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even more necessary at the entrance to education to a Japanese girl in a higher a school than are hat-racks in America. school will seem ridiculously small to Of course the girls do not wear hats. Americans, averaging, as it does, six or The student carries her books, as all seven dollars a month for tuition, board, hand packages in Japan are carried, lodging, books, and incidentals. wrapped up in a furoshiki, which is a Despite the newness of most of the large square of colored cloth.
girls' schools, they are surprisingly well Dormitory life for the Japanese girl is equipped. Their apparatus is extensive. the "simple life " indeed. When a visitor is shown into one of the small, low-ceiled rooms which two or more girls occupy, he sees nothing but the mats, each six feet by three feet, which constitute the floor, and a small table about ten inches high and three feet square, holding books and inkstone and brush. Perhaps on the walls are a few unframed American pictures. That is all—no bed, no chairs, no bureau, no mirrors. The problem of housekeeping is here reduced to a minimum. Slide open the wall at one end of the room, however, and a closet will be disclosed containing the girls' few articles of raiment (styles do not change in Japan so far as a Westerner can see, though the initiated declare otherwise) and the thick quilts, or futons, which, with a small round hard pillow for each girl, constitute the bidding.
More than this the girls do not know nor desire por need. They sit on the floor, sleep on the floor, and eat
AN IMPROMPTU CHARADE from low
tables or trays “Better than hara-kiri is it to live for one's country,” counsels placed on the floor. Some the mother, to a patriot arrested in the act of self-destruction of the school dining-rooms
Hiroshima Girls' School now use chairs, for a reason which will their furnishings modern, and their presently be explained. The principal lighting and ventilation an improvement articles of diet are rice and fish, eaten, of upon even the best Japanese homes. course, with chop-sticks. Each girl has One of the appurtenances which the her chop-stick box, as an American government department of hygiene rewould have a napkin ring. Adjoining the quires in every school, and to which it kitchen is the lavatory, with its rows of takes Americans a long time to become individual basins and towels. Near by is accustomed in an institution for young the big tub where the girls, a dozen at a women, is a huge and hideous receptacle time, enjoy the daily hot bath which is a labeled spit-box," which adorns every national institution. The expense of an corridor and hallway.
Especially well equipped is the Wo the visitors from America upon current man's University at Tokyo, which, topics was quite typical of New Japan. although only seven years old, yet The phenomenal growth of this largest has an enrollment of twelve hundred institution of its kind in Japan is due students. This most progressive of largely to the fact that the most eminent Japanese educational institutions for men and women in the Empire are its women boasts branches to be found supporters, the Empress herself having in few women's colleges elsewhere made a personal gift toward its estab
The oldest schools for girls, and probably the most thorough, are those established by missionaries. Some of these are thirty years old, and they have furnished many or most of the teachers for the newer government schools. They are to be found in all sections of the country, and their teachers are noble representatives of America's best.
The course of study which the Japanese student must pursue is different in important particulars from that known to the American girl. She gets no Greek or Latin, having instead to study Chinese, with its countless ideographs. These are interesting to talk about than to study. Thus, as ungallant male students inform you with a chuckle, the character which represents a house with one woman in it means peace, the same character with two women in it means discord! Japanese history and literature, general his
tory, mathematics, including A SCHOOL-GIRL CHARADE
the difficult abacus or countA fugitive queen and her two children in the snow
ing-slate, physiology, geograHiroshima Girls' School
phy, philosophy, psychology, gardening and chicken-raising, for in- ethics, zoology, botany, physics, domestic stance, and practical kitchen classes science, sewing, drawing, music, and both in “foreign style " and the Japa- gymnastics, all belong in the ordinary nese fashion. Although so young, the curriculum. Woman's University has an alert alumni In addition, the girls must learn the association, which has erected the polite accomplishments which charac“Cherry and Maple Leaf Building ” for terize a Japanese lady. There is a preadministrative, business, and social pur- scribed rule for every detail of social poses. It publishes a weekly newspaper, intercourse. The caller is greeted with and the businesslike manner in which a three profound bows and certain complipretty young Japanese miss interviewed mentary formulas. The guest returns
these in kind—somehow, with all this coarse bowl of bitter stuff, not to be bowing in close proximity, heads never
drunk twice if avoidable) would require crack, although I have often looked for it an article in itself. The performance in terror, when it seemed inevitable. lasts for hours, and my own knees were How, even with a college education, the groaning after the first ten minutes. Japanese women can regulate her bows, The exceeding solemnity of it all-you and the length of time she remains bent, may smile at a funeral, but not at cereto accord with that of the person whom monial tea—from the bringing into the she is greeting, is impossible for the room of the special set of utensils, of Western mind to understand. Certainly which a stiff stirrer, in shape like a shavshe peeps, but you cannot catch her at ing-brush, is the most interesting—until it. The simple matter of handing a the last vestige of the ceremony has zabiton, or flat cushion, for the guest to been removed and tlie last bow has been
is a delicate one of certain folds, made, would drive an American girl and a bow at prescribed paces, and into nervous prostration or hysteria. an extending of the article with certain Writing poetry is a kindred study that crooks of the elbow. Slow and painful, differs from anything known to the albeit graceful, is the offering of writing American school-girl. In Japan, poets are materials to a guest. For fifteen minutes made, not born. The chirography, which I watched a picturesque old Samurai, is executed upon a long strip of heavy who looked as if he had just stepped out paper of a prescribed kind, is counted of an ancient print, teaching the intrica somewhat more important than the sencies of this to a class of girls; and every timent, originality being at a discount. thumb had to be in a certain place, and There are no considerations of rhyme to literally every movement of the hands bother the student. Japanese poetry and body was a point of regulation. has from the beginning ordinarily con
When it comes to the weightier mat sisted of alternate lines of five and seven ters of the law, like ceremonial tea, then syllables, with an additional seven syllathe class in Japanese etiquette realizes bles at the end ; and thirty-one syllables the seriousness of life. To describe is the usual length of the ode, which is ceremonial tea (which, after all, is only a generally addressed to some phase of
THE HON. MR. OGASAWARA, TEACHER OF CEREMONIES IN THE PEERESSES' SCHOOL
An old Tokugawa retainer, the best archer in Japan, and the most celebrated teacher of etiquette nature. To the Western mind these taught look like basting, but they are poems, literally translated, seem only a really patterned after an exact fashion, few unrelated words, and the real point The playing of the koto, or harp-like is frequently missed. A popular story musical instrument of Old Japan, is also among Europeans resident in Japan tells taught. One of the striking characterhow the Empress wrote a farewell poem istics of a Japanese girls' school is the at the departure of Lady Parkes from number of baby organs to be seen. Japan, using the approved complimentary. Until the missionaries came, Japan had symbolism. As freely translated to the nothing worthy of the name of music, guest of honor, the poem ran, “Why and vocal music was long thought to be does the old goose homeward fly?” impossible to the Japanese. That idea
Painting, too, on paper, silk, and por- has been dissipated by education, and celain stands high in the scale of studies, now, go where one will in a girls' school, and creditable work is done in it, as well he is pursued by the groans and cries as in embroidery, flower arrangement, of tortured baby organs. Japanese girls and flower-making. The sewing-room do learn to become good musicians, both is always in native style, the students instrumental and vocal. Some of the being seated on the floor. The stitches girls' schools even boast brass bands.