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penetrating from Pekin to Siberia, although by the route so often followed by the Russians. Sejan, struck down by sickness, has returned to France, without having explored what he wished to ascertain in connection with the Upper Nile ; the second voyage of Miani to the upper waters of the White Nile, appears to have produced no result; Peney has died of fatigue without having been able to pass the third degree of south latitude; Ruveyrier has been forced to quit Ghat for Mourzouch and Tripoli ; Livingstone has not been able to ascend the Bovouma beyond a few miles. It would appear that Africa continues to oppose a stubborn resistance to the attempts of Europe to penetrate it, and if now and then some exceptional traveller succeeds in striking out some sparks of truth, the night presently falls, and many years pass before new light appears. Following the successful expeditions of Barth and Livingstone, Vogel, Neimans, Roscher Cuny, and Van Barnim have found their death in Africa. Van der Decken has been unable, notwithstanding the energy of his efforts and the extent of his resources, to proceed beyond a short distance in the route from Kilwa to Niassa. Andersson has attempted in vain to penetrate from the country of the Damards to the river Cuneve ; the

expedition of Comte d'Escayzac de Lauture has not got beyond Cairo; the French expedition to Abyssinia, under the command of Captain Russell, has stopped at Halifax; finally, the explorations of Baikie on the Niger have had to struggle with a thousand difficulties; and Livingstone himself, notwithstanding the large means at his command, has added little to his old discoveries." - London Educa

" tional Times.

A NEW INVENTION. M. Schneider has invented a new soundNew

a ing apparatus, which overcomes the difficulty heretofore experienced of telling when the “lead” strikes the bottom. The sounding-line is composed of gutta percha, and containing two wires for the passage of an electric current. As soon as the bottom is reached, the electric circuit is completed, and an electric is sounded in the ship.

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THE EDUCATIONAL Room has been removed from the Congregational Library Building, to 119 WASHINGTON STREET, over. Crosby & Nichols' book-store. Teachers and friends of Education are invited to make it their head-quarters.

OUR POSITION.

We commenced the new year despondingly. Many of our subscribers returned the January number, thereby intimating their intention of discontinuing their subscriptions. Our receipts were less than usual, and we were afraid we should be unable to meet our bills as they fell due. But the tide has turned. From old and from new subscribers we are receiving the needed remittances, and, also, encouraging words. Not that we feared the Teacher would die, or even languish. There are those who love it too well, who take too much pride in their profession, have too much regard for the honor of their State, to allow that. It shall not be told in Gath, nor published in Askelon, that the southern rebellion broke down the Massachusetts Teacher.

One returned copy was endorsed, “Do n't send us any more such trash.It did not make us feel very bad, though. We immediately thought of Matt. vii.: 6, where it is pretty strongly intimated that good things will not be appreciated by every body. Not that we care to press the application in this case. We will try to believe that our former subscriber has progressed so far in educational science, that our most approved theories and methods seem to him “trash;” but why turn the “cold shoulder” towards us ? --- why not have mercy upon our poor starved readers, and send them something that is real substance ? He knows that our pages are at his service.

The January number was returned to us, pronounced "trash.” But a gentleman in an adjoining town accidentally takes up the same number of the Teacher, and writes to us, “I was so well pleased with several of its articles that I am prompted to subscribe, and, enclosed, send the needful.”

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He particularly notices the articles, “Teaching by pattern," and the “Credit System ;” “anticipates much pleasure in reading our magazine, if the January number is a criterion,” etc. Now this gentleman is not a teacher. But he is interested in schools, and we guarantee that every man and woman who has a real heart-interest, and not a mere bread-and-butter interest, in schools, will find in the bound volumes of the Massachusetts Teacher, and in the numbers as they are issued, much of great value.

A distinguished educator of this State writes, “I hope you are prospering. I see not how the live teacher can do without your journal.” An active and very successful teacher in Indiana sends us the names of ten new subscribers, and writes, “I am delighted with the Teacher, especially the practical articles on teaching.” The Superintendent of Schools in Akron, Ohio, sends the pay for three subscribers, and adds, “ The Teacher has been a very welcome guest to me during the past year.” We doubt not there are a thousand others ready to say the same. We never knew the Teacher to have warmer friends than now. But we want more. Our subscription list should be increased. We wish we could make every teacher in the State feel that it is his or her duty to increase this by one name, if no more. This we desire not for ourselves personally, but that the Teacher

may

make an “onward movement,” and become a more worthy exponent of the educational forces of Massachusetts.

GOOD SPIRITS.

There are many kinds of spirits. Hecate, in Macbeth, sings thus :

" Black spirits and white,

Blue spirits and grey ;
Mingle, mingle, mingle,
You that mingle may.”

Of these spirits, the white and the grey are doubtless kindly enough; but the blacks are malignant “contrabands," and the “blues” strive to invade the the penetralia of every man's soul. With such society we have no desire to mingle: ghosts and hobgoblins ; "secret black, and midnight hags;” “spirits from the vasty deep,” are not the most agreeable companions. To all such we politely say,

“ Avaunt! and quit my sight!” Then there are countless evil spirits, of all colors, and names; and possessing all sorts of abodes, such as bottles, jugs, demi-johns, kegs, barrels,

hogsheads, and the human form divine.” To many, they come with

“ merry look, but bring a deadly joy. For such spirits we have the words of Cassius : “O thou invisible spirit, * * * if thou hast no name to be known by, let us call thee - Devil. * * * 0, that men should put an enemy to their mouths, to steal away their brains !” (And thus commit

( “petty larceny!") Let those who find in wine their wit and wisdom exalt these

“ spirits in delight

Beyond the bliss of dreams;” but we bid them quick descent to Pluto's realms.

The good spirits that now command our wearied thoughts, are spirits of the mind and soul. Milton says,

“So much I feel my genial spirits droop.” It is said of this or that man, “ He is always in good spirits.” These are the spirits that now gather around us, and proffer their fellowship.

Nobody doubts that every teacher gives tone to his school. A gloomy teacher keeps a gloomy school. A peevish teacher makes a peevish school. A merry teacher has a merry school. Whatever be the predominant characteristic of the teacher, that quality invariably becomes ingrained into the school. Moroseness, irritability, despondency, as certainly affect children unhappily, as they do persons of mature years. Hence, it is a matter of great importance that those who train children should exhibit in themselves those qualities and feelings, which will contribute most to the happiness and well-being of their young charge. To this end nothing is more valuable than the possession of what is expressively termed "good spirits.” These are manifested in various ways; generally in quiet cheerfulness; sometimes in a hearty "good morning;” sometimes in a funny anecdote, or a merry laugh; oftentimes in cheering words of encouragement. No matter what the difficulties, the trials, the discouragements of the schoolroom, good spirits still uphold the hopeful teacher, and keep a blue sky over his little world. Such a man always looks upon the bright side of things. If clouds gather around him, he cheerily thinks of the sun close above them. If the winds of opposition whistle about him, he thinks of the purer atmosphere that will follow. He is not discouraged by dullness, nor provoked by impertinence, nor incensed by the many misdeeds that children thoughtlessly commit. When a few bad boys tempt him for a moment to despond, he looks at the many good ones, who are to him a source of pleasure and pride, and works on with fresh joy.

For most of the ills of the schoolroom, good spirits are a sovereign cure, or, what is far better, an efficient preventive. Children are most apt to trouble those teachers who are most easily troubled; while one who steadily

preserves his cheerfulness under all annoyances, commands their respect
and sympathy, and they soon learn to take pleasure in doing his will.
Pope uttered many wise sayings, but none more wise than this :

" What then remains but well our power to use,
And keep good-humor still, whate'er we lose ?
And trust me, dear, good-humor can prevail,

When airs, and flights, and screams, and scolding fail." A man of good spirits has, of course, an abundance of the good-humor that the poet thus extols. No one expects a desponding man to display good-humor. But it

may be asked, “How can we command these good spirits ? In part by taking a wise care of health. It is hard for a sick man to seem cheerful. Abundant exercise, great temperance, open air, are indispensable to health. Avoid doctors and fancied ills, for

“ Most of those evils we poor mortals know

From doctors and imagination flow." Shakspeare dogmatically says, “ Throw physic to the dogs.” Undoubtedly, a man may thus secure health“ dog-cheap”; but then is it quite kind to administer boluses and bark to the innocent dogs ?

Take good care of Conscience, also “man's most faithful friend." A just assurance that we are striving to do our duty fortifies the soul against the assaults of all evil spirits, and secures a broad and safe field for the movement of all good spirits.

Resolve every morning to make the best of every thing that shall happen during the day.

Finally, if you would enjoy uninterrupted good spirits, do not undertake, when “tired with toil,” to indite an article for the Teacher at the ghostly hour of midnight; for, if you do, though clouds of Teutonic spooks surround you, both you and your article will surely be spiritless.

ORTS.

A young miss, whose knowledge of French was nearly equal to her knowledge of orthography, writing to a friend about the fine weather, remarked, “We are having bell wether now.” If she ever learned of her mistake, she doubtless felt sheepish about it.

A New York paper says that the condemned slave trader, now in that city," has a wife and boy four years old.” Is not the wife remarkably young ?

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