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HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.

BY

THOMAS WENTWORTH HIGGINSON,
AUTHOR OF "ATLANTIC ESSAYS," "ARMY LIFE IN A BLACK REGIMENT,"
"MALBONE," ETC.

Illustrated.

BOSTON:

LEE AND SHEPARD, PUBLISHERS.

NEW YORK: CHARLES T. DILLINGHAM.

HARVARD

COLLEGE
LIBRARY

COPYRIGHT, 1875,

BY THOMAS WENTWORTH HIGGINSON.

COPYRIGHT, 1886,

BY THOMAS WENTWORTH HIGGINSON.

S. J. PARKHILL & CO., PRINTERS
BOSTON

PREFACE.

IT

T is the aim of this book to tell the story of the United States in a clear and simple manner, for young and old. In writing it, I have adopted two plain rules, to omit all names and dates not really needful, and to make liberal use of the familiar traits and incidents of every day. If there is any merit in the design, it belongs largely to my honored friend, George B. EMERSON, Esq., of Boston, from whom the first suggestion of the work came, and by whose kind co-operation it has been carried through. I am indebted, also, to Rev. GEORGE E. ELLIS, D.D., to RICHARD FROTHINGHAM, Esq., and to FRANCIS PARKMAN, Esq., for valuable hints and criticisms; and to Rev. J. G. PALFREY, D.D., and the Maine Historical Society, for permission to use important maps, originally engraved for them.

It will be noticed that less space than usual is given, in these pages, to the events of war, and more to the affairs of peace. This course has keen deliberately pursued. It is desirable, no doubt, that the reader

should fully understand the way in which every impor tant war began and ended, and that he should read enough of the details to know in what spirit it was carried on. Beyond this, the statistics of sieges and battles are of little value, and are apt to make us forget that the true glory of a nation lies, after all, in orderly progress. Times of peace, the proverb says, have few historians; but this may be more the fault of the histo rians than of the times.

T. W. H.

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