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at the time and place to which the taking of the deposition may be adjourned.
ELECTIONS.-Three acts were passed regulating elections, prescribing the mode by which the residents in unincorporated places may become entitled to vote in state elections, &c.
EXHIBITIONS, PUBLIC, &c.-If any person shall, for money, exhibit any living animal, or collec. tion of animals, or exhibit any feats of balancing, wire dancing, personal agility, slight or dexterity, without having first obtained license there. for, in manner herein specified, he shall pay a fine for every such offence, not exceeding $100, nor less than $10.
FERRIES. An act was passed to prevent obstructions to ferries.
INNHOLDERS. It is made the duty of the officers of towns, in their warrants for conve ning the inhabitants at their annual meetings, to insert an article, to see if the town will vote to authorize the licensing, by the proper officers, of persons to sell wine, rum, and and other spirituous liquors, to be drunk in their stores or shops. If any person shall feel aggrieved at the doings of the officers of any towns, &c. in refusing or revoking a license for selling spirituous liquors, he may apply to the county commissioners, who are authorized to take cognizance of the subject. A duty of six dollars per year is be paid for each license.
INSPECTION LAWS.-Acts were passed to regulate the inspection of pork, fish, lime, and lime casks, &c.
LIBEL. In every prosecution for writing and publishing any libel, it shall be lawful for any defendant to give in evidence, in his defence, the truth of the matter charged as libel
lous; and the truth of such matter being established, the same shall be held a complete justification, unless it shall be made to appear that the matter charged as libellous origina. ted from corrupt or malicious motives.
MILITIA. No company, battal ion, regiment, or brigade, shall be paraded, marched, or exercised, within fifty rods of the court-house of any county, whilst any judicial court shall be in session therein; and if the commanding officer of any company, &c. shall so parade, &c., the same, except when called out to suppress insurrection, repel invasion, or enforce the laws, he shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay a fine not less than $20 nor more than $100.
An additional act was passed to organize, govern, and discipline the militia of the state. No company is to be required to perform any military duty, except on the second Thursday of September annually, unless for the choice of officers, or for the purpose of repelling invasion, quelling insurrection, or enforcing the laws; the commissioned officers in the several brigades are to meet within the limits of their respective brigades, on two successive days in September annually, for the purpose of military drill and instruc tion, and are to receive the sum of one dollar for each day's service and drill aforesaid, actually performed, and also travelling fees, at the rate of five cents per mile. In case of neglect on the part of any such officer to appear and perform the duty above required, he is to forfeit the sum of five dollars, unless there was sufficient reason for such neglect.
MINORS AND PERSONS NON COMPOS.-Whenever any minor, or per
son non compos, shall have any interest in any real estate, and it shall be made to appear to the judge of probate that it would be for his benefit that the same should be disposed of, and the proceeds put out at interest, the judge may authorize some suitable person to sell the
A similar authority was given for the sale of growing trees and timber belonging to minors.
OIL.-An act was passed for the prevention of frauds in the sale of oils.
REAL ESTATE. The right which any debtor way have, of redeem. ing from the purchaser any equity of redemption which may have been sold on execution against such debtor, and, also, the right which any debtor may have of redeeming from a judgment creditor, his executors, &c., any real estate, which may have been set off on execution against the debtor, may be attached on mesne process or execution against such debtor, and may be sold on execution, by public auction: and the same proceedings are to be had as are required on the sale of equities of redemption, but the debtor shall have the same right of redemption as is now allowed by law, upon the first sale of rights in equity, of redeeming mortgaged real estate.
REPLEVIN. In all actions of replevin before any justice of the peace, or before the judge of the municipal court of Portland, the ori. ginal writ, execution, and all other processes, may be directed to the officers of any adjoining county, who are authorized to execute such precepts, and make return thereof.
SCHOOLS.-All sums received by the state for the tax on the several banks, excepting the sum of $1000 appropriated for the benefit of the Parsonsfield Seminary, are appropriated to the support of primary schools; but nothing in this act shall exonerate any town or plantation from raising and expending for the support of schools, the sums now required of them respectively.
TRESPASS.-In actions for trespass upon property, when judgment shall be rendered for the plaintiff, and the judgment is rendered for a trespass committed wilfully: and if the defendant shall be committed to jail, and remain in close confine. ment on such execution, he shall not be entitled to the benefit of the poor debtor's oath, until after having notified the creditor, which no tice shall not be issued until thirty days after his said commitment; and if he shall have the liberty of the jail-yard, on having given bond to the creditor, the notice of his intention to take the poor debtor's oath shall not be issued until ten months after said commitment, and until one month after the expiration of the time limited in his bond, for him to surrender to go into close confine
WITNESSES.-No person who believes in the existence of a Supeme Being, shall be adjudged an incompetent or incredible witness, in the judicial courts, or in the course of judicial proceedings in this state, on account of his opinions in matters of religion; nor shall such opinions be made the subject of investigation or inquiry.
BANKS. Abstract of the report on the state of the banks, May, 1832.
Specie in the vaults
Bills of other banks
Bills in circulation
464,571 cages, 6 in chains and irons, and 4 86,013 in jails.
1,238,643 The sums ascertained to have
ELECTIONS (1833)—for Governor. been expended for the maintenance 28,270 and security of a part only of those reported, amount annually to $9,396 58.
COMMON SCHOOLS.-It is stated that the annual tax raised by law in New-Hampshire for the support of schools is $90,000. This gives $455 to each town, or about $1 to every individual of suitable age to attend school, and is more than is raised by the Connecticut fund, which last year produced but $76,933. Besides this, there is a school fund in land, or the proceeds of land, belonging to most of the towns; and also a general "Literary Fund," raised from the banks, which, since 1829, has amounted to $95,582, and will average hereafter at least $10,000 a year. There are thirty-eight Academies, of which two have a fund of over $40,000, and which have an aggregate of one thousand five hundred students.
LEGISLATION.-The Legislature of this state convened at Concord, on the 21st of November, 1832. The governor's message gives the following statement respecting two interesting classes of the community. In one hundred and forty-one towns, being all from which returns have been received, there appear to be of indigent deaf and dumb persons between the ages of ten and thirty, exclusive of those at the American Asylum at Hartford, 45; under the age of ten years, 12.
whole number of insane, reported from the same towns, is 189; 90 males, and 99 females, 103 of whom are paupers. The whole number of those now in confinement is 76, of whom 25 are in private houses, 34 in poor houses, 7 in cells and
During this session a resolution was passed directing the sense of the electors to be taken relative to holding a convention for revising the constitution. This proved to be against such revision.
A resolution was also introdu ced, and carried through without adjourning, for the removal of judge Harris from the bench of the superior court. We did not understand
that any charges were exhibited against him, as a motive for this removal.
1833. LEGISLATION.-The legislature assembled in Concord on the first Wednesday in June.
The message of governor Dinsmoor states, that there are few sub. jects to which he considers it neces sary to invite the attention of the legislature. Of the militia system he says, that a disposition hostile to some of its features, prevails so generally, as to render it impossible to carry it into complete effect. In what manner a reform of the system can be effected, he does not indicate, but believes that no remedy for the existing defects will be found suffi. cient, that does not materially reduce the number now liable to milita ry service, or provide either for a moderate compensation to the soldier, or a diminution of his public charges. He proceeds to observe, that the late decision of a great majority of the people against the call of a convention for the revision of the constitution, may be regarded as a gratifying proof of the veneration in which the framers of that
instrument are still held, and of the excellence of the system of govern. ment which they established. He urges on the attention of the legisla. ture the propriety of establishing a hospital for the insane, as required alike by policy and humanity, and presents to their consideration the expediency of making provision for the education of the indigent blind belonging to the state, in the asylum established in this city. After congratulating the legislature on the probable termination of the contro. versy with South-Carolina, he closes, by announcing his determination to retire from office at the expiration of his present term of service. In the house of representatives, a resolution for the appointment of a com. mittee to nominate a chaplain was indefinitely postponed, by a vote of 109 to 76. On the following day, a resolution was submitted, inviting each clergyman who is a member of the house to serve as chaplain during the session, "provided they feel free to do so." After several amendments were proposed, the resolution was ordered to lie on the table. The following laws were passed at the June session of the legislature, in 1833.
CORPORATIONS.-All shares in any corporation liable to be taxed by the laws of the state, shall be taxed in the same manner when owned by a corporation, as if owned by an individual.
If the principal officer of any corporation in this state, the shares or property of which are liable to be taxed, on application of the select men of any town in this state, shall neglect for the space of four days to furnish an account in writing, under oath, of all the shares, property or deposits in such corpo
ration, and their amount in value owned by any corporation, or by any inhabitant or resident of any town in this state, he shall forfeit for every such offence a sum not less than $100 nor more than $1000.
All shares or deposits in any corporation in this state, for which residents are liable to be taxed, shall, when not owned by inhabi tants of this state, be taxed to the corporation in the town where such corporation is located.
All shares or stock in any corporation or company situated without this state, belonging to any person or corporation in this state, shall be taxed in the same way and man. ner as said shares or stock would be liable to be taxed, if said company or corporation were located in this state; provided said shares or stock be not assessed in public taxes, in the state where such corporation or company is situated.
HIGHWAYS.-An act was passed to amend the act for the prevention of encroachments upon highways. Whenever there shall be occasion for any fence or gate across any highway leading through land liable to freshets, the selectmen of the town are authorized to grant a license to the applicant, to keep a gate at a suitable place, under such restrictions as shall best accord with the accommodation of the applicant and the public convenience.
MILITIA. This act makes fur. ther provision for the regulation of the militia of the state, prescribes the mode of levying fines by distress, &c.
PAUPERS.-An act was passed providing that when any poor per. son shall happen to die in any town not chargeable by law with his
maintenance, the overseers of the poor shall cause him to be buried; and such town may recover by ac. tion the expenses thereof, of the town or person chargeable with his maintenance; but if such poor person shall not be an inhabitant of the state, nor by the laws thereof the proper charge of any town or person in this state, then the expenses so incurred shall be a proper charge on the county.
WEIGHING OF BEEF.-An act was passed regulating the weighing of beef in this state.
STATE TAX.-An act providing that the sum of $45,000 shall be raised for the use of the state.
Blind, and deaf and dumB PERSONS.-The sum of $1500 was ap. propriated for the purpose of educating indigent deaf and dumb child. ren belonging to this state, at the asylum in Hartford; and the sum of $500, for the education of blind children belonging to this state, at the New-England asylum in Boston.
By resolution the governor was requested to direct the selectmen of the several towns to make inquiries as to the number and condition of all such persons, as are blind or par
tially blind, within their respective towns, and to report to the legislature, at its next session.
REPORT OF DECISIONS.-The secretary of state is authorized to procure to be bound a sufficient number of the surplus sets of the New Hampshire Reports remaining in his or the treasurer's office, and exchange for the reports of the decisions of courts of such states as may offer or be willing to exchange.
NULLIFICATION AND THE TARIFF.— A resolution was passed, declaring, that it is inexpedient at this time, to legislate on the subject of the tariff and the doctrines of nullification; and that it is also inexpedient for congress to call a convention for proposing an amendment to the constitution at this time.
From the list of the private acts passed at this session, it appears that four religious and charitable societies were incorporated.
Seven manufacturing companies were incorporated.
Acts were passed to incorporate three fire insurance companies, two savings banks, two canal companies and one marine railway company.