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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
TERRITORIAL AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 50, H. R. 628, and H. R. 849 TO PROVIDE FOR THE ADMISSION OF THE STATE OF ALASKA INTO

THE UNION

H. R. 340 and H. R. TO ENABLE THE PEOPLE OF ALASKA TO

ONSTITUTION AND STATE GOVERNMENT AND TO BE ADM'TIT 5 YE UNION ON AN EQUAL FOOTING WITH THE ORIG AL ST ES

H. R. 1243 TO ENABLE THE PEOPLE OF HAWAII AND ALASKA EACH TO FORM A CONSTITUTION AND STATE GOVERNMENT AND TO BE ADMITTED INTO THE UNION ON AN EQUAL FOOTING WITH THE ORIGINAL

STATES

MARCH 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 20, 25, 27, 28, AND 29, 1957

Printed for the use of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

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COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

CLAIR ENGLE, California, Chairman WAYNE N. ASPINALL, Colorado

A. L. MILLER, Nebraska LEO W. O'BRIEN, New York

JOHN P. SAYLOR, Pennsylvania WALTER ROGERS, Texas

J. ERNEST WHARTON, New York MRS. GRACIE PFOST, Idaho

E. Y. BERRY, South Dakota JAMES A. HALLY, Florida

WILLIAM A. DAWSON, Utah GEORGE A. SHUFORD, North Carolina JACK WESTLAND, Washington ADAM CLAYTON POWELL, JR., New York JOHN R. PILLION, New York ED EDMONDSON, Oklahoma

CRAIG HOSMER, California LEE METCALF, Montana

JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona GEORGE H. CHRISTOPHER, Missouri J. EDGAR CHENOWETH, Colorado B. F. SISK, California

JAMES B. UTT, California STEWART L. UDALL, Arizona

KEITH THOMSON, Wyoming CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

PHIL WEAVER, Nebraska J. T. RUTHERFORD, Texas

HAROLD R. COLLIER, Illinois WALTER S. BARING, Nevada AL ULLMAN, Oregon

E. L. (BOB) BARRETT (Delegate), Alaska
JOHN A. BURNS (Delegate), Hawaii
A. FERNÓS-ISERN (Resident Commissioner),

Puerto Rico

SUBCOMMITTEE ON TERRITORIAL AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

LEO W. O'BRIEN, New York, Chairman WAYNE N. ASPINALL, Colorado

A. L. MILLER, Nebraska CLAIR ENGLE, California (ex officio) JOHN P. SAYLOR, Pennsylvania WALTER ROGERS, Texas

J. ERNEST WHARTON, New York MRS. GRACIE PFOST, Idaho

E. Y. BERRY, South Dakota JAMES A. HALEY, Florida

WILLIAM A. DAWSON, Utah GEORGE A, SHUFORD, North Carolina JACK WESTLAND, Washington ADAM CLAYTON POWELL, JR., New York JOHN R. PILLION, New York ED EDMONDSON, Oklahoma

CRAIG HOSMER, California GEORGE H. CHRISTOPHER, Missouri J. EDGAR CHENOWETH, Colorado B. F. SISK, California

JAMES B. UTT, California STEWART L. UDALL, Arizona

PHIL WEAVER, Nebraska CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

HAROLD R. COLLIER, Illinois J. T. RUTHERFORD, Texas

E. L. (BOB) BARTLETT (Delegate), Alaska
JOHN A. BURNS (Delegate), Hawaii
A. FERNÓS-ISERN (Resident Commissioner),
Puerto Rico

GEORGE W. ABBOTT, Committee Counsel
JOHN L. TAYLOR, Territories Consultant

II

STATEHOOD FOR ALASKA

MONDAY, MARCH 11, 1957

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON TERRITORIAL AND INSULAR AFFAIRS,
OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10 a. m., in the committee room, New House Office Building, Hon. Leo W. O'Brien, chairman of the subcommittee, presiding.

Mr. O'Brien. The meeting of the Subcommittee on Territorial and Insular Affairs of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs will come to order.

We have six bills before us this morning. Each provides for the Territory of Alaska to become a State. Three of these bills, H. R. 50, introduced by Delegate Bartlett, H. R. 628, introduced by Congressman Engle, and H. Ř. 849, introduced by the Subcommittee Chairman, are similar. They provide for the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union. Iwo of the bills, H. R. 340, introduced by Congressman Mack of Washington, and H. R. 1242, introduced by Congressman Saylor, would enable the people of Alaska to form a constitution and State government and to be admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the Original States.

In addition, our colleague, Congressman Saylor, has introduced H. R. 1243, which puts Alaska and Hawaii in the same bill and provides that the two Territories seek statehood jointly. This bill is similar to H. R. 2535, which received lengthy and careful hearings during the Eighty-fourth Congress.

I ask unanimous consent to have each of these six bills made a part of the record at this time. (The bills referred to are as follows:)

[H. R. 50, 85th Cong., 1st sess. ] A BILL To provide for the admission of the State of Alaska into the Union Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, subject to the provisions of this Act, and upon issuance of the proclamation required by section 8 (c) of this Act, the State of Alaska is hereby declared to be a State of the United States of America, is declared admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the other States in all respects whatever, and the constitution formed pursuant to the provisions of the Act of the Territorial Legislature of Alaska entitled, “An Act to provide for the holding of a constitutional convention to prepare a constitution for the State of Alaska; to submit the constitution to the people for adopion or rejection; to prepare for the admission of Alaska as a State; to make an appropriation; and setting an effective date”, approved March 19, 1955 (Chapter 46, Session Laws of Alaska, 1955), and adopted by a vote of the people of Alaska in the election held on April 24, 1956, is hereby found to be republican in form and in

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