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hogsheads, and the human form divine."

To many, they come with merry look, but bring a deadly joy. For such spirits we have the words of Cassius : “O thou invisible spirit, * * * if thou hast no name to be known by, let us call thee Devil. * '* * 0, that men should put an enemy to their mouths, to steal away their brains !” (And thus commit "petty larceny!) Let those who find in wine their wit and wisdom exalt these

“ spirits in delight

Beyond the bliss of dreams;" but we bid them quick descent to Pluto's realms.

The good spirits that now command our wearied thoughts, are spirits of the mind and soul. Milton says,

“So much I feel my genial spirits droop.” It is said of this or that man, “ He is always in good spirits." These are the spirits that now gather around us, and proffer their fellowship.

Nobody doubts that every teacher gives tone to his school. A gloomy teacher keeps a gloomy school. A peevish teacher makes a peevish school. A merry teacher has a merry school. Whatever be the predominant characteristic of the teacher, that quality invariably becomes ingrained into the school. Moroseness, irritability, despondency, as certainly affect children unhappily, as they do persons of mature years. Hence, it is a matter of great importance that those who train children should exhibit in themselves those qualities and feelings, which will contribute most to the happiness and well-being of their young charge. To this end nothing is more valuable than the possession of what is expressively termed "good spirits." These are manifested in various ways; generally in quiet cheerfulness; sometimes in a hearty "good morning;” sometimes in a funny anecdote, or a merry laugh; oftentimes in cheering words of encouragement. No matter what the difficulties, the trials, the discouragements of the schoolroom, good spirits still uphold the hopeful teacher, and keep a blue sky over his little world. Such a man always looks upon the bright side of things. If clouds gather around him, he cheerily thinks of the gun close above them. If the winds of opposition whistle about him, he thinks of the purer atmosphere that will follow. He is not discouraged by dullness, nor provoked by impertinence, nor incensed by the many misdeeds that children thoughtlessly commit. When a few bad boys tempt him for a moment to despond, he looks at the many good ones, who are to him a source of pleasure and pride, and works on with fresh joy.

For most of the ills of the schoolroom, good spirits are a sovereign cure, or, what is far better, an efficient preventivo. Children are most apt to trouble those teachers who are most easily troubled; while one who steadily preserves his cheerfulness under all annoyances, commands their respect and sympathy, and they soon learn to take pleasure in doing his will. Pope uttered many wise sayings, but none more wise than this:

" What then remains but well our power to use,

And keep good-humor still, whate'er we lose ?
And trust me, dear, good-humor can prevail,

When airs, and flights, and screams, and scolding fail." A man of good spirits has, of course, an abundance of the good-humor that the poet thus extols. No one expects a desponding man to display good-humor. But it

may

be asked, “How can we command these good spirits ? " In part by taking a wise care of health. It is hard for a sick man to seem cheerful. Abundant exercise, great temperance, open air, are indispensable to health. Avoid doctors and fancied ills, for

“ Most of those evils we poor mortals know

From doctors and imagination flow.” Shakspeare dogmatically says, “ Throw physic to the dogs." Undoubtedly, a man may thus secure health “ dog-cheap"; but then is it quite kind to administer boluses and bark to the innocent dogs ?

Take good care of Conscience, also _"man's most faithful friend.” A just assurance that we are striving to do our duty fortifies the soul against the assaults of all evil spirits, and secures a broad and safe field for the movement of all good spirits.

Resolve every morning to make the best of every thing that shall happen during the day.

Finally, if you would enjoy uninterrupted good spirits, do not undertake, when “ tired with toil,” to indite an article for the Teacher at the ghostly hour of midnight ; for, if you do, though clouds of Teutonic spooks surround you, both you and your article will surely be spiritless.

ORTS.

A young miss, whose knowledge of French was nearly equal to her knowledge of orthography, writing to a friend about the fine weather, remarked, “We are having bell wether now.” If she ever learned of her mistake, she doubtless felt sheepish about it.

A New YORK paper says that the condemned slave trader, now in that eity, has a wife and boy four years old.” Is not the wife remarkably young? One of the biographies in Cleveland's admirable Compendium of American Literature says, “His father died when he was an infant. A juvenile father, truly!

The telegraph reported recently, in regard to the Burnside victory, that “the stars and stripes were seen at Elizabeth City floating over the batteries." Query: Where were the batteries ? At Elizabeth City, or at Roanoke Island ?

A VERY bashful young man, translating before his college professor a passage from Xenophon's Memorabilia of Socrates, in which Socrates says to a

“When you see a beautiful woman, beware!” rendered it thus, “When you see a pretty girl, run like thunder and lightning !" “Ah, yes," said the old professor; “but is n't that rather free?" A COLLEGE student named Gun was absent one day at roll-call.

« Gun - Gun,” said the professor ; "anybody know where Gun is ?” A little fellow in the corner squeaked out, “Gone off, sir !”

young friend,

SPELLING EXERCISES.

We dropped into one of the lower classes of a city school the other day, during an examination. The following words were used. The class spelled ninety per cent. correctly.

Camel, Cabin, Pallet, Linen, Habit, Melon, Police, Cashier, Heifer, Leopard, Falsify, Pacify, Stupefy, Vilify, Specify, Sleight, Business, Seine, Carriage, Burcau, Pursuit, Religious, Village, Partridge, Bridge.

A friend hands us the following list :

Inseparable, Paralysis, Pigeon, Glycerine, Basilisk, Chrysalis, Sapphire, Basin, Sparse, Solitude, Emollient, Surcingle, Kerseymere, Chalybeate, Irascible, Syzygy, Vermilion, Inuendo, Isosceles, Lachrymal, Saccharine, Dishabille, Apocrypha, Satellite, Baptistery.

Besieged, Baluster, Tyranuize, Eleemosynary, Exchequer, Tranquillity, Codicil, Supersede, Procedure, Huguenot, Gauger, Laudatory, Gherkin, Beleaguered, Mignonette, Millenium, Pretension, Phraseology, Serviceable, Parallelism, Connoisseur, Unmistakable, Contagious, Partisan, Inflammation.

A GOOD MOTTO IN ANY STUDY. Review ; Review; Review.

EXAMINATION QUESTIONS. The following questions were used at a late examination of teachers for the Bowditch School, of this city.

ARITHMETIC.

of 131

134

84 1. Divide

of 7 by 164

121 2. Divide two hundred and fifty-six ten-thousandths by four millionths.

3. In 324,560 inches how many miles ? Answer to be given in miles, furlongs, rods, yards, feet, and inches.

4. At what rate per cent. will 840 dollars gain $49 in 2 years 2 months ?

5. What is the difference between the interest and the discount of $5,000 for 1 year

6 months ? 6. A grocer sold tea at 45 cents per pound, and gained 10 per cent. What would he have gained per cent. if he had sold it for 50 cents per pound?

7. A gentleman purchases a farm for $3,600, and agrees to pay $600 down, and the remainder in 5 equal semi-annual instalments. At what time may

the whole be paid at once ? 8. A gentleman owns a farm in the form of a square, containing 250

What is the length of one side of the farm, and what is the distance between its opposite corners ?

GRAMMAR. 1. What is the meaning of the grammatical term Accidents ?

2. What parts of speech are declined? What are inflected ? and which are neither declined nor inflected ?

3. Give the plurals of chrysalis, genus, billet-doux, queen-consort.
4. Compare the adjectives, evil, little, front, wooden.
5. What is the difference between Voice and Mood ?
6. What is an impersonal verb? Give an example.

7. Correct the sentence, “ To ascertain and settle which, of a white rose or a red rose breathes the sweetest fragrance.”

8. In the following sentence, parse the words in italics: “Many who praise virtue, do no more than praise it.”

acres.

GEOGRAPHY.

1. What is the greatest city north of the latitude of London; and upon what river is it built ?

2. Which is further south, Marseilles or Florence ?

3. What, or about what, is the latitude of Liberia ? and what is the longitude ?

4. Which is furthest north, Boston, or Berlin, or the Bay of Biscay? 5. Bound Germany. 6. How is Austria bounded, and what is its principal river ?

7. Where is Lucca, and what article of domestic use do we obtain from there?

8. Name two or three great rivers of the world that flow from the south towards the north; and which of them is the greatest and most famous ?

HISTORY.

1. What was the foundation of the English claim to North America ?

2. Give the dates of the settlement of Plymouth Colony, and the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, and the names of the first governors of each. " When were the two colonies united under one name ?

3. What was the Continental Congress, and give the date of its assembling?

4. Give the names and dates of such battles of the American Revolution as you recollect.

5. Give the reasons for the adoption of the Constitution of the United States.

6. Give the names of the Presidents of the United States in their order, and the length of the term of office of each.

7. Give the names and dates of such naval engagements in the war of 1812 as you recollect.

8. State what you know of the origin of the Mexican war, and the names and dates of such battles as you recollect.

ORTHOGRAPHY.

Balancc, Benefited, Botanic, Ballad, Chyle, Cripple, Crystallize, Hieroglyphics, Hygiene, Indelible, Menace, Moralize, Mortise, Panel, Pinnace, Satellite, Rebellion, Triple, Tyrranic, Valid, Vermilion, Valise, Visible.

OUR EDUCATIONAL EXCHANGES.

The Maine Teacher. Edited by Hon. E. P. Weston, State Superintendent of Schools. We are always glad to see this excellent journal. Its editor is thoroughly alive and labors zealously in the good cause. We copied into our last issue his article on “Forefather's Day," and have since seen it in another journal. It will be seen that a correspondent in our present number questions its statements. Which is right?

The New Hampshire Journal of Education : Concord. Twelve Associate Edi

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