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and expected to make his ap- correction, for instruction in pearance among men. As the righteousness, that the man of Saviour, therefore, it becomes God may be perfect, thoroughly men to view and receive him. furnished unto all good works. We are to own and embrace him All the doctrines revealed by in the character he hath assum- Jesus Christ are the eternal ed, and allow him all that digni- truths of God, and are connected ty and glory he hath claimed ; with the everlasting salvation of acknowledging that it is the du- the soul. As such we are to re: ty of all men to honor the Son even ceive and embrace them. We as they honor the Father. We are to give up no doctrine con: are to rely on him as the only tained in the scriptures, nor deny Mediator between God and man, any thing Christ hath revealed. and make him all our hope and By denying the doctrines of rev: all our dependence.
elation we deny Christ; and by 2. It is clearly the duty of denying him we seal our own people to embrace, and adhere destruction. closely to all the truths Christ 3. We have exhibited an exhath taught. Is Christ the faith-ample of fidelity. Christ was ful witness, and hath he revealed appointed in the counsel of eters all necessary truth ? Hath he nity to be a “ witness to the peoalso sealed his testimony with ple,” in which character, we his own blood ? If so then is it have seen, he was to reveal all not plain that people are to em- necessary truth, and seal his tesbrace and adhere closely to all timony with his blood. Yes, to the doctrines he hath taught ? this he was appointed, even ta How can we answer it to Christ, die, making his soul an offer: and with what face can we appearing for sin; for he saith, Therebefore him, if we give up a sin- fore doth my Father love me, begle doctrine he hath revealed ? cause I lay down my life, that I He taught no doctrine but what might take it again. No mun takis important as it relates to the eth it from me, but I lay it down honor of God, as well as the of myself: I have power to lay it good and happiness of men. He down, and I have power to take it hath revealed no doctrine but again. This commandment have I what is nearly or more remotely received of my Father.t And he connected with the salvation of was faithful to do all that to sinners. Jesus Christ did not, as which he was appointed. He many speculatists do, spend his did not fail in the smallest and time to no valuable purpose. most inconsiderable thing. He He did not hold up ideas and revealed all that which, in the make propositions merely to a- divine counsel, he was appointed muse mankind, and afford mat- to reveal. He endured all the ter of speculation. All that he sufferings which were appointed, revealed had an important mean- and were necessary to the atoneing, and was designed for an im- ment; and he performed all portant end. If it were not so those works which it was the Fathe apostle could not have said, ther's pleasure to require of him. “ All scripture is given by in- He is the faithful witness. spiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for * 2 Tim. ii. 16, 17. + Join x. 17, 18.
In Jesus Christ we have an earth with the blood of Martyrs. example of fidelity. Christians The same spirit that pursued Jein him may see what is to be the sus to the cross, has, and will extent of their obedience. They yet pursue, and thirst for the are to imitate him in doing free-blood of his faithful servants. ly, and suffering cheerfully, all But they are not to confer with that it is the pleasure of their flesh and blood. When the perheavenly Father to require of seculing Saul of Tarsus was conthem and lay upon them. Like verted into the meek and humJesus they are to say under the ble follower of Jesus, he well most pressing calamities, The knew to what he should be exçup which my Father hath given posed; and he was sufficiently
shall I not drink it ?* They armed for the fiery conflict. are, like him, to be faithful in do- When, saith he, it pleased God, ing, and patient in suffering all the who separated me from my mothwill of God, even to the death. er's womb, and called me by his
4. Ministers and preachers of grace, to reveal his Son in that the gospel are not to confer with I might preach him among the flesh and blood. The minister heathen ; immediately I conferred of Jesus is under peculiar obli- not with fresh and blood.t Knowgations to imitate the faithful ing the trials he must undergo witness. Called to preach the in the apostleship had Paul conunsearchable riches of Christ, ferred with flesh and blood, or and set for the defence of the consulted his own ease and pergospel, he needs the whole ar- sonal safety, he would have mor of God that he may stand, shrunk away from the work. faithfully, in his lot, and honor But, feeling the importance of his divine Master. Having to the cause, and relying on the meet the prejudices, the unbe- almighty arm of Jesus, he could hief, the ignorance and vices of venture forth, even though he mankind, if he consult case and knew that bonds, imprisonment, popularity, he will daub with un- and death were before him. Is tempered mortar, and plaister there not the same inducement, over the errors and wickedness and the same ground of confi. of his fellow sinners. However dence in every age of the church? unreasonable it may be to re- Religion and divine truth are the proach the servants of Christ for same now as in the days of the preaching the doctrines evident- apostles ; and Jesus Christ is ly contained in the gospel, yet unchangeably the same yestersuch is the depravity of the hu- day, to-day, and for ever. man heart that unsanctified men We have, however, a more will do it. Every age from the perfect pattern than that of Paul commencement of the Christian or any of the inspired servants of era to the present period, has God. Our divine Redeemer has produced this evidence of hu- gone forth in the face of a most man depravity. Bitter enmity powerful opposition, and declaragainst Christ and his doctrines ed the truth at the expense of has produced raging and violent life. And shall not--will not his persecutions, and stair: 1 the ministers go and do likewise?
* John xviii. 11.
+ Gal. i. 15, 16.
On Covenanting with God. themselves, and awful judgments
upon their families. If his chilPART I.
dren forsake my law, and walk
not in my judgments: If they YOVENANTING with the break my statutes, and keep not
great, holy, and omniscient my commandments; then will I God, is one of the most interest- visit their transgression with ing and solemn transactions in the rod, and their iniquity with which a creature can be enga- stripes.* What affecting instanged. Eternal life or death are ces of this have we in Eli, Dadependent on the manner in vid and others, who might be which men covenant with him. mentioned ? Of what moment Keeping the covenant is no less is it, therefore, that Christians important than covenanting in should understand the nature of the fear and love of God. If covenanting with God, or what men's hearts be not sound in his is implied in that solemn transe statutes, and stedfast in his cov- action? That the solemnity of enant it is impossible to enjoy it, and the importance of keepthe blessings which it secures ing covenant with God should to the heirs of promise. It is in be truly represented ? a conscientious, stedfast walk Might not a discussion of these with God, according to covenant points be of speciul use to indi, engagements, that his people viduals, to our churches, and to have peace with him, peace in society in general ? It is the detheir own consciences, joy in sign of this paper to illustratę the Holy Ghost, and assure iheir and impress them.ir hearts before him. It is in this Covenanting with God implies way that they do honor to God his willingness to be reconciled and the gospel, give joy to their to rebellious men, and to enter brethren in Christ Jesus, be- into a covenant of peace with come the pillars and ornaments them, through Jesus Christ. of our churches, prepare and ri- That the infinite God who dwells pen for a happy exit, and for dis- in the high and holy place, whose tinguished blessedness and glo- name alone is holy, should conry, in the presence of their Re- descend to be a covenant God, deemer.
and Father to polluted worms of But if they deal falsely in his the dust, is indeed wonderful. .covenant, they bring great guilt It should arrest the attention of upon themselves, wound reli- the whole human race, and fill gion, grieve their brethren, can earth and heaven with gladness have no peace with God, nor in and hallelujah. Of this he hath their own consciences, no com-given the fullest assurance. This munion with him in grace here, is the language of his word, And nor in glory hereafter. Notwith- this is the covenant which I will standing their fair professions make with the house of Israel and high advantages, they will after those days, saith the Lord, be cut asunder and have their I will put my law in their inportion with hypocrites. ward parts, and write it in their
Even God's own children, by hearts, nd will be their God, backsliding, may bring great guilt and chastisements upon * Psalm lxxxix, 30, 31, 32.
and they shall be my people.* | that he will be a covenant God This was the promise to Abra- to all those who will be his peoham, I will establish my coven- ple. ant between me and thee for an To be a God to them implies everlasting covenant; to be a immense good, the inheritance God to thee. This covenant God of all things. It implies the formaketh with the whole church, giveness of all sin, adoption and and with every individual, who sanctification, peace with God, chooseth him for his covenant peace which passeth understandGod and eternal portion. And ing and keepeth the heart thro' I will be to them a God. And Jesus Christ. It is a covenant I will receive you, and will be a ordered in all things and sure ; Father unto you, and ye shall be so that all things shall work tomy sons and daughters, saith the gether for good, to them that Lord Almighty. These pas- love God, to them that are called sages of scripture give us the according to his purpose.* God fullest assurance that God is wil- himself, in his infinite perfection ling to enter into an everlasting and fulness, becomes theirs to covenant of peace with fallen make his grace sufficient for imen. The gift of his only be- them, to give them peace in life gotten Son, from his bosom, to and death; to raise them up in open the way for it, the gift of glory at the last day, and to give the Holy Spirit to make applica-them eternal life. He that overtion of the purchased redemp- cometh shall inherit all things, tion, all the invitations and pro- and I will be his God, and he mises of the gospel, and means shall be my son.t This covenof reconciliation, show that the ant thus full, ordered in all divine mind is exceedingly en-things and sure, is also an evergaged in it.
lasting covenant. Nothing can Had it not pleased God thus vacate it, or prevent the Christo have made known his willing-tian's enjoying all the blessings ness to be a covenant God to of it. This is the language of men, and to have made known the scripture ; He hath made the terms of his covenant, there with me an everlasting covencould have been no rational foun-ant. The mountains shall dedation for covenanting with him. part, and the hills be removed, It could not have been known but my kindness shall not depart that it was possible ; or on what from thee, neither shall the covterms it might be effected.-enant of my peace be removed.|| There could have been no ra- He hath said I will never leave tional ground of faith or hope in thee, nor forsake thee. covenanting All attempts to
This is the covenant which covenant with God, without a God freely proposeth to lost revelation of his will, would be men, through Jesus Christ. He the highest presumption and is the mediator of the new covmadness. But blessed be his enant, and the only mediator be. name, that he hath given us the tween God and man. fullest assurance on this point ;
** Rom. viii. 28. f Rev. xxi. 7. Jerem. xxxi. 33. + Gen. xvii. 7. 2 Sam. xxiii.5. || Isai. liv. I Heb. viü. 10. il 2 Cor. vi. 17. Heb. xii. 5.
cometh unto the Father, but by and ordinances blameless; givó him. It is by him only, that ing none offence to the Jews, any man may be admitted to nor to the Gentiles, nor to the covenant with God, or to the church of God. They engage enjoyinent of any covenant mer- to cultivate religion in their own cy. The terms of covenanting hearts, to maintain it in their on the part of men are that they closets, in their families, in all shall be God's people. I will be their relations and conditions, at their God, and they shall be my all times and in all places. They people.* This implies a full engage themselves to God, to persuasion of the truth of the be righteous and charitable togospel, and a cordial acceptance wards all inen, to love their of the terms of the covenant ; a brethren in Christ, to submit to renunciation of all sin, and a sin- their faithful reproof and admocere and solemn engagement to nitions ; that they will, in brothwalk in all God's statutes and or-erly love reprove and admonish dinances blameless. God said to them, when it shall be necessaAbraham, Walk before me and ry ; that they will employ their be thou perfect, and I will make labor and influence to maintain my covenant between me and that holy discipline which Christ thee. That is, love me su- hath appointed in his house, and premely, be sincere, and con- submit to it themselves ; that stant in your belief of my prom- they will cordially unite with ises, and in your obedience to their brethren in supporting the my commandments. I will then worship and ordinances of God, be your covenant God and por- for his honor, their mutual intion. Israel, in covenanting with struction and edification, and for God, saidl, All that the Lord hath the instruction and salvation of said, will we do and be obedient. others. This all Christians enIn the second epistle to the Co-gage in covenanting with God. rinthians vi. 17, 18. The terms It is required that they put away of the covenant are thusexpress- all iniquity. If sins as dear as ed, Come out from among them, the right eye, or the right hand and be ye separate, saith the cleave to them, they must be Lord, and touch not the unclean put away, and they must observe thing; and I will receive you, all things whatsoever Christ hath and will be a Father unto you, commanded them. This is the and ye shall be my sons and view which Moses and the Isdaughters, saith the Lord Al. raelites had of covenanting with mighty.
God. Deut. xxvi. 16, 17. This Covenanting with God there. day the Lord thy God hath comfore implies universal obedience: manded thee to do these statThat men love him supremely, utes and judgments : Thou shalt consecrate themselves entirely therefore observe and do them to him, through Jesus Christ, with all thy heart and with all and a solemn engagement to be thy soul. Thou hast avouched the Lord's, and his unreserved the Lord this day to be thy God; ly ; walking in all his statutes and to walk in all his ways, and
to keep all his statutes, and his Jerem. xxxi. 33. ^ Gen, xvii. 1, 2. commandments, and his judg. 1 Exod. xxiv. 3, 7.
ments, and to hearken unto his