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63961

Copyright, 1922,
BY LITTLE, BROWN, AND COMPANY.

All rights reserved

Published June, 1922

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

TO THE MEMORY

OF

MY MOTHER CATHERINE

AND

MY SISTER MARY

PURPOSE AND REQUIREMENTS OF

GOVERNMENT

“Civil governments, in their first institution, are voluntary associations for mutual defense. To obtain the desired end it is absolutely necessary that each individual should conceive himself obliged to submit his private opinion and actions to the judgment of the greater number of his associates."

GIBBON'S “Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire”, Vol. I, ch. IX.

Exchange
Library
University of Minnesota

JUN 26 '36

PREFACE

“In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion," wrote Washington in his Farewell Address, “it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.”

The purpose of this book is to make accessible to the citizen and his son, to his newly enfranchised wife and daughter, and especially to his children in school, such a knowledge of the Constitution of the United States as will serve in emergency as a “first line of defense.”

“Almost every provision in that instrument,” said a great jurist, writing on our Constitution, “has a history that must be understood before the brief and sententious language employed can be comprehended in the relations its authors intended."

But the means of acquiring that information essential to full and strong citizenship never has been available in practical and simple form to the mass of the people or to teachers. There are many great works on the Constitution of the United States, but most of them were written for the legal profession and are in two or more large vol

1

umes.

The simple plan here is to explain the Constitution by a note to every line or clause that has a historical story or drama back of it, or that has contributed during the one hundred thirty-three years of our life under this instrument to the National or the international welfare of mankind. This method leaves the text of the Constitu

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