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married may above all things from Eph. v. 25—33; Col. iii. 18, please Him, and so their love 19; 1 Pet. iii, 1-7, alternately may be a “holy love."

addressed to husbands and The succeeding RUBRIC till

wives. It is provided only in 1662 ran thus : " Then shall

default of a freer and more perbegin the Communion, and after

sonal address. the Gospel shall be said a ser.

The FINAL RUBRIC, declaring mon, wherein ordinarily the it " convenient”-that is, approoffice of a man and wife shall

priate to the true idea of Chrisbe declared according to Holy

tian marriage--that the newly Scripture, or if there be no ser

married should receive the Holy mon the Minister shall read as

Communion at their marriage or followeth.” The Sermon or Ex.

as soon after as may be, was subhortation was therefore to form

stituted at the revision of 1662 a part of the Communion Ser.

for the absolute direction of the vice. This having been altered, older Rubric. But the whole it now stands without provision spirit of that revision shows that for concluding blessing.

the relaxation was intended to The EXPORTATION itself, com- apply, only where it was imposposed in 1549, is simply a recita- sible or unseemly to carry out tion of the chief Scriptural texts the ancient rule.



This Service, excepting the Exhortations, is drawn, with much correction and simplification, from three closely connected Services in the Sarum Manual-"the Order for the Visitation of the Sick," the service of "Extreme Unction," and the “Commendation of the Soul.” The Exhortations, though occupying the same place as those of the old Service, and often borrowing from them, are mostly new, and are of great force and beauty.

The Service itself has been little changed since 1549, except by the addition in 1652 of the final Commendation, and of the four beautiful Collects appended to the Service. But in the first Prayer Book there was provided, for use if the sick man desired it, a short and simple form of Service of Extreme Unction, which, however, was markedly different in character from the old Service, and implied in the rite no properly sacramental character. This was struck out in 1552.

Our present Service divides itself into three parts. (A) The In. troductory Prayers. (B) The Exhortation, Examination, and (if need be) Confession and Absolution. (C) The Concluding Service of Prayer and Commendation.


PRAYERS. This portion, taken from the old Services, has been greatly simplified, and shows many slight

but significant changes in what has been retained.

The SALUTATION OF PEACE is a literal obedience to Our Lorrt's command (Luke x. 5), specially Hitherto ye have heard the duty of very well, thus saying ; Ye wives, be in the husband toward the wife. Now subjection to your own husbands; that, likewise, ye wives, hear and learn your if any obey not the Word, they also duties toward your husbands, even as may without the Word be won by it is plainly set forth in holy Scripture. the conversation of the wives; while

Saint Paul, in the aforenamed Epistle they behold your chaste conversation to the Ephesians, teacheth you thus ; coupled with fear. Whose adorning, Wives, submit yourselves unto your let it not be that outward adorning of own husbands, as unto the Lord. For plaiting the hair, and of wearing of the husband is the head of the wife, gold, or of putting on of apparel ; but even as Christ is the head of the Church: let it be the hidden man of the heart, and he is the Saviour of the body. in that which is not corruptible ; even Therefore as the Church is subject unto the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, Christ, so let the wives be to their own which is in the sight of God of great husbands in every thing. And again he price. For after this manner in the old saith, Let the wife see that she rever- time the holy women also, who trusted ence her husband.

in God, adorned themselves, being in And in his Epistle to the Colossians, subjection unto their own husbands; Saint Paul giveth you this short lesson; even as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling Wives, submit yourselves unto your him lord ; whose daughters ye are as own husbands, as it is fit in the Lord. long as ye do well, and are not afraid

Saint Peter also doth instruct you with any amazement. ( It is convenient that the new-married persons should receive the holy Communion at the time of their Marriage, or at the first opportunity after their Marriage.


THE VISITATION OF THE SICK. When any person is sick, notice shall be given thereof to the Minister of the

Parish ; who, coming into the sick person's house, shall say, PEAC

EACE be to this house, and to all Ans. Nor the wicked approach to that dwell in it.

hurt him. When he cometh into the sick man's

Min. Be unto him, O Lord, a strong

tower, presence he shall say, kneeling down,

Ans. From the face of his enemy. ,

Min. O Lord, hear our prayers. ties, nor the iniquities of our fore

Ans. And let our cry come unto thee. fathers : Spare us, good Lord, spare thy people, whom thou hast redeemed with

Minister. thy most precious

blood, and be not O LORD, 200k down from heaven, Answer. Spare us, good Lord.

servant. Look upon him with the eyes ( Then the Minister shall say, of thy mercy, give him comfort and Let us pray

sure confidence in thee, defend him from Lord, have mercy upon us.

the danger of the enemy, and keep him Christ, have mercy upon us.

in perpetual peace and safety ; through

Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Lord, have mercy upon us.

UR Father, which art in heaven: HEAR us, Almighty and most mer dom come. Thy will be done in earth, accustomed goodness to this thy serAs it is in heaven. Give us this day our vant who is grieved with sickness. daily bread. And forgive us our tres- Sanctify, we beseech thee, this thy fapasses, As we forgive them that trespass therly correction to him; that the sense against us. And lead us not into tempt- of his weakness may add strength to his ation ; But deliver us from evil. Amen. faith, and seriousness to his repentance:

Min. O Lord, save thy servant ; That, if it shall be thy good pleasure to Ans. Which putteth his trust in thee. restore him to his former health, he may appropriate in time of sickness, (B) THE EXHORTATION, EXAMIN. although applying generally to ATION, CONFESSION, AND all pastoral visits.

Min. Send him help from thy holy lead the residue of his life in thy fear, place ;

and to thy glory : or else, give him Ans. And evermore mightily defend grace so to take thy visitation, that, him.

after this painful life ended, he may Min. Let the enemy have no advan- dwell with thee in life everlasting ; tage of him;

through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

ABSOLUTION. The short extract from the The FIRST EXHORTATION (a) Litany (leading on as usual to

dwells on the ordering by God the Kyrie Eleeson and the Lord's

of all things for good-on the one Prayer) was originally an An

hand, the youth, strength, health, them,” or respond, to Psalm

and life, which are His original cxliii., with which the Service gifts to man's natural condition opened.

-on the other hand, the age, The VERSICLES are the same weakness, sickness, and death, as in the Marriage Service, with which belong to a fallen human. the addition (from Ps. lxxxix. ity, and which He overrules to 22, 23) of special prayer against blessing. (6) Next it applies the power of the Enemy, to this general faith to the partempt or to terrify, as being ticular case of sickness; sugspecially felt in the hour of gesting its two functions, as weakness and pain.

testing and so strengthening The FIRST COLLECT is a gene faith, before the eyes of men ral prayer of much fervour- now, and before the Judgment applicable not only to the case

hereafter, and as chastising sin, of all sickness, but to all hours and so taking away what may of trial in life-for God's visita. offend God; and promising that, tion and relief; as shown, first, if it be borne penitently, patientin the reality and assurance of ly, and thankfully, it shall "help God's love to sinners; next, in

forward in the right way that His defence against the tempta

leadeth to everlasting life.” tion of evil; and, lastly, in the

The SECOND EXHORTATION resignation of peace, safe in His

strikes a higher note. For not Arms of Mercy. The three scem

only (from Heb. xii. 6-10) does nearly to correspond to the idea

it urge the blessing of the chasof the last three petitions of the

tisement in love from a Father's Lord's Prayer.

hand, in proportion as there is in The SECOND COLLECT, still us sin to be chastised, but it demore fervent in supplication, clares suffering to have in itself applies especially to sickness, this comfort, that it is a parcontemplating serious danger. taking of the Cross of the great (a) It looks on sickness as a Sufferer, which has sanctified "fatherly correction," sent to

sorrow for ever, and in which add strength to the faith and

suffer with Him that we seriousness to the repentance, may also be glorified together" which are the two invariable (see Rom. viii. 17, 18; 2 Tim. ii. conditions of approaching God. 11, 12). The same gradation of (6) It contemplates the blessed thought is found in Col. i. 11, results of such correction, rightly from "patience and longsufferreceived, under both alternatives, ing" to "joyfulness." The forof recovering to a holier and mer idea belongs to all true better life, or of passage through religion; the latter is the esdeath to the life eternal.

pecial privilege of the Christian This portion forms a little faith, which gladly "takes up Service in itself, or a fit pre- the Cross” in order to“ follow" lude to the Communion of the our Master. Only if suffering be Sick.

thus borne, is it to us a blessing;

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Then shall the Minister exhort the him in everlasting life. Now therefore, sick person after this form, or other taking your sickness, which is thus like.

profitable for you, patiently, I exhort

you, in the Name of God, to remember Almighty God is the Lord of life the profession which you made unto and death, and of all things to them God in your Baptism. And forasmuch pertaining, as youth, strength, health, as after this life there is an account to age, weakness, and sickness. Where- be given unto the righteous Judge, by fore, whatsoever your sickness is, know whom all must be judged, without reyou certainly, that it is God's visitation. spect of persons, I require you to exAnd for what cause soever this sickness amine yourself and your estate, both is sent unto you; whether it be to try toward God and man; so that, accusing your patience for the example of others, and condemning yourself for your own and that your faith may be found in the faults, you may find mercy at our headay of the Lord laudable, glorious, and venly Father's hand for Christ's sake, honourable, to the increase of glory and and not be accused and condemned in endless felicity; or else it be sent unto that fearful judgment. Therefore I shall you to correct and amend in you what- rehearse to you the Articles of our Faith, soever doth offend the eyes of your hea- that you may know whether you do venly Father ; know you certainly, that believe as a Christian man should, or if you truly repent you of your sins, and

no. bear your sickness patiently, trusting

[ Here the Minister shall rehearse the in God's mercy, for his dear Son Jesus

Articles of the Faith, saying thus, Christ's sake, and render unto him humble thanks for his fatherly visita- DOST thou believe in God the Father

Almighty, Maker of heaven and bis will, it shall turn to your profit, and earth? help you forward in the right way that And in Jesus Christ his only-begotten leadeth unto everlasting life.

Son our Lord ? And that he was conIf the person visited be very sick, then

ceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the

Virgin Mary ; that he suffered under the Curate may end his exhortation in this place, or else proceed.

Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and

huried; that he went down into hell, TAKE therefore in good part the and also did rise again the third day;

chastisement of the Lord : For (as that he ascended into heaven, and sitSaint Paul saith in the twelfth Chapter teth at the right hand of God the Father to the Hebrews) whom the Lord loveth

Almighty; and from thence shall come he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son again at the end of the world, to judge whom he receiveth. If ye endure cbas

the quick and the dead ? tening, God dealeth with you as with And dost thou believe in the Holy sons ; for what son is he whom the

Ghost; the holy Catholick Church; the father chasteneth not? But if ye be Communion of Saints ; the Remission without chastisement, whereof all are of sins; the Resurrection of the flesh; partakers, then are ye bastards, and

and everlasting life after death ? not sons. Furthermore, we have had fathers of our flesh, which corrected us, The sick person shall answer, and we gave them reverence : shall we not much rather be in subjection unto

All this I stedfastly believe. the Father of spirits, and live? For they

Then shall the Minister examine wheverily for a few days chastened us after

ther he repent him truly of his sins, their own pleasure ; but he for our

and be in charity with all the world; profit, that we might be partakers of

exhorting him to forgive, from the his holiness. These words, good brother,

bottom of his heart, all persons that are written in boly Scripture for our

have offended him; and if he hath comfort and instruction; that we should

offended any other, to ask them for.

giveness ; and where he hath done patiently, and with thanksgiving, bear

injury or wrong to any man, that he our heavenly Father's correction, when

make amends to the uttermost of his soever by any manner of adversity it power. And if he hath not before shall please his gracious goodness to disposed of his goods, let him then be visit us. And there should be no greater admonished to make his Will, and to comfort to Christian persons, than to be declare his Debts, what he oweth, and made like unto Christ, by suffering pa- what is owing unto him ; for the bet. tiently adversities, troubles, and sick- ter discharging of his conscience, and nesses. For he himself went not up to the quietness of his Executors. But joy, but first he suffered pain; he en

men should often be put in remem. tered not into his glory before he was

brance to take order for the settling crucified. So truly our way to eternal

of their temporal estates, whilst they joy is to suffer here with Christ; and

are in health. our door to enter into eternal life is

These words before rehearsed may be gladly to die with Christ; that we may said before the Minister begin his rise again from death, and dwell with Prayer, as he shall see cause.

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and it is clear that even this Absolution. (a) The Confession blessedness depends on the ex- is to be made only if, after all istence of the conflict of evil instruction and exhortation and against good, in ourselves and prayer, the sick man "feels his in the world.

conscience troubled with any

weighty matter." (6) By the To this Exhortation succeeds “special confession of his sins” EXAMINATION IN THE FAIFH, on is evidently intended not an exthe model of the Baptismal pro- haustive confession of all sins, fession, and therefore in the

but a special confession of the words of the Apostles' Creed. particular matters which are on It is notable that in the old his conscience. (c) Till 1662 the Manual this line was followed, if initiative was left absolutely to the sick man were laicus vel

the penitent: “Then shall the simpliciter literatus: otherwise sick man,” &c. Now the Minthe priest was to set before him ister is to move him” to “fourteen Articles of Christian confession, but clearly in the Faith, of which the first seven spirit of the Exhortation in the belong to the mystery of the Communion Service, without Holy Trinity, and the last seven making Confession necessary, or to the humanity of Christ," fol urging it as the proper and regulowing generally the Athanasian lar condition of things. (d) The Creed ; and concluding with the Absolution is to be given only“ if words, “This is the Catholic he humbly and heartily desire Faith, which unless thou shalt it," not as a condition of receivfirmly and faithfully believe, as ing the Holy Communion. The Holy Mother Church believeth, position of the Church on this thou canst not be saved."

matter is, however, made still

more striking by contrast with To this Examination suc

the old Service, which had here ceeds a direction to exhort to

a full and forcible Exhortation, penitence, forgiveness, and res.

declaring that to have a pure titution-much as in the First

and clean heart confession of all Exhortation in the Communion

sin is necessary, urging that Service; adding also advice to

in such confession nothing discharge the last responsibility

should be omitted, lest it should as to worldly goods, by making a rise up to our shame in the Day will, and, in this, if possible, of

of Judgment, and bidding the remembering the poor. This sick man rise by Confession direction takes the place of an from the slough of misery and Exhortation in the old Service of

sin,” that so he may be fit “to great force and beauty, dealing

eat of the Bread of Life--the with these duties of charity, for

Sacrament of the Body of giveness, and restitution, and

Christ.” then dwelling with marked emphasis on the full and free mercy

The ABSOLUTION is taken from of God.

the Sarum Manual (which, how. Next comes the provision for ever, referred only to the sins CONFESSION and ABSOLUTION.

confessed or intended to be conIt is perfectly clear that it fol- fessed), with the addition of the lows precisely the same line as preamble, which is not unlike in the First Exhortation to the that of the Absolution in the Communion Service, as to Pri. Morning Service. The first vate Confession and Special clause is, after the most ancient

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