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he finds a friend in the society, inteligent, willing, and capable of investigating and redressing his injuries. Does he arrive here sick, or destitute of the means of subsistence, it is the office of this society to administer to his necessities, and procure for him employment in his proper avocation.

An institution established for such generous purposes challenges the admiration and support of not only our German population but of the entire community. The inteligence, high moral character and wealth of the gentlemen named in the charter, as trustees, are a sufficient guarranty that the objects of the association will be wisely, faithfully, and efficiently carried out. And we trust that but a short time will elapse before the association will find itself able to erect an edifice suited to the benevolent purposes of its foundation; and, that it may long stand as a monument to attest the enterprise and philanthropy of its founders.

The following statistics furnished by the association for publication in the Western Journal show the nature of the objects designed to be effected by the Institution. The society has been in existence three years, and it is gratifying to observe that its usefulness has greatly increased with each succeeding year. The services rendered by the association in procuring employment for imigrants cannot be too highly appreciated; for without such assistance many of those who land with small means would become a burthen on the city, while their labor would be lost to the community as well as to themselves.


According to the records of the society, the number of German arrivals at the port of St. Louis, were as follows:

From March 18th, 1848, to March 18th, 1849, near...9,000

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Of this number about two-thirds availed themselves of the services of the society.

Employment & work was secured within the first year to 524 persons








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second do. 801 66 third do. 1345 66


At the instance, and in a small degree at the expense of the society, 296 sick persons were admitted in the hospitals;

26 indigent poor were admitted in the County Farm; 9 Idiots and Insane




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121 Dead were buried, mostly at the cost of the city of St. Louis.

Homes and protection were secured for thirty-nine orphans. Medical attention and medicine were tendered and given to thirty families. Pecuniary assistance was rendered to two hundred and ninety persons, with the sum of eleven hundred and sixty four dollars. Free passage on steamboats was secured to twentyone persons, within twelve months.

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The act to incorporate the Trustees of the German Society of St. Louis, approved 1st Feb., with amendments.

WHEREAS, a benevolent Society has for several years been organized in the city of St. Louis under the name and style of the German Society of St. Louis, the object of which has been, free of charge, to assist German emigrants, by procuring employment for them if they intend to remain in St. Louis; to facilitate their journey if they desire to go into the interior; to protect them against imposition, and in case of suffering to cause collections to be made for their relief, or render them pecuniary assistance out of the funds of the society, which have been accomplished to the extent of its means through its agent, J. Reichard, and whereas those means are not adequate to meet the increasing demands upon the society, a committee of nine persons hereinafter named, have been appointed with a view to extend those means, thereby increasing the usefulness of the society. Therefore

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Missouri as follows:

§ 1. That John Wolff, Adolphe Abeles, Thomas J. Meier, Edward Eggers, Henry W. Gempp, Andrew Krug, Charles Muegge, Louis Speck, and John C. Meyer and their successors be and are hereby created, a body corporate and politic, by the name and style of "the Trustees of the German Society of St. Louis," & by that name they may have succession, and shall be capable of suing and being sued, pleading and being impleaded, answering and being answered unto, defending and being defended, in all courts and places whatever, that they and their successors, may have a common seal, and may change, alter or break the same at their pleasure, and that they and their successors, shall be in law capable of holding, purchasing and conveying any estate, real, personal or mixed, not to exceed the sum of seventy-five thousand dollars in value, and shall hold and enjoy, in their corporate capacity all the property, real, personal or mixed which said trustees now have, or hereafter may acquire..

§ 2. That all the vacancies occurring in said board of trustees within the period of five years shall be filled by the remaining mem bers, by and with the consent and advice of the German Society, and after that period, the said board of trustees shall be elected every two years, by the members of said German society, in a meeting called for that purpose.

3. Said society shall have power to organize, and pass such by-laws and rules not repugnant to the constitution and laws of the State so as to carry out the benevolent objects of said society. All persons of good character may become members of said German society by paying the monthly dues of twenty-five cents, but no member shall be compelled to pay his dues, his name may however be stricken off the list of members.

§4. The said board of trustees shall invest the property or funds, exceeding three hundred dollars, allowed for incidental expenses of the board per annum, in p blic stocks of the United States or individual States of the Union, or the counties or cities of this State, and these stocks shall not be transferable or negociable until the aggregate sum shall amount to seventy-five thousand dollars if it be found that twenty-five thousand dollars be not sufficient for the hall or building, except such bonds as shall be called in by the maker, and then a committee of not less than three members shall be appointed by the board to make reinvestment of the money in stock of equal value. The stock shall if possible bear at least six per cent. per annum, and the interest shall be invested as the original funds and shall be equally inviolate.

§ 5. That the property and the funds acquired by said trustees, may when the same amounts to twenty-five thousand dollars, and shall when the same amounts to seventy-five thousand dollars be invested in a hall or building the net income and rents of which, only, shall be appropriated and belong exclusively to the use of the said German society, to be expended in promoting the benevolent objects of said society, reserving however therefrom so much as shall be required to meet the necessary expenses and repairs, not to exceed five per centum per annum upon the investment.

§ 6. That the lot of ground upon which said hall or building shall be erected shall be held by said trustees and their successors for ever, for the sole use and benefit of said society, and shall never be mortgaged or encumbered with debt of any kind.

§ 7. Two thirds of the board of trustees shall constitute a quorum competent to transact the business of the corporation; they shall have power to make all necessary by-laws, rules and regulations for their government, not repugnant to the constitution and the laws of the State.

§ 8. The board of trustees shall report progress to the German society at the annual meeting of the said German society, and lay before them a detailed statement of income and expenditure.

§ 9. The corporation hereby created shall faithfully fulfil the objects of its creation, but the General Assembly whenever satisfied that it has failed to accomplish these objects, or has violated its charter, may alter or repeal the same.



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"A day's adventures seldom fail,
If truly toli with all detail,

To give an idea quite exact,
To any one that's matter-of-fact."

Like all the streams of this sandy and fragile region, the Canadian or the Rio Rojo, as the Spaniards formerly miscalled it, pursues the greater portion of its route towards the Arkansas, between two immense banks or barriers of sand, gravel and limestone, which in many places assume the pleasing appearance of sloping hills and mounds, whilst in others they mount up abruptly to a great higth: as at the Grand Canones; where the river flows through a narrow channel, between walls of rock at some places over four hundred feet perpendicular.

Though these rude barriers often closed in upon and prevented us from passing between them and the river, yet as we journied onward, they now and then receded and left small bottoms and sandbars covered with thick growths of cottonwood and wild grape.

Finding it convenient, at times, to make a road of the dry channel, we had crossed it but a few days since as dryshod as the Israelites in their passage of the Red Sea; but now, the water was several feet deep, though occupying but a confined space ;—thus compelling us to follow the deviations of the numerous irregularities, which broke the symmetry of the northern bank.

Our camp had been pitched in a little cottonwood bottom like those I have mentioned, and notwithstanding the heat of the preceeding days a searching breeze which blew over the river during the night, caused us to greet with pleasure the cheering beams of the morning sun.

Mounting the hill top above camp, we cast a last look at the bottom below, just in time to perceive two mounted warriors ride into it in search of plunder. Their search proved unsatisfactory however, for we had left nothing of value, except a worn out ox,

which had insisted upon accompanying us thus far from the Santa Fe trail. After despatching him with a few arrows, we beheld our bashful visitors recross the river towards the south, and scour away over the distant prairie until lost in the rays of the morning sun which already danced upon the heated ground.

We attained the high land which stretched out towards the north, unbroken and desolate farther than the eye could reach, and followed a route parallel to that of the Canadian.

In our attempt to remain as close as possible to this exceedingly tortuitous river, we were frequently compelled by the huge and impassable ravines or hollows to extend our travels far out into the prairie, ere a point could be attained where a passage was at all practicable. Frequently in such cases, we found no crossing between the mouth of the chasm and its head in the far off prairie. After rounding such difficulties as these, and again reaching the river bank, it would not be many miles ere another would present itself under similar circumstances and require a similar proceeding

to overcome it.

Thus we traveled on, along the northern bank, though now and then for the sake of variety a little bottom or valley near the river, of easy access, and allowing a passage, tempted us to descend the rough hills, and vary the monotony of our route by a brief ride through its sparse orchards of wild grape and hackberry. Many of the valleys which broke into the river, along this day's journey, were well wooded with undergrowth, and the bare hills in many places, strewn with numerous petrifactions of fallen trees, frequently of good size, indicated a once well-wooded region. Many of the fossil trunks as they lay upon the ground, measuring twenty and thirty feet in length and eighteen or twenty inches in diameter. Numerous large stumps, petrified also, stood around, and had they not been of stone, we would have looked for the woodman who had been felling the forest.

About noon our progress was suddenly checked by a lofty wall or barrier of flint, several hundred feet in higth, the base of which was washed by the red waves of the River, and its summit crowned with a rough growth of dwarf cedar. Here was a dilemma: We could either attempt the crossing of the Canadian, and try our luck again upon its southern bank,-or return by the way we had come and extend our peregrinations around the heads of several lenghty bottoms of the character before mentioned.

As the River was of more than usual depth, being more confined, -and the prospect on its opposite shore anything but inviting, we were on the point of adopting the latter alternative, when the quick report of several fire arms, with a few Indian yells as an accompaniment, drew our attention to a suspicious looking group of horsemen posted on the opposite heights.

After this salute, they descended the hills with an adroitness little to be expected from prairie Indians, and crossing the river

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