not ordained of

Blood of Christ. Christ to be gazed upon, or to be car

Transubstantiation (or the change of

the substance of Bread and Wine) in ried about, but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily

the Supper of the Lord, cannot be prov

ed by holy Writ; but is repugnant receive the same they have a whole

to the plain words of Scripture, oversome effect or operation : but they that

throweth the nature of a Sacrament, receive them unworthily purchase to

and hath given occasion to many superthemselves damnation, as Saint Paul

stitions. saith,

The Body of Christ is given, taken, XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Mi

and eaten, in the Supper, only after an nisters, which hinders not the effect of the mean whereby the Body of Christ

heavenly and spiritual manner. And the Sacrament.

is received and eaten in the Supper is

Faith. the evil be ever mingled with the

The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper good, and sometimes the evil have chief

was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, authority in the Ministration of the

carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. Word and Sacraments, yet forasmuch as they do not the same in their own

XXIX. Of the Wicked which eat not the name, but in Christ's, and do minister Rody of Christ in the use of the Lord's by his commission and authority, we Supper may use their Ministry, both in hearing THE Wicked, and such as be void of the Sacraments. Neither is the effect of nally and visibly press with their teeth Christ's ordinance taken away by their (as Saint Augustine saith) the Sacrament wickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts of the Body and Blood of Christ, yet in diminished from such as by faith and no wise are they partakers of Christ : rightly do receive the Sacraments mi- but rather, to their condemnation, do nistered unto them ; which be effectual, eat and drink the sign or Sacrament of because of Christ's institution and pro- 80 great a thing. mise, although they be ministered by evil men.

XXX, Of both kinds. Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the THE Cup of the Lord is not to be

denied to the Lay-people : for both be made of evil Ministers, and that they the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by be accused by those that have know- Christ's ordinance and commandment, ledge of their offences; and finally be- ought to be ministered to all Christian ing found guilty, by just judgment be men alike. deposed.

XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ XXVII. Of Baptism.

finished upon the Cross. BAPTISM is not only a sign of pro- THE offering of Christ once made in

fession, and mark of difference, that perfect redemption, propia

ARTICLES OF RELIGION. tion, and satisfaction, for all the sins diligently and distinctly, that they may of the whole world, both original and be understanded of the people. actual ; and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that alone. Where

Of the Names of the Homilies. fore the sacrifices of Masses, in the

i Of the right Use of the Church. which it was commonly said, that the Priest did offer Christ for the quick and 2 Against peril of Idolatry. the dead, to have remission of pain or 3 Of repairing and keeping clean of guilt, were blasphemous fables, and

Churches. dangerous deceits.

4 Os good Works: first of Fasting. XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. 5 Against Gluttony and Drunkenness, BISHOPS,

Priests, and Deacons, are 6 Against Excess of Apparel. not commanded by God's Law,

7 Of Prayer. either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage : therefore

8 Of the Place and Time of Prayer, it is lawful for them, as for all other 9 That Common Prayers and SacraChristian men, to marry at their own ments ought de ministered in a discretion, as they shall judge the same known tongue. to serve better to godliness.

10 of the reverend estimation of God's XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how Word. they are to be avoided.

11 Of Alms-doing. THAT person which by open denun- 12 of the Nativity of Christ. ciation of the Church is rightly cut

13 of the Passion of Christ. off from the unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of

14 of the Resurrection of Christ. the whole multitude of the faithful, as 15 of the worthy receiving of the Sacraan Heathen and Publican, until he be ment of the Body and Blood of Christ openly reconciled by penance, and re- 16 Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost. ceived into the Church by a Judge that

17 For the Rogation-days. hath authority thereunto.

18 of the state of Matrimony. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church. 19 Of Repentance. IT

is not necessary that Traditions 20 Against Idleness. and Ceremonies be in all places one,

21 Against Rebellion. and utterly like ; for at all times they have been divers, and may be changed XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and according to the diversities of countries,

Ministers. times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's Word. THE Book of Consecration of ArchWhosoever through his private judg

bishops and Bishops, and Ordering

of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth ment, willingly and purposely, doth

in the time of Edward the Sixth, and openly break the traditions and ceremonies of the Church, which be not

confirmed at the same time by authority

of Parliament, doth contain all things repugnant to the Word of God, and be ordained and approved by common au

necessary to such Consecration and Or

dering : neither hath it any thing, that thority, ought to be rebuked openly,

of itself is superstitious and ungodly. (that others may fear to do the like)

And therefore whosoever are conseas he that offendeth against the com

crated or ordered according to the Rites mon order of the Church, and hurteth

of that Book, since the second year of the authority of the Magistrate, and

the forenamed King Edward unto this woundeth the consciences of the weak brethren.

time, or hereafter shall be consecrated

or ordered according to the same Rites; Every particular or national Church

we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, hath authority to ordain, change, and

and lawfully consecrated and ordered. abolish, ceremonies or rites of the Church' ordained only by man's au

XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates. thority, so that all things be done to edifying

THE Queen's

Majesty hath the chief XXXV. Of the Homilies.

and other her Dominions, unto whom HE second Book of Homilies, the the chief Government of all Estates of THE

several titles whereof we have this Realm, whether they be Ecclesiasjoined under this Article, doth contain tical or Civil, in all causes doth apa godly and wholesome Doctrine, and pertain, and is not, nor ought to be, necessary for these times, as doth the subject to any foreign Jurisdiction. former Book of Homilies, which were Where we attribute to the Queen's set forth in the time of Edward the Majesty the chief government, by which Sixth ; and therefore we judge them to Titles we understand the minds of some be read in Churches by the Ministers, alanderous folks to be offended : we

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