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he was utterly at a loss to con- number of about fifty, having in ceive, especially as a dread of our train six waggons full of these savage people universally provisions, sixty oxen, and near prevailed, and it seemed improb- two hundred sheep, the kind able that any teacher would ven- presents of the Dutch settlers. ture into such a wilderness, sep- The first night we slept at the arated from all christian society. foot of the Rockfield mountain, But, how marvellous are the and our sheep-fold was threatenways of God! for at this very ed by a Tiger. About that time time we were influenced to come we were often beset in the night from a far country to comply by Lions and Panthers, but I with their unknown desire. cannot say I felt so much alarm • Here we continued three then as I should probably feel weeks, in order to prepare for now; my mind was stayed on

further journey, during the Lord, who kept me in perwhich we enjoyed many a crowd- fect peace. On the 29th we pased and happy meeting with the sed the last inhabited house in neighboring Cultivators, particu- Rockfield, and found the counlarly on the Sabbath-days, when try a perfect desert, without a we have had twenty-two wag- blade of grass. Wild Horses, gons full of people, besides ma- Lions, and Ostriches abound in it. ny on horseback, some of whom The eggs of the latter afforded came four days journey to hear us an agreeable repast. Here the word of God, and to partake we halted one day to refresh the of the Lord's Supper; for many cattle and bake some bread. of these people have no church Two of our company who went that they can attend nearer than to shoot Antelopes, saw two LiRodezand, which, though eight ons, and another Lion at night days journey distant, they some approached our encampment, times attend.* I feel myself un- but was kept off by the fires able to express our own happi- which we kindled for that pur. ness in those days, or to speak pose. After travelling seven properly of the wonderful bles- days without meeting a human sing the Lord gave to his word being, on the 3d of August we at that time, both among Chris- arrived at a spot where a few tians and Heathens.

Boschemen resided, three of Here we were strongly solicit- whom came to us. When crossed to prolong our stay, but being ing the Zak River on the next eager to commence our labors day, one of our waggons was among the Boschemen, we fixed overturned, but without much the time of our departure for damage. Some of our people the 22d of July, on which day shot five Antelopes, two wild we left the Karroo, accompanied Horses, and a Steinbock. The by our generous host Mr. Fis- next day we halted, and were cher, with several other farm- visited by about twenty Boscheors and their servants, to the men. On the 6th we fixed on a

spot where we agreed to settle, * What reason have British Chris

and called it Happy Prospect tians to rejoice in their superior priv- Fountain. It is near two fine ileges, and to take care that they im- springs of water, with a good prove them!

piece of ground for cultivation,



but the surrounding country is from all I loved in this world, barren, and the inhabitants few. had not urgent business dispersHere we fell on our knees, de- ed my gloomy reflections, and voting this place, as well as our- had not the Lord, whom I servselves, to the service of the Lord, ed, condescended to pacify my requesting his continual pres-troubled heart, when I spread ence with us while we dwell in my complaint before him. This the wilderness, and imploring was especially the case one evehis blessing on our future labors. ning, when sitting on a stone, in We also began immediately to a circle of Boschemen, I attemptprepare a plot for a garden, and ed to convey the first instructo build a hut of reeds, no other tions to their untutored minds. materials offering themselves for It may not be improper here that purpose, not a tree growing to introduce some account of in that coantry. In these neces- these wild people. They have sary labors we were assisted by no idea whatever of the Supreme our kind friends the Farmers. Being, consequently they pracOur people shot two Antelopes, tice no kind of worship. They but when our Hottentots went to have however a superstitious fetch them, they found that one

for a little insect had been claimed by the Lions, known by the name of the the sovereigns of this region. Creeping-leaf, a sight of which, In the evening we distinctly they conceive, indicates someheard their dreadful roar. thing fortunate, and to kill it,

On the 12th of August, Mr. they suppose, will bring a curse Fischer and our other kind upon the perpetrator. They friends were obliged to leave us, have some notion of an evil spirand return home. This was a it which they imagine produces time of severe trial. I felt inex- mischief, particularly the dispressibly dejected at first, but eases which they endure, and to the Lord comforted me. We counteract his evil purposes, a soon began to have more compa- sort of men are employed to ny, a party of about thirty Bos- blow, and make a humming chemen arriving to enquire into noise over the sick, which they the reason of our coming. They sometimes continue for many were at first exceedingly shy, hours together. but small presents of the irre- Their manner of life is exsistible herb presently rendered tremely wretched and disgustthem more familiar. Soon after ing. They delight to smear

Reed-Hut tumbled their bodies with the fat of anidown, in consequence of our at- mals, mingled with a powder tempt to make it tighter by a which makes it shine. They covering of clay which it could are utter strangers to cleanliness, not support, and we set about as they never wash their bodies,

a more suitable dwell- but suffer the dirt to accumulate, ing.

so that it will hang a consideraI well remember how deeply ble length from their elbows. my spirits were depressed about Their liuts are formed by dig, this time, and how insupportable ging a hole in the earth about my situation would have proved, three feet deep, and then making separated, as I found myself, l a roof of recds, which is hower

this our


er insufficient to keep off the children, and never correct them rains. Here they lie close to- except in a fit of rage, when they gether like pigs in a stye. They almost kill them by severe us. ara e. tremely lazy, so that noth- age. In a quarrel between fa. iny, will rouse them to action, ther and mother, or the several bi": excessive hunger. They wives of a husband, the defeated will continue several days to party wreaks his or her revenge gether without fcod, rather than on the child of the conqueror, be at the pains to procure it. which in general loses its life. When constrained to sally forth Tame Hottentots seldom destroy for prey, they are dexterous in their offspring, except in a fit of destroying the various beasts passion, but the Boschemen will which abound in the country ; * kill their children without rebut when they cannot procure morse on various oceasions, as these, they make shift to live when they are iH-shaped, when upon Snakes, Mice, and the most they are in want of food, when the detestable creatures they can father of a child has forsaken its find. There are some sponta- mother, or when obliged to flee neous productions of the earth from the Farmers or others; of the bulbous kind which they in which case they will strangle also eat, particularly the Came them, smother them, cast them ron, which is as large as a child's away in the desert, or bury them head, and the Baroo, about the alive. There are instances of size of an apple; there are also parents' throwing their tender some little berries which are offspring to the hungry Lion, eatable, and which the women who stands roaring before their go out to gather, but the men cavern, refusing to depart till are too idle to do this.

some peace-offering he made to • They are total strangers to do- him. In general, their children mestic happiness. The men cease to be the objects of a mohave several wives, but conju- thers's care, as soon as they are gal affection is little known. able to crawl about in the field. They take no great care of their They go out every morning,

and when they return in the " The wild beasts are always evening, an old sheep's skin to " shot with poisoned darts. They lie upon, and a little milk or o take the poison out of the jaw-bone piece of meat, if they have it, is

of the serpent, and put it on the point of the dart or harping ircn all they have to expect. In some

They then creep behind the small few instances, however, you " busnes, where they conceal them- meet with a spark of natural af"selves, and attack the beast when section, which places them on a " about the distance of an hundred level with the brute creation. steps. If the dart wounds him in

The Boschemen frequently " the slightest degree, the Hottentot “ is sure of his prev; sometimes the forsake their aged relations, " wounded beast falls down dead im- when removing from place to " inediately, in other cases he pursues place for the sake of hunting, " it for a time, and at length suc- In this case they leave the old !!ceeds.

They then tako out the " wounded part, and eat the rest

person with a piece of meat without injury. They can run al- and an ostrich egg-shell full of " most as well as a horse." See Vol. water; as soon as this little I. p. 332.

stock is exhausted, the poor de

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serted creature must perish by and in relying upon his faithfulhunger, or become the prey of ness to fulfil them. I shall never the wild beasts. Many of these forget this remarkable season. wild Hottentots live by plunder It was admirable to me to observe and murder, and are guilty of that frequently the more dark the most horrid and atrocious and gloomy my prospect was, actions.

the more abundantly the spirit Such are the people to whom of prayer was given to me, so the Providence of God has di- that I was enabled to shelter myrected our course ; and among self in Jesus, to lay fast hold on them, blessed be his name, he him by faith, and to commend has been pleased to call many to these savages to his free love the fellowship of the Gospel, and and grace. to render them the distinguish- From this time the number ed trophies of his almighty of our Boschemen considerably grace. But to return to our nar- increased, and I began to find rative.

encouragement in my Our days are spent in the fol- work. Often did I feel inexpreslowing manner. About the time sibly happy when setting forth of Sun-rising we collect together to these poor perishing creafor Prayer, when we read the tures the infinite grace of our Scriptures and sing a Hymn ; Redeemer. Frequently have I then the elderly people depart, begun my work sighing, and and the business of the School concluded it exulting with joy commences. We teach the and gladness of heart. It was younger people to spell and read very affecting to observe how Dutch. In the mean time our amazed they were, when I told provision is prepared by a Bos-them of a God, and of the resurcheman girl. School being over rection of the dead. They knew we proceed to our manual labor, not how to express their astonsuch as gardening, building, &c. ishment in terms sufficiently

we dine; and the strong, that they should have afternoon passes away in the lived so long without ever having same. occupations as the fore- thought of the Divine Being: noon. Evening arriving, we con- Ever after this, they would call clude our day by Prayer, sing-me their Ebo, or Father. Someing Hymns, and communicating, times the impression which the in the plainest manner we can, word made upon the people was the knowledge of divine things. so great, that it appeared as if

At this time I deeply felt the we had got above all disappointgreat need and importance of ment ; but at other times, the prayer. I was enabled often to natural inconstancy of the Bosbend my knees, jointly with my chemen, seemed to reverse evelittle flock, before Him, who had ry promising sign. It is impospromised that he would take the sible to express what extraordinHeathen for his inheritance. ary supplies of patience, pru“ Prostrate at his feet, I was pe- dence and fortitude, we needed culiarly assisted in wrestling ear- at the beginning of this work. nestly for the blessing; and felt However, some of the people a happy freedom in pleading now began to pray.

66 ) Lord Christ's own words in this case, Jesus Christ," they would say,

About noon

VOL. V. No. :


«« Thou last made the sun, the “ supplication! What shall I moon, the hills, the rivers, the “ render to the Lord for all his bushes ; therefore thou hast“ goodness !” Who is a God like power also to change my heart. unto him, who giveth us all good Oh,be pleased to make it entire- things, if we ask them in the new.” Some told us that they of Jesus ! had not been able to sleep all From this memorable season night for sorrow on account of every thing prospered more than their sins, and that they had been before, both in spiritual and temforced to rise to pray. Others poral concerns. William was said that on their hunting parties well acquainted with gardening, they had felt a sndden impulse and his wife, who was the prin to prostrate themselves before cipal Interpreter, managed the the Lord, and to pray for a re-business of the house ; so that I newed heart. We were glad to found myself greatly relieved. hear this ; yet we thought it our About this time brother Edwards, duty to be cautious, and not to wishing to teach the Hottentots take it for granted that all this his native English, left us to go was true and sincere.

a little further into the counAmong the difficulties with try. which we had to struggle, the Business increasing every day, want of a good Interpreter was and the Boschemen flocking to one of the chief. We longed us in considerable numbers, we and prayed for one who was per were obliged, for the sake of fectly acquainted with the lan- distinguishing one from another, guage, and who was not a stran- to give them names, which I fer to the influences of divine wrote with chalk on their backs: grace. At length the Lord grant- accordingly when any one of ed our request, by the unexpect them approached me, the first ed arrival of William Fortuin thing he did was to shew me his and his wife, who came to live shoulders. We made it our stuwith us. 'He was a Hottentot, dy to excite a spirit of industry and she a Boscheman ; bat both in them, for which purpose we were well acquainted with the gave them little presents; to the Dutch language, and were rath- men Tobacco ; to the women er more civilized than the peo- Handkerchiefs: and dried fruit ple in general. In this event is to the children ; for we had a clearly saw and thankfully ac- stock of these articles, which had knowledged the good Providence been given us by the farmers of my great Master, who had when we left Rodezand. Several heard and answered my prayer ; persons now seemed to discover and I recollect, as if it had hap- some tokens of a work of grace pened but yesterday, how great- on their hearts : yet I was afraid ly, this occurrence strengthened to conclude positively about their my heart and my hands; and state. Among these was a man how it inspired my soul with named Abraham ; O Baas, and love and gratitude; for my whole his wife Antjee, who expressed success seemed, under God, to themselves in some measure exdepend on this. I was constrain- perimentally, discovering at the

“ I love the Lord, for same time a change of heart, " he hath heard the voice of my by a visible change in their con

ed to say,

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