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12 sign was Castor and Pollux. And landing at 13 Syracuse, we tarried there three days. And from

thence we fetched a compass, and came to Rhegium :

and after one day the south wind blew, and 14 came the next day to Puteoli : Where we found

brethren, and were desired to tarry with them 15 seven days : and so we went toward Rome. And

from thence, when the brethren heard of us, they
came to meet us as far as Appii forum, and The
three taverns: whom when Paul saw, he thanked
God, and took courage.

(d) AT ROME.

GOSPEL (xxviii. 16-29). 16 And when we came to Rome, the centurion

delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard :

but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a 17 soldier that kept him. And it came to pass, that

after three days Paul called the chief of the Jews together : and when they were come together, he said unto them, Men and brethren, though I have

12. R.V. Touching at 29). Alongside of the road Syracuse.

ran a canal by which the 13. R.V. Thence we made Apostle may have travelled. a circuit and arrived at The Three Taverns. The Rhegium. At the south end name is again taken from the of the Straits of Messina. Latin Tres Tabernæ=the The Dioscuroi were the three shops, not our word patron deities of the place. tavern.

R.V. After one day a south He thanked God and took wind sprang up, and on the courage. It was the thanksecond day we came to fulness of a great heart which Puteoli. The distance was saw the goal so long expected about 180 miles from Rhe- and fought for in view. gium, and would take about 16. R.V. And when WO this time. Puteoli was the entered into Rome, Paul was great corn harbour where the suffered to abide by himself Alexandrian ships dis- with the soldier that guarded charged their cargo.

him. St. Paul would still be 14. R.V. And so we came bound to a soldier, and would to Rome.

not have complete liberty of From thence the action. brethren, when they heard of Captain of the Guard. See us, came to meet us as far as Larger Manual. the Market of Appius, and the 17. R.V. He called toThree Taverns. The news gether those that were the had time to get to the city chief of the Jews. St. Paul whilst they were at Rhegium. was eager to state' his case

The Market of Appius. It before his own countrymen. was forty-three miles from There were seven synagogue's Rome; the name came from in Rome. Appius Claudius who built R.V. I, brethren, etc. A the Appian Road (Livy ix. I personal explanation of his

15. R.V.

committed nothing against the people, or customs

of our fathers, yet was I delivered prisoner from 18 Jerusalem into the hands of the Romans. Who,

when they had examined me, would have let me go, 19 because there was no cause of death in me. But

when the Jews spake against it, I was constrained

to appeal unto Cæsar ; not that I had ought to 20 accuse my nation of. For this cause therefore

have I called for you, to see you, and to speak

with you : because that for the hope of Israel I am 21 bound with this chain. And they said unto him,

We neither received letters out of Judæa concerning

thee, neither any of the brethren that came shewed 22 or spake any harm of thee. But we desire to hear

of thee what thou thinkest : for as concerning this 23 sect, we know that every where it is spoken against.

And when they had appointed him a day, there came many to him into his lodging : to whom he expounded and testified the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus, both out of the law of Moses,

and out of the prophets, from morning till evening. 24 And some believed the things which were spoken, 25 and some believed not. And when they agreed not

among themselves, they departed, after that Paul

position, giving the reason why he had appealed against the rulers of his own nation. He points out that he had been compelled by the action of the Jews at Jerusalem in handing him over to the Romans.

18. R.V. Who, when they had examined me, desired to set me at liberty, etc.

19. I was constrained to appeal. Not willingly, but forced by his own people.

20. R.V. For this cause therefore did I entreat you to see and to speak with me : for because of the hope of Israel I am bound with this chain. By the hope of Israel, Paul meant the hope of the Messiah, which he held to be fulfilled in Jesus. 21. R.V.

Nor did any of the brethren come hither and report or speak any harm of thee. There would not have been time for anyone to have come quicker than Paul himself : the storm had

not kept them back, but rather the reverse; if they had wintered in Crete as proposed they would still have been at sea.

22. R.V. It is known to us that everywhere it is spoken against.

23. R.V. They came to him into his lodging in a great number.

R.V. He expounded the matter, testifying the kingdom of God, and persuading, etc. As the book began, so it ends with the witness to the Jew from the Law and the Prophets.

24. R.V. Some believed .. and some disbelieved. So it had been all through, at Antioch in Pisidia, Thessalonica, Corinth, Ephesus, and now at Rome.

25. R.V. Well spake the Holy Ghost by Isaiah the prophet unto your fathers. The words come from the vision of Isaiah, when he received his mission ; so too had Paul

had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost 26 by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers. Saying, Go

unto this people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear,

and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall 27 see, and not perceive : For the heart of this people

is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, and under

stand with their heart, and should be converted, 28 and I should heal them. Be it known therefore

unto you, that the salvation of God is sent unto the 29 Gentiles, and that they will hear it. And when he

had said these words, the Jews departed, and had great reasoning among themselves.


TO ALL (xxviii. 30-31). For the period in Rome during the first captivity the epistles to the Philippians, to the Colossians, to the Ephesians and to Philemon should be studied.

30 And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired

house, and received all that came in unto him, 31 Preaching the kingdom of God, and teaching those

things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.

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been warned that they would not receive his witness (xxii. 18).

26. R.V. has several changes : Go thou ; by hearing ; in no wise understand ; shall in no wise perceive.

27. R.V. Turn again instead of “ be converted.”

28. R.V. This salvation of God is sent unto the Gentiles : they will also hear. This is the climax of the book, summing up St. Paul's own teaching as we find it in the Romans (ix. 30-33 ; xi. 25ff.); and the actual historical experience of the Church ; we might call it“ the passing of Judaism.”

29. The verse is omitted by the R.V. text, but kept in the margin ; it has the support of the Western text.

30. R.V. And he abode two whole years. The verse shows that two years elapsed

before the trial; and that during that time the Apostle was left

in his own hired dwelling.”

R.V. His own hired dwelling. We know from the Philippians that the disciples at Philippi had sent Epaphroditus to Rome to help Paul with money and service (iv. 10 ff.).

R.V. Received all that went in unto him. The note of the universality of the gospel of the Saviour of all men closes the book ; "all,” Jews, Greeks, Romans and Barbarians.

Teaching the things concerning the Lord Jesus Christ with all boldness, none forbidding him. So Paul's stand against the Jew had ended in the freedom of the Gospel ! St. Paul was bound, but the word of God was not bound.

31. R.V.

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