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“Upon the second reading of the bill, the Speaker reading.
shall state it as ready for commitment or engrossment; and, if committed, then a question shall be, whether to a select or standing committee, or to a Committee of the Whole House; if no motion be made to commit, the question shall be stated on its engrossment; and if it be not ordered to be engrossed on the day of its being reported, it shall be placed on the general file on the Speaker's table, to be taken up in order. But if the bill be ordered to be engrossed, the House shall appoint the day
when it shall be read the third time." —Rule 118. Open to debate, [The settled practice of the House upon the second
reading of a bill, unless it be an APPROPRIATION BILL, (which see,) is to consider it as open to debate,] when, under the 42d Rule, it is in a condition for a motion to
lie on the table, for the previous question, to postpone Amendment. to a day certain, to commit or amend, to postpone inde
finitely, which several motions take precedence in the Enacting words order in which they are arranged. “But a motion to may be stricken
strike out the enacting words of a bill shall have precedence of a motion to amend ; and, if carried, shall be considered equivalent to its rejection."--Rule 123. (See
all of said motions respectively.) Engrossment and third reading.
[The question of engrossment is put in this form, viz: “Shall the bill be engrossed and read a third time! If it be negatived, the bill is rejected; but if it be decided in the affirmative, and the bill is actually engrossed, or no question is made on its failure to be engrossed, the Speaker immediately directs “the third reading of the bill.” But if the question is made, and it be not actually
engrossed, the bill goes to the Speaker's table. In the Third reading of case of a Senate bill, the engrossment having already Senate bills.
been made before it came to the House, the question which arises is, “Shall the bill be read a third time?" which being decided negatively the bill is rejected, but being decided affirmatively the bill is immediately read
a third time.] In case of a bill [Where the bill has a preamble, although there is no with a preamble,
rule, and until lately no settled practice, defining the stage at which it is to be considered, it would seem to be most appropriate that its consideration should take place after
After title dis. posed of.
the bill has been ordered to be engrossed and read a third time, and before the third reading takes place. By this course, the bill can be engrossed either with or without the preamble, as the House shall have determined.]
[After the third reading of a bill, the question which After third readnext arises in course is, “Shall the bill pass?" At this stage the bill is again open to debate, but is not amend- Debate. able; it may, however, under the 124th Rule, be recom- Recommitment. mitted at any time before passage.-(See RECOMMIT, MOTION TO.)]
[The bill having passed, and the title having been After passage. read, the Speaker states, "If there be no objection this will remain the title of the bill.” The title, however, is Title. subject to amendment, and, unless the previous question is ordered on it, is also debatable.)
(After the title is disposed of, it is usual for the member having charge of the bill to move “that the vote last taken be reconsidered, and that the motion to reconsider be laid on the table;” which latter motion having been decided in the affirmative, no reconsideration can take place, and the transmission of the bill to the Senate cannot be delayed. Indeed, it is not uncommon to make the motion “to reconsider and lie" at every stage of the Motion to recon. bill.]
The bill is then, as required by Rule 127, certified by Certified by the Clerk, notifying the day of its passage at the foot to the Senate. thereof,” and conveyed by him to the Senate, "together with all the papers on which it is founded,” as required by Joint Rule 14. But “no bill that shall have passed Not to be taken one house shall be sent for concurrence to the other on lust three days of either of the last three days of the session.”—Joint Rule 16. [This rule is almost invariably suspended by the two houses near the close of a session.]
“While bills are on their passage between the two To be on paper, houses, they shall be on paper, and under the signature between the two of the Secretary or Clerk of each house respectively.”— Joint Rule 5.
[After the bill has been acted on by the Senate, it is After the return brought back to the House by the Secretary of the Sen- with amendment. ate, together with a report of their action thereon. If it has passed with amendment, it is placed on the Speak
sider and lie.
Clerk and taken
When the Senate amendment is
er's table, to be taken up in its order under the 54th
Rule. Action on Sen
When taken up, the amendment of the Senate may be ate amendment to.
either agreed to, disagreed to, or agreed to with amendment; in case of an appropriation of money being involved in the amendment, however, it must be first considered in a Committee of the Whole.
If the amendment of the Senate is agreed to, that body agreed to. is notified of the fact by message through the Clerk, and
the bill is enrolled.]
In case of disagreement by the House to, or amendtween the bouses.
ment of, the Senate's amendment, see AMENDMENTS
BETWEEN THE HOUSES and CONFERENCE COMMITTEES. After passage by “ After a bill shall have passed both houses, it shall both houses, to be enrolled on parch-be duly enrolled on parchment by the Clerk of the House
of Representatives or the Secretary of the Senate, as the bill may have originated in the one or the other house, before it shall be presented to the President of the United
States.”—Joint Rule 6. When enrolled, “When bills are enrolled, they shall be examined by to be examined.
a joint committee of two from the Senate and two from the House of Representatives, appointed as a standing committee for that purpose, who shall carefully compare the enrolment with the engrossed bills, as passed in the two houses, and, correcting any errors that may be discovered in the enrolled bills, make their report forth with to their respective houses.”—.Joint Rule 7.
(See ENROLLED BILLS, COMMITTEE ON.) When examined "After examination and report, each bill shall be signed House and signed in their respective houses, first by the Speaker of the by Speaker.
House of Representatives, then by the President of the
Senate.”—Joint Rule 8. After being sign
“ After a bill shall have been thus signed in each house, ed by presiding of ficers, to be pre
it shall be presented by the said committee to the Presisented to Presi. dent.
dent of the United States for his approbation, it being first endorsed on the back of the roll, certifying in which house the same originated; which endorsement shall be signed by the Secretary or Clerk (as the case may be) of the house in which the same did originate, and shall be entered on the Journal of each house. The said committee shall report the day of presentation to the Presi
But not on last
sented to Presi. dent.
dent, which time shall also be carefully entered on the Journal of each house."-Joint Rule 9. But "no bill or
day of session. resolution that shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate shall be presented to the President of the United States for his approbation on the last day of the session.”—Joint Rule 17. [This rule, like the 16th, is generally suspended near the close of the session.]
After a bill is presented to the President, “if he approve After being prehe shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that house in which it shall have originated.”—Const., 1, 7, p. 10. (Where the President ap- Where bill is approves a bill, it is customary for him to notify the house proved. where the bill originated of the fact, and the date of his approval, which is entered on the Journal.]
When an act has been approved by the President the usual number of copies shall be printed for the use of the House.-Rule 157. And messages from the President giving notice of bills approved shall be repeated from the Clerk's desk forthwith.-Rule 158.
In case of a bill returned with the objections of the Where vetoed. President, see VETO.
“If any bill shall not be returned by the President Where not rewithin ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have days. been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law."-Const., 1, 7, p. 10. Where a bill is allowed to become a law by reason of the failure of the President to return the same, it is usual for him to notify the House of that fact, as in the case of approval.Journals, 2, 36, pp. 424, 480; 2, 39, p. 479. And where Where President he is prevented by an adjournment from returning a bill, returning by rea
of adjourn. it is usual for him to communicate his reasons for not ment. approving it at the next session.-Journals, 2, 12, p. 544; 1, 30, p. 82; 2, 35, p. 151.
“When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in Where bill of one house is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be jected in the other. given to the house in which the same shall have passed.”— Joint Rule 12. And when so rejected, “it shall not be Not to be brought
in again without ght in during the same session, without a notice of leave ten days and leave of two-thirds of that house in which it shall be renewed.”—Joint Rule 13.
turned within ten
Billsu ndisposed In regard to bills left undisposed of at the end of a of at endof session.
session, see UNFINISHED BUSINESS. Printing of. In regard to the printing of bills, see PRINTING, PUBLIC.
of extra copies of documents.
Extra copies of documents, the size of which shall not be less than 250 pages, shall be bound under the direction of the Committee on Printing on the part of the House, at a cost not exceeding 124 cents per volume.-Act of March 3, 1853.—Stat. at Large, Vol. I,
Of session documients.
“The Clerk shall have preserved for each member of the House an extra copy, in good binding, of all the documents printed by order of either house at each future
session of Congress.”—Rule 18. Superintendent By the joint resolution of June 23, 1860, the Superinto have executed. tendent of Public Printing is directed to have the binding
of each house executed.--Stat, at Large, Vol. XII, p. 117 to 120.
(See PRINTING, PUBLIC.)
To be furnished by Superintend. ent of Printing.
All the blank books ordered by Congress, or by either
Superintendent of Public Printing.–Stat. at Large, Vol.
“In filling up blanks, the largest sum and longest time shall be first put.”-Rule 50. [But where a specific time or sum stands part of a motion, it is not until it is struck out, and a blank thereby produced, that this rule can
begin to operate.] by “ A bill passed by the one house with blanks. These house may be filled by the other. may be filled up by the other by way of amendments,
returned to the first as such, and passed.”—Manual,
Not to be count. “In all ballotings blanks shall be rejected, and not ed in ballotings.
taken into the count in enumeration of votes, or reported by the tellers.”—Rule 12.