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These were inserted in 1662. The first introduction of special prayers to be used at sea was due to the action of the Long Parliament-marking perhaps the fuller organisation and greater importance of the Navy at this period. An order was put out in 1644, after the supersession of the Prayer Book by the “ Directory for Public Worship,” providing a general Service of Prayer, Psalms, Lessons, Thanksgiving, and Blessing; which followed mainly the lines of the Directory, but added two special Prayers - one "a Prayer particularly fitted for those who travail on the Sea," and the other “a Prayer in a Storm.' On the restoration of the Prayer Book the order of the Daily Service, and with it the other Services, was, of course, revived; and it was only thought necessary to provide certain special and appropriate prayers, in addition to these, for use at Sea. It is said, though without any certain authority, that these were composed by Bishop Sanderson. Although they bear strong indications of the more diffuse and rhetorical form of the compositions of the 17th century, they are striking specimens of their kind, full of Scriptural quotation and allusion, and having much force of earnestness. I. THE TWO REGULAR COLLECTS. storm, "Lord, save us; we peThe FIRST COLLECT (a) in its

rish. (6) Next, it goes on to preamble (quoting Jobs ix. 8;

confess the folly (unreasonable xxvi. 10) appeals to God, as “thé

enough, but yet too common) spreader out of the heavens through which in the days of (with their winds and storms)

God's quiet and continual blessand the ruler of the rage of the ing we forget Him, and only

remember Him when the wonsea, keeping it within its ap

ders of His hand are seen in inted bounds; (b) next, com

their awfulness; (c) and ends mits the Fleet and its sailors to God's protection, against the

with a cry for help, not for our twofold danger of the storm and

merits, but “for His mercy's the enemy; (c) lastly, asks for

sake, through Jesus Christ our the result of that protection

Lord.” safeguard and peace to the

The ALTERNATIVE COLLECT, country they serve, and for them.

except that it omits the conselves a safe return in joy and fession, follows the same line of thankfulness.

thought with perhaps greater

fervour of supplication ; quoting The SECOND COLLECT is sim

the cry of Hezekiah (Isa. xxxviii. ply one of the Occasional Col

18) in his terror of death, and lects of the Communion Service; clinging to life as the means of asking for God's "preventing glorifying God. and furthering grace in the work of duty.

The PRAYER BEFORE A BATTLE is fuller even than the rest

of Scriptural quotation and alluII. THE PRAYERS IN STORM

sion (see Ps. ix. 4; lxxx. 2; Eccl. AND BATTLE.

ix. 11; 1 Sam. xiv. 6). It may The FIRST COLLECT (a), look- well stand as a model of Christing to God's hand as raising and ian humility and moderation in quelling the storm (see Ps. cvii. prayer for deliverance from our 25 and lxxxix. 9), and acknow. enemies. For (a), addressing ledging at once our unworthi. God as the Judge and Ruler of ness and our helplessness, cries the world, it prays that He will to Him in the words of the * judge between us and our eneApostles to Our Lord in the

and implying a trust



The Morning and Evening Service to be used daily at Sea shall be the same

which is appointed in the Book of Common Prayer, These two following Prayers are to be we beseech thee, and hear us, calling also used in her Majesty's Navy every out of the depth of misery, and out of day.

the jaws of this death, which is ready O

now to swallow us up : Save, Lord, or spreadest out the heavens, and else we perish. The living, the living, rulest the raging of the sea; who hast shall praise thee. O send thy word of com passed the waters with bounds un- command to rebuke the raging winds, til day and night come to an end ; Be and the roaring sea; that we, being depleased to receive into thy Almighty livered from this distress, may live to and most gracious protection the per- serve thee, and to glorify thy Name all sons of us thy servants, and the Fleet the days of our life. Hear, Lord, and in which we serve. Preserve us from the save us, for the infinite merits of our dangers of the sea, and from the vio- blessed Saviour, thy Son, our Lord Jelence of the enemy; that we may be a sus Christ.

Amen. safeguard unto our most gracious sovereign Lady, Queen VICTORIA, and

1 The Prayer to be said before a Fight her Dominions, and a security for such

at Sea against any Enemy. as pass on the seas upon their lawful O

MOST powerful and glorious Lord occasions ; that the inhabitants of our

God, the Lord of hosts, that rulest Island may in peace and quietness serve

and commandest all things; Thou sitthee our God; and that we may return

test in the throne judging right, and in safety to enjoy the blessings of the therefore we make our address to thy land, with the fruits of our labours, and

Divine Majesty in this our necessity, with a thankful remembrance of thy that thou wouldest take the cause into mercies to praise and glorify thy holy thine own hand, and judge between us Name; through Jesus Christ our Lord.

and our enemies. Stir up thy strength, O Lord, and come and help us; for thou

givest not alway the battle to the strong, The Collect.

but canst save by many or by few. 0 ings, with thy most gracious favour, vengeance; but hear us thy poor serand further us with thy continual help; vants begging mercy, and imploring that in all our works begun, continued, thy help, and that thou wouldest be a and ended in thee, we may glorify thy defence unto us against the face of the holy Name, and finally by thy mercy enemy. Make it appear that thou art obtain everlasting life; through Jesus our Saviour and mighty Deliverer ; Christ our Lord. Amen.

through Jesus Christ our Lord, Amen.

Short Prayers for single persons, that I Prayers to be used in Storms at Sea,

cannot meet to join in Prayer with O MOST, powerful and glorious Lord others, by reason of the Fight, or

Storm. blow, and lift up the waves of the sea,

General Prayers, and who stillest the rage thereof; We thy creatures, but miserable sinners, do

LORD, be merciful to us sinners, and

save us for thy mercy's sake. in this our great distress cry unto thee

Thou art the great God, that hast for help: Save, Lord, or else we perish. made and rulest all things : 0 deliver We confess, when we have been safe,

us for thy Name's sake. and seen all things quiet about us, we

Thou art the great God to be feared have forgot thee our God, and refused above all : O save us, that we may to hearken to the still voice of thy word, praise thee. and to obey thy commandments : But now we see, how terrible thou art in all Special Prayers with respect to the thy works of wonder ; the great God to

Enemy. be feared above all : And therefore we

TH, adore thy Divine Majesty, acknowledg- ful : 0 defend our cause against the ing thy power, and imploring thy good- face of the enemy. ness. Help, Lord, and save us for thy O God, thou art a strong tower of demercy's sake in Jesus Christ thy Son, fence to all that flee unto thee: O save our Lord. Amen.

us from the violence of the enemy.

O Lord of hosts, fight for us, that we Or this.

may glorify thee. O

MOST glorious and gracious Lord o suffer us not to sink under the

God, who dwellest in heaven, but weight of our sins, or the violence of beholdest all things below; Look down,

the enemy.

the “

that our cause is just) calls for IV. THE THANKSGIVING AFTER His help, even to the weak a

A STORM, gainst the strong, and to the few This Service presupposes, of against the many. Its prayer is,

course, time and quiet. It is therefore, virtually conditional,

made up of Psalms and Col. resting on the full conviction lect, strangely, however, departthat "the Judge of all the world ing from the almost invariable will do right. Yet (6) with

custom of the Church in not this trust in our cause it unites

making the Lord's Prayer the consciousness of sin in our

very centre of Thanksgiving. selves, and prays that it may not turn away His blessing from

The PSALMS. The FIRST us and our country.

Psalm (Ps. lxvi.) is a singularly

beautiful Psalm of Thanksgiv. Of the Short Prayers in emer- ing, though having nothing to gency, to be used by individuals, do with the sea, except the alluthe GENERAL PRAYERS are sion to the passage through the simply ejaculations, crying for Red Sea in safety (0.6). It falls forgiveness, deliverance from into four sections (divided by danger, and salvation.

Selah,” which indicates an

interposed symphony). The first The PRAYERS IN BATTLE still (v8. 1-4) is simply a general call dwell on God's Justice, as well to all men to give God praise as His Power; and, only in the and worship; the next (vs. 5—7) hope that we are on His side, a similar call' to the contempla ask Him to defend, to save, and tion of His wonderful works; to fight for us, even in spite of the third (vs. 8–15) is a special our personal sins, and to help us acknowledgment of deliverance for “ His Name' sake”-that is, from trouble, and a promise to for the sake of Truth and Right, pay the vow of sacrifice; the viewed as His chief attributes, last (vs. 16–20), a special invitaand, therefore, acknowledged as tion to all the world to behold irresistible.

in this God's blessing on the

righteous, and His unfailing an. The PRAYERS IN THE STORM

swer to prayer. form a short Service in themselves, having a more express

The SECOND PSALM (Ps. cvii.) appeal to the Mediation of our

is evidently chosen for the sake

of that section (vs. 23-32), which Lord Jesus Christ. For they is the only passage in the Psalms not only cry to God, as the Ruler of Nature, but cry also to

dwelling on the dangers of the Him, the Son of God and Man,

sea, and which must belong to

some time in the later historical who once saved His disciples in the hour of danger, to be our

period, when the Israelites had Saviour and Mediator, and so

experience of the seafaring life. pass on to the old Kyrie Eleeson,

It is, indeed, the great “Psalm the invocation of the Litany,

of Life,” dwelling on all the

vicissitudes of trouble and deli. "O Christ, hear us,” to an ex

verance of

the redeemed of the press prayer to the Three Persons of the Holy Trinity, and to

Lord,” gathered from the Capthe Lord's Prayer.

tivity. (a) It presents (in rs. 4 –9) the wandering in hunger

and thirst through the wilderIII. THE SERVICE IN IMMINENT

ness; in vs. 10-15, the bondage DANGER.

of captivity and downfall through This is simply the Confession sin; in vs. 16-22, the anguish of and Absolution of the Commu- pain and sickness even to death; nion Service; which each is bid- in vs. 23-32, the hopeless dan den to take home specially to ger of the storm on the sea. himself in the awful and un- From all these it declares exultsparing light of the hour of antly God's manifold salvation, imminent death. It was felt, and cries out again and again, and felt truly, that nothing “O that men would praise the more solemn and more full of Lord for His goodness, and decomfort could be devised.

clare the wonders that He doeth

O .

O Lord, arise, help us, and deliver us in all goodness, and bring you to everfor thy Name's sake.

lasting life; through Jesus Christ our

Lord. Amen.
Short Prayers in respect of a Storm.
THOU, O Lord, that stillest the rage

ing of the sea, hear, hear us, and Thanksgiving after a Storm, save us, that we perish not.

Jubilate Deo. Psalm 66. O blessed Saviour, that didst save thy disciples ready to perish in a storm, O BE joyful in God, all

ye lands : sing

praises unto the honour of his hear us, and save us, we beseech thee. Lord, have mercy upon us.

Name, make his praise to be glorious. Christ, have mercy upon us.

Say unto God, o how wonderful art

thou in thy works : through the greatLord, have mercy upon us. O Lord, hear us.

ness of thy power shall thine enemies

be found liars unto thee. O Christ, hear us.

For all the world shall worship thee : God the Father, God the Son, God the

sing of thee, and praise thy Name. Holy Ghost, have mercy upon us, save

O come hither, and behold the works us now and evermore. Amen.

of God : how wonderful is in his doUR Father, which art in heaven, ing toward the children of men.

He turned the sea into dry land : so dom come. Thy will be done in earth, that they went through the water on As it is in heaven. Give us this day our foot; there did we rejoice thereof. daily bread. And forgive us our tres- He ruleth with his power for ever; passes, As we forgive them that trespass his eyes behold the people : and such against us. And lead us not into temp- as will not believe shall not be able to tation ; But deliver us from evil: For exalt themselves. thine is the kingdom, The power, and O praise our God, ye people : and the glory, For ever and ever.

Amen. make the voice of his praise to be

heard ; When there shall be imminent dan.

Who holdeth our soul in life : and ger, as many as can be spared from necessary service in the Ship shall be suffereth not our feet to slip. called together, and make an humble For thou, O God, hast proved us : Confession of their sin to God: In thou also hast tried us, like as silver is which every one ought seriously to tried. reflect upon those particular sins of Thou broughtest us into the snare : which his conscience shall accuse and laidest trouble upon our loins. him; saying as followeth,

Thou sufferedst men to ride over our The Confession.

heads : we went through fire and water, and thou broughtest us out into a

wealthy place. Jesus Christ, Maker of all things,

I will go into thine house with burntJudge of all men ;. We acknowledge offerings : and will pay thee my vows, and bewail our manifold sing and wick

which I promised with my lips, and edness, Which we, from time to time, spake with my mouth, when I was in most grievously have committed, By

trouble. thought, word, and deed, Against thy

I will offer unto thee fat burnt-sacriDivine Majesty, Provoking most justly

fices, with the incense of rams: I will thy wrath and indignation against us.

offer bullocks and goats. We do earnestly repent, And are heart

O come hither, and hearken, all ye ily sorry for these our misdoings ; The

that fear God : and I will tell you what remembrance of them is grievous unto

he hath done for my soul. us ; The burden of them is intolerable.

I called unto him with my mouth : Have mercy upon us, Have mercy upon

and gave him praises with my tongue. us, most merciful Father; For thy Son

If I incline unto wickedness with our Lord Jesus Christ's sake, Forgive us

mine heart : the Lord will not hear me. all that is past; And grant that we may

But God hath heard me : and consiever hereafter Serve and please thee In

dered the voice of my prayer. newness of life, To the honour and glory

Praised be God who hath not cast of thy Name; Through Jesus Christ our

out my prayer : nor turned his mercy Lord. Amen.

from me. Then shall the Priest, if there be any Glory be to the Father, and to the in the ship, pronounce this Absolu- Son : and to the Holy Ghost; tion.

As it was in the beginning, is now, :

and ever shall be : world without end. ther, who of his great mercy hath Amen. promised forgiveness of sins to all them that with hearty repentance and true

Confitemini Domino. Psalm cvii. faith turn unto him; Have

mercy upon O GIVE thanks unto the Lord, for

he is gracious : and his mercy enyour síns ; confirm and strengthen you dureth for ever,

for the children of men!” Then and danger undergone, and the (6) in calmer strain it looks up deliverance granted; and finally to God, as the Giver alike of special praise and adoration for parched barrenness and well

the special mercy. watered fertility, of sorrow un. der oppression and of joyful V. THE THANKSGIVING AFTER deliverance. In all alike it re

VICTORY. cognises His justice and love,

This is of the same kind as which “the wise shall understand," and in which “ the righ- the foregoing, but simpler. teous shall rejoice.”

The Hymn is similarly made

up of passages, chiefly from the THE COLLECTS. - The FIRST

Psalms (beginning with almost COLLECT presupposes imminent the whole of Ps. cxxiv.), ascribdanger. It is one of simple and ing the victory to God's hand, fervent Thanksgiving to the

not to our own, and giving Him God of infinite goodness and thanks and praise accordingly. mercy,” as having saved "out of the jaws of death,” and given The COLLECT (addressed to “wonderful deliverance," when God, as “the Sovereign Com. all seemed lost; to Him it offers mander” of the world) after the “ sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving for the victory, thanksgiving." because He "did turns to a twofold prayer, first not cast out the prayer ” of sore

for the whole country, that distress.

through victory it may betThe SECOND COLLECT is one

ter. perform its true mission,

which is nobly described as the of calmer tone, and includes advancement of God's glory on Prayer as well as Praise. (a) The

earth and His Gospel, the hoThanksgiving declares how God nour of the Sovereign, which is had shown His power to help that of England itself, and the those who trust in Him, so that good of all mankind ; next for even winds and waves read us a

those actually engaged, that lesson of obedience to His Will; they may show thankfulness for and for this it “blesses and glo- preservation in the devotion of rifies His Name." (6) The Pray- their lives to God. er is for grateful hearts, showing thankfulness “not only by

VI. AT THE BURIAL OF THE words but in our lives," and for

DEAD. the continuance still of God's mercy and protection.

This is, in the first place, the

necessary variation of the comThe HYMN which follows (like mittal of the body to the grave, some of the State Services of looking to the time when " the the same period) is made up of sea shall give up her dead; passages from many Psalms, in but it also changes the phrase à few cases slightly altered to “in sure and certain hope of suit the occasion. It is perhaps the Resurrection to eternal hard to preserve in such com

into the more general position the unity and freedom phrase "looking for the Resurof an original. But its general rection of the Body and the life tenour is clear and coherent of the world to

come" enough. It is, first, a general change which must have been thanksgiving for God's conti- intentional, perhaps with a view nual mercy to His Redeemed; to avoid what might seem too then a picture of the distress confident expression of hope.


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