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tain exclusively to the liquor traffic and not to any other business that may be conducted by the different establishments. The estimated number of proprietors or firm members engaged in the liquor traffic was 191,519 and the employees 241,755. If the employees had devoted their entire time to the liquor traffic, it is estimated that it would have required 172,931 to carry on the business of the 161,483 establishments. Table V.-Summary of capital invested, taxes and rent paid, and persons engaged in cach class of liquor traffic, for the year ending June 30, 1896, pp. 110, 111.-This table summarizes by classes of business the facts for the whole number of establishments. From this it appears that of the 29,258 places of business for which reports were secured 20.282, or 69.32 per cent, were engaged exclusively in the retail liquor traffic; 7,552, or 25.81 per cent, in the retail liquor traffic combined with some other business; 214, or 0.73 per cent, in the wholesale liquor traffic exclusively; 37, or 0.13 per cent, in the wholesale liquor traffic combined with some other business; 985, or 3.37 per cent, in the retail and wholesale liquor traffic; and 188, or 0.64 per cent, in the retail and wholesale liquor traffic combined with some other business.

Turning to capital, it appears that of the aggregate, $173,421,799, the retail liquor trade exclusively had $102,470,580, or 59.09 per cent; retail liquor in combination with other business had $26,740,403, or 15.42 per cent; wholesale liquor exclusively, $8,491,488, or 4.90 per cent; wholesale liquor in combination with other business, $395,451, or 0.23 per cent; retail and wholesale liquor, $29,729,197, or 17.14 per cent; and retail and wholesale liquor in combination with other business, $5,594,680, or 3.22 per cent.

Table VI.-Establishments engaged in the liquor traffic in connection with other business, arranged according to per cent of liquor traffic of total business, for each State, by character of business, for the year ending June 30, 1896, pp. 112-119.-Establishments engaged in the liquor traffic in connection with some other business are in this table grouped according to such business and according to the per cent that liquor traffic is of the total business. In order to ascertain the proportion that the liquor traffic was of the entire business of those establishments in which it was carried on in connection with other business, the following question was asked: "What proportion of the entire business of all kinds, for the year, is represented by the liquor traffic?" The replies submitted in answer to this question are presented in this table.

Table VII.-Summary of establishments engaged in the liquor traffic in connection with other business, arranged according to per cent of liquor traffic of total business, by character of business, for the year ending June 30, 1896, pp. 118, 119.-This table is a summary of the preceding by character of business, combining the various States canvassed.

In Table VI the establishments engaged in the different classes of business reported as being carried on in connection with the liquor traf fic are arranged so as to show for each State and each class of business

the number of establishments having a specified percentage of their entire business devoted to the liquor traffic. Table VII shows similar facts for all the establishments canvassed in each class of business. These tables indicate, for the establishments canvassed, whether the liquor traffic forms the major or minor portion of the business of the establishments in which it is conducted in connection with other business. Of the 29,258 establishments canvassed 7,777, or 26.58 per cent, reported that the liquor traffic was carried on in connection with other business. The twelve classes of business shown to have been conducted in connection with the liquor traffic are in some instances combinations of distinct pursuits; for instance, the class "bakeries and confectioneries" includes "bakeries" or "confectioneries" as well as "bakeries and confectioneries;" the class "pleasure resorts" includes museums, music halls, summer gardens, and theaters. The grocery business appears most frequently in connection with the liquor trade, 3,078 establishments being reported. Next come hotels and boarding and lodging houses, 2,117 establishments, and drug stores, 1,066 establishments. By reference to Table VII it appears that 3,763 establishments, or 48.39 per cent of the 7,777, reported that the liquor traffic formed 50 per cent or more of the entire yearly business of the establishments. Of the 3,078 groceries in which the liquor traffic was carried on, 1,414, or 45.94 per cent, reported that the liquor traffic represented 50 per cent or more of their entire annual business, and of the 2,117 hotels and boarding and lodging houses reporting, 1,528, or 72.18 per cent, reported that the liquor traffic formed 50 per cent or more of their entire business. As previously explained, the capital invested and other statistical information reported by these 7,777 establishments related exclusively to the liquor traffic.

Table VIII.-Establishments occupying rented property engaged in each class of liquor traffic, by localities, for the year ending June 30, 1896, pp. 120-122.-This table shows the establishments occupying rented property in detail for each city in which there were 100 or more specialtax payers, all other localities being combined and designated as "rural." The totals are also shown for all the localities in each State so far as canvassed.

Table IX-Summary of establishments occupying rented property engaged in each class of liquor traffic, by States, for the year ending June 30, 1896, p. 122.-This table summarizes the preceding, bringing all the State totals together. The great extent to which rented property is used in the liquor traffic is shown. It appears that of the 20,093 establishments occupying rented property 15,458, or 76.93 per cent, were engaged in the liquor traffic only, while 4,635, or 23.07 per cent, were engaged in some other business in combination with the liquor traffic.

The following table shows, by States, the number of establishments engaged in the retail, wholesale, and retail and wholesale liquor traffic

respectively, and the number and percentage in each class that occupied rented property. In this table the establishments engaged exclusively in the liquor traffic and those engaged in the traffic in connection with other business have been combined.

ESTABLISHMENTS CANVASSED AND NUMBER AND PER CENT OCCUPYING RENTED. PROPERTY, 1896.

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This statement shows that out of the entire 29,258 establishments canvassed 20,093, or 68.68 per cent, were occupying rented property.

CHAPTER V.

THE REVENUE FROM THE PRODUCTION OF AND THE TRAFFIC IN LIQUORS.

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