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ery trade.

land market as a table honey in competition with the producers of that article there. The Hawaiian product does not come in competition with the table-honey trade of the mainland in any way, the entire product being shipped in bulk for the baking and confection

The matter of retaining, and if possible increasing, the present tariff of 20 cents per gallon, or 13 cents per pound, on honey directly interests every bee keeper in the United States, and the National Bee Keepers' Association has passed resolutions to the effect that an aggressive effort should be made in this direction. At the annual meeting held in Detroit in October a separate resolution was also passed recommending further that a tariff of 10 cents per pound be placed on beeswax.

Herewith I submit four tables, compiled by Dr. E. F. Phillips, in charge of apiculture, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C., which will give you all the available information concerning the imports and exports of honey and beeswax into and from the United States. On a separate sheet you will find the tariff schedules of honey and wax in the different laws. These tables tell exactly the sources of the honey and show also what country is our main competitor. The price given under “ Imports” is the price at the port at which consigned. Freight rates from Cuba and other countries shipping honey to the United States can not be obtained, but the rates imposed on the Hawaiian producers are necessarily far in excess of the Cuban rates. It costs the Hawaiian producer not less than 1 cent per pound to market his honey. The cost of production is not less than 24 cents per pound, and the gross returns do not average more than 4 cents per pound.

The honey industry is one that appeals to a man of small means. The product is not perishable and can be stored until a sufficient quantity is obtained to enable the producer to take advantage of the lower rates of freight that prevail for large shipments. It is an industry that can be carried on independently on a large scale, where the territory will permit, or one that can be taken up as a side issue in conjunction with other pursuits where the territory is limited. Not more than 60 per cent of the territory of these islands capable of offering pasturage for bees is now occupied by a piaries. The industry is being gradually developed and extended, but, as is the case with all minor industries, has met with many difficulties, and much experimental work has been necessary to determine the best methods of apiculture for the semitropical conditions met with in these islands. The Hawaiian Bee Keepers' Association feels that it is of paramount importance that no reduction in the honey tariff be made. The industry is one along the line that Congress has repeatedly urged those in authority in Hawaii to undertake, and every encouragement should be offered to those engaged in apiculture in Hawaii, to bring the industry to a permanent and profitable basis. Any reduction in the honey tariff would ruin the bee-keeping industry in Hawaii. Yours, very respectfully,

D. L. VAX DINE. Secretary Hawaiian Bee Keepers' Association.

Tariff schedules on honey and war under the different laws.

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EXHIBIT Α. Imports of honey into the United States, 1901-1908, by countries from which

consigned.

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37.0 727,728 $25, 659 $0.035 33.3 327,876 $13, 091 $0.00 15.0
6.6 1,361, 052 33, 269

.224
67.8, 160. 440

4,853 .030 8.0 45.3 1,166, 796 31, 6971 .027 33.8 198, 204, 4,897 .025 5.8 52.4 652, 104 12, 345 .019 26.3

373,212

8,982 .024 15.1 66. 1 516, 804 10, 177 .020 21.7 162, 792 4,0631 .025 6.8 45.8 721,488 18, 107 .025 43. 7 27.810 820 .029 1.7 43. 4: 881,340 27, 531

.031
42.0 31, 272 746

.024 1.5 45. 71,045, 911 37, 926 .036

11.1 49,068 1,376 .028 1.9

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1901. 1902. 1903. 1904. 1905. 1906. 1907 1908.

146, 256 $5,096 $0.035

35, 181 1, 173
235, 598 5,013 020
58, 176 1, 273 022
14.0.32 779 .018
81,414 1, 703
188, 610 4,819

6.7. 174, 708 $8,172 $0.017 8.0 2, 186,352 $83,599 $0.038 1.7 3199, 200 11,251 .035 15.9 | 2,007, 612 56, 383 .028 7.4 266, 676

8, 926 . (33 7.7 3, 432, 352 115, 100 .033 2.4 91,50 3,8.16 .041 3.8 2, 475,501

69,033 .029 1.9 83, 958 3, 482

.315 2, 383, 404

76, 719
4.9
68,568 3,782 055 4.1 1,655, 652

50, 651 .031
8.9 8.068
.019 4.2 2, 108, 064

.011

.021

.

.026 106, 116 2,870 , Ꭴ27

.631 4.2, 179, 904 9,527 .0.3 7.1 2,513,904 98, 425

.039

4, 345

70,854

a Custom-house returns of honey are given in gallons, assumed here to weigh 12 pounds. Imports of honey into the United States are subject to a specitic duty.

Value8.-The values of all imported articles, whether subject to ad valorem or specific duties or free of duty, are regulated by the act of Congress of June 10, 1890.

The actual market value or wholesale price of such merchandise as bought and sold in usual wholesale quantities at the time of exportation to the United States in the principal markets of the country from whence imported, and in the condition in which such mer: chandise is there bought for exportation to the United States or consigned to the United States for sale, including the value of all cartons, cases, crates, boxes, sacks, and coverings of any kind, and all other costs, charges, and expenses incident to placing the merchandise in condition ready for shipment to the United States.

Valuution deceptions.--'The value of imported articles subject to ad valorem duties is believed to be determined with more accuracy, according to the legal method of valuation, than other imports, with specific duties or free, and exported articles, The valuations of dutiable imports and of exports dutiable in foreign countries tend to understatement, and the valuations of imports that are free of duty are often inflated for the purpose of trade deception.

EXHIBIT B.

Imports of beeswax into the United States, 1901-1908, by countries from which

consigned.

Cuba.

Mexico.

Santo Domingo.

Year ending
June 30—

.217

. 288

1901 1902 1903 1901 1905 1906 1907 1908

110, 778 $28, 539 $0.258 91.8 13,416 $3,080 $0.229
157,83944, 364

. 281

38.6 23, 366 5,670
147, 917 42, 357 286 30.3 162, 332 36, 476 225
98, 455 28, 682 291 23. 1 167,813 45, 673 272
79, 926 24,006 300 21.4 87,913 23, 265 265
158, 523 48, 120 304 27.0 46, 421 13, 185 290
331, 942 93, 702 282 36.2 47, 262 15, 417
264, 984 76, 431 288 39.5 41,489 13, 290 .320

6.3 5,7 33. 2 39.5 23.5 7.9 5.2 6.2

41, 225 $10, 241 80.248
73, 364 21, 118
82,829 21, 364

. 258
80, 783 21, 061 261
46,816 11,193
34, 052 8, 596 . 252
67, 264 16, 911 252
55, 311 13,085 237

19.3 17.9 16.9 19.0 12.5 5.8 7.3 8.2

239

Haiti.

All other countries.

Total.

Year ending

June 30

9.0

1901. 1902. 1903 1901. 1905. 1906 1907. 1908.

11, 286 $4, 292 $0.380

6, 373 3,013 473 25, 2767, 692 .304 38, 106 10,359 .272 62,517 16, 017 257 27,311 7, 326 269 48,831 13, 555 278 58, 117 15,379 .261

5.3 37, 038 $9, 732 $0.263
1.6 147,761 12, 372 287
5.2 70, 222 19,331 275

39,981 11.103 278
16.8 96,337 26, 610 276
4.6 321, 310 90, 487 292
5.3 421, 789 125, 022 296
8.6 251, 595 76,584 .304

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.289

a Imports of beeswax into the United States are free of duty. Values.— The values of all imported articles, whether subject to ad valorem or specific duties or free of duty, are defined by the act of Congress of June 10, 1890, as

The actual market value or wholesale price of such merchandise as bought and sold in usual wholesale quantities at the time of exportation to the United States in the principal markets of the country from which imported, and in the condition in which such merchandise is there bought for exportation to the United States or consigned to the United States for sale, including the value of all cartons, cases, crates, boxes, sacks, and coverings of any kind, and all other costs, charges, and expenses incident to placing the merchandise in condition ready for shipment to the United States.

Valuation deceptions. The value of imported articles subject to ad valorem duties is believed to be determined with more accuracy, according to the legal method of valuation, than the value of imports with specific duties or free of duty or the value of exported articles; the valuations of dutiable imports and of exports dutiable in foreign countries tend to understatement, and the valuations of imports that are free of duty are liable to inflation for the purpose of trade deception.

EXHIBIT C.

Imports and exports of honey of the United States, by decades, 1855-1908.

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EXHIBIT D.

Imports and exports of beeswar into the United States, by decades, 1851-1907.

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213, 773 408, 706 488, 576 425, 168 373, 569 587, 617 917, 088

55,894 115,937 127, 220 116,878 101, 121 168, 014 261, 637

. 261
.284
. 200
. 275
.271
.286
.289

140.276 125,283 70, 811 55, 631 85, 106 101, 726 117, 169

39. 464 36, 541 21,337 16, 5445 24, 966 29,891 36, 392

.281

292 .300 .300 . 292 . 291

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