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SOLEMNIZATION OF MATRIMONY. I First the Banns of all that are to be married together must be published in

the Church three several Sundays, during the time of Morning Service, or of Evening Service, (if there be no Morning Service,) immediately after the Se

cond Lesson; the Curate saying after the accustomed manner, I PUBLISH the Banna of Marriage may not lawfully be joined together, let any of you know cause, or just impedi- ever hold his peace. ment, why these two persons should

1 And also, speaking unto the persons not be joined together in holy Matri

that shall be married, he shall say, mony, ye are to declare it. This is the first second, or third] time of asking.

I REQUIRE and charge you both, as

ye will answer at the dreadful day of 1 And if the persons that are to be judgment when the secrets of all hearts

married dwell in divers Parishes, the shall be disclosed, that if either of you Banns must be asked in both Pa.

know any impediment, why ye may not rishes ; and the Curate of the one Parish shall not solemnize Matri.

be lawfully joined together in Matrimony betwixt them, without a Certi.

mony, ye do now confess it. For be ficate of the Banns being thrice asked,

ye well assured, that so many as are From the Curate of the other Parish.

coupled together otherwise than God's

Word doth allow are not joined togeAt the day and time appointed for solemnization of Matrimony, the per

ther by God; neither is their Matrimony sons to be married shall come into

lawful. the body of the Church with their TAt which day of Marriage, if any man friends and neighbours : and there do alledge and declare any impedi, standing together, the Man on the

ment, why they may not be coupled right hand, and the Woman on the together in Matrimony, by God's Law, left, the Priest shall say,

or the Laws of this Realm ; and wiú ,

be bound, and sufficient sureties with together here in the sight of God, him, to the parties; or else put in a and in the face of this congregation, to

Caution to the full value of such join together this Man and this Woman

charges as the persons to be married in holy Matrimony; which is an ho

do thereby sustain) to prove his alnourable estate, instituted of God in the

legation : then the solemnization time of man's innocency, signifying

must be deferred, until such time

as the truth be tried. unto us the mystical union that is betwixt Christ and his Church; which 1 If no impediment be alledged, then holy estate Christ adorned and beauti

shall the Curate say unto the Man, fied with his presence, and first miracle M. WILT thou have this Woman to that he wrought, in Cana of Galilee ;

thy wedded wife, to live togeand is commended of Saint Paul to be ther after God's ordinance in the holy honourable among all men : and there- estate of Matrimony ? Wilt thou love fore is not by any to be enterprised, nor her, comfort her, honour, and keep her taken in hand, unadvisedly, lightly, or in sickness and in health; and, forsakwantonly, to satisfy men's carnal lusts ing all other, keep thee only unto her, and appetites, like brute beasts that so long as ye both shall live? have no understanding; but reverently, The Man shall answer, I will. discreetly, advisedly, soberly, and in the

I Then shall the Priest say unto the fear of God; duly considering the causes

Woman, for which Matrimony was ordained. First, It was ordained for the procrea- N. WILT thou have this Man to thy spiritual equality (see Gal. iii. by common obedience to God's 28), yet confirms what nature it- law; and (in one of the many self suggests--the subordination Old Testament allusions found of the woman, and the corre. in this Service) holds up the sponding duty of the man to bear wedded life of Isaac and Rethe larger share of the burden of becca as a pattern of its faithful life (see 1 Cor. xi. 1-12; Eph. v. observance. In the original 22-33; Col. iii. 18, 19; 1 Tim. ii. prayer of 1549 there was an al10-14; 1 Pet. iii. 1-7).

wedded husband, to live togetion of children, to be brought up in the fear and nurture of the Lord, and to the

ther after God's ordinance in the holy praise of his holy Name.

estate of Matrimony ? Wilt thou obey Secondly, It was ordained for a reme

him, and serve him, love, honour, and dy against sin, and to avoid fornica- keep him in sickness and in health ; tion, that such persons as have not the

and, forsaking all other, keep thee only gift of continency might marry, and

unto him, so long as ye both shall live? keep themselves undefiled members of I The Woman shall answer, I will Christ's body.

1 Then shall the Minister say, Thirdly, It was ordained for the mutual society, help, and comfort, that the Who giveth this Woman to be married one ought to have of the other, both in

to this Man ? prosperity and adversity. Into which 1 Then shall they give their troth to holy estate these two persons present

each other in this manner. come now to be joined. Therefore if any The Minister, receiving the Woman at man can shew any just cause, why they her father's or friend's hands, shall

lusion to the "spousal gifts" to The “joining of hands” is Rebecca, recorded in Gen. xxiv. from time immemorial the

22. pledge of covenant, and is here The

solemn DECLARATIONS an essential part of the marriage which follow are evidently sugceremony.

gested by the Consultatio. The The MARRIAGE RITE itself.

first is quoted from Our Lord's The use of the ring, probably of

words in Matt. xix, 5, 6, declarpre-Christian antiquity, is de

ing, as against the former perscribed in the succeeding prayer

mission of divorce, the indissoas the token of the marriage

luble character of the marriage

bond. The second notes, as covenant from the man the token of his confiding to his wife all

essentials of marriage, on the authority over what is his, and for

one hand the public assent of the woman the badge of belong

the parties, and the mutual ing to his house. The old Ser

pledge of their troth, symbolized vice has a quaint rubric declaring

by the gift of the ring and the it put on the fourth finger of the

joining of hands; and, on the left hand, because thence “there

other, the solemn ratification of is a vein leading direct to the

this pledge by authority of the heart." In the Service of 1549

Church in the Name of the Holy the use of spousal money

Trinity. probably a remnant of the time, The BLESSING, taken from the when the man gave a dowry as a old Manual, is one of singular kind of purchase of his wife's beauty and solemnity. It not services--was still retained, but only invokes God's favour to struck out in 1552. The words “ bless, preserve, and keep" to be spoken by the man are them in this world, but looks taken from the old Service, beyond it to the life everlasting, still using the ancient word to which the wedded life here, “worship" for service and ho- under spiritual benediction, nour. They declare the dedica- should be the way. Like the tion both of person and sub- Service generally, it clearly imstance to the marriage bond, plies the belief that ties hallowed and the religious consecration of and blessed here will still have that pledge in the Name of the some higher reality hereafter. Holy Trinity. The PRAYER following is sub

(B) THE POST-MATRIMONIAL stituted for the form of “Bless

SERVICE. ing the ring" in the old Service, The Service of the Marriage from which much of its phrase- itself here ends; and the Mar. ology is clearly taken. It prays riage would probably be valid that the marriage covenant, of even without the Service next which the ring is a pledge, may following, which is one of Prayer be kept both by mutual love and and Blessing on the newly mar cause the Man with his right hand to other, and have declared the same by take the Woman by her right hand, giving and receiving of a Ring, and by

and to say after him as followeth. joining of hands; I pronounce that they I , be Man

and Wife together, In the Name to have and to hold from this day of the Father, and of the Son, and of forward, for better for worse, for richer the Holy Ghost. Amen. for poorer, in sickness and in health, to And the Minister shall add this love and to cherish, till death us do part, according to God's holy ordinance;

Blessing. and thereto I plight thee my troth.

GOD the Father, God the Son, God

the Holy Ghost, bless, preserve, and Then shall they loose their hands;

keep you ; the Lord mercifully with his and the Woman, with her right hand

favour look upon you; and so till you taking the Man by his right hand,

with all spiritual benediction and grace, shall likewise say after the Minister.

that ye may so live together in this life, I

that in the world to come ye may have band, to have and to hold from this

life everlasting. Amen. day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in sickness and in

Then the Minister or Clerks, going to health, to love, cherish, and to obey,

the Lord's Table, shall say or sing

this Psalm following. till death us do part, according to God's holy ordinance; and thereto I give thee

Beati omnes. Psalm 128. my troth.


BLESSED are all they that fear the Then shall they again loose their

Lord : and walk in his ways. hands; and the Man shall give unto

For thou shalt eat the labour of thine the Woman a Ring, laying the same hands : 0 well is thee, and happy shalt upon the book with the accustomed thou be. duty to the Priest and Clerk. And Thy wife shall be as the fruitful vine : the Priest, taking the Ring, shall de- upon the walls of thine house ; liver it unto the Man, to put it upon Thy children like the olive-branches : the fourth finger of the Woman's left round about thy table. hand. And the man holding the Lo, thus shall the man be blessed : Ring there, and taught by the Priest, that feareth the Lord. shall say,

The Lord from out of Sion shall so WITH this Ring I thee wed, with my bless thee : that thou shalt see Jerubody I thee worship, and with all

salem in prosperity all thy life long ; my worldly goods I thee endow: In the

Yea, that thou shalt see ihy children's Name of the Father, and of the Son, and children : and peace upon Israel. of the Holy Ghost. Amen.

Glory be to the Father, $c. I Then the Man leaving the Ring upon

As it was in the beginning, &c. the fourth finger of the Woman's left

Or this Psalm.
hand, they shall both kneel down;
and the Minister shall say,

Deus misereatur. Psalm 67.
Let us pray

Go be merciful unto us, and bless

us of O server of all mankind, Giver of all

countenance, and be merciful unto us. spiritual grace, the Author of everlast

That thy way may be known upon ing life; Send thy blessing upon these

earth : thy saving health among all

nations. thy servants, this man and this woman, whom we bless in thy Name; that, as

Let the people praise thee, O God : Isaac and Rebecca lived faithfully to

yea, let all the people praise thee. gether, so these persons may surely

o let the nations rejoice and be glad : perform and keep the vow and cove

for thou shalt judge the folk righteousnant betwixt them made, (whereof this ly, and govern the nations upon earth. Ring given and received is a token and

Let the people praise thee, O God : pledge,) and may ever remain in per

yea, let all the people praise thee. fect love and peace together, and live

Then shall the earth bring forth her according to thy laws; through Jesus

increase : and God, even our own God, Christ our Lord. Amen.

shall give us his blessing.

God shall bless us : and all the ends ( Then shall the Priest join their right of the world shall fear him. hands together, and say,

Glory be to the Father, fc. Those whom God hath joined toge- As it was in the beginning, &c. ther let no man put asunder,

The Psalm ended, and the Man and 1 Then shall the Minister speak unto the Woman kneeling before the Lord's the people.

Table, the Priest standing at the TaFORASMUCH as M. and N. have ble, and turning his fáce towards ried ; leading on, as in the old Of the COLLECTS (all taken Manual, to the Holy Commu- from the old Service) the first nion, which should conclude the opens with an address to God, whole.

them, shall say, consented together in holy wedlock, and have witnessed the same before God Lord, have mercy upon us. and this company, and thereto have Ans. Christ, have mercy upon us. given and pledged their troth either to Min. Lord, have mercy upon us.

as “the God of Abraham, Isaac, The Rubric, as it stands, only

and Jacob”-the God (that is) directs the Minister and who is revealed in the Old TestaClerks " to go to the Lord's ment as blessing especially the Table; but the practice (as pro

chosen family in their domestic bably the intention) is to carry

life--and prays that similarly He out the Rubric of 1549 : “ Then will bless the newly married pershall they”--the whole marriage

sons, living under obedience to party-“go into the Quire.” His will, with His protection

and His love. In the Service of Of the two alternative PSALMS,

1549, as in the old Manual, the apparently intended to be sung allusion was not to the blessing in procession, the former (Ps.

of Abraham and Sarah, but to cxxviii.), taken from the old Ser

the mission of Raphael to Tobias vice, is the one which has a and Sara, daughter of Raguel special nuptial appropriateness :

(Tobit iii. 17). dwelling as it does emphatically on the gift of domestic blessing,

The SECOND COLLECT is for under the shadow of the larger the fruitfulness of the marriage, blessing on Israel, to all who fear

and for a life of love together, the Lord. The other (Ps. lxvii.) long enough to see the chil. -one of the Psalms of Even

dren “Christianly and virtuously

." The latter was ing Service-is simply one of brought up."

substituted in 1662 for prayer prayer for God's general blessing, and of expression of thanks

to see their children's chilgiving from God's people, from

dren, unto the third and fourth the nations," and from all the generation.” earth; and is probably inserted The THIRD COLLECT-most only as an alternative Psalm, in beautiful of all--dwells first on cases for which the other would

the primæval blessing on marbe inappropriate.

riage, and next on its higher The RUBRIC following is pecu

consecration to be a type of the liar in its direction that the

spiritual marriage and unity

between Christ and His Church;" Priest, though the Service is one

and then prays in accordance of Prayer, should turn his face

with the latter idea) that the to the people. Possibly the idea

man may give himself” in was that the Service was really loving sacrifice for his wife, and one of Benediction, or there may that the woman may be loving have been a special desire for

and faithful, obedient and quiet, audibility.

“in sobriety and peace." Up to The VERSICLES (translated

1662 this Collect had the quainter from the old Service) are drawn

form of a prayer that she might as usual from the Psalms (lxxxvi.

be "loving as Rachel, wise as 2: xx. 1, 2; lxi. 3; cii. 1), pray

Rebekah, faithful and obedient ing for preservation, help in

as Sarah." trouble, and strength against The BLESSING again goes back evil. They are substantially the to the primæval blessing on same as those used in the Visita. our first parents," and invokes tion of the Sick and the Churching God's grace, both of sanctificaof Women.

tion and blessing, that the newly


UR Father, which art in heaven, be .

self for it, loving and cherishing it even

as his own flesh,) and also that this dom come. Thy will be done in earth, woman may be loving and amiable, As it is in heaven. Give us this day our

faithful and obedient to her husband daily bread. And forgive us our tres- and in all quietness, sobriety, and peace, passes, As we forgive them that tres- be a follower of holy and godly mapass against us. And lead us not into trons. O Lord, bless them both, and temptation ; But deliver us from evil. grant them to inherit thy everlasting Amen.

kingdom; through Jesus Christ our Min. O Lord, save thy servant, and Lord. Amen. thy handmaid; Ans Who put their trust in thee.

Then shall the Priest say, Min. O Lord, send them help from thy holy place ;

ning did create our first parents, Ans. And evermore defend them.

Adam and Eve, and did sanctify and Min. Be unto them a tower of strength,

join them together in marriage ; Pour Ans. From the face of their enemy.

upon you the riches of his grace, sanctiMin. O Lord, hear our prayer.

fy and bless you, that ye may please Ans. And let our cry come unto thee.

him both in body and soul, and live toMinister.

gether in holy love unto your lives' end.

Amen. O

GOD of Abraham, God of Isaac, God

of Jacob, bless these thy servants, 1 After which, if there be no Sermon deand sow the seed of eternal life in their claring the duties of Man and Wife, hearts ; that whatsoever in thy holy

the Minister shall read as followeth. Word they shall profitably learn, they may in deed fulfil the same. Look, Alloye that are married, or that in

tend to take the holy estate of Lord, mercifully upon them from hea- Matrimony upon you, hear what the ven, and bless them. And as thou didst holy Scripture doth say as touching the send thy blessing upon Abraham and duty of husbands towards their wives, Sarah, to their great comfort, so vouch- and wives towards their husbands. safe to send thy blessing upon these thy Saint Paul, in his Epistle to the Epheservants; that they obeying thy will, sians, the fifth Chapter, doth give this and alway being in safety under thy commandment to all married men ; protection, may abide in thy love unto Husbands, love your wives, even as their lives' end ; through Jesus Christ Christ also loved the Church, and gave our Lord. Amen.

himself for it, that he might sanctify and cleanse

it with the washing of waThis Prayer next following shall be omitted, where the Woman is past

ter, by the Word ; that he might prechild-bearing.

sent it to himself a glorious Church, not

having spot, or wrinkle, or any such O

MERCIFUL Lord, and heavenly
Father, by whose gracious gift

thing ; but that it should be holy, and

without blemish. So ought men to love mankind is increased ; We beseech

their wives as their own bodies. He thee, assist with thy blessing these two

that loveth his wife loveth himself : for persons, that they may both be fruitful

no man ever yet hated his own flesh, in procreation of children, and also live

but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even together so long in godly love and

as the Lord the Church: for we are honesty, that they may see their chil

members of his body, of his flesh, and dren Christianly and virtuously brougbt of his bones. For this cause shall a man up, to thy praise and honour; through

leave his father and mother, and shall Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

be joined unto his wife, and they two O

shall be one flesh. This is a great myshast made all things of nothing; tery; but I speak concerning Christ and who also (after other things set in or- the Church. Nevertheless, let every one der) didst appoint, that out of man of you in particular so love his wife, (created after thine own image and even as himself. similitude) woman should take her be- Likewise the same Saint Paul, writginning and, knitting them together, ing to the Colossians, speaketh thus to didst teach that it should never be law- all men that are married ; Husbands, ful to put asunder those whom thou by love your wives, and be not bitter Matrimony hadst made one : 0 God, against them, who hast consecrated the state of Ma- Hear also what Saint Peter, the trimony to such an excellent mystery, Apostle of Christ, who was himself a that in it is signified and represented married man, saith unto them that are the spiritual marriage and unity be- married ; Ye husbands, dwell with your twixt Christ and his Church ; Look mer- wives according to knowledge ; giving cifully upon these thy servants, that honour unto the wife, as unto the both this man may love his wife, ac- weaker vessel, and as being heirs tocording to thy Word, (as Christ did love gether of the grace of life, that your his spouse the Church, who gave him- prayers be not hindered.

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