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two-thirds vote.

When motion may be made to go to.

On every Mon. On Monday of every week, at the expiration of one day, after one hour has expired. hour after the Journal is read, or earlier if the call of

States and Territories for bills and resolutions is concluded, the Speaker may entertain a motion to suspend

the rules.-Rule 145. Order of business “The order of business, as established by the rules, only changed by

shall not be changed, except by a vote of at least twothirds of the members present.”Rule 145.

BUSINESS-ON THE SPEAKER'S TABLE. “ After one hour shall have been devoted to reports from committees and resolutions, it shall be in order, pending the consideration or discussion thereof, to entertain a motion that the House do now proceed to dispost

of the business on the Speaker's table.”Rule 54. The When morning "hour"—known as the “morning hour"_is construed to hour begins.

begin from the announcement by the Speaker to the House that reports of committees are in order, and it is not necessary that resolutions shall have been called for. It is an invariable practice, too, to permit a member,

upon the expiration of the morning hour, to take the may be taken from mem- floor, even though another may be occupying it, to make

the motion to proceed to business on the Speaker's table. 0.der of dispos- "The motion to go to business on the Speaker's table ing of

being decided in the affirmative, the Speaker shall dispose of it in the following order, viz:

“1st. Messages and other Executive communications.

"2d. Messages from the Senate, and amendments proposed by the Senate to bills of the House.

“3d. Bills and resolutions from the Senate on their first and second reading, that they be referred to committees and put under way; but if, on being read a second time, no motion being made to commit, they are to be ordered to their third reading, unless objection be made; in which case, if not otherwise ordered by a majority of the House, they are to be laid on the table in the general file of bills on the Speaker's table, to be taken up in their turn.

“4th. Engrossed bills and bills from the Senate on their third reading.

“5th. Bills of the IIouse and from the Senate on the Speaker's table, on their engrossment, or on being or

ber to make mo. tion.



dered to a third reading, to be taken up and considered in the order of time in which they passed to a second reading.

“The messages, communications, and bills on his table having been disposed of, the Speaker shall then proceed to call the orders of the day.”Rule 54.

* The clerk shall make a weekly statement of the resolutions and bills upon the Speaker's table.”—Rule 19. [A Weekly Rate

ment of, on table. printed copy of this statement is laid upon each member's table every Monday morning.) BUSINESS- UNFINISHED AT END OF A FIRST SESSION.

“After six days from the commencement of a second Bills, resolutions, or subsequent session of any Congress, all bills, resolu resumed after six

days. tions, and reports, which originated in the House, and at the close of the next preceding session remained undetermined, shall be resumed and acted on in the same manner as if an adjournment had not taken place. And Before commit: all business before committees of the House at the end as though no ad

journment. of one session shall be resumed at the commencement of the next session of the same Congress, as if no adjournment had taken place."--Rule 136.

[And by the 21st Joint Rule the resumption of all undisposed-of bills, resolutions, and reports, which originated in either house, is in like manner provided for. The word "resolutions” in the foregoing rule has been invariably held to apply to “Joint Resolutions" only.)




CALL OF THE HOUSE. By the Constitution of the United States a smaller Less than a quonumber than a quorum of each house “may be author- thorized to compul ized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each house may provide.”—Const., 1, 5, p. 8. “Any fifteen members (including the Speaker, if there Fifteen members

,authorized to corrbe one) shall be authorized to compel the attendance of pel


but not loss. absent members.”Rule 34. But where less than that number are present a motion for a call cannot be entertained.-Journal 1, 28, p. 885.



case of

Door shut.

Unlegg no qno- “A call of the House shall not be in order after the rum, not in order after previous previous question is seconded, unless it shall appear, upon question is onded. an actual count by the Speaker, that no quorum is pres

ent." —Rule 132. In order before A call of the House may be moved before the Journal the Journal isread, if no quorum pres. is read, if no quorum is present.-Journal, 1, 34, p. 1253. Proceedings in “Upon calls of the House, the names of the members

shall be called over (alphabetically-Rule 35) by the Roll to be called Clerk, and the absentees noted. After which the names twice.

of the absentees shall again be called over. The doors Excuses re-shall then be shut, and those for whom no excuse or ceived.

Order for arrest insufficient excuses are made, may, by order of those of absentees, &c.

present, if fifteen in number, be taken into custody as they appear, or may be sent for and taken into custody wherever to be found, by special messengers to be

appointed for that purpose.”-Rule 36. Order of arrest, The order of arrest is not usually made by the House when usually made.

unless a quorum cannot otherwise be obtained; and upon

the appearance of a quorum, a motion is usually made Call may be dis and carried that “all further proceedings in the call be persed with at any time.

dispensed with;" and this motion is held to be in order

at any period of the proceedings. The order for arrest Form of order is usually in this form, viz: “That the Sergeant-at-arms

take into custody, and bring to the bar of the House,

such of its members as are now absent without the leave Issue of warrant. of the House;" and, upon its adoption, a warrant, under

the hand and seal of the Speaker, and attested by the Clerk, with a list of the absentees thereto attached, is immediately placed in the hands of the Sergeant-at-arms.

Upon his appearance with members under arrest, he is Return of war. announced at the bar of the House by the doorkeeper,

whereupon he makes his return. The members brought Arraignment of in by him are then severally arraigned by the Speaker absent members.

and interrogated by him as to what excuses they may have to offer for being absent from the sitting of the

House without its leave.] House to deter- “When a member shall be discharged from custody

and admitted to his seat, the House shall determine whether such discharge shall be with or without paying fees; and in like manner, whether a delinquent member, taken into custody by a special messenger, shall or shall

of arrest.


mine as to pay. ment of fees.

not be liable to defray the expense of such special mes.

Fees against de

linquent members. senger."--Rule 37. In regard to the fees of Sergeant-atarms and special messenger, see SERGEANT-AT-ARMS.

Until a member has paid the fees assessed against him, Member must he is not at liberty to address the Chair or make a can be recognized. question of order.-Journal, 1, 36, p. 1025. It is not in order for the House to take a recess during Recess not in or

der during. a call of the House.-Journal, 1, 26, p. 843. [Indeed, no motion, except to adjourn or with reference to the call, Only to adjourn

or with reference is ever entertained during a call.]

[By an adjournment pending a call all proceedings in By an adjourn. the call are terminated; but where the House has pre-in, ordinarily fall. viously passed an order specially directing otherwise, such special direction should doubtless be executed.See Journal, 2, 27, p. 672.]

to call.


“The unappropriated rooms in that part of the Capitol Speaker bas con assigned to the House shall be subject to the order and other rooms. disposal of the Speaker until the further order of the House." —Rule 5. The Speaker shall also have a general direction of the hall.”—Rule 5.

And “no person shall be permitted to perform divine service in the chamber occupied by the House of Representatives unless with the consent of the Speaker." —Rule 6. The hall of the House shall not be used for any other pur- Hall not to be pose than the legitimate business of the House, nor shall gitimate business. the Speaker entertain any proposition to use it for any other purpose or for the suspension of this rule: Prorided, That this shall not interfere with the performance of divine service therein under the direction of the Speaker, or with the use of the same for caucus meetings of the members, or upon occasions when the House may, by resolution, agree to take part in any ceremonies to be observed therein.-Rule 155.

No spirituous or malt liquors or wines shall be offered Spirituons for sale, exhibited, or kept within the Capitol, or in any in, or grounds.

quors prohibited room or building connected therewith, or on the public grounds adjacent thereto. And it shall be the duty of the Sergeant-at-arms of the two houses, under the supervision of the presiding officers thereof, respectively, to




enforce the foregoing provisions. And any officer or employé of either house who shall in any manner violate or connive at the violation of this rule shall be dismissed

from office.-Joint Rule 19. The Vice-Presi. By the act of Congress of May 2, 1828, Stat. at Large, dent Speaker to pre- Vol. IV, page 266, the Commissioner of Public Buildkeeping, and ings is directed to take charge of and superintend the grounds not in ex. clusive occupancy public buildings: “And it shall be the duty of the Comof either house.

missioner of Public Buildings to obey such rules and regulations as may, from time to time, be prescribed, jointly, by the presiding officers of the two houses of Congress, for the care, preservation, orderly keeping, and police of all such portions of the Capitol, its appurtenances, and the enclosures about it, and the public buildings and property in its immediate vicinity, as are

not in the exclusive use and occupation of either house Speaker to con- of Congress; that it shall also be his duty to obey such that part of, in the rules and regulations as may be, from time to time, preuse of the House. scribed by the presiding officer of either house of Con

gress for the care, preservation, orderly keeping, and police of those portions of the Capitol and its appurtenances which are in the exclusive use and occupation of

either house of Congress respectively.”—(See SPEAKER.) Chief engineer By the act of March 2, 1867, the office of Commissioner to have charge of.

of Public Buildings is abolished, and the Chief Engi

neer of the army is directed to perform the duties rePolice of, to be quired of said Commissioner; and the appointment of appointed by Ser. geants-at-arms. the police of the Capitol is conferred upon the Sergeants

at-arms of the two houses.—Stat. at Large, 2, 39, p. 466. Also,

By the act approved March 30, 1866, the Sergeants-atwatchinen.

arms of the two houses are authorized to appoint the eight watchmen on the dome, at the stables, the gatekeeper, and watchmen of the grounds surrounding the

Capitol, also three additional watchmen. And said SerRules and regu- geants-at-arms are also authorized to uniform and arm the lations in regard Capitol police and watchmen, and to make such rules

and regulations as they may deem necessary to preserve the peace and secure the Capitol from defacement, and for the protection of the public property therein; and shall have power to arrest and detain any person violating said rules until such person can be brought before


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