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2. The treasurer's accounts, vouchers, and cash have been audited and found correct.
3. The budget for 1910 and 1911 is approved. The meeting approves the advance payment of 3,000 francs ($579), requested and made in consequence of the issue of the English edition of the Bulletin having been expedited. In renewing contracts for the publication of the Bulletin every effort shall be made to reduce the cost of printing.
4. The delegates' meeting expresses to the Government of the United States its hearty thanks for the increase of its appropriation.
5. The delegates' meeting instructs the bureau to express to the British Government its hearty thanks for sending official representatives, and, at the same time, to convey to it, by these delegates, a request that the British Government may make a contribution toward the expenses of the international labor office, as is done by all the industrial states of Europe and by the United States of America. This request shall emphasize the fact that such a contribution will be mainly applied to meeting the expenses of the English edition of the Bulletin, which is translated and printed in England. In case the Government of Great Britain should make an appropriation for the international labor office, the bureau is authorized, in its discretion, to contribute toward the expenses of translating the bulletin into English a sum not exceeding in any year the sum actually received from the British Government.
C. COOPERATION WITH OTHER
The bureau is authorized to enter into communication with other associations whose aims are similar to those of the International Association for Labor Legislation, in order to come to an understanding regarding any financial or economic questions in which they may have a common interest.
D. INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITIONS AT DRESDEN AND ROME.
The delegates' meeting leaves the bureau free to exhibit at the exhibitions of hygiene at Dresden and Rome any statistical tables or publications relating to industrial hygiene.
E. PLACE AND DATE OF THE NEXT MEETING.
The delegates' meeting resolves that the next (seventh) delegates' meeting of the international association shall take place in the autumn of 1912 in Zurich.
III. ADMINISTRATION OF LABOR LAWS.
I. The delegates' meeting takes note of the proof of the first comparative report drawn up by the International Labor Office on the measures adopted in European countries to enforce labor laws. This proof shall be submitted to the sections with a view to its being amended and supplemented.
II. The bureau is instructed to request the Governments, with a view to making the administration of labor laws in the different countries comparable, to supply data at least on the following points:
1. The nature and number of the establishments subject to inspection and of workers affected.
2. The number of establishments actually inspected and of workers affected.
3. The number of visits of inspection paid by inspectors, distinguishing visits paid at night.
4. The number of cases where persons were cautioned or where penalties were imposed for infringements of the law.
5. The nature and success of arrangements for securing the cooperation of the workers in the enforcement of the law
(a) By including workers amongst the staff of inspection.
(6) By the institution of regular relations between the inspecting staff and organized and nonorganized workers.
(c) By giving workmen's trade-unions the right to take legal proceedings.
The data desired under 1 to 3 above should be classified according to industries.
The headings of the tables in inspectors' reports should be given in one of the three principal languages.
IV. CHILD LABOR.
A special commission is appointed with instructions to examine the execution, in the several countries, of the laws for the protection of child labor, and to prepare a comprehensive compilation of the results of the investigations undertaken by the sections in pursuance of the Lucerne resolutions.
V. NIGHT WORK OF YOUNG PERSONS.
Being convinced that the Lucerne resolutions form an adequate basis for the international regulation of the night work of young persons, the delegates' meeting instructs the bureau to request the Swiss Federal Council to invite the Governments to an international conference on the subject.
The meeting instructs the subcommission to continue its work in pursuance of the Lucerne resolutions and to inquire whether the exceptions to the prohibition of the night work of young persons declared by the Lucerne resolutions to be permissible could not be further limited in the case of young persons employed in glassworks and rolling mills. These investigations shall be continued until such time as the request for the international regulation of the question shall be presented to the Swiss Federal Council.
Being convinced that it is reasonable to determine a definite period for the application of transitory provisions, the delegates' meeting resolves that Resolution V, 6, of the Lucerne resolutions shall read as follows:
“Any transitory provisions applicable to rolling mills and glassworks, contained in an international convention for the regulation of the night work of young persons, should apply only for a definite period, which it is suggested should be fixed at five years.”
The meeting is of opinion, that, in the absence of sufficient information, it would not be expedient to include in an international convention the question of the night work of young persons in hotels, restaurants, and public houses, shops and offices. Notwithstanding, the meeting wishes to draw the attention of the various nations to the interest which every country has in the legal limitation of the night work of young persons in these occupations.
VI. MAXIMUM WORKING DAY.
A. TEN-HOUR MAXIMUM WORKING DAY FOR WOMEN IN ESTABLISH
MENTS EMPLOYING 10 OR MORE WORKERS.
The delegates' meeting confirms the resolutions of the fifth delegates' meeting, and, in view of the fact that several States have introduced the 10-hour working day for women, believes that the time has come to extend this 10-hour working day to all States by international treaty, at least in the case of establishments employing 10 or more workers.
The bureau is authorized to take such steps as may be necessary to bring about such a treaty, and for this purpose, to draft a memorandum on the subject.
The sections shall report to the bureau by 1st February, 1911, on the present state of legislation and legal decisions on the hours of work of women in their countries. The memorandum of the bureau shall be laid as soon as possible before a special commission of five members.
B. TEN-HOUR MAXIMUM WORKING DAY FOR YOUNG PERSONS.
In view of the fact that several States have by national legislation introduced the 10-hour maximum working day for young persons, the delegates' meeting believes that the time has come to extend the same by international treaty to all States.
The bureau is authorized to take the steps necessary to bring about such a treaty and to prepare for this purpose a memorandum which will take into consideration the special circumstances of individual States and define exactly any exceptions which may be necessary.
The sections shall report to the bureau by February 1, 1911, on the present state of legislation and legal decisions on the hours of work of young persons in their countries. The bureau's memorandum shall be laid as soon as possible before the special commission on the maximum working day for women.
C. TEN-HOUR WORKING DAY FOR MEN IN TEXTILE INDUSTRIES.
The commission considers it unnecessary to consider again the question of limiting the working day in the textile industries, since it is of opinion that the limitation of the working day of women necessarily involves the limitation of the working day of men.
It reserves the right, however, to take up the Lucerne resolution again, at a later date, if experience should show that this is necessary.
D. WORKING DAY IN CONTINUOUS PROCESSES.
The delegates' meeting considers the 12-hour day, which is still the general custom in continuous processes, to be injurious to health. In particular, working periods of 18, 24, and even 36 hours (in changing shifts) are to be condemned.
The bureau is instructed to appoint a special commission as soon as possible and to present to it the material which is now available as well as any further material which may be secured through the aid of the national sections.
This commission shall report in particular on the following points: 1. On the best methods of arranging shifts 2. On the possibility of prohibiting the night work of adults in certain continuous processes or of regulating such work where for technical reasons work must be carried on at night.
3. On the necessity for the international regulation of this matter.
The delegates' meeting expects this commission to prepare its report and proposals for reform as soon as possible, and at any rate in time for the next meeting. A subcommission may be appointed if necessary to investigate the conditions of certain industries, such as the iron and glass trades.
E. EIGHT-HOUR SHIFT IN MINES.
In pursuance of the resolutions of the fifth delegates' meeting of the Internatinal Association for Labor Legislation with regard to the definition of the 8-hour shift for workmen employed below ground in coal mines, the sixth delegates' meeting is of opinion that the length of a shift should be reckoned as the period between the time when the first man of such shift leaves the surface until the time when the first man of the shift to return completes his ascent to the surface.
The bureau is requested to recommend to the various States to take this definition as the basis of their legislation regulating the duration of shifts.
In applying the above definition, the sixth delegates' meeting reaffirms the Lucerne resolution of 1908, recommending the introduction by law of a maximum 8-hour shift for all underground workers in coal mines.
F. HOURS OF WORK IN SPECIALLY DANGEROUS INDUSTRIES.
The delegates' meeting expresses the desire that the bureau will place upon the agenda of the next meeting the question of limiting the working day of men in specially dangerous and unhealthy indusThe delegates' meeting reaffirms the resolution 1906 and at the same time declares that it is desirable for the proper authorities to have legal power to regulate the daily period of employment in processes and trades especially dangerous to health.
VII. WORKMEN'S HOLDAYS.
The question of holidays for workmen and employees shall be placed upon the agenda of the next delegates' meeting.
The bureau is instructed to prepare a summary of existing laws on this subject in the various countries and to draw up statistical tables showing the number of establishments in which holidays are allowed, and the numbers of workmen and employees affected.
VIII. HOME WORK.
A. The delegates' meeting reaffirms the view of the delegates' meeting at Lucerne that bad conditions in home work are due primarily to inadequacy of wages, and that consequently it is of the first importance to find means of raising wages.
Having this end in view
I. The delegates' meeting recommends afresh the organization of home workers in trade-unions and the conclusion of collective agreements. The meeting regards the unfettered right of combination as the necessary basis of such collective agreements. In countries where collective agreements are not yet legally recognized under existing law recognition should be secured in such a manner as to insure their legal validity and their extension when required to home workers in the same occupations who were not originally concerned in the conclusion of the agreements. The delegates' meeting urges the national sections to get into touch with existing organizations of workers with a view to promoting the conclusion of collective agreements with employers and employers' federations.
II. The delegates' meeting recommends the adoption by legislation of the principle that wage agreements for insufficient amounts or of an usurious nature should be null and void and that the conclusion of such agreements should be subject to penalties. The meeting regards this principle as essential, but at the same time recognizes that the difficulties of its application are such as to prevent its adoption from being in any degree a practical solution of the problem.
III. The delegates' meeting is of opinion that at the present time the only effective remedy for the evils of home work is to be found in the establishment of wages boards such as those provided for in the British act. The meeting is of opinion that in setting up these wages boards the following principles should be observed:
(a) The boards should have to fix minimum rates of wages for home workers in certain industries and certain districts.
(6) The daily earnings of persons employed in workshops in the manufacture of the same articles should not fall below those of home workers paid under the conditions contemplated above.