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TABLE 7.-NATURE OF THE INJURY: PER CENT OF PERSONS KILLED OR INJURED

NATURE OF INJURY

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B. GROUPS OF ASSOCIATIONS--Continued. 38 Dairying, distilling, and starch: 1907

.(409 cases). 1897

..(360 cases). 39 | Brewing and malting: 1907

(1,608 cases).. 1897

(1,142 cases).. 40 Tobacco: 1907

(81 cases). 1897

(57 cases). 41 Clothing: 1907

-(676 cases). 1897

(295 cases).. 42 Chimney sweeping: 1907.

.(34 cases). 1897

.(38 cases) BUILDING TRADES (NOT INCLUDING INSTITUTES). 43 Hamburg building trades: 1907

..(505 cases). 1897.

.(302 cases).. 44 | Northeast building trades: 1907..

(1,927 cases).. 1897.

(1,680 cases).. 45 Silesian-Posen building trades: 1907

.(1,084 cases). 1897..

..(717 cases).. 46 Hanover building trades: 1907

(629 cases).. 1897.

(457 cases).. 47 Magdeburg building trades: 1907

(389 cases). 1897

..(179 cases).. 48 Saxony building trades: 1907

.(1, 109 cases).. 1897.

..(767 cases). 49 | Thuringian building trades: 1907

..(391 cases).. 1897.

(239 cases).. 50 Hessen-Nassau building trades: 1907.

(694 cases).. 1897

(474 cases).. 51 Rhineland-Westphalian building trades: 1907.

(1,855 cases). 1897

-(1,063 cases) 52 Wurttemberg building trades: 1907

(583 cases).. 1897..

(403 cases).. 53 | Bavarian building trades: 1907.

.(1,149 cases).. 1897.

.(1,175 cases).. 54 Southwest building trades: 1907.

(716 cases). 1897

- (474 cases). 55 | Printing and publishing: 1907

(428 cases).. 1897.

(252 cases).. 56 Private railways: 1907.

.(168 cases).. 1897

(125 cases). 57 Street and small railroads: 1907.

.(485 cases).. 1897

(168 cases).. 58 Express and storage: 1907.

(3,932 cases).. 1897

-(1, 426 cases).. 59 Livery, drayage, cartage, etc.: 1907.

(2,500 cases).. 1897

.(1,242 cases).

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AND COMPENSATED FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 1907 AND IN 1897, CLASSIFIED BY SUSTAINED-Continued.

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TABLE 7.-NATURE OF THE INJURY: PER CENT OF PERSONS KILLED OR INJURED

NATURE OF INJURY

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60 West German inland navigation: 1907

(276 cases).. 1897

(155 cases).. 61 | Elbe inland navigation: 1907.

(325 cases).. 1897.

(216 cases).. 62 | East German inland navigation: 1907.

-(152 cases).. 1897

(156 cases).. 63 Marine navigation (not including institute): 1907.

(459 cases). 1897

(397 cases). 64 Engineering, excavating, etc. (not including institute):

-(2,143 cases).. 1897

(1,226 cases). 65 Meat products: 1907

.(1, 120 cases).. 1897

(329 cases).. 66 Blacksmithing, etc.: 1907

.(929 cases).. 1897

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1907.

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C. PUBLIC AUTHORITIES.

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Establishment of the naval administration:
1907

.(105 cases)..
1897

.(86 cases).
Establishment of the military administration:
1907

.(157 cases)..
1897

.(190 cases)..
Postal and telegraph administration:
1907

.(122 cases)..
1897.

..(54 cases)..
Railway administration:
1907.

(3,316 cases).
1897

(2,233 cases)
Dredging, towing, etc:.
1907

.(79 cases)..
1897

(52 cases)..
Building operations (States and Empire):
1907

(248 cases)..
1897

(188 cases)..
Marine navigation:
1907

...(1 case)..
1897

.(5 cases)..
Building operations of local governments:
1907

(505 cases)..
1897

11.58 10.84

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26. 33
22.52

19.21 24. 05

(202 cases)..

26. 34 27. 48

1 Included in associations 4 to 11.

AND COMPENSATED FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 1907 AND IN 1897, CLASSIFIED BY SUSTAINED-Concluded.

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9.90

20

20

12.87 16. 79

1. 38

1. 39
. 38

96.04
97.33

1.98
1.91

20 .76

6. 11

LENGTH OF TIME THE INJURED PERSON WAS EMPLOYED IN THE ESTAB

LISHMENT AND IN THE OCCUPATION. For the first time information is available as to the length of time the injured person had been employed in the establishment and in the occupation previous to receiving the injury; in addition, data showing the number of hours the injured person had been at work on the day the accident occurred have been collected.

The assumption underlying this phase of the study of accidents is that each establishment has special working conditions, special apparatus, special features of the plant, etc., with which a new workman must familiarize himself, and until this is done he is probably exposed to a higher risk of accident than a workman who has been employed for some time. The study of the length of time employed in an occupation before the accident occurred is made for the purpose of ascertaining the influence of a new occupation on a workman's risk of accident as contrasted with an occupation in which he has been engaged for some time; in Table 9 the occupation may have been in the same or in different establishments. In order to show the effect of fatigue, lessening of caution, etc., Table 10 shows the number of hours the workman had been employed on the day (or in the shift) that the accident occurred.

To make an accurate presentation of these three facts, it would be necessary to have the total number of workmen employed during the various periods of time in order to compute a rate which the number who were injured during that period bore to such number; but as it was impossible to classify the workmen into such groups, the three tables dealing with this information show only the number of injured workmen and the length of time they had been employed in the establishment, in the occupation, and in the specified number of hours on the day the accident occurred.

The grand total in the first line of figures of Table 8 shows that 3.07 per cent of the injured workmen had been employed in the establishment less than three days when the accident occurred, 1.89 per cent had been employed three days but less than one week, 8.36 per cent had been employed one week but less than one month, 11.94 per cent had been employed one month but less than three months, 9.99 per cent had been employed three months but less than six months, 10.82 per cent had been employed six months but less than one year, and 53.85 per cent had been employed one year and over. The casual workers, presumably meaning those who are employed at odd jobs for not more than one day, formed 0.08 per cent of the injured persons.

The first line of figures in Table 9 shows that 2.99 per cent of the injured workmen had been employed in the occupation less than three

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