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TABLE III.-YEARLY RELATIVE PRICES OF COMMODITIES, 1890 TO 1910,

AND MONTHLY RELATIVE PRICES FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER, 1910—Continued.

(For explanation and discussion of this table, see pages 349 to 361. Average for 1890–1899-100.0.]

House-furnishing goods.

Earthenware.

Furniture,

Year or month,

Plates, creamcolored.

Plates,

white granite.

Teacups

and sau cers, white

Average.

Bedroom

Chairs, bedroom, maple.

Chairs,
kitchen.

Tables, kitchen.

A verage.

granite.

sets.

1890. 1891 1892 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897. 1898 1899 1900. 1901. 1902 1903. 1904. 1905. 1906. 1907. 1908 1909 1910..

108.0
105.6
102.3
102.3
101.0
94. 6
92.0
92.0
100.4
101.7
106.6
112,5
112.5
115. 4
113.8
106. 6
106.6
106. 6
104. 0
104.0
104.8

109. 1
106.9
103. 7
103. 7
101.9
92.9
89.1
89.1
100.8
102.9
108. 1
113.8
113.8
111.4
110.4
102. 4
102.4
102. 4
102. 4
102. 4
103. 2

109.6
107. 4
104. 2
104. 2
102.8
94.4
90. 1
90. 1
98.0
99. 2
104. 3
109.7
109.7
107.4
106. 4
98.8
98.8
98. 8
98.8
98. 8
99.5

108. 9
106. 6
103. 4
103. 4
101.9
94. 0
90. 1
90.4
99.7
101.3
106.3
112.0
112.0
111. 4
110. 2
102, 6
102.6
102. 6
101.7
101.7
102.5

113. 7
113. 7
113. 7
104. 2
104. 2
94. 3
82. 9
82.9
94.7
95. 7
106. 6
106, 6
111.3
115. 3
116. 1
117.0
122.8
137.4
134. 3
132.8
145.0

113.0 113. 0 110.6 110.6 96.9 96.9 96.9 80.7 82, 7 98. 9 129. 1 113.0 118.4 127.8 129. 1 129. 1 143.9 161. 4 152.0 145. 3 145. 3

109.8
109.8
111.1
111.1
91.5
91. 5
91.5
91.5
86.6
105.7
136. 1
124. 2
128.5
130.7
124. 7
124. 2
134. O
151.4
156.8
145.9
143.8

103. 9
103.9
103.9
103. 9
98. 7
98. 7
95.6
95. 6
95. 6
100.1
108. 1
108. 1
108. 1
108. 1
108. 1
108. 1
114.3
124. 7
124. 7
124. 7
138. 6

110.1 110.1 109.8 107.5 97.8 95. 4 91.7 87.7 89.9 100.1 120.0 113.0 116.6 120.5 119.5 119.6 128 8 143. 7 142. 1 137.7 144. 2

1910.

Jan.
Feb.
Mar
Apr.
May.
June.
July.
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

104. 0
104.0
104. 0
105.0
105. 0
105.0
105. 0
105. O
105.0
105.0
105.0
105.0

102. 4
102.4
102.4
103.4
103. 4
103. 4
103. 4
103. 4
103. 4
103. 4
103. 4
103. 4

98. 8
98.8
98.8
99.8
99.8
99.8
99.8
99.8
99.8
99. 8
99.8
99.8

101.7
101.7
101.7
102.7
102.7
102.7
102.7
102.7
102.7
102.7
102.7
102.7

140.4
140.4
140.4
146. 5
146.5
146.5
146. 5
146.5
146.5
146.5
146.5
146.5

145. 3
145. 3
145.3
145. 3
145. 3
145. 3
145. 3
145. 3
145. 3
145. 3
145.5
145.5

143. 8
143.8
143.8
143. 8
143. 8
143.8
143. 8
143. 8
143. 8
143. 8
143. 8
143.8

124. 7
135. 1
135. 1
135. 1
135. 1
135. 1
135. 1
145.5
145.5
145. 5
145.5
145.5

139. 2
142.0
142.0
143.6
143. 6
143. 6
143. 6
146. 5
146.5
146.5
146.5
146.5

TABLE JII.-YEARLY RELATIVE PRICES OF COMMODITIES, 1890 TO 1910, AND MONTHLY RELATIVE PRICES FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER, 1910—Continued.

(For explanation and discussion of this table, see pages 349 to 361. Average for 1890-1899–100.0.]

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Table III.-YEARLY RELATIVE PRICES OF COMMODITIES, 1890 TO 1910,

AND MONTHLY RELATIVE PRICES FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER 1910—Continued. [For explanation and discussion of this table, see pages 349 to 361. Average for 1890–1899–100.0.]

[blocks in formation]

1890. 1891. 1892 1893. 1894. 1895. 1896. 1897 1893. 1899. 1900. 1901. 1902 1903. 1904. 1905. 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910..

106.4
114.8
107.9
117.0
102.7
86. 1
90.8
93. 1
86.5
94.7
116.3
113.9
123. 5
121.6
119. 3
120.0
138. 4
130.7
133. 8
145.9
152.8

113.2
117.2
101.4
149.5
106.4
89 4
82 6
77.7
75. 2
87.5
116.8
117.3
133.6
130.7
103.0

88.6
118. 7
160.0
134. 4
144.5
196.1

108. 1
103.3
132.3
96.4
96.1
77.7
88.9
103.9

92.5
101.7
121.2
111.4
122.0
129.2
123.7
151.0
204.5
184. 4
140.4
120. 7
130.6

106.7
131.9
114.0
110.3
105.9
97.5
80.1
77.4
87.7
88.5
93.0
106.0
112.7
103. 1
96.1
87.5
92.1
147.2
132.7
111.9
126.1

127.8
113.7
113.7
106.4
108 0
103. 0
92.0
90.6
73. 2
69.9
94. O
75. 6
80.9
84. 6
89.3
80.9
73. 2
83. 3
82.9
68. 6
68. 9

104.0
104.0
100.9
104.7
105. 6
106.0
106.3
106.3
83.0
79. 2
86.8
90.8
89.9
95. I
95. 8
94.9
90. 4
91.5
90.4
85.9
85.9

115.9
108.9
107.3
105.6
106.8
104.5
99. 2
98.5
78. 1
74.6
90.4
83. 2
85. 4
89.9
92.6
87.9
81.8
87. 4
86.7
77.0
77.2

91.6 96.1 93.5 93. 2 98.5 105. 3 104.6 102.9 106.3 108.0 108.4 111.8 114.3 111.4 110.4 109.7 112.0 114.2 1i8.0 1181 115.2

1910.

Jan.
Feb.
Mar
Apr
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept
Oct.
Nov.
Dec..

165.7
165. 7
163. 9
161.2
156.4
148.4
148.4
153.0
148. 4
143.9
142.7
135.9

184.8
171.3
181.7
187.9
194.0
191.0
192.2
227.9
258.7
290.4
184.8
169.4

123. 4
118.8
118. 8
118. 8
118.8
123. 4
123. 4
123. 4
132.8
142.3
156.8
166.3

124.5
121.6
118.8
108.8
113. 1
116.7
130.9
130.9
130.9
131.6
139.4
146.5

65.2
65 2
64.5
64. 5
69.6
74.6
67.9
67.9
69.6
71.2
72. 9
73.6

85.9
85.9
85.9
85.9
85.9
85.9
85.9
85.9
85.9
85.9
85.9
85.9

75.1
75. 1
74.8
74.8
77.6
80.4
76. 6
76. 6
77.6
78.5
79.4
79.8

117.4 117.4 117.4 115.9 113.1 113. 1 113.1 113. 1 115.7 115.7 115.7 115.7 1830. 1891 1892. 1893 1894 1895 1896. 1897 1898 1899. 1900. 1901. 1902 1903 1904. 1905 1906. 1907. 1908. 1909. 1910.

Table III.-YEARLY RELATIVE PRICES OF COMMODITIES, 1890 TO 1910,

AND MONTHLY RELATIVE PRICES FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER, 1910—Continued.

[blocks in formation]

160.0 111.1 122.9 . 98. 4

82. 4 78.7 71.1 67.6 90.1 117.1 141.3 116.9 144.3 122.7 125.4 127.9 134.0 138. 1 108.7 90.0 94.1

104.6 98.8 84.5 89.5 81.2 92.7 99.9 105.6 115.8 124.3 122. 6 106.1

90.8 113.1 135.8 155. 2 151.5 132.8 108.8 185.0 238.2

104.4 109.1 109.7 108. 1 103.3 89. 1 88.2 93. 3 96.7 98. 1 107.7 115.1 116.5 115.6 113.7 114. 2 114.2 117.9 123.0 183.1 171.4

106.6 122. 4 107.2 105. 2 105. 2 104.3 89.1 86. 2 86.2 86.2 97.7 104.3 130.5 123.9 106.0

94.5
105.5
116.1
124. 4
123. 3
112.1

102. 2
101. 2

94.0
100.1
101.0
101.0
96.1
94.9
104. 3
105.4
111.9
117.6
114.6
113.6
118.6
123.7
122.0
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6

98. 2 98. 2 98. 2 98. 2 98. 2 98. 2 98. 2 98. 2 104.1 110.0 110.0 110.0 109.9 112.0 114.4 117.9 117.9 117.9 117.9 117.9 114.9

100.2 99.7 96. 1 99. 2 99.6 99.6 97.2 96.6 101.2 107.7 111.0 113.8 112.3 112.8 116.5 120.8 120.0 118.3 118.3 118. 3

110.3 109.4 106. 2 105.9 99.8 94.5 91.4 92.1 92.4 97.7 109.8 107.4 114.1 113.6 111.7 112.8 121.1 127.1 119.9 125.9 133. 1

116.8

1910.

Jan. Feb Mar Apr May. June July.. Aug. Sept Oct.. Nov. Dec.

88.3
85.7
85.7
85.7
93.7
99.0
99.0
99.0
99.0
99.0
99.0
96.4

211.7
223.6
249.2
324.7
324.7
286.6
281.0
258.5
224.8
171.1
148.6
154.2

193.3
193.3
193.3
193.3
193.3
193. 3
149.4
149.4
149.4
149.4
149.4
149.4

114.9
114.9
114.9
114.9
114.9
114.9
114.9
114.9
114.9
107.8
100.6
100.6

118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6
118.6

117.9
117.9
117.9
113.9
113.9
113.9
113.9
113.9
113.9
113.9
113.9
113.9

118.3
118.3
118.3
116. 3
116.3
116.3
116.3
116. 3
116.3
116. 3
116. 3
116.3

131.8 130.6 132. 2 135. 1 136.9 136. 1 133.8 135.4 136.6 130.6 129.2 129.2

REPORT OF BRITISH BOARD OF TRADE ON COST OF LIVING

IN THE PRINCIPAL INDUSTRIAL CITIES OF THE UNITED STATES.

INTRODUCTION.

The report, a summary of which is presented in the following pages, is the fifth of a series issued by the British Board of Trade concerning the conditions of living of the wage-earning population in the more important industrial towns of various countries, and dealing particularly with the wages and hours of labor, rents and housing conditions, retail prices of food, and the expenditure for food of the families of wage earners. The first of these reports related to Great Britain. The succeeding reports, in the order of issue, related to Germany, France, and Belgium. The main object of these foreign inquiries has been stated to be in all cases identical, namely, to obtain a collection of data comparable with those presented in the first report relating to the cost of living in the United Kingdom.

The methods adopted in the present investigation relating to the United States, including the collection of the statistical material in regard to wages and hours of labor, rents, prices, and family expenditure for food were so far as possible the same as in the former investigations. The important difference in the date to which the statistical data relate was deemed necessary owing to the lapse of time between the beginning of the investigation in Great Britain in 1905 and its completion in the United States in 1909. Supplementary inquiries were made for the purpose of making the adjustments necessary in order to ascertain approximately the differences in the results which were due to the different dates of the investigations in England and in the United States. With this information figures are presented making international comparisons of conditions in England and Wales and in the United States.

In considering the scope and method of the present investigation it is necessary to bear in mind that its purpose was to make comparisons between the United States and England and Wales, and, secondly, to make comparisons between the various sections of the United States. This purpose, as the report points out, has made necessary certain limitations in its scope and method. This has reference especially to the selection of industries and occupations for which

1 Cost of Living in American Towns. Report of an Inquiry by the Board of Trade into Working Class Rents, Housing, and Retail Prices, together with the Rates of Wages in certain Occupations in the Principal Industrial Towns of the United States of America, with an introductory memorandum and a comparison of conditions in the United States and the United Kingdom. London, 1911. [Cd 5609.)

* See Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor No. 77 July 1908, pp. 336-354; Bulletin No. 78, September, 1908, pp. 523-548; Bulletin No. 83, July, 1909, pp. 66-87; and Bulletin No. 87, March, 1910, pp. 608-625. See also pages 557 to 570 of this Bulletin.

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