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ing the Charter of the Church- requires a promise to be faith. in the universal Power of Christ, ful in ordaining others; and (c) the charge to baptize and to the eighth lays stress on the duty teach, and the promise of His of gentleness and charity. continual presence,
even to After this the Bishop is to put the end of the world."
on the rest of the Episcopal The PRESENTATION
THE habit, evidently with a view to CANDIDATE, vested in the Ro- taking part in the ministration chet (corresponding to the Albe,
of the Holy Communion, just as which was directed for the Dea
the Deacon who was to read the cons and Priests in 1549), by two
Gospel was directed to "put on Bishops is in accordance with a
a Tunicle" before doing so. custom of great antiquity. It is The PRAYER following is like followed by the Queen's man- that in the Ordination of Priests; date for Consecration of the except in its closing reference to Candidate as duly nominated, the exercise of authority, not to elected, and confirmed accord. destruction but to salvation, and ing to law; and by the “Oath of of direction of the family of Canonical Obedience" to the God. Archbishop (shortened from the The form of CONSECRATION old form) in virtue of his Metro. itself similarly corresponds to politan authority, saving, of the Ordination of Priests; es. course, all the rights of due cept that in place of the charge Episcopal independence.
“ Whosesoever sins, &c.," is The INVITATION TO PRAYER
found St. Paul's exhortation to after the example of Our Lord Timothy (2 Tim. i. 6, 7) to stir Himself (Luke vi. 12, 13), and of
up the gift of Consecration, in His disciples (Acts xiii. 1–4), is "power, love, and soberness." followed by the Litany, with The CHARGE at the delivery of special Suffrage and a Prayer, the Bible is an earnest exhortar of which the latter of the two tion to the new Bishop, first, to Prayers for the Ember Season is study it, both for exhortation an echo.
and for teaching, so as to save
himself and those committed to The QUESTIONS, which follow (introduced by a Preface assum
his charge; next, to use the ing a tone of brotherly equality Pastoral authority as a shep
So merrather than fatherly authority) herd, not a wolf, to be are substantially the same as in
ciful as to be not too remiss," the Ordination of Priests; ex
and so firm in discipline, as cept that (a) in the sixth to the
“not to forget mercy." reference to promotion of love The FINAL COLLECT has little and peace is added an enforce- of special reference to Episcopal ment of the duty of exercising Office, being only a prayer for authority and discipline, accord- grace to preach the Word and to ing to the power given in God's enforce preaching by example, Word, and regulated by the Law which belongs to all Pastoral of the Realm; (b) the seventh charge.
Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? See of N. do profess and promise all IIe saith unto him, Yea, Lord, thou due reverence and obedience to the knowest that I love thee. He saith unto Archbishop and to the Metropolitical him, Feed my sheep. He saith unto Church of N. and to their Succeshin the third time, Simon, son of sors : So help me God, through Jesus Jonas, lovest thou ne? Peter was Christ. grieved because he said unto him the
This Oath shall not be made at the Conthird time, Lovest thou me? And he
secration of an Archbishop. said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all
[ Then the Archbishop shall move the things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my
Congregation present to pray, saying
thus to them sheep.
BRETHREN, it is written in the GosOr else this.
pel of Saint Luke, That our Saviour St. John xx. 19.
Christ continued the whole night in
prayer, before he did choose and send THE same day at evening, being the
first day of the week, 'when the forth his twelve Apostles. It is written doors were shut where the disciples also in the Acts of the Apostles, That were assembled for fear of the Jews,
the Disciples who were at Antioch did came Jesus, and stood in the midst, fast and pray, before they laid hands and saith unto them, Peace be unto
on Paul and Barnabas, and sent them you. And when he had so said, he forth. Let us therefore, following the shewed unto them his hands and his example of our Saviour Christ, and his side. Then were the disciples glad, Apostles, first fall to prayer, before we when they saw the Lord. Then saith admit, and send forth this person pre
sented unto us, to the work whereunto Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you : as my Father hath sent me, even
we trust the Holy Ghost hath called
him. so send I you. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith And then shall be said the Litany, as unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost.
before in the Form of Ordering DeaWhosesoever sins ye remit; they are
cons, save only, that after this place remitted unto them; and whoseso
That it may please thee to illuminate all
Bishops, &c., the proper Sufjruge there sins ye retain, they are re
following shall be omitted, and this intained.
serted instead of it; Or this.
THAT it may please thee to bless this St. Matth. xxviii. 18. JF ESUS came and spake unto them, thy grace upon him, that he may duly saying, All power is given unto
execute the Office whereunto he is callme in heaven and in earth.
ed, to the edifying of thy Church, and therefore and teach all nations, bap- Name;
to the honour, praise, and glory of thy tizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost;
Answer. We beseech thee to hear us, teaching them to observe all things
good Lord. whatsoever I have commanded you :
Then shall be said this Prayer follow and lo, I am with you alway, even
ing. unto the end of the world.
ALMIGATY God, biver of all good After the Gospel, and the Nicene Creed,
things, who by thy Holy Spirit and the Sermon are ended, the Elected
hast appointed divers Orders of MiniBishop (vosted with his Rochet) shall
sters in thy Church Mercifully bebe presented by two Bishops unto the
hold this thy servant now called to Archbishop of that province (or to
the Work and Ministry of a Bishop some other Bishop appointed by law- and replenish him so with the truti ful commission) the Archbishop sit- of thy doctrine, and adorn him with ting in his chair near the holy Table, innocency of life, that, both by word and the Bishops that present him say- and deed, he may faithfully servi ing,
thee in this Office, to the giory o MOST
ST Reverend Father in God, we thy Name, and the edifying and well
present unto you this godly and governing of thy Church ; through thi well-learned man to be Ordained and merits of our Saviour Jesus Christ Consecrated Bishop.
who liveth and reigneth with the Then shall the Archbishop demand the
and the Holy Ghost, world withou Queen's Mandate for the Consecration,
end. Amen. and cause it to be read. And then shall I Then the Archbishop, sitting in hi be ministered unto them the Oath of chair, shall say to him that is to b due Obedience to the Archbishop, as fol. Consecrated, loweth.
ROTHER, forasmuch as the holy The Oath of due Obedience to the Archbishop.
command, that we should not be hast IN the Name of God. Amen. In in laying on hands,
and admitting an chosen Bishop of the Church and
THE CONSECRATION OF BISHOPS.
Christ, which he hath purchased with Answer. I will so do, by the help of no less price than the effusion of his God. own blood ; before I admit you to this
The Archbishop. Administration, I will examine you in certain Articles, to the end that the
WILL you be faithful in Ordaining,
sending, or laying hands upon Congregation present may have a trial, others? and bear witness, how you be minded Answer. I will so be, by the help of to behave yourself in the Church of God. God. ARE you persuaded that you be truly
The Archbishop. called to this Ministration, accord- WILL you shew yourself gentle, and ing to the will of our Lord Jesus Christ, be merciful for Christ's sake to and the order of this Realm ?
poor and needy people, and to all stranAnswer. I am so persuaded.
gers destitute of help? The Archbishop.
Answer. I will 80 shew myself, by ART RE you persuaded that the holy
God's help. Scriptures contain sufficiently all | Then the Archbishop standing up doctrine required of necessity for eter
shall say, nal salvation through faith in Jesus Christ? And are you determined out of ther, who hath given you a good the same holy Scriptures to instruct the will to do all these things, Grant also people committed to your charge ; and
unto you strength and power to perform to teach or maintain nothing as requir- the same ; that, he accomplishing in you ed of necessity to eternal salvation, but
the good work which he hath begun, that which you shall be persuaded may you may be found perfect and irrepre be concluded and proved by the same ? hensible at the latter day ; through Je
Answer. I am so persuaded, and de- sus Christ our Lord. Amen. termined by God's grace.
Then shall the Bishop elect put on The Archbishop.
the rest of the Episcopal habit; and WILL you then faithfully exercise kneeling down, Veni, Creator Spiritus,
yourself in the same holy Scrip- shall be sung or said over him, the tures, and call upon God by prayer, for Archbishop beginning, and the Bi. the true understanding of the same ; so shops, with others that are present, as you may be able by them to teach answering by verses, as followeth. and exhort with wholesome Doctrine, and to withstand and convince the
COME Holy Ghost, our
And lighten with celestial fire. gainsayers ?
Thou the anointing Spirit art, Answer. I will so do, by the help of Who dost thy seven-fold gifts impart. God.
Thy blessed Unction from above,
Is comfort, life, and fire of love.
Enable with perpetual light ARE you ready, with all faithful dili
gence, to banish and drive away The dulness of our blinded sight. all erroneous and strange doctrine con- Anoint and cheer our soiled face trary to God's Word ; and both pri- With the abundance of thy grace. vately and openly to call upon and Keep far our foes, give peace at home : encourage others to the same ?
Where thou art guide, no ill can come. Answer. I am ready, the Lord being Teach us to know the Father, Son, my helper.
And thee, of both, to be but One.
That, through the ages all along,
This may be our endless song; WILL you deny all ungodliness and
Praise to thy eternal merit, worldly lusts, and live soberly,
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. righteously, and godly, in this present world ; that you may shew yourself in
Or this: all things an example of good works unto others, that the adversary may be
COME, Holy Ghost, eternal God, ashamed, having nothing to say against
As before in the Form for Ordering
Priests. Answer. I will so do, the Lord being my helper.
That ended, the Archbishop shall say, The Archbishop.
Lord, hear our prayer.
Answer. And let our cry come unto WILL you maintain and set forward, as much as shall lie in you,
thee. quietness, love, and peace among all
Let us pray. men; and such as be unquiet, disobe
ALMIGHTY God, and most merciful dient, and criminous, within your Dio- Father, who of thine infinite goodcese, correct and punish, according to ness hast given thine only and dearly such authority as you have by God's beloved Son Jesus Christ, to be our ReWord, and as to you shall be committed deemer, and the Author of everlasting by the Ordinance of this Realm ? life ; who, after that he had made per
euerloorin with these and the
Holy Me to rental deathe upon this they
fect our Redemption by his death, and broken, bring again the out-casts, seek was ascended into heaven, poured down the lost. Be so merciful, that you be not his gifts abundantly upon men, making too remiss ; so minister discipline, that some Apostles, some Prophets, some you forget not mercy : that when the Evangelists, some Pastors and Doctors, chief Shepherd shall appear you may to the edifying and making perfect his receive the never-fading crown of Church ; Grant, we beseech thee, to this glory; through Jesus Christ our Lord. thy servant such grace, that he may dmen. evermore be ready to spread abroad thy Gospel, the glad tidings of reconcilia- | Then the Archbishop shall proceed in tion with thee; and use the authority the Communion-Service; with whom given him, not to destruction, but to the new Consecrated Bishop (with salvation ; not to hurt, but to help : so
others) shall also communicate. that as a wise and faithful servant, giv- And for the last Collect, immediately ing to thy family their portion in due before the Benediction, shall be said season, he may at last be received into these Prayers. everlasting joy;
OST merciful Ghost liveth and reigneth, one God,
servant thy heavenly blessing ; and so world without end. Amen.
endue him with thy holy Spirit, that Then the Archbishop and Bishops
he, preaching thy Word, may not only present shall lay their hands upon be earnest to reprove, beseech, and rethe head of the elected Bishop kneel. buke with all patience and doctrine ; ing before them upon his knees, the but also may be to such as believe a Archbishop saying,
wholesome example, in word, in conRE
ECEIVE the Holy Ghost, for the versation, in love, in faith, in chastity,
Office and Work of a Bishop in the and in purity; that, faithfully fulfilling Church of God, now committed unto his course, at the latter day he may rethee by the Imposition of our hands ; In ceive the crown of righteousness laid the Name of the Father, and of the Son, up by the Lord the righteous Judge, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen. And who liveth and reigneth one God with remember that thou stir up the grace the Father and the Holy Ghost, world of God which is given thee by this Im- without end. Amen. position of our hands : for God hath not given us the spirit of fear, but of power, PREVENT us, O Lord, in all our doand love, and soberness.
ings, with thy most gracious favour,
and further us with thy continual help; 1 Then the Archbishop shall deliver
that in all our works begun, continued, him the Bible, saying,
and ended in thee, we may glorify thy GY VIVE heed unto reading, exhorta- holy Name, and finally by thy mercy
tion, and doctrine. Think upon the obtain everlasting life'; through Jesus things contained in this Book. Be dili
Christ our Lord. Amen. gent in them, that the increase coming thereby may be manifest unto all men. THE peace of God, which passeth an and be diligent in doing them : for by and minds in the knowledge and love so doing thou shalt both save thyself of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our and them that hear thee. Be to the Lord: And the blessing of God Almighflock of Christ a shepherd, not a wolf; ty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy feed them, devour them not. Hold up Ghost be amongst you, and remain the weak, heal the sick, bind up the with you always. Amen.
A FORM OF PRAYER WITH THANKSGIVING
TO ALMIGHTY GOD.
This Service is the only survivor of four STATE SERVICES.
(a) For the FIFTH OF NOVEMBER, appointed in 1605 in commemoration of the frustration of the Gunpowder Plot, revised in 1662, and in 1689 enlarged by commemoration of the landing on that day of William 111. in England.
(6) For the THIRTIETH OF JANUARY, appointed in 1662 as a “Form of Prayer with Fasting,” in commemoration of "the martyrdom of King Charles the First,” and altered in 1685 by authority of James II.
(c) For the TWENTY-NINTH OF May, appointed in 1662 for this day as the day of “His Majesty's Birth and happy return to his Kingdoms," and reappointed with the necessary alterations by James 11. in 1685.
(d) For the DAY OF THE SOVEREIGN'S ACCESSION. The form still preserved dates, with slight modifications, from the accession of Queen Anne in 1704, being a modification of one issued at the accession of James 11. in 1685. There were, however, older forms of Service in the reigns of Elizabeth (1576) and Charles I. (1626).
These four Services were at the beginning of each reign enjoined simply by Royal Proclamation, and looking to the Act of Uniformity) were of doubtful legal obligation. They continued, however, in use till 1859, when, in accordance with petition of Convo. cation and of Parliament, the use of the first three was revoked. The petition for their disuse arose from a growing dislike of religious celebrations of political events, and a feeling that there had been introduced into these Services expressions of political opinion and extravagant loyalty, full of denunciations of " hellish malice,”
," "Popish treachery," "bloodthirsty enemies," and the like, which were unseemly in the worship of God. The objection does not apply, or applies with great modification, to the last Service, which accordingly has been suffered to remain as before. But, although it contains much that is beautiful, especially the Prayer for Unity, yet a comparison of it with the proper Services of our Prayer Book shows its great inferiority in terseness, simplicity, freedom, and beauty.
Its chief features are(a) The substitution for the Venite of one of the Composite Hymns, which we find in the later Services (as, for example, the Forms of Prayer to be used at Sea) made up entirely of various passages from the Psalms.
(6) The appointment of Proper Psalms and Lessons.
(c) The insertion of various Collects in the Morning Service, the Litany, and the Communion Service, partly of Thanksgiving, partly of Prayer.
(d) The appointment of a Special Epistle and Gospel, dwelling on Christian duty towards temporal authority.
(e) The use of the beautiful Collect for Unity-an echo of Eph, iv, 4-6.