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PART B--FEDERAL-STATE COOPERATION

In General

42 USC 243

42 USC 244

Sec. 311. The Surgeon General is authorized to accept from State and local authorities any assistance in the enforcement of quarantine regulations made pursuant to this Act which such authorities may be able and willing to provide. The Surgeon General shall also assist States and their political subdivisions in the prevention and suppression of communicable diseases, shall cooperate with and aid State and local authorities in the enforcement of their quarantine and other health regulations and in carrying out the purposes specified in section 314, and shall advise the several States on matters relating to the preservation and improvement of the public health.

Health Conferences Sec. 312. A conference of the health authorities of the several States shall be called annually by the Surgeon General. Whenever in his opinion the interests of the public health would be promoted by a conference, the Surgeon General may invite as many of such health authorities to confer as he deems necessary or proper. Upon the application of health authorities of five or more States it shall be the duty of the Surgeon General to call a conference of all State and Territorial health authorities joining in the request. Each State represented at any conference shall be entitled to a single vote. Whenever at any such conference matters relating to mental health are to be discussed, the mental health authorities of the respective States shall be invited to attend. 1]

(a). There shall be a collection of the staiistics of the births deaths in registration areas annually, the data for which shall be obtained only from and restricted to such registration records of such States and municipalities as in the discretion of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare possess records affording satisfactory data in necessary detail, the compensation for the transcription of which shall not exceed 4 cents for each birth or death reported; or a minimum compensation of $25 may be allowed in the discretion of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, in States or cities registering less than five hundred deaths or five hundred births during the preceding year 2/

and

Collection of Vital Statistics Sec. 313. To secure uniformity in the registration of mortality, morbidity, and vital statistics the Surgeon General shall prepare and distribute suitable and necessary forms for the collection and compilation of such statistics which shall be published as a part of the health reports published by the Surgeon General.

42 USC 245

1 The last sentence of section 312 was added by section 8 of the National Mental Health Act. 2/ Sec. 312(a) was added by PL 746, 83d Congress.

Grants and Services to States

42 USC 246 Sec. 314. (a) To enable the Surgeon General to carry out the purposes of section 301 with respect to developing more effective measures for the prevention, treatment, and control of venereal diseases, and to assist, through grants and as otherwise provided in this section, States, counties, health districts, and other political subdivisions of the States in establishing and maintaining adequate measures for the prevention, treatment, and control of such diseases, including the training of personnel for State and local health work, and to enable him to prevent and control the spread of the venereal diseases in interstate traffic, and to meet the cost of pay, allowances, and traveling expenses of commissioned officers and other personnel of the Service detailed to assist in carrying out the purposes of this section with respect to the venereal diseases, and to administer this section with respect to such diseases, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year a sum sufficient to carry out the purposes of this subsection.

(b) To enable the Surgeon General to carry out the purposes of section 301 with respect to developing more effective measures for the prevention, treatment, and control of tuberculosis, and to assist, through grants and as otherwise provided in this section, States, counties, health districts, and other political subdivisions of the States in establishing and maintaining adequate measures for the prevention, treatment, and control of such disease, including the provision of appropriate facilities for care and treatment and including the training of personnel for State and local health work, and to enable him to prevent and control the spread of tuberculosis in interstate traffic, and to meet the cost of pay, allowances, and traveling expenses of commissioned officers and other personnel of the Service detailed to assist in carrying out the purposes of this section with respect to tuberculosis, and to administer this section with respect to such disease, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1945, the sum of $10,000,000, and for each fiscal year thereafter a sum sufficient to carry out the purposes of this subsection.

(c) To enable the Surgeon General to assist, through grants and as otherwise provided in this section, States, counties, health districts, and other political subdivisions of the States in establishing and maintaining adequate public health services, including grants for demonstrations and for training of personnel for State and local health work, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year a sum not to exceed $30,000,000 of the sum appropriated for each fiscal year pursuant to this subsection there shall be available an amount, not to exceed $3,000,000, to enable the Surgeon General to provide demonstrations and to train personnel for State and local health work and to meet the cost of pay, allowances, and traveling expenses of commissioned officers and other personnel of the Service detailed to assist States in carrying out the purposes of this subsection. 1

(d) For each fiscal year, the Surgeon General, with the approval of the Administrator, shall determine the total sum from the appropriation under subsection (a), the total sum from the appropriation under subsection (b), and, within the limits specified in subsection (c), the total sum from the appropriation under that subsection which shall be available for allotment among the several States. He shall, in accordance with regulations, from time to time make allotments from such sums to the several States on the basis of (1) the population, (2) the extent of the venerealdisease problem, the extent of the tuberculosis problem, and the extent of the mental health problem and other special health problems, respectively, and (3) the financial need of the respective States. Upon making such allotments the Surgeon General shall notify the Secretary of the Treasury of the amounts thereof.2

1/ subsection (c) was amended by section 9(a) of the National Mental Health Act. Subsection (d) was amended by section 9(b) of the National Mental Health Act.

2/

(e) To enable the Surgeon General to carry out the purposes of part B of title IV and to assist, through grants, States, counties, health districts, and other political subdivisions of the State, and public and nonprofit agencies, institutions, and other organizations, in establishing and maintaining organized community programs of heart disease control, including grants for demonstrations and the training of personnel, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year such sums as may be necessary for such purposes. For each fiscal year, the Surgeon General, with the approval of the Administrator, shall determine the total sum from the appropriation under this subsection which shall be available for allotment among the several States, and shall, in accordance with regulations, from time to time make allotments from such sum to the several States on the basis of (1) the population and (2) the financial need of the respective States. Upon making such allotments the Surgeon General shall notify the Secretary of the Treasury of the amounts thereof. I

(f) 2 The Surgeon General, with approval of the Administrator, shall from time to time determine the amounts to be paid to each State from the allotments to such State, and shall certify to the Secretary of the Treasury, the amounts so determined, reduced or increased, as the case may be, by the amounts by which he finds that estimates of required expenditures with respect to any prior period were greater or less than the actual expenditures for such period: PROVIDED, That in the case of amounts to be paid from allotments to any State under subsection (e), the Surgeon General may determine and certify to the Secretary of the Treasury amounts to be paid to a county, health district, other political subdivision of the State or to any public or nonprofit agency, institution, or other organization in the State, if he finds that payment to such subdivision or other organization has been recommended by the State health authority of the State, and (1) that the State health authority has not, prior to August 1 of the fiscal year for which the allotment is made, presented and had approved a plan in accordance with subsection (g), or (2) that the State health authority is not authorized by law to make payments to such other organization. Upon receipt of such certification, the Secretary of the Treasury shall, through the Division of Disbursement of the Treasury Department and prior to audit or settlement by the General Accounting Office, pay in accordance with such certification. 3/

(g) 2 The moneys so paid to any State, or to any political subdivision or other organization, shall be expended solely in carrying out the purposes specified in subsection (a), or subsection (b), or subsection (c), or subsection (e), as the case may be, and in accordance with plans, approved by the Surgeon General, which have been presented by the health authority of such State, or, under the circumstances specified in subsection (f) (1), by the political subdivision, or the agency, institution or other organization to whom the payment is made, and, to the extent that any such plan contains provisions relating to mental health, by the mental health authority of such State. 41

(h) 2) Money so paid from allotments under subsections (a), (b), (c), and (e), shall be paid upon the condition that there shall be spent in such State for the same general purpose from funds of such State and its political subdivisions (or in the case of payments to a political subdivision or to an agency, institution or other organization under circumstances specified in subsection (f) (1), from funds of such political subdivision or organization), an amount determined in accordance with regulations. 5/

1 New subsection (e) was inserted by section 5(a) of the National Heart Act.

21 subsections (e) through (i) were redesignated as subsections (f) through (k) by section 5(a) of the National Heart Act.

3/ The redesignated subsection (f) was amended by section 5(b) of the National Heart Act.

4 Redesignated subsection (8) was amended by section 9(c) of the National Mental Health Act and section 5(c) of the National Heart Act.

5) The redesignated subsection (h) was amended by section 5(d) of the National Heart Act.

(i)! Whenever the Surgeon General, after reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing to the health authority or, where appropriate, the mental health authority of the State (or, in the case of payments to any political subdivision or any agency, institution, or other organization under the circumstances specified in subsection (f) (1), such subdivision or organization) finds that, with respect to money paid to the State, subdivision, or organization out of appropriations under subsection (a), or subsection (b), or subsection (c), or subsection (e), as the case may be, there is a failure to comply substantially with either-

(1) the provisions of this section;
(2) the plan submitted under subsection (g); or

(3) the regulations; the Surgeon General shall notify such State health authority or mental health authority, political subdivision, or organization that further payments will not be made to the State subdivision, or organization from appropriations under such subsection (or in his discretion that further payments will not be made to the State, subdivision, or organization from such appropriations for activities in which there is such failure), until he is satisfied that there will no longer be any such failure. Until he is so satisfied the Surgeon General shall make no further certification for payment to such State, subdivision, or organization from appropriations under such subsection, or shall limit payment to activities in which there is no such failure. 2

(j) All regulations and amendments thereto with respect to grants to States under this section shall be made after consultation with a conference of the State health authorities and, in the case of regulations or amendments which relate to or in any way affect grants under subsection (c) for work in the field of mental health, the State mental health authorities. Insofar as practicable, the Surgeon General shall obtain the agreement, prior to the issuance of any such regulations or amendments, of the State health authorities and, in the case of regulations or amendments which relate to or in any way affect grants under subsection (c) for work in the field of mental health, the State mental health authorities.3

(k) Funds appropriated under subsection (a) and funds appropriated under subsection (b), in addition to being available for payments to States, shall also be available for expenditure by the Surgeon General in otherwise carrying out the respective subsections, including expenditures for printing and binding of the findings of investigations, and for pay and allowances and traveling expenses of personnel of the Service engaged in activities authorized by the respective subsections.

(1) 4/ Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the provisions of this section shall be applicable to Guam in the same manner in which they apply to the States. Amounts paid to Guam from its allotment under subsections (a), (b), (c), or (e) of this section, together with matching funds of Guam, may, with the approval of the Surgeon General, be expended in carrying out the purposes specified in any such subsection or subsections other than the one under which the allotment was made.

Health Education and Information

42 USC 247

Sec. 315. From time to time the Surgeon General shall issue information related to public health, in the form of publications or otherwise, for the use of the public, and shall publish weekly reports of health conditions in the United States and other countries and other pertinent health information for the use of persons and institutions engaged in work related to the functions of the Service.

1 subsections (e) through (j) were redesignated as subsections (f) through (k) by section 5(a) of the National Heart Act.

2 Redesignated subsection (i) vas amended by section 9(d) of the National Mental Health Act and section 5(e) of the National Heart Act.

3 subsection (i) was amended by section 9(e) of the National Mental Health Act, and redesignated as subsection (i) by section 5(a) of the National Heart Act.

4 Subsection (1) was added, to become effective July 1, 1956, by section 18 of PL 896, 84th Congress.

42 USC 248

PART C--HOSPITALS, MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS, AND MEDICAL CARE

Hospitals
Sec. 321. The Surgeon General, pursuant to regulations, shall--

(a) Control, manage, and operate all institutions, hospitals, and stations of the Service, including minor repairs and maintenance, and provide for the care, treatment, and hospitalization of patients, including the furnishing of prosthetic and orthopedic devices, and tobacco; and from time to time, with the approval of the President, select suitable sites for and establish such additional institutions, hospitals, and stations in the States and possessions of the United States as in his judgment are necessary to enable the Service to discharge its functions and duties;1

(b) Provide for the transfer of Public Health Service patients, in the care of attendants where necessary, between hospitals and stations operated by the Service or between such hospitals and stations and other hospitals and stations in which Public Health Service patients may be received, and the payment of expenses of such transfer;

(c) Provide for the disposal of articles produced by patients in the course of their curative treatment, either by allowing the patient to retain such articles or by selling them and depositing the money received therefor to the credit of the appropriation from which the materials for making the articles were purchased; 2/

(d) Provide for the disposal of money and effects, in the custody of the hospitals or stations, of deceased patients; and 3/

(e) Provide, to the extent the Surgeon General determines that other public or private funds are not available therefor, for the payment of expenses of preparing and transporting the remains of, or the payment of reasonable burial expenses for, any patient dying in a hospital or station. 4)

Care and Treatment of Seamen and Certain Other Persons Sec. 322. (a) The following persons shall be entitled, in accordance with regulations, to medical, surgical, and dental treatment and hospitalization without charge at hospitals and other stations of the Service:

(1) Seamen employed on vessels of the United States registered, enrolled, and licensed under the maritime laws thereof, other than canal boats engaged in the coasting trade;

(2) Seamen employed on United States or foreign flag vessels as employees of the United States through the War Shipping Administration;

(3) Seamen, not enlisted or commissioned in the military or naval establishments, who are employed on State school ships or on vessels of the United States Government of more than five tons' burden;

(4) Cadets at State maritime academies or on State training ships;

(5) Seamen on vessels of the Mississippi River Commission and, upon application of their commanding officers, officers and crews of vessels of the Fish and Wildlife Service;

(6) Enrollees in the United States Maritime Service on active duty and members of the Merchant Marine Cadet Corps; and

(7) Employees and noncommissioned officers in the field service of the Public Health Service when injured or taken sick in line of duty.

(b) When suitable accommodations are available, seamen on foreign-flag vessels may be given medical, surgical, and dental treatment and hospitalization on application of the master, owner, or agent of the vessel at hospitals and other stations of the Service at rates fixed by regulations. All expenses connected with such treatment, including burial in the event of death, shall be paid by such master, owner, or agent. No such vessel shall be granted clearance until such expenses are paid or their payment appropriately guaranteed to the Collector of Customs.

42 USC 249

1/ subsection (a) was amended by section 2(a) of PL 781, 80th Congress. 2 s

Subsection (c) was amended, by striking out the word "and" at the end of the subsection, by section 2(b) of PL 781, 80th Congress.

3/ subsection (d) was amended, by striking out the period at the end of the subsection and inserting in lieu thereof "; and", by section 2(b) of PL 781, 80th Congress.

4/ Subsection (e) was added by section 2(b) of PL 781, 80th Congress.

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