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human rights throughout the world.

The murder of Henry Liu,

a citizen of the United States, constitutes a matter of grave

concern to all those committed to the defense of human

rights. Should the murder have been a consequence of conscious government policy on the part of the officials of the ROC,

U.S. sanctions would seem to be justified.

Since there is no

probative evidence that the murder was an expression of ROC

government policy, any suggestion that sanctions be imposed

seems premature and inappropriate at best, and counterproductive

in principle.

All the best evidence indicates that the ROC has

systematically enhanced fundamental, civil and political human rights over the longterm. 1

Department of State reports

confirm that "the past quarter century has brought significant

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the "outlook for continued improvement of human rights appears


There has been no suggestion of "killings for

political reasons" for some considerable time.

The fact is that the human rights record of the Republic

of China on Taiwan is considerably better than that of most

4 East Asian nations. It is demonstrably better than that of

the People's Republic of China with whom the United States

is developing more and more intimate diplomatic relations.

In that regard, the most recent report of Amnesty International

cites grave infractions of human rights on the part of the

authorities in Beijing, ranging from restrictions on the

mobility of their own citizens, systematic pressure to compel

women to submit to abortion, as well as the suppression of

political dissidence.

The infractions of basic civil and

political rights on the part of the authorities in Beijing

cover a range of concerns, more inclusive and more fundamental,

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relations, the rights of the citizens of the People's Republic

of China are in more immediate jeopardy than those of the

Republic of China on Taiwan.

Amnesty International has indicated that the rights of

the citizens of the PRC have been systematically undermined

by the "anti-crime" campaign currently being pursued on the

mainland of China.

More than a hundred thousand citizens of

the PRC have been incarcerated under the current campaign against crime, and perhaps as many as ten thousand have been

executed in procedures that hardly satisfy the minimum

judicial requirements for a fair hearing.

The authorities in

Beijing have modified their own criminal procedure code in

order to increase the number of crimes subject to capital

6 sanction. If the Congress of the United States wishes to

defend the civil and political rights of citizens in East

Asia, their concern might well be directed toward the plight

of the citizens of the PRC.

It is not only the case that there is prima facie

evidence that the rights of the citizens of the PRC are being

violated within the territorial confines of mainland China.

There is some compelling evidence

that the authorities of

the PRC have sought to obstruct the efforts by their citizens

to seek political asylum in the United States.

The most recent

cases of gross interference with the activities of Chinese in

the United States involve two individuals, Zhang Zhenggao and

Zhang Xin.

It is not clear to what extent the representatives

of the PRC were involved in the unfortunate circumstances

that saw Mr. Zhang Zhenggao disappear in July 1984 after having

sought political asylum from U.S. Immigration authorities

in April, and Mr. Zhang Xin commit suicide in the PRC's New

York Consulate only three days after he asked for political

asylum in the United States.

But it is eminently clear that

any concern with human rights would engage U.S. Congressional

interest in the service of Messrs. Zhang and Zhang no less

than in the service of Mr. Henry Liu,

Unless that interest is so engaged, the present sub

committee hearings on the case of Henry Liu give every

appearance of an appeal to a double standard.

There is no

doubt that Mr. Liu's case deserves the attention of American

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is to be made into the murder of Henry Liu, no less should

be undertaken with respect to the tragic events that have

affected the life circumstance of Messrs. Zhang Zhenggao and

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surrounding the one to the exclusion of the others suggests

an indifference to the human rights of the citizens of the

PRC and a possible dual standard.

At the moment, the United States government is contemplating

the sale of lethal military equipment to the People's Republic

of China.

No one has suggested that those sales be denied

as a consequence of putative human rights violations by the

government in Beijing.

There are critical security, economic

and diplomatic issues involved in such sales and those issues

seem to enjoy priority.

No less can be said about U.S.

relations with the Republic of China on Taiwan.

The Issues

The foreign policy interests of the United States touch

upon an entire range of concerns.

In East Asia it is evident

that the U.S. has trade, investment, diplomatic and security

preoccupations of significant magnitude.

The Taiwan Relations

Act (Public Law 96-8, April 10, 1979), which now governs

our relations with the ROC, affirms the major preoccupation

of the U.S. with the security, integrity and economic viability of Taiwan.


Not only is Taiwan the sixth largest trading partner of

the United States--exchanging about $15 billion annually in

bilateral trade--and an investment outlet of considerable

importance, the island and associated territories are of

manifest importance in maintaining the security structure of

the West Pacific region.

Section 26.2 of the Taiwan Relations

Act affirms that "peace and stability" in the Taiwan Strait

region "are in the political, security, and economic interests

of the United States," and are, moreover, "matters of inter

national concern...

Military sales to the authorities in

Taipei thus serve the interests of the United States and the

international community in order to maintain the military

balance in the region--a balance that deters any adventure by

the authorities in Beijing, or any military initiatives by


The military balance in the Taiwan Strait, at best, is

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