Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

Gadsden Purchase from Mexico, 1853.

$10,000,000.00 Article III of the treaty provided that the United States should pay to the Government of Mexico, in the city of New York, the sum of $10,000,000, of which $7,000,000 was to be paid immediately after the ratification of the treaty and the remaining $3,000,000 when the boundary line had been surveyed and marked. The first payment was made to Gen. N. A. Almonte, representative of the Mexican Government, in the fiscal year 1854. The final payment was made during the fiscal year 1856. Alaska acquired from Russia, 1867

$7, 200, 000.00 Payment for Alaska was made by draft on the Assistant Treasurer at New York August 1, 1868. The draft was drawn in favor of Edward de Staecke, who represented the Emperor of Russia. Philippine Islands acquired from Spain in 1898..

$20,000,000.00 Settlement of this account was made in the form of four warrants of $5,000,000 each, dated April 29, 1899, drawn on the Assistant Treasurer of the United States at New York, in favor of Jules Cambon, ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of France, representing the Government of Spain. Philippine purchase of 1900__

$100,000.00 By treaty of November 7, 1900, the United States agreed to pay $100,000 for additional islands ceded by Spain. (See p. 48.) This amount was appropriated by Congress March 3, 1901, and paid by check on the United States Treasury, dated March 23, 1901, in favor of Duc de Alcos, minister plenipotentiary of Spain. Canal Zone, 1903 : Initial payment

$10,000,000.00 Annual payments to June 30, 1926.

3,500,000.00 Payment to New Panama Canal Co. of France-

40,000,000.00

53, 500, 000.00 By convention signed November 18, 1903, the United States ag to pay the Republic of Panama $10,000,000 in gold and also annual payments of $250,000. (See p. 51.) The first payment of $10,000,000 was made by two Treasury warrants-one for $1,000,000 under date of April 29, 1904, the other for $9,000,000 under date of May 19, 1904.

. Both payments were made through J. P. Morgan & Co., fiscal agents.

The payment of $40,000,000 to the New Panama Canal Co. was authorized by congressional acts of June 28, 1902, and April 28, 1904, and effected by Treasury warrant of May 9, 1904, in favor of J. P. Morgan & Co., acting as a special disbursing agents of the United States for the purpose of settling claims in accordance with the agreement between the United States and the Canal Co. To the total above stated should properly be added the payment of $25,000,000 to the Republic of Colombia. (See p. 53.)

The Virgin Islands purchased from Denmark, 1916_

$25,000,000 The convention between the United States and Denmark signed August 4, 1916, called for the payment of $25,000,000 to Denmark. An appropriation in settlement of this indebtedness was made by congressional act of March 3, 1917. Under date of March 31, 1917, a warrant on the Treasurer for the full amount was issued in favor of the envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Denmark.

LENGTH OF THE COAST LINES OF THE STATES AND THE

PRINCIPAL OUTLYING POSSESSIONS

The following lengths of the tidal shore lines of States bordering on the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific Ocean are taken from a bulletin of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, dated November, 1915. The figures give the length in statute miles in steps of 1 mile along the shore lines as represented on the best available maps and include the shore lines of bays and other bodies of water the width of whose entrance is greater than 1 mile, to points where these waters narrow to 1 mile, also the shore lines of bodies of tidal water more than 1 mile wide which lie close beside the main waters even though the width of the entrance is less than 1 mile.

Lengths of tidal shore lines of the United States, in statute miles

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

Atlantic coast:

Maine
New Hampshire.
Massachusetts.
Rhode Island.
Connecticut.
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania.
Delaware
Maryland.
Virginia..
North Carolina.
South Carolina.
Georgia.

Florida.
Gulf coast:

Alabama.
Florida.
Mississippi.
Louisiana.

Texas.
Pacific coast:

California.
Oregon.
Washington.

558

15 421 118 126

31 392

13 140 770

780
1,040

281
166
714

1, 319

20 671 218 144 820 760

13 154 1, 045 1, 280 1, 871 1, 241

893 1, 221

14 275 500 831 960 727 507

[blocks in formation]

1, 264

[blocks in formation]

429 1,037

60 684

489 1, 721

Total:

Atlantic coast.
Gulf coast
Pacific coast.

5, 565
3, 641
2, 730

6, 114
2, 777
1,035

11, 679
6, 418
3, 765

Grand total..

11, 936

9, 926

21, 862

Lengths of tidal shore lines of the principal outlying possessions in steps of

3 miles

Statute miles
Alaska (8,590 miles is on islands)

15, 132
Philippine Islands_

10, 850 Porto Rico.-

362 Guam

84 Hawaiian Islands -

810 Panama Canal Zone (in 1-mile steps) -

33 Samoan Islands_

91 Virgin Islands of the United States_--

163 The following are the approximate lengths of the shore lines (including islands) of the United States on the Great Lakes and connecting rivers east of Lake Superior as estimated by the United States Lake Survey in 1928:

Lake Superior----
St. Marys River.
Lake Huron--
St. Clair River...
Lake St. Clair..
Detroit River--
Lake Erie_-
Niagara River---
Lake Ontario.--.
St. Lawrence River to the 45th parallel..

Statute miles

1, 182

87 581 66 46 54 404

71 303 247

Total shore line on international waters..

3, 041 The Canadian shore line is 3,772 miles. The shore line of Lake Michigan, which is entirely in the United States, is 1,304 statute miles, of which 381 miles borders on Wisconsin, 823 on Michigan, 60 on Illinois, and 40 on Indiana.

GEOGRAPHIC CENTERS OF THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES

AND OF THE SEVERAL STATES The geographic center of an area may be defined as that point on which the surface of the area would balance if it were a plane of uniform thickness, or in other words the center of gravity of the surface. The exact position of the center of each State can not be determined from the data available, but the following approximate positions are sufficiently exact for ordinary purposes. In finding the centers of the States islands adjacent to their coast lines and large bodies of water on their boundaries have been excluded.

The center of the continental United States (exclusive of Alaska) is in the eastern part of Smith County, Kans., latitude 39° 50', longitude 98° 35'.

9U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey Special Pub. 47, p. 57, 1918.

Geographic centers of the States

[blocks in formation]

Chilton.

Yavapai Pulaski. Madera. Park. Hartford. Kent.

Alabama. Alaska (including islands). Arizona. Arkansas.. California. Colorado. Connecticut. Delaware. District of Columbia. Florida. Georgia Idaho. Illinois. Indiana. Iowa.. Kansas. Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts. Michigan. Minnesota Mississippi. Missouri. Montana. Nebraska. Nevada. New Hampshire. New Jersey New Mexico. New York. North Carolina. North Dakota. Ohio Oklahoma. Oregon. Pennsylvania. Rhode Island. South Carolina. South Dakota. Tennessee.. Texas. Utah Vermont. Virginia. Washington. West Virginia. Wisconsin. Wyoming

Citrus. Twiggs. Custer Logan.. Boone. Story Barton. Marion. Avoyelles. Piscataquis. Anne Arundel. Worcester. Wexford. Crow Wing Leake.. Miller. Fergus. Custer. Lander. Belknap Mercer. Torrance. Madison Chatham. Sheridan Delaware Oklahoma. Crook. Center. Kent. Richland. Hughes. Rutherford. McCulloch Sanpete. Washington.. Appomattox. Chelan.. Braxton. Wood Fremont.

Locality

12 miles southwest of Clanton. 95 miles south of Fort Gibbon. 55 miles southeast of Prescott. 12 miles north of west of Little Rock. 35 miles northeast of Madera. 30 miles northwest of Pikes Peak. At East Berlin. 11 miles south of Dover. Near corner of Fourth and L streets, NW. 12 miles west of north of Brooksville. 18 miles southeast of Macon. 24 miles south of west of Challis. 28 miles northeast of Springfield. 14 miles west of north of Indianapolis. 5 miles northeast of Ames. 15 miles northeast of Great Bend. 3 miles west of north of Lebanon. 3 miles southeast of Marksville. 18 miles north of Dover. 3 miles east of Collington. In northern part of city of Worcester. 5 miles west of north of Cadillac. 10 miles southwest of Brainerd. 9 miles north of west of Carthage. 20 miles southwest of Jefferson City. 12 miles west of Lewistown. 10 miles northwest of Broken Bow. 23 miles southeast of Austin. 3 miles east of Ashland. 5 miles southeast of the State capitol. 12 miles west of south of Willard. 6 miles east of south of Opeida. 10 miles northwest of Sauford. 5 miles southwest of McClusky. 25 miles east of north of Columbus. 8 miles north of Oklahoma City. 25 miles east of south of Prineville. 272 miles southwest of Bellefonte. 1 mile west of south of Crompton. 13 miles southeast of Columbia. 8 miles northeast of Pierre. 5 miles northeast of Murfreesboro. 15 miles northeast of Brady. 3 miles north of Manti. 3 miles east of Roxbury. 11 miles south of east of Amherst. 10 miles south of west of Wenatchee. 4 miles east of Sutton. 9 miles southeast of Marshfield. 58 miles north of east of Lander.

The geographic center of North America is in Pierce County, N. Dak., a few miles west of Devils Lake.

EXTREME AND MEAN ALTITUDES OF THE STATES AND

PRINCIPAL POSSESSIONS

Some of the altitudes in the following list are approximate only. Exact figures can not be obtained until a complete survey has been made of each area.

Extreme and mean altitudes in the United States

[blocks in formation]

2, 407 Gulf of Mexico.
Alaska..
Mount McKinley.

20, 300 Pacific Ocean.
Arizona.
Humphreys Peak.
Coconino.

Colorado River
Arkansas.
SBlue Mountain...
Polk-Scott.

Ouachita River
Magazine Mountain.
Logan..

Death Valley
Canal Zone
Cerro Galera
Southwestern part of zone.

1, 207 Carribbean Sea
Colorado.
Mount Elbert.
Lake

14, 431 Arkansas River
Connecticut
Bear Mountain.
Litchfield.

2, 355 Long Island Sound.
Delaware
Centerville
New Castle

440 Atlantic Ocean..
District of Columbia Tenleytown..

420 Potomac River.
Florida..
Iron Mountain.
Polk.

325

Atlantic Ocean..
Georgia
Brasstown Bald.
Towns-Union.

4, 768 do..
Guam.
Mount Lamlam.

Pacific Ocean.
Hawaii.
Mauna Kea..
Island of Hawaii.

13, 784 ..do.
Idaho..
Borah Peak
Custer

12, 655 Snake River
Illinois.
Charles Mound.
Jo Daviess.

Mississippi River
Indiana.
Greensfork Township.
Randolph.

1, 240 Ohio River
Iowa.
North boundary
Osceola

1, 675 Mississippi River.
Kansas.
On west boundary
Wallace

4, 135 Verdigris River.
Kentucky
Big Black Mountain
Harlan.

4, 150 Mississippi River
Louisiana.
Benchmark at Athens (old). Claiborne.

469 New Orleans.
Maine.
Mount Katahdin.

268 Atlantic Ocean.
Maryland.
Backbone Mountain.
Garrett

340 do.
Massachusetts. Mount Greylock

505 do
Michigan...
Porcupine Mountains.
Ontonagon.

023 Lake Erie.
Minnesota
Misquah Hills..
Cook,

Lake Superior
Mississippi.
Near Iuka, Knob triangula-Tishomingo.

806 Gulf of Mexico.
tion station.
Missouri..
Taum Sauk Mountain
Iron

1,772 St. Francis River
Montana.
Granite Peak
Park

12, 850 Kootenai River.
Nebraska.
Southwest part of county Banner

5, 300 Southeast corner of State.
Nevada..
Boundary Peak, White Moun- Esmeralda.

13, 145 Colorado River
tains.
• See U. S. Geol. Survey Thirteenth Ann. Rept., pt. 2, pp. 284-289, 1893, for method of finding mean altitudes.
• Below sea level.
Mean sea level of the Pacific at Panama appears to be 7 inches higher than mean sea level at Colon,

(Corrected to January 1939)

Highest point

State

Name

County

Feet
Alabama.
Cheaha Mountain..
Clay. Talladega.

12, 611

2, 800

2, 800
California.
Mount Whitney-
Inyo-Tulare.

14, 495

Northwest part.

1, 334

Piscata
quis.

Berkshire

2, 230

1, 241

[blocks in formation]
[graphic]
« AnteriorContinuar »