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fifth century. With this introduction is connected the origination of the old Ambrosian settings, which were afterwards improved by Gregory the Great (about A.D. 600) into the well-known Gregorian Tones. From that time onwards the prevalence of antiphonal singing-not, however, without some exemplifications of the other two forms-has been the rule of the Church; and various forms of Chant have been introduced, all having the same character of correspondence, as is perceptible in the idea of the Psalms themselves, and all the older forms preserving the completeness of each verse as a whole. Like other preservations of ancient usage, it was attacked by the more extreme Puritan party, who would have superseded its congregational use by the Hymnody, and in plain disregard of the intrinsic character of the Psalter, claimed that it should be used only as other parts of Holy Scripture are used. Even in 1689, among other proposals of the Revisers, it was suggested that all chanting should be abolished. But happily these proposals have never been carried out. In her use of the Psalter the Church of England has remained in harmony with the best traditions of the ancient Church; and the Psalms have continued to be the leading element in her Service of Praise, and a most powerful influence over the spiritual devotion of her members.
[It should be noticed that the Psalter in the Prayer Book is still taken from the older Version of the “Great Bible" of 1540; which by familiarity had been so endeared to the people, that it was felt undesirable to change it, even for the more accurate translation of 1611; and which, indeed, seems to lend itself with special appropriateness and beauty to Liturgical use.)
PSALMS OF DAVID.
of the Lord hath said unto me :
8 Desire of me, and I shall give the ungodly, nor stood in the way thee the heathen for thine inheof sinners : and hath not sat in ritance : and the utmost parts of the seat of the scornful.
the earth for thy possession, 2 But his delight is in the law 9 Thou shalt bruise them with of the Lord : and in his law will a rod of iron : and break them he exercise himself day and night. in pieces like a potter's vessel.
3 And he shall be like a tree 10 Be wise now therefore, Oye planted by the water-side : that kings : be learned, ye that are will bring forth his fruit in due judges of the earth. season.
11 Serve the Lord in fear : and 4 His leaf also shall not wither : rejoice unto him with reverence. and look, whatsoever he doeth, it 12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, shall prosper
and so ye perish from the right 5 As for the ungodly, it is not so way: if his wrath be kindled, (yea, with them : but they are like the but a little,) blessed are all they
a chaff, which the wind scattereth that put their trust in him. away from the face of the earth.
PSALM 3. 6 Therefore the ungodly shall not be able to stand in the judg- Domine, quid multiplicati! ment : neither the sinners in the
ORD, how are they increased congregation of the righteous.
7 But the Lord knoweth the they that rise against me, way of the righteous : and the way
2 Many one there be that say of the ungodly shall perish, of my soul : There is no help for PSALM 2.
him in his God. Quare fremuerunt gentes ? 3 But thou, O Lord, art my W ,
riously rage together : and and the lifter up of my head. why do the people imagine a vain 4 I did call upon the Lord with thing?
my voice : and he heard me out 2 The kings of the earth stand of his holy hill. up, and the rulers take counsel 5 I laid me down and slept, and together : against the Lord, and rose up again : for the Lord susagainst his Anointed.
tained me. 3 Let us break their bonds a- 6 I will not be afraid for ten sunder: and cast away their cords thousands of the people : that from us.
have set themselves against me 4 Ile that dwelleth in heaven round about. shall laugh them to scorn : the 7 Up, Lord, and help me, O Lord shall have them in derision. my God : for thou smitest all
5 Then shall he speak unto mine enemies upon the cheekthem in his wrath : and vex them bone ; thou hast broken the teeth in his sore displeasure.
of the ungodly. 6 Yet have I set my King: upon 8 Salvation belongeth unto the my holy hill of Sion.
Lord : and thy blessing is upon 7 I will preach the law, where- ) thy people.
ing will I direct my prayer unto Cum invocarem.
thee, and will look up.
4 For thou art the God that hast HEAR me when I call
, o God of my righteousness : thou no pleasure in wickedness : neither hast set nie at liberty when I was shall any evil dwell with thee. in trouble ; have mercy upon me,
5 Such as be foolish shall not and hearken unto my prayer. stand in thy sight : for thou hatest
20 ye sons of men, how long all them that work vanity. will ye blaspheme mine honour : 6 Thou shalt destroy them that and have such pleasure in vanity, speak leasing : the Lord will aband seek after leasing ?
hor both the blood-thirsty and 3 Know this also, that the Lord deceitful man. hath chosen to himself the man 7 But as for me, I will come that is godly : when I call upon into thine house, even upon the the Lord, he will hear me. multitude of thy niercy : and in
4 Stand in awe, and sin not :thy fear will I worship toward thy commune with your own heart, holy temple. and in your chamber, and be still. 8 Lead me, O Lord, in thy
5 Offer the sacrifice of righte. righteousness, because of mine ousness :and put your trust in the enemies : make thy way plain be. Lord.
fore my face. 6 There be many that say : 9 For there is no faithfulness Who will shew us any good ? in his mouth : their inward parts
7 Lord, lift thou up : the light are very wickedness. of thy countenance upon us.
10 Their throat is an open se8 Thou hast put gladness in my pulchre : they flatter with their heart : since the time that their tongue. corn, and wine, and oil, increased. 11 Destroy thou them, O God;
9 I will lay me down in peace, let them perish through their own and take my rest : for it is thou, imaginations : cast them out in the Lord, only, that makest me dweli multitude of their ungodliness; for in safety.
they have rebelled against thee. PSALM 5.
12 And let all them that put Verba mea auribus. their trust in thee rejoice : they Posiler my words, Lord : shall ever be giving of thanks
, meditation. because 20 hearken thou unto the they that love thy Name shall be voice of my calling, my King, and joyful in thee; my God : for unto thee will I make 13 For thou, Lord, wilt give thy my prayer.
blessing unto the righteous : and 3 My voice shalt thou hear be with thy favourable kindness wilt times, O Lord : early in the morn- thou defend him as with a shield. Day 1.
liver my soul : 0 save me for thy Domine, ne in furore. mercy's sake.
5 For in death no man rememLORD, rebuke me not in thine 0
indignation : neither chasten bereth thee: and who will give thee me in thy displeasure.
thanks in the pit ? 2 Have mercy upon me, O Lord, 6 I am weary of my groaning ; for I am weak : 0 Lord, heal me, every night wash I my bed : and for my boncs are vexed.
water my couch with my tears. 3 My soul also is sore troubled : 7 My beauty is gone for very but, Lord, how long wilt thou trouble: and worn away because punish me?
of all mine enemies. 4 Turn thee, O Lord, and de- 8 Away from me, all ye that
any cause is mine enemy; O escellent “is thy Name in all
Day 1. work vanity : for the Lord hath 13 If a man will not turn, he heard the voice of my weeping. will whet his sword : he hath bent
9 The Lord hath heard my pe- his bow, and made it ready. tition : the Lord will receive my 14 He hath prepared for him prayer.
the instruments of death : he 10 All mine enemies shall be ordaineth his arrows against the confounded, and sore vexed: they persecutors. shall be turned back, and put to 15 Behold, he travaileth with shame suddenly.
mischief : he hath conceived sor
row, and brought forth ungodliPSALM 7.
ness. Domine, Deus meus. 16 He hath graven and digged
, the a I put my trust : save me from into the destruction that he made all them that persecute me, and for other. deliver me ;
17 For his travail shall come 2 Lest he devour my soul, like upon his own head : and his wicka lion, and tear it in pieces : while edness shall fall on his own pate. there is none to help.
18 I will give thanks unto the 3 0 Lord my God, if I have Lord, according to his righteousdone any such thing : or if there ness : and I will praise the Name be any wickedness in my hands; of the Lord most High. 4 If I have rewarded evil unto
PSALM 8. him that dealt friendly with me : yea, I have delivered him that Domine, Dominus noster.
LORD our , how 5 Then let mine enemy persecute my soul, and take me : yea, the world : thou that hast set thy let hiin tread my life down upon glory above the heavens ! the earth, and lay mine honour in 2 Out of the mouth of very the dust.
babes and sucklings hast thou or 6 Stand up, O Lord, in thy dained strength, because of thine wrath, and lift up thyself, because enemies : that thou mightest still of the indignation of mine ene- the enemy, and the avenger. mies : arise up for me in the 3 For I will consider thy heajudgment that thou hast com- vens, even the works of thy finmanded.
gers : the moon and the stars, 7 And so shall the congregation which thou hast ordained. of the people come about thee : 4 What is man, that thou art for their sakes therefore lift up mindful of him : and the son of thyself again.
man, that thou visitest him? 8 The Lord shall judge the 5 Thou madest him lower than people ; give sentence with me, the angels : to crown himn with O Lord : according to my righ- glory and worship. teousness, and according to the 6 Thou makest him to have doinnocency that is in me.
minion of the works of thy hands : 90 let the wickedness of the and thou hast put all things in ungodly come to an end ; but subjection under his feet; guide thou the just.
7. All sheep and
oxen : yea, and 10 For the righteous God : tri- the beasts of the field; eth the very hearts and reins. 8 The fowls of the air, and the
11 My help cometh of God : fishes of the sea : and whatsoever who preserveth them that are true walketh through the paths of the of heart.
seas. 12 God is a righteous Judge, 9 O Lord our Governour : how strong, and patient : and God is excellent is thy Name in all the provoked every day.
WHY standest thou so far
in the pit that they made : in the Confitebor tibi.
same net which they hid privily, I
WILL give thanks unto thee, is their foot taken.
O Lord, with my whole heart: 16 The Lord is known to execute I will speak of all thy marvellous judgment: the ungodly is trapped works.
in the work of his own hands. 2 I will be glad and rejoice in 17 The wicked shall be turned thee : yea, my songs will I make into hell : and all the people that of thy Name, O thou most High- forget God. est.
18 For the poor shall not alway 3 While mine enemies are dri-be forgotten : the patient abiding ven back : they shall fall and pe- of the meek shall not perish for rish at thy presence.
ever. 4 For thou hast maintained my 19 Up, Lord, and let not man right and my cause : thou art set have the upper hand : let the heain the throne that judgest right. then be judged in thy sight. 5 Thou hast rebuked the hea
20 Put them in fear, O Lord : then, and destroyed the ungodly : | that the heathen may know themthou hast put out their name for selves to be but men. ever and ever.
PSALM 10. .6 0 thou enemy, destructions are come to a perpetual end :
Ut quid, Domine ? even as the cities which thou hast destroyed ; their memorial is pe
: rished with them.
in the needful time of trouble ? 7 But the Lord shall endure for 2 The ungodly for his own lust ever : he hath also prepared his doth persecute the poor : let them seat for judgment.
be taken in the crafty wiliness 8 For he shall judge the world that they have imagined. in righteousness : and minister 3 For the ungodly hath made true judgment unto the people. boast of his own heart's desire :
9 The Lord also will be a de- and speaketh good of the covetfence for the oppressed : even a ous, whom God abhorreth. refuge in due time of trouble. 4 The ungodly is so proud, that
10 And they that know thy he careth not for God : neither is Name will put their trust in thee: God in all his thoughts. for thou, Lord, hast never failed 5 His ways are alway grievous : them that seek thee.
thy judgments are far above out 11 Opraise the Lord which of his sight, and therefore detieth dwelleth in Sion : shew the peo- he all his enemies. ple of his doings.
6 For he hath said in his heart, 12 For, when he maketh inqui. Tush, I shall never be cast down: sition for blood, he remembereth there shall no harm happen unto them : and forgetteth not the me. complaint of the poor.
7 His mouth is full of cursing, 13 Have mercy upon me, 0 deceit, and fraud : under his Lord; consider the trouble which tongue is ungodliness and vanity. I suffer of them that hate me : 8 He sitteth lurking in the thou that liftest me up from the thievish corners of the streets : gates of death.
and privily in his lurking dens 14 That I may shew all thy doth he murder the innocent; his praises within the ports of the eyes are set against the poor. daughter of Sion : I will rejoice 9 For he lieth waiting secretly, in thy salvation.
even as a lion lurketh be in his 15 The heathen are sunk down den : that he may ravish the poor.