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age limit American attendance average become better bill boys called cause census cent certificates Chairman Child Labor Committee child labor law civilization club compulsory education conference Consumers cotton mill duty early effect effort eight employed employees employment enforcement engaged England establishment fact factory factory inspector fifteen five force four fourteen girls give given hand House human ignorant illiterate important increase industry interest League legislation Legislature manufacturers measure meeting moral National Child Labor night opportunity organization parents passed period permits physical population practical present progress protection public schools question reason representing responsibility result Secretary secure sixteen social society South Carolina Southern street things tion trades twelve wages women workers York young
Página 15 - That woman's physical structure and the performance of maternal functions place her at a disadvantage in the struggle for subsistence is obvious. This is especially true when the burdens of motherhood are upon her. Even when they are not, by abundant testimony of the medical fraternity continuance for a long time on her feet at work, repeating this from day to day, tends to injurious effects upon the body, and, as healthy mothers are essential to vigorous offspring, the physical well-being of woman...
Página 31 - The two sexes differ in structure of body, in the functions to be performed by each, in the amount of physical strength, in the capacity for long-continued labor, particularly when done standing, the influence of vigorous health upon the future well-being of the race, the self-reliance which enables one to assert full rights, and in the capacity to maintain the struggle for subsistence. This difference justifies a difference in legislation and upholds that which is designed to compensate for some...
Página 130 - No child under fourteen years of age shall be employed, permitted or suffered to work in or in connection with any factory, workshop, mine, mercantile establishment, store, business office, telegraph office, restaurant, hotel, apartment house, or in the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to employ any child under fourteen years of age in any business or service...
Página 109 - Aid the dawning, tongue and pen; Aid it, hopes of honest men ; Aid it, paper — aid it, type — Aid it, for the hour is ripe, And our earnest must not slacken Into...
Página 22 - ... would have been non-existent for us. Without the circumstances of infancy we might have become formidable among animals through sheer force of sharp-wittedness. But, except for these circumstances, we should never have comprehended the meaning of such phrases as " self-sacrifice " or
Página 54 - ... canvass, as to the number of children, ten to fifteen years of age, engaged in particular industries. From that we learn (census bulletin 69) that three out of ten operatives in southern cotton mills are from ten to fifteen years of age. This takes no account of a quite appreciable number of children under ten so employed.
Página 161 - The most beautiful sight that we see is the child at labor ; as early as he may get at labor, the more beautiful, the more useful does his life get to be.
Página 70 - ... is too costly ; therefore, if there is one child on a mountain top too far from the district school to attend regularly, a teacher is sent to live in the home of that child for ten months, and is paid for the entire twelve months. The state recognizes the right of the child to an education, and of the teacher to a living wage. In the South, we expect a woman to go into a state of coma two or three months of each year, as we pay only for the months she actually works. And here let me sound my...
Página 61 - ... Considering the white population alone, the percentage of illiterates in the South Atlantic division in 1870 was 23.5, and this had been reduced to 11.5 per cent in 1900. In the South Central states the percentages were 23.4 in 1870 and n.8 per cent in 1900. For the United States the percentages were 11.5 in 1870 and 6.2 in 1900. The South, despite the reductions made, is still in point of average literacy behind all the other sections of the Union, and far behind such countries of Europe as...