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Emperor Claudius (xi. 28). In c. xxi. 10 he was at Cæsarea, and foretold Paul's imprisonment in Jerusalem by binding his own hands and feet with Paul's girdle.
ALEXANDER OF EPHESUS : A Jew who was put forward to speak in the theatre by his countrymen (xix. 33)
ANANIAS OF DAMASCUS : A Disciple who baptized Paul, after being sent to him by God (ix. 10 ff.).
Paul alludes to him in his speech on the stairs as devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews” at Damascus (xxii. 12).
ANANIAS (the high priest) presided at the Council which tried Paul in Jerusalem (xxiii. 2), and afterwards went down to Caesarea to accuse him before Felix (xxiv. 1).
APOLLOS : A Jew of Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures,” who went to Ephesus between Paul's first and second visits to the city. He taught there "the things concerning Jesus, knowing only the baptism of John.” Aquila and Priscilla “expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly”; and when he went on to Achaia the brethren wrote to the disciples there to receive him” (xviii. 24-28). He did much good by his teaching at Corinth, both helping the believers and confuting the Jews out of the Scriptures, showing to them that Jesus was Christ.
BAR-JESUS=ELYMAS: A Jew of Cyprus, a sorcerer; smitten with blindness by Paul for trying to turn the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, from the faith (xiii. 7 ff.).
CRISPUS : Ruler of the synagogue at Corinth, converted to the faith through Paul's preaching (xviii. 8).
DEMETRIUS : A silversmith of Ephesus, who stirred up the men of his trade guild against Paul and was the cause of the riot. He made silver shrines of the goddess Diana ; and feared that Christianity would ruin his trade (xix. 24, 38).
DIONYSIUS THE AREOPAGITE: Member of the Council of Areopagus; converted by S. Paul at Athens (xvii. 34).
ELYMAS (see Bar-Jesus).
EUTYCHUS: The young man who fell from the window at Troas whilst Paul was preaching. Paul restored him to life (xx. 9).
GAMALIEL: The Pharisee at whose feet Paul stated that he had been educated (xxii. 3). See also v. 34.
JAMES, the Lord's brother : He presided at the Council at Jerusalem on the question of the circumcision of the Gentile Christians, and gave his decision against it (xv.). He was evidently the head of the Church at
Jerusalem ; St. Paul paid him an official visit when he went up to Jerusalem on his last visit, and at James' request consented to pay the fees of four Jews who had taken a vow in order to prove to the Jewish Christians that he still kept the Law of Moses (xxi. 17–26).
JASON: A Jew of Thessalonica. His house was stormed by the Jews, and he himself dragged before the authorities because he had given hospitality to Paul and Silas (xvii. 5-7).
JUDAS, called BARSABBAS: Sent by the Council from Jerusalem with Silas to take the letter and decree to Antioch. After teaching them he returned to Jerusalem (xv. 22, 32).
JUSTUS : Titus Justus (R.V.) lived at Corinth; he is described as one that worshipped God ” ; his house adjoined the synagogue. St. Paul dwelt there when at Corinth (xviii. 7).
LUCIUS OF CYRENE: One of the teachers in the church at Antioch (xiii. I).
MANAEN: Called “the foster-brother of Herod the tetrarch,” one of the teachers at Antioch (xiii. I).
MNASON: One of the brethren who accompanied Paul from Cæsarea to Jerusalem. Paul stayed at his house in Jerusalem (xxi. 16).
PHILIP THE EVANGELIST : He lived at Cæsarea, and St. Paul stayed with him on his way to Jerusalem. He had four virgin daughters, who prophesied. He was one of the Seven (xxi. 8-9). For the account of his earlier work see Part I.
SCEVA: The father of the “strolling Jews” of Ephesus, who practised exorcism, and tried to use the name of Jesus over the man possessed with an evil spirit. He is described as a chief priest," and his sons were seven in number (xix. 13 ff.).
SOSTHENES : The ruler of the synagogue of Corinth whom the mob beat before the judgment seat after Paul's trial before Gallio (xviii. 17).
STEPHEN: Paul alludes to him when telling his vision in the temple, in his speech on the stairs at Jerusalem in the words : “ when the blood of Stephen thy witness was shed I also was standing by, and consenting, and keeping the garments of them that. slew him”
(xxii. 20). SYMEON: Called Niger, one of the teachers at Antioch (xiii. 1).
TERTULLUS : The orator whom the Jews employed to conduct their case against Paul before Felix at Cæsarea (xxiv. 1-2).
TYRANNUS: Paul taught in the “school of Tyrannus” at Ephesus (xix. 9).
(iii.) Roman Governors.
Luke is very accurate in giving the titles of the men who ruled over the provinces :
FELIX, “The Most Excellent Governor": He became Procurator of Judæa in A.D. 52. The seat of his government was at Cæsarea, whither Paul was sent by Claudias Lysias. From the account in the Acts he was a man of little principle since he waited for Paul to offer money for his release, and he left Paul bound to do the Jews a favour (xxiii. 26-xxiv. 27).
FESTUS : Porcius Festus succeeded Felix as Procurator. He, too, is correctly called “Most Excellent (xxvi. 25). He would have sent Paul to Jerusalem to be tried to please the Jews when he first took office, but Paul appealed to Cæsar (xxv. 9). He admitted to Agrippa that he had no certain thing” to write against Paul in sending him for trial (xxv. 26).
GALLIO : Correctly called Proconsul of Achaia. He was the brother of Seneca, the philosopher, and appointed to Achaia in A.D. 52. Paul was tried and acquitted by him at Corinth. When the mob reeked their vengeance of Sosthenes Luke tells us that Gallio cared for none of these things ” (xviii. 12–17).
PUBLIUS : He was the chief man of Malta, whose father was healed by Paul, and who showed much kindness to the shipwrecked travellers : "he lodged them three days courteously (xxviii. 7-8).
SERGIUS PAULUS : Proconsul of Cyprus. He gave Paul and Barnabas an official hearing on the first missionary journey. Elymas, the sorcerer, tried to hinder the Proconsul from listening, but Paul smote him with blindness. Sergius Paulus, we are told, “ believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord” (xiii. 7–12).
(iv.) Roman Emperors.
CLAUDIUS : He is alluded to in xviii. 2, where we are told of his edict ordering all the Jews to leave Rome. It was in consequence of this that Aquila and Priscilla came to Corinth.
NERO succeeded Claudius. He is never mentioned by name in the Acts, but is three times alluded to. Paul, when he “
appealed unto Cæsar,” was appealing to him (xxv. 11-12); and Festus alludes to him as the emperor” in his speech to Agrippa ; he is also mentioned as ** Cæsar” in the decision of Agrippa (xxv. 25, xxvi. 32).
(v.) Men of the Roman Army.
CLAUDIUS LYSIAS : The chief captain of the Roman soldiers stationed at Jerusalem. He rescued Paul from the mob in the Temple courts, but afterwards ordered him to be scourged, not knowing he was a Roman citizen.
He afterwards took Paul to be tried by the Council, when he again rescued him from the Jews. After hearing of the plot to kill Paul from Paul's nephew, he sent him under escort to Felix, the Procurator at Cæsarea, writing a letter which Luke has preserved for us. (See xxi. 31-xxiii. 30).
JULIUS : A centurion of the Augustan band, to whom Paul was entrusted on the voyage to Rome. We are told that he treated Paul kindly” (xxvii. 1-3). (vi.) The Herods.
HEROD ANTIPAS, who tried our Lord : Mentioned in iv. 27 in an allusion to the trial. Luke alone in his Gospel tells us of this part of Jesus' trial. See Luke xxiii. 7-11.
Manaen, one of the teachers in the church at Antioch, is called his foster-brother (xiii. I).
HEROD AGRIPPA II.: He was the son of Herod Agrippa I., the Herod of the first part of the Acts. He came to visit Festus, accompanied by his sister Bernice. The title “ king was given him by the Emperor Claudius; he was king of Chalcis, not of Judæa. He pronounced Paul as not guilty, saying he might have been set at liberty if he had not appealed to the Emperor. (vii.) Women.
BERNICE: The Sister of Herod Agrippa II., and Drusilla. She came to visit Festus when Paul was at Cæsarea and was present at the hearing of his case before Festus and Agrippa (xxv. I, 23 ; xxvi. 30).
DAMARIS: A woman of Athens, a convert of St. Paul (xvii. 34).
DRUSILLA: The, wife of Felix, who with her husband “heard him concerning the faith in Christ Jesus” (xxiv. 24).
) LYDIA : A seller of purple of Philippi, who received Paul into her house and was baptized, and her household. She belonged to Thyatira (xvi. 14, 40).
PRISCILLA : The wife of Aquila of Corinth. (See St. Paul's companions.)
ACHAIA : the province of Achaia.
Corinth was the capital. Paul visited it on the second and third journeys (xviii. 12).
ADRAMYTTIUM: a seaportin province of Asia. Paul sailed to Rome in a ship of Adramyttium (xxvii. 2).
ADRIA: name of that part of the Mediterranean lying between Southern Italy and Greece. St. Paul was
driven to and fro in the sea of Adria" (xxvii. 27).
ALEXANDRIA : the principal city of Egypt. The home of Apollos (xviii. 24). The corn ships went from this port to Rome, and St. Paul twice sailed in them ; first from Myra, and later from Melita (xxvii. 6 ; xxviii. 11).
AMPHIPOLIS : a city of Macedonia. St. Paul passed through it on the second journey on the way to Thessalonica (xvii. 1.).
ANTIOCH IN SYRIA (see Part I.): the capital of the province. St. Paul's starting point on his journeys, and the centre of the controversy concerning circumcision. It was the capital of Gentile Christianity (xiii. 1 ; xiv. 26; xv. 22, 23, 30, 35 ; xviii. 22). St. Paul seems to have rendered an account of his work to the church here at the end of the first and second journeys.
ANTIOCH IN PISIDIA : one of the cities of Galatia visited by Paul and Barnabas on the first journey, when Paul preached a sermon in the synagogue; they were driven out by the Jews because they taught the Gentiles (xiii. 14; xiv. 19-21). Paul visited it on the second journey (xvi. 6).
ANTIPATRIS : half-way between Jerusalem and Cæsarea ; the guard of soldiers sent by Claudius Lysias took Paul as far as this on his way from Jerusalem, and then left him to go on with the horsemen (xxiii. 31, 32).
APOLLONIA : close to Thessalonica, in the province of Macedonia ; Paul passed through on his second journey (xvii. I).
APPIUS, the Market of (Appii Forum, A.V.): fortythree miles south of Rome on the Appian road, passed by Paul on the way to Rome (xxviii. 15). Here the brethren from Rome met Paul.
AREOPAGUS: either the name of the court held in the Stoa Basilica, or the name of a Hill at Athens (xvii. 19, see notes).
ASIA: the south-west corner of modern Asia Minor, .called by the Romans the province of Asia ; Ephesus was the capital.
On the second journey the Spirit forbade Paul to speak the Word in Asia on the way out, but he visited Ephesus on the way home, promising to come back. On the third journey the evangelization of Asia was the most important part of the work. He visited it again on his return, calling at Miletus. “Jews from Asia were the cause of the riot in the Temple Courts which led to Paul's arrest. They accused him of taking Trophimus the Ephesian into the inner court of the Temple (xvi. 6; xix. 10, 22, 26, 27, 31 ; xx. 4, 16, 18; xxi. 27 ; xxiv. 18; xxvii. 2).
ASSOS : a seaport close to Troas, whither Paul went on foot to join his ship on the return from the third journey (xx. 13, 14).