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8 and desired to hear the word of God. But Elymas

the sorcerer (for so is his name by interpretation)

withstood them, seeking to turn away the deputy 9 from the faith. Then Saul (who also is called

Paul), filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on 10 him, And said, O full of all subtilty and all mischief,

thou child of the devil, thou enemy of all righteousness,

wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the II Lord ? And now, behold, the hand of the Lord is

upon thee, and thou shalt be blind, not seeing the sun for a season. And immediately there fell on

him a mist and a darkness; and he went about 12 seeking some to lead him by the hand. Then the

deputy, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord. III. THROUGH PERGA TO PISIDIAN ANTIOCH

(xiii. 13, 14). 13 Now when Paul and his company loosed from

Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia : and John 14 departing from them returned to Jerusalem. But

8. Elymas the sorcerer (for so 12. R.V., Being astonished at is his name by interpretation). the teaching of the Lord. Elymas is a Greek form for

13. Paul and his company. either the Aramaic alīma

The words mark a change ; strong; or the Arabic 'alim

Paul, not Barnabas, now =wise.

takes the lead. R.V., Seeking to turn aside

R.V., John departed from the proconsul from the faith.

them and returned to Jeru9. R.V., But Saul, who is

salem. We do not know why also called Paul.

Mark turned back. Some explanations have been

think he was afraid of the offered for the introduction

dangers of the journey ; of Saul's other name at this

others that he did not want point. i. That he either

to preach to the Gentiles ; took it or had it conferred on him by the proconsul ;

or that he objected to some

change in St. Paul's plans. ii. That had always

St. Paul regarded it as possessed it, and must have

desertion, and refused to given it as his name to the

take him the second Roman officer who moned him to the presence

journey. of the proconsul.

14. R.V., But they, passing 9-10. Note the contrasts :

through from Perga, came to Paul is “ Filled with the

Antioch of Pisidia. The Holy Ghost,” Elymas with language seems clearly to all guile and all villainy, R.V.;

indicate that the Apostles the name Bar-jesus means

did no work either at Perga son of Jesus,” but Paul calls


the way to him a son of the devil (R.V.)

Antioch. II. Not seeing the sun. Antioch in Pisidia. More This shows that he was to correctly “Pisidian be stone blind; the light of Antioch,” to distinguish it the Eastern sun would be from other cities of that name perceptible if he had any and especially from Carian sense of sight.

Antioch on the Mæander.






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when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia.

IV. PHRYGIAN GALATICA (xiii. 146–xiv. 7). (a) Pisidian Antioch (xiii. 146–52).

Paul's Sermon in the synagogue. Subject: Jesus the Saviour of the seed of David, rejected of the Jew, but declared to be Son of God by the resurrection.

i. The choice of Israel, and the gift of the inheritance

(17–19). ii. The Gift of the Davidic kingdom (after the rejec

tion of Saul (20–22). iii. Jesus, the seed of David, the promised Saviour


(a) Heralded by John.
(6) Rejected by the rulers and hanged on the

tree by Pilate.
tc) Proclaimed the Son of God (Ps. ii.) by the

resurrection from the tomb, thus fulfilling the promises to David (Is. lv. 3;

Ps. xvi. 10.) iv. Forgiveness and justification through the Risen

Saviour (38–39). v. A solemn warning against unbelief (Hab. i. 5)

(40-52), The sermon should be contrasted with the speeches of Peter and Stephen.

The result of the Apostles' work is the formation of the first Gentile Church, independent of the synagogue, thus arousing the most bitter hostility of the Jew.

(6) Iconium (xiv. 17).

Many converts from among both Jews and Greeks; but the active opposition of the unbelieving Jews causes the Apostles to flee.

(a) Pisidian Antioch (146–52). 146And went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and 15 sat down. And after the reading of the law and the

prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them,

saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye have any word of 16 exhortation for the people, say on. Then Paul stood

up, and beckoning with his hand said, Men of Israel, 17 and ye that fear God, give audience. The God of

this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out

15. Of the synagogue (see p. xiv.).

Rulers of the synagogue. It was their office to have charge of the public service.

often have seen St. Paul thus
begin a speech.
17. Exalted.

It is not clear what is meant; it may be an allusion to the position of Joseph, or, more likely, we should combine it with what follows and refer it to the deliverance, when the Israelites were exalted in triumph over Pharaoh.

16. R.V., Beckoning with the hand. This means some gesture which was characteristic of Paul. St. Luke must

18 of it. And about the time of forty years suffered 19 he their manners in the wilderness. And when he

had destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, 20 he divided their land to them by lot. And after

that he gave unto them judges about the space of four

hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet. 21 And afterward they desired a king : and God gave

unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of 22 Benjamin, by the space of forty years. And when

he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king ; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the son of Jesse, a man

after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will. 23 Of this man's seed hath God according to his promise 24 raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus : When John

had first preached before his coming the baptism of 25 repentance to all the people of Israel. And as John

fulfilled his course, he said, Whom think ye that I am? I am not he. But, behold, there cometh one

after me, whose shoes of his feet I am not worthy to 26 loose. Men and brethren, children of the stock of

Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, 27 to you is the word of this salvation sent.

For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets

which are read every sabbath day, they have 28 fulfilled them in condemning him. And though they

found no cause of death in him, yet desired they 29 Pilate that he should be slain. And when they had

fulfilled all that was written of him, they took him 30 down from the tree, and laid him in a sepulchre. But

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xiii. 14.

18. Suffered he their manners. The MSS. give two readings here. Most read as A.V. and R.V., but three important uncials read “ bare he them as a nursing father (see R.V. margin).

19-20. R.V., In the land of Canaan, he gave them their land for an inheritance, for about four hundred and fifty years : and after these things he gave them judges. This reading makes the period mentioned count from the going down into Egypt to the judges.

21. R.V., They asked for a king. The mention of Saul is singular: the speaker was himself Saul of Benjamin; but the contrast is

Gave testimony. R.V., Bare witness.

27. St. Paul, like St. Peter, attributes the rejection of Jesus to ignorance (comp. c. iii. 17; I Cor. ii. 8; and i Tim. i. 13).

29. R.V., Laid him in a tomb. There is little in the objection that the rulers did not bury Jesus: as a matter of fact two of them did ; but the form of the expression is due to the condensing of the speech, of which we can have but the barest précis.

31 God raised him from the dead. And he was seen

many days of them which came up with him from

Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his witnesses unto the 32 people. And we declare unto you glad tidings, how

that the promise which was made unto the fathers, 33 God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children,

in that he hath raised up Jesus again ; as it is also

written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this 34 day have I begotten thee. And as concerning that

he raised him up from the dead, now no more to

return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give 35 you the sure mercies of David. Wherefore he saith

also in another psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine 36 Holy One to see corruption. For David, after he

had served his own generation by the will of God,

fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw 37 corruption : But he, whom God raised again, saw 38 no corruption. Be it known unto you therefore,

men and brethren, that through this man is preached 39 unto you the forgiveness of sins : And by him all

that believe are justified from all things, from

which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. 40 Beware therefore, lest that come upon you, which is 41 spoken of in the prophets; Behold, ye despisers, and

wonder, and perish : for I work a work in your days, a work which ye shall in no wise believe, though a man

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31. R.V., Who are now his “Who was declared to be witnesses. (Comp. the stress the Son of God with power which St. Peter lays on the according to the spirit of duty of witnessing to the holiness, by the resurrection resurrection; i. 22; ii. 31 ; of the dead.” iii. 15; iv. 33). St. Paul 34. The sure mercies of would feel that those who David. R.V., The holy and were at Jerusalem at the sure blessings of David. time could give the best The Greek is : The holy witness to the fact that the things of David, yea the body of Jesus had left the faithful things.” The rabbis tomb; and he goes on to understood this

to emphasise the contrast refer to the Messiah. between the body of David 38. R.V., Is proclaimed and the body of Jesus, as unto you remission of sins. Peter had done on the day 39. R.V., Everyone that of Pentecost (ii. 29).

believeth is justified from all 32. R.V., We bring you things. This is the cardinal good tidings of the promise. principle of Paul's teaching,

33. The quotation from which is fully worked out in Ps. ii. is generally applied to the Epistle to the Romans. the Baptism (comp. Luke By being justified St. iii. 22 ; Heb. i. 5); but St. Paul means, being accounted Paul regards the resurrection free from the guilt of sin ;

the final and Divine thus it includes forgiveness. assurance of the Sonship of 41. The quotation is from Jesus ; so in Rom. i. Hab. i. 5 (LXX.).


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42 declare it unto you. And when the Jews were gone

out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that

these words might be preached to them the next 43 sabbath.

Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas : who, speaking to

them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of 44 God. And the next sabbath day came almost 45 the whole city together to hear the word of God. But

when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were

spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming. 46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It

was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it

from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of ever47 lasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. For so hath

the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be

a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for 48 salvation unto the ends of the earth. And when the

Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the

word of the Lord : and as many as were ordained to 49 eternal life believed. And the word of the Lord was 50 published throughout all the region. But the Jews stirred


the devout and honourable women, and the





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42. The R.V. has an important change : And as they went out, they besought that these words might be spoken to them the next sabbath. Thus, the request came from the congregation of Jews and proselytes, not from the Gentiles.

43. R.V., Now when the synagogue broke up; and instead of religious proselytes read “devout proselytes.”

R.V., Urged them, etc. Apparently the instruction was given at the Apostles' lodgings. 45. R.V.,

reads after multitudes,” They were filled with jealousy, and contradicted the things which were spoken by Paul, and blasphemed.

46. R.V., And Paul and Barnabas spake out boldly.

Ye put it from you. R.V., Thrust it from you.

Everlasting life.
Eternal life.

47. The quotation is from Isa. xlix. 6, and was regarded as Messianic.

Were ordained to eternal life. The Greek word, may be translated Bartlet (Ce ntury Bible) (found) disposed to eternal life Rackham lays stress on its military sense and renders it “ had marshalled themselves, on the side of life”; it would then stand in contrast to those who were opposing the Apostles.

49. Published. Spread abroad.

Region. The word indicates a political division of the province of Galatia. Antioch was the centre of a district, termed in St. Luke's day “regio.” (Consult the Larger Manual of the Acts.)

50. R.V., The Jews urged on the devout women of honourable estate.


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