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The words “or public health" in the last sentence of section 2 of chapter 656, 48 Statutes at Large 1116;

The ninth paragraph under the heading “Public Health Service" in chapter 110, 49 Statutes at Large 218, which is the second full paragraph appearing on

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page 229;

Title VI of chapter 531, 49 Statutes at Large 620, at page 634;
Chapter 161, 49 Statutes at Large 1185;

That portion of chapter 550, 49 Statutes at Large 1514, which reads as follows: "or of the United States Public Health Service";

The proviso at the end of the thirteenth paragraph under the heading “Public Health Service" in chapter 725, 49 Statutes at Large 1827, which appears at page 1840 and which reads as follows: "PROVIDED, That on and after July 1, 1936, the Narcotic Farm at Lexington, Kentucky, shall be known as United States Public Health Service Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky, but such change in designation shall not affect the status of any person in connection therewith or the status of such institution under any Act applicable thereto”;

The fourth paragraph under the heading “Public Health Service" in chapter 180, 50 Statutes at Large 137, which is the sixth full paragraph on page 148;

Section 2 of chapter 545, 50 Statutes at Large 547, at page 548;
Chapter 565, 50 Statutes at Large 559;

The first proviso in the paragraph having the subhead “Division of Mental Hygiene" under the heading “Public Health Service" in chapter 55, 52 Statutes at Large 120, which appears at page 134 and which reads as follows: "PROVIDED, That on and after July 1, 1938, the United States Narcotic Farm, Fort Worth, Texas, shall be known as United States Public Health Service Hospital of Fort Worth, Texas, but such change in designation shall not affect the status of any person in connection therewith or the status of such institution under any Act applicable thereto: ";

Chapter 267, 52 Statutes at Large 439;
Chapter 92, 53 Statutes at Large 620;
Chapter 606, 53 Statutes at Large 1266;
Chapter 636, 53 Statutes at Large 1338;
Section 509 of chapter 666, 53 Statutes at Large 1360, at page 1381;

Section 205 (b) of Reorganization Plan Numbered I, 53 Statutes at Large 1423, at page 1425;

Chapter 566, 54 Statutes at Large 747;

The fourth paragraph under the heading “Public Health Service" in Public Law 11, Seventy-eighth Congress; and

Public Law 184, Seventy-eighth Congress.

Preservation of Rights and Liabilities

42 USC 201, NOTE

Sec. 814 The repeal of the several statutes or parts of statutes accomplished by section 713 shall not affect any act done, or any right accruing or accrued, or any suit or proceeding had or commenced in any civil cause, before such repeal, but all rights and liabilities under the statutes or parts thereof so repealed shall continue, and may be enforced in the same manner, as if such repeal had not been made. 1/

1/section 9(b) of PL 425, 80th Congress, changed the former reference to section 711, in the redes i gnated section 714, to section 713.

FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT

Public Law 660

84th Congress

70 Stat. 498.

An Act to provide for water pollution control activities in the
Public Health Service of the Department of Health, Education,

and Welfare, and for other purposes: 1

DECLAR.ITION OF POLICY

SECTION 1. (a) In connection with the exercise of jurisdiction over the waterways of the Nation and in consequence of the benefits resulting to the public health and welfare by the prevention and control of water pollution, it is hereby declared to be the policy of Congress to recognize, preserve, and protect the primary responsibilities and rights of the States in preventing and controlling water pollution, to support and aid technical research relating to the prevention and control of water pollution, and to provide Federal technical services and financial aid to State and interstate agencies and to municipalities in connection with the prevention and control of water pollution. To this end, the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service shall administer this Act through the Public Health Service and under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

(b) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as impairing or in any manner affecting any right or jurisdiction of the States with respect to the waters (including boundary waters) of such States.

COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAMS FOR WATER POLLUTION CONTROL

Sec. 2. The Surgeon General shall, after careful investigation, and in cooperation with other Federal agencies, with State water pollution control agencies and interstate agencies, and with the municipalities and industries involved, prepare or develop comprehensive programs for eliminating or reducing the pollution of interstate waters and tributaries thereof and improving the sanitary condition of surface and underground waters. In the development of such comprehensive programs due regard shall be given to the improvements which are necessary to conserve such waters for public water supplies, propagation of fish and aquatic life and wildlife, recreational purposes, and agricultural, industrial, and other legitimate uses. For the purpose of this section, the Surgeon General is authorized to make joint investigations with any such agencies of the condition of any waters in any State or States, and of the discharges of any sewage, industrial

wastes, or substance which may adversely affect such waters. This Act, a part of the Water pollution Control Act Amendments of

1956 (PL 660, 84th Cong.) amends and replaces the Water pollution Control Act of 1948 (PL 845, 80th Cong.).

INTERSTATE COOPERATION AND UNIFORM LAWS

Sec. 3. (a) The Surgeon General shall encourage cooperative activities by the States for the prevention and control of water pollution; encourage the enactment of improved and, so far as practicable, uniform State laws relating to the prevention and control of water pollution; and encourage compacts between States for the prevention and control of water pollution.

(b) The consent of the Congress is hereby given to two or more States to negotiate and enter into agreements or compacts, not in conflict with any law or treaty of the United States, for (1) cooperative effort and mutual assistance for the prevention and control of water pollution and the enforcement of their respective laws relating thereto, and (2) the establishment of such agencies, joint or otherwise, as they may deem desirable for making effective such agreements and compacts. No such agreement or compact shall be binding or obligatory upon any State a party thereto unless and until it has been approved by the Congress.

RESEARCH, INVESTIGATIONS, TRAINING, AND INFORMATION SEC. 4. (a) The Surgeon General shall conduct in the Public Health Service and encourage, cooperate with, and render assistance to other appropriate public (whether Federal, State, interstate, or local) authorities, agencies, and institutions, private agencies and institutions, and individuals in the conduct of, and promote the coordination of, research, investigations, experiments, demonstrations, and studies relating to the causes, control, and prevention of water pollution. In carrying out the foregoing, the Surgeon General is authorized to

(1) collect and make available, through publications and other appropriate means, the results of and other information as to research, investigations, and demonstrations relating to the prevention and control of water pollution, including appropriate recommendations in connection therewith;

(2) make grants-in-aid to public or private agencies and institutions and to individuals for research or training projects and for demonstrations, and provide for the conduct of research, training, and demonstrations by contract with public or private agencies and institutions and with individuals without regard to sections 3618 and 3709 of the Revised Statutes;

31 USC 529; 41 (3) secure, from time to time and for such periods as he deems USC 5. advisable, the assistance and advice of experts, scholars, and consultants as authorized by section 15 of the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946 (5 U. S. C. 55a);

60 Stat. 810. (4) establish and maintain research fellowships in the Public Health Service with such stipends and allowances, including traveling and subsistence expenses, as he may deem necessary to procure the assistance of the most promising research fellowships:

Provided, That the total sum authorized to be appropriated for any fiscal year for fellowships pursuant to this subparagraph shall not exceed $100,000; and

(5) provide training in technical matters relating to the causes, prevention, and control of water pollution to personnel of public agencies and other persons with suitable qualifications.

(b) The Surgeon General may, upon request of any State water pollution control agency, or interstate agency, conduct investigations and research and make surveys concerning any specific problem of water pollution confronting any State, interstate agency, community, municipality, or industrial plant, with a view of recommending a solution of such problem.

(c) The Surgeon General shall, in cooperation with other Federal, State, and local agencies having related responsibilities, collect and disseminate basic data on chemical, physical, and biological water quality and other information insofar as such data or other information relate to water pollution and the prevention and control thereof.

GRANTS FOR WATER POLLUTION CONTROL PROGRAMS

Sec. 5. (a) There are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1957, and for each succeeding fiscal year to and including the fiscal year ending June 30, 1961, $3,000,000 for grants to States and to interstate agencies to assist them in meeting the costs of establishing and maintaining adequate measures for the prevention and control of water pollution.

(b) The portion of the sums appropriated pursuant to subsection (a) for a fiscal year which shall be available for grants to interstate agencies and the portion thereof which shall be available for grants to States shall be specified in the Act appropriating such sums. (c) From the sums available therefor for any

fiscal
year

the Surgeon General shall from time to time make allotments to the several States, in accordance with regulations, on the basis of (1) the population, (2) the extent of the water pollution problem, and (3) the financial need of the respective States.

(d) From each State's allotment under subsection (c) for any fiscal year the Surgeon General shall pay to such State an amount equaì to its Federal share (as determined under subsection (h)) of the cost of carrying out its State plan approved under subsection (f), including the cost of training personnel for State and local water pollution control work and including the cost of administering the State plan.

(e) From the sums available therefor for any fiscal year the Surgeon General shall from time to time make allotments to interstate agencies, in accordance with regulations, on such basis as the Surgeon General finds reasonable and equitable. He shall from time to time pay to each such agency, from its allotment, an amount equal to such portion of the cost of carrying out its plan approved under subsection (f) as may be determined in accordance with regulations, including

the cost of training personnel for water pollution control work and including the cost of administering the interstate agency's plan. The regulations relating to the portion of the cost of carrying out the interstate agency's plan which shall be borne by the United States shall be designed to place such agencies, so far as practicable, on a basis similar to that of the States.

(f) The Surgeon General shall approve any plan for the prevention and control of water pollution which is submitted by the State wacer pollution control agency or, in the case of an interstate agency, by such agency, if such plan

(i) provides for administration or for the supervision of administration of the plan by the State water pollution control agency or, in the case of a plan submitted by an interstate agency, by such interstate agency;

(2) provides that such agency will make such reports, in such form and containing such information, as the Surgeon General may from time to time reasonably require to carry out his functions under this Act;

(3) sets forth the plans, policies, and methods to be followed in carrying out the State (or interstate) plan and in its administration;

(4) provides for extension or improvement of the State or interstate program for prevention and control of water pollution; and

5) provides such accounting, budgeting, and other fiscal methods and procedures as are necessary for the proper and effi

cient administration of the plan. The Surgeon General shall not disapprove any plan without first giving reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing to the State water pollution control agency or interstate agency which has submitted such plan.

(g) (1) Whenever the Surgeon General, after reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing to a State water pollution control agency or interstate agency finds that,

(A) the plan submitted by such agency and approved under this section has been so changed that it no longer complies with a requirement of subsection (f) of this section; or

(B) in the administration of the plan there is a failure to comply substantially with such a requirement, the Surgeon General shall notify such agency that no further payments will be made to the State or to the interstate agency, as the case may be, under this section (or in his discretion that further payments will not be made to the State, or to the interstate agency, for projects under or parts of the plan affected by such failure) until he is satisfied that there will no longer be any such failure. Until he is so satisfied, the Surgeon General shall make no further payments to such State, or to such interstate agency, as the case may be, under this section (or shall limit payments to projects under or parts of the plan in which there is no such failure).

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