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Another Barnard Service

<Company, 287 Fourth Ave., New York. Chicago Office, Marquette Building,
sident. William B. Howland, Treasurer. Karl V. S. Howland, Secretary.
a-Chief. H. W. Mabie, Associate Editor. R. D. Townsend, Managing Editor.

$3 a year
10c. a copy

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When the Stand- had no motive for shipping over the
ird Oil Company Alton at an illegal rate.
of Indiana was 4. Other products were carried be-
ined twenty-nine tween the same points during the same
violation of the period at rates ranging from five to ten
appealed to pub- cents a hundred pounds. Therefore the
ustice of the con- six-cent rate was a reasonable one.
appeal was made 5. The Standard was advised by the
ames A. Moffett, rate clerk of the Alton that the six-cent
diana Company, rate had been filed with the Inter-State
n The Outlook Commerce Commission, and it therefore
nce. The Com- had no reason to suppose that the rate
ns, whose Bureau was illegal.
on which the in-
is now issued a

Commissioner Smith
The Commissioner's
he allegations of

replies to these argu

Reply
be remembered

ments in a statement
ch the Standard which may be summarized as follows:
at of having ac- 1. Mr. Moffett's contention seems to
) and Alton Rail- be that there was no rebate because the

hundred pounds Standard did not actually pay the higher
aiting, Indiana, to rate and have the difference of twelve
s, when the only cents a hundred pounds actually re-
ind filed with the turned to it in money. This is merely
Commission, and an evasion ; the rate constituted a rebate
1 rate, was eight- in essence, if not in form. He seems to
ions of the Stand- hold that there was no discrimination
mmarized as fol- because no one else is known to have

paid the eighteen-cent rate. On the con-
stion of rebate or trary, this very situation proves that not
se ; it was merely only was there discrimination, but that
six-cent rate was this discrimination had worked out its

logical result by producing a complete
pen, legal rate on state of monopoly in the vicinity of
ist St. Louis, and Chicago.
" extending this 2. The application sheet merely stated
ctually been filed that the rates from Chicago should apply
Commerce Com- also from Whiting, enumerated the tariffs

to which it referred, and named specific-
years covered by ally the tariff containing the eighteen-

cago and Eastern cent rate; but it made no mention of the Illus

. lawful published unfiled “ Special Billing Order" containand filed ..

Whiting and Easting the six-cent rate. “Of course this St. Louis of six . quarter cents, and sort of thing was absolutely no notice to the Standard shippeu ver two thousand any one of the unpublished six-cent rate, cars of oil a year over that road at that nor was it intended to be." rate. Therefore the Standard could have 3. The Chicago and Eastern Illinois

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1.J. Bemand & Cow hne.

The American Civic Association

gave life, force and direction to the popular demand for the preservation of Niagara Falls. It is now fully recognized as the guardian of the people's interest in the great cataract, maintaining a constant watch on the power situation.

It originated and is the moving force in the nation-wide effort to restrict the extension of ugliness by having billboards legally taxed, as is other productive property.

It has advanced the children's garden movement, and was instrumental in securing a Congressional appropriation for school gardens in the District of Columbia.

It has secured the enactment of a model street-tree law in Pennsylvania, and is teaching the intelligent care of trees the country over.

It is giving guidance and effective direction to the widespread and rapidly growing movement for the abatement of the smoke nuisance.

It helps in progressive city-making, and is continually arousing and fostering sentiment for civic beauty, for clean streets and home surroundings, for convenient and serviceable parks, for playgrounds-in short, for every form of civic betterment.

Growing Demand for Help If Niagara is to be permanently preserved, there must be an international agreement. Legislative campaigns must be made in every state to secure laws restricting and taxing billboards. Public sentiment must be further aroused in favor of forest reservations. From every section of the country there come calls for concrete assistance.

More Members are Needed The American Civic Association is a voluntary organization of persons working to make America the most beautiful country in the world. The fine work it has done was accomplished solely with the dues and contributions of members and interested friends. The demands upon it require for it greater resources in membership and more liberal support.

The careful coördination and economical execution of its working plans enable the American Civic Association to render invaluable service at small cost, for it is free from cumbersome machinery of organization and in position to do things — to do them speedily, quickly and thoroughly. This is a direct appeal for YOU to become a member. Use the coupon below or a copy of it in remitting.

AMERICAN CIVIC ASSOCIATION, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 1. HORACE MCFARLAND, President

WILLIAM B. HOWLAND, Treasurer CLINTON ROGERS WOODRUFF, Vice-Pres. and Acting Secretary

ROBERT C. OGDEN, Chairman Advisory Com. Recent and Forthcoming Literature The American Civic Association has made many important additions to the authoritative literature of civic endeavor. Other documents of notable value will be published in the early future. Members receive the literature as currently published, without charge. The material they thus obtain in the course of a year in itself is worth a great deal more than the membership fee. Some specimen subjects are as follows:

Billboards and Their Regulations.

A Symposium. AMERICAN CIVIC ASSOCIATION, Philadelphia, Pa.

Good Roads and Civic Improvement.

By D. Ward King.

Improvement of Home Grounds. I enclose $ and wish to be enrolled as

By Warren H. Manning. Mosquitos and How to Abate Them.

By F. L.Olmsted and H.C.Weeks. member of the American Civic Play and Playgrounds.

By Joseph Lee. Association.

Public Comfort Stations.

By Frederick L. Ford.

Railroad Improvements. NAME

By Mrs. A, E. McCrea. Recreation Centers.

By Graham Romeyn Taylor. Life Membership. $50 or more

Removal of Overhead Wires.
Sustaining

$10 a year
ADDRESS

By Frederick L. Ford. Club $5 a year

School Gardens. By W. A. Baldwin.

Trees in Cities. Councillors' $5 a year

By J. Horace McFarland. Annual $3 a year

The Smoke Nuisance. A Symposium.

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Another
Barnard Service

$3 a year 10c. a copy

de er perty. tal in umbia and i

over the

wing

cering

So that you may have the use of this
volume while you are supplying missing
pages, we have inserted stubs as noted
below.
When they are obtained, you may
send them to us, if you wish, together
with the bound volume and they will
be promptly inserted without charge.
Stubs have been inserted in place of
the following pages which are missing:

arried be-
; the same
five to ten
erefore the
one.
ed by the
e six-cent
nter-State
i therefore
it the rate

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iner Smith

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seems to cause the he higher of twelve tually reis merely da rebate 2 seems to ‘imination n to have n the cons that not , but that :d out its complete icinity of

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Library Book Binders

ely stated

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Triffs
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Illinois Railroad had a lawful published unfiled "Special Bill
and filed rate between Whiting and Easting the six-cent rate.
St. Louis of six and a quarter cents, and sort of thing was absolui
the Standard shipped over two thousand any one of the unpublisheu
cars of oil a year over that road at that nor was it intended to be."
rate. Therefore the Standard could have 3, The Chicago and Easte.

The Arcaninan Civie Association

gave life, force ani Falls. It is now fi cataract, maintain:

It originated ai tension of ugliness

It has advanc securing a Congres

It has secured teaching the intell

It is giving gui movement for the

It helps in pri sentiment for civi and serviceable pa

Growing D If Niagara is to be i must be an internatic campaigns must be m: laws restricting and sentiment must be furt reservations. From e there come calls for co

The careful co American Civic A: from cumbersome them speedily, qu member. Use th

AMERIC.

1. HORACE MCFARLAN CLINTON ROGERS Woo

The American Ci of civic endeavor. O ceive the literature a: year in itself is worth

SS.

Recreation Centers.

By Graham Romeyn Taylor. Removal of Overhead Wires.

By Frederick L. Ford. School Gardens. By W. A. Baldwin. Trees in Cities.

By J. Horace McFarland. The Smoke Nuisance. A Symposium,

The Outlook

NEW YORK, JANUARY 4, 1908

Vol. 88
No. 1

Published by the Outlook Company. 287 Fourth Ave., New York. Chicago Office, Marquette Building.
Lawrence F. Abbott, President. William B. Howland, Treasurer. Karl v. S. Howland, Secretary.
Lyman Abbott, Editor-in-Chief. H. W. Mabie, Associate Editor. R. D. Townsend, Managing Editor.

$3 a year 10c. a copy

was

When the Stand- had no motive for shipping over the The Commissioner of ard Oil Company Alton at an illegal rate. Corporations and the

of Indiana Standard Oil Company fined twenty-nine tween the same points during the same

4. Other products were carried bemillion dollars for the violation of the period at rates ranging from five to ten Elkins Law, its officials appealed to pub- cents a hundred pounds. Therefore the lic opinion against the justice of the con- six-cent rate was a reasonable one. viction. The principal appeal was made 5. The Standard was advised by the in a statement by Mr. James A. Moffett, rate clerk of the Alton that the six-cent the President of the Indiana Company, rate had been filed with the Inter-State which was reported in The Outlook Commerce Commission, and it therefore shortly after its appearance. The Com- had no reason to suppose that the rate missioner of Corporations, whose Bureau was illegal. collected the material on which the indictment was based, has now issued a

Commissioner Smith

The Commissioner's statement in reply to the allegations of

replies to these argu

Reply Mr. Moffett. It will be remembered

ments in a statement that the charge on which the Standard which may be summarized as follows: was convicted was that of having ac- 1. Mr. Moffett's contention seems to cepted from the Chicago and Alton Rail- be that there was no rebate because the way a rate of six cents a hundred pounds Standard did not actually pay the higher on oil shipped from Whiting, Indiana, to rate and have the difference of twelve East St. Louis, Illinois, when the only cents a hundred pounds actually rerate openly published and filed with the turned to it in money. This is merely Inter-State Commerce Commission, and an evasion ; the rate constituted a rebate therefore the only legal rate, was eight- in essence, if not in form. He seems to een cents. The allegations of the Stand- hold that there was no discrimination ard may be briefly summarized as fol- because no one else is known to have lows:

paid the eighteen-cent rate. On the con1. There was no question of rebate or trary, this very situation proves that not discrimination in the case ; it was merely only was there discrimination, but that a question whether the six-cent rate was this discrimination had worked out its legal.

logical result by producing a complete 2. Six cents was an open, legal rate on state of monopoly in the vicinity of oil from Chicago to East St. Louis, and Chicago. an "application sheet" extending this 2. The application sheet merely stated rate to Whiting had actually been filed that the rates from Chicago should apply with the Inter-State Commerce Com- also from Whiting, enumerated the tariffs mission.

to which it referred, and named specific3. During the two years covered by ally the tariff containing the eighteenthe indictment the Chicago and Eastern cent rate; but it made no mention of the Illinois Railroad had a lawful published unfiled “Special Billing Order” containand filed rate between Whiting and Easting the six-cent rate. “Of course this St. Louis of six and a quarter cents, and sort of thing was absolutely no notice to the Standard shipped over two thousand any one of the unpublished six-cent rate, Cars of oil a year over that road at that nor was it intended to be.”' rate. Therefore the Standard could have 3. The Chicago and Eastern Illinois

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