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the book. While his good nature and clever of it with the real goodness it attempts to turns of phrase are infectiously amusing, mimic. In Edith Grainger is portrayed a one is left rather breathless at the end. thorough Christian gentlewoman. She is a In “ The Plow Woman," by the same author, creation any novelist might be proud of. Eleanor Gates, there was more variety in Several of the other characters display clever characters, and a decided promise of excel- handling, particularly a pushing would-be lent original work. That is not entirely. society woman whose snobbishness and carried out in“ Cupid," but there is sufficient hypocrisy form a foil to Edith's genuine vigor, wit, and clever handling of material refinement and goodness; also Ambrose and to encourage us to look for even higher Perpetua, a delightful pair of juvenile prigs. achievements.

The days of New York when brocades, It has become a habit among ministers to powder, and patches were worn, when, inwrite novels, and as fiction is the favorite stead of automobiles and electric light, sedan vehicle for all sorts of discussion and mate chairs and link-boys were in vogue-these rial, their choice is not surprising. Dr. R. S. are the times portrayed in “The Van RensHolmes writes of theological problems, mak- selaers of Old Manhattan. The heroine ing an original old Scotchman chief speaker, rejoices in the name of India, and is a and his hero, a young minister, chief actor. hoyden, as her starched old Tory relative “The Maid of Honor," though described as appropriately but impolitely informs her. transcendingly charming, is really too rude Still, she is so attractive that her path is to be accepted seriously. She should have literally besieged by the gallants of the day. been taught her manners before she was old Among her charms is an "arch gurgle," enough to attend her friend's wedding as which is very often called into requisition; maid of honor. The unobtrusive and alto and she is remarkably demonstrative in gether unusual devotion oi the young dominie

The other characters include the finally melted her hard heart, however, and hero, a young Tory of fallen fortunes, a she consented to marry a minister, disclosing desperate and most repulsive villain, and an the fact that her determination not to do so actress; while George Washington appears was the cause of all her bad behavior. As upon the scene, though very cursorily. usual in these stories, emphasis is laid upon There is very little plot, too much declamathe high type of real religion found outside tion, and a constant striving to produce atthe church, and David Henderson, the mosphere that is too apparent and therefore Scotchman, though strong on dogma, is fails of its effect. The effort, too, to carry also mighty in good works.

on the tale in the language of the period The marriage question in relation to dis results in a stiited style that is very weariparity of age is less often touched upon in some in spite of occasional anachronisms, fiction than are some other phases.

This as

such as “chortle" and " his nibs." pect is the pivot of Mr. E. F. Benson's novel* A heartless flirting mother, a selfish weakin which Hugh Grainger, a man of twenty- willed father, and a little neglected daughter four, marries a widow of forty-two, whose are the dramatis persona in this book of earlier marriage was a disastrous one. In George Madden Martin's stories. Besides this union there is perfect harmony of tastes these appear officers of different standing and mind and a passionate mutual love; and their wives, “non-coms," and "strikers." there is nothing to prevent its being an ideal Strikers, be it known, are soldiers who add coupling of two human beings except the to their finances by performing, if they great gulf between twenty-four and forty- choose to do so, various duties in the housetwo-with the seniority on the wrong side. holds of the officers, in whatever fort they No "little rift” appears to open gradually are stationed. Letitia's comfort and well-being and silence the music of this marriage, depend greatly in the earlier stories on the though the wife feels an occasional qualm amount of milk of human kindness existentin as she glances into futurity, knowing that the striker her mother selects to be the guardthe years that will bring only maturity to ian of the lonely little girl ; fortunately, being Hugh will bring old age to her; what will a shrewd woman and having a keen eve to be the outcome? There is only one ending her own advantage, she usually selects judithat can avert unhappiness in such a case, ciously. The stories are amusing and give and Edith's qualms were needless. Mr. a good insight into wandering military life; Benson's most admirable point as a writer is the characters are avowedly reproduced from his hatred and clever setting forth of cant living types, and are vividly depicted and and priggishness and his clear contrasting

1 The Van Rensselaers of Old Manha:tan. By Waymer 1 The Maid of Honor. By Richard S. Holmes. The Jay Mills. The Frederick A. Stokes Company, New York. Fleming H. Revell Company, New York, By E. F. Benson. Doubleday, Page & Co., Letitia : Army Corps, U.S.A. By George Madden

Martin. The McClure Company, New York.

$1.50

31 50, net.

% Sheaves. New York. $1.50.

craves.

not overdrawn; but the language is some then to the fore in the public life of the times marred by obscurity owing to an obvi United States-Webster, Clay, Calhoun, ous effort to imitate Kipling's style.

Van Buren, and many others. His book is Greece and the This is a charming and overflowing with anecdotes-most of them

worth while—and with pleasant little glimpses finely illustrated book by a Ægean Islands New Englander, a philhel

of the life of old Charleston and of antelene, who would make of benefit to others his

bellum New York. So that, whether viewed experience that "it is as easy now to view

from the historical, social, or personal angle, and enjoy the visible remnants of the glory it has much to commend it to an extended

circle of readers. that was Greece as it is to view those of the grandeur that was Rome.” Athens has been

Charles Clark Munn writes

The Healthful abundantly described by many writers, but

pleasantly of “ Boyhood Days

Life there are other and remote places which have

on the Farm," ' and Frank T. been less adequately made known to tour Merrill furnishes the illustrations of a book ists; much also which even the latest tech that will bring many memories to readers of nical accounts of archæologists imperfectly similar experiences. A New England lad, present. There is ground, therefore, which Orlo Upton, tells of his routine work, and this volume covers as no other has yet done, the play and dreaming that came daily into and the journeys to which it invites involve, his young life. Ghosts, queer happenings says Mr. Marden, no more discomfort than in the fields and woods, tales told by “ Old a journey through Italy. With this volume Remus," the boys' friend, and everything in hand any intelligent traveler should find that makes up the human interest of a counthe rough places made smooth, with the try neighborhood, come in to this quiet, direction and information that the stranger well-told story of real life.

Ibsen's Works

Volume XI. of the collected Those who were fortunate Colonel Lathers's

works of Ibsen' contains enough to read the bio “ Little Eyolf," " John Gabriel Borkman,” Reminiscences

graphical memoir which and “When We Dead Awaken,” translated, appeared at the time of Colonel Richard with introductions to the three plays, by Lathers's election as an honorary member of Mr. William Archer. “Little Eyolf” was the Grand Army of the Republic have a written in 1894, “ John Gabriel Borkman lively recollection of the account there given was presented for the first time at Copenof Colonel Lathers's energetic but futile hagen in 1896, and When We Dead efforts as a peace-maker on the eve of the Awaken” was published shortly before Civil War. Born in South Carolina, Colonel Christmas in 1899. The latter play was Lathers was a prominent New York business written in such a passion that Ibsen's friends man when the agitation over slavery reached were seriously alarmed by his feverish state its most critical point. A Southerner, he was of mind. This play is perhaps less known none the less loyal to the Union, took a lead- by the great majority of readers of Ibsen ing part in framing the New York appeal to than any of the earlier dramas. Mr. Archer the South, and carried this appeal in person interprets it as a piece of self-caricatureto a number of Southern cities. At Mobile a series of echoes from the earlier plays. the news of the firing on Sumter brought to With the publication of this volume the new a sudden end the meeting at which he was edition of Ibsen's works completed. It delivering his plea in behalf of the Union; has fulfilled its promise of being a thorand his mission was abruptly terminated at oughly satisfactory piece of book-making. New Orleans when the mayor of that city

The recent disturbances in ordered him to leave town on the first train. Earthquakes

California and South America After which, he returned North and was

have turned public attention and curiosity active in the raising of money and men for

very strongly toward inquiry into the causes the successful conduct of the war by the

and results of earthquakes. Professor Hobbs, Union armies. All this, and much more, is

who occupies the chair of geology at the now to be found in his “ Reminiscences,"

University of Michigan, gives us in his new posthumous volume of striking interest.

volume what we believe to be by far the Although he died only four years ago,Colonel

most thorough study of the subject, which is Lathers's manhood recollections stretched

couched in fairly untechnical language, and back to the early forties, and he writes from

may be read with a clear understanding by personal knowledge of many men who were

Boyhoot Days on the Farm. By Charles Clark Munn. 1 Greece and the Ægean Islands, By Philip Sanford Mar The Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Company, Boston. $1.50. den. Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Roston. $3, net.

2 Collected Works of Henrik Ibsen (Copyright Edition). ? Reminiscences of Richard Lathers. Edited by Alvan F. Volume X1. Little Eyolf, John Gabriel Borkman. When Sanborn. The Grafton Press, New York. $2.50, net.

We Dead Awaken, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. $1.

a

any thoughtful layman.' He holds that seis refers briefly to critical discussions of the mology has made more rapid advances dur. texts on which he discards the judgment of ing the past decade than any other branch the Revisers. of physical science except that relating to

This is a re

The Natural History radiant energy. The perfection of delicately

of the Ten Commandments

publication in balanced instruments, watched constantly

book form of a by trained observers, now makes it possible recent article in the Century Magazine by to have a record of the motion of earth dis Ernest Thompson Seton. Some scientists turbances the world over-a record which is will criticise it as imaginative; that, in our wonderfully accurate and complete. This view, is its virtue. We put it along with Henry gives a fine basis of actual fact to work Drummond's" The Ascent of Man" as helpupon ; and another set of scientists, with this ing to make rational the belief that man's record at their command, have taken up the spiritual nature, as well as his physical organ. study of earthquakes from the larger point ism, has been evolved from lower animal of view of the geologist. What has been conditions. Contrasted with Darwin's “Exlearned by both of these classes of students, pression of Emotions in Man and Animals," and what are the best supported theories, these two books illustrate the scientific value are made plain in this volume with abundant of imagination which Professor Tyndall has illustration through diagram and photograph, illustrated in his famous essay. and with admirable system and arrangement

Matthew Arnold has wisely of material.

The

said that “ three-fourths of The doctrine that Jesus is all

Good Neighbor religion is conduct," and it The Lord of Glory

that God is, is here · learnedly might be further added that three-fourths of

maintained by the veteran conduct is neighborliness-our duty to our theologian of Princeton. Text by text neighbor. In a village it is easy to know throughout the New Testament the various how to be a neighbor ; in a large city it titles given to Jesus, and the terms which he becomes a complex and almost impossible applied to himself, are adduced in support affair for most of us to be neighborly at all. of this contention. To one already holding Yet neighborly we must be if we are to solve to it, it seems conclusive. To an inquiring the problems of social service and commumind, indisposed or unable to scrutinize the nity living. Miss Richmond's little book: argument very closely, it may carry some is a timely help in this direction. It is a conviction. Rigorous search may lead the publication of the Sage Foundation, and skeptically inclined to regard it as the plea written by a worker of large administrative of an advocate rather than the report of an experience both in Philadelphia and Baltiunbiased investigator. E.g., the marginal more. Therefore it appeals to every social readings of the Revised Version in John i. worker. But perhaps its best value will be 18, Romans ix. 5, and Titus ii. 13 differ from for readers who know nothing about organthe readings in the text of the British edition, ized charity, but simply want to be good and the last of them is substituted for the neighbors wherever they may live. It is a British text in the American edition. Dr. pocket volume-only one hundred and fiftyWarfield avails himself of the marginal two small pages-but it covers the field, as reading in John, which favors his contention, the titles of its chapters show: "The Child in but sticks to the traditional text in the other the City," “ The Invalid,” “The Family in two cases, as sustaining his argument. Many Distress," “ The Contributor," “ The Church who hold the doctrine which Dr. Warfield Member," “ The Tenant,” etc. The parable thus advocates refuse to claim for it such of the Good Samaritan prefaces the book, doubtful ground. Tolerant as is the temper and the author voices the conviction of the of our times, it is intolerant of such methods best professional workers when she says: among scholars. Dr. Warfield makes the “ There are many things that the good neighgrand tactical mistake of claiming every bor cannot safely leave to any agency; and thing in sight; e.g., “How can it be said that this conviction, which I hold very firmly, Mark knows nothing of the pre-existence of would seem to be my chief qualification for Christ when he records Jesus' constant the present undertaking.” And she adds: application to himself of the title “Son of “The twenty-five years just past,' said PresiMan'?”—which some fairly conservative dent Eliot at the beginning of the new Christian scholars will regard as very doubt century, are the most extraordinary twentyfully relevant. Still, he does not neglect five years in the whole history of our race. rejoinder in foot-notes to radical critics, and Nothing is done as it was twenty-five years

1 Earthquakes. By William Herbert Hobbs. D. Apple 1 Natural History of the Teu Commandments. By Emest ton & Co., New York. $2. net.

Thompson Seton. Charles Scribner's Sons,

New York. 50c. - The Lord of Glory. By Benjamin B. Warfield. The 2 The Good Neighbor. By.. Mary, E. Richmond. The American Tract Society, New York. $1.50, net.

1. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. 60c., net,

ago.' Set over against this statement the better but for two unfortunate circumstances: contrasting fact that the road from Jerusa. one is that in some way a great deal of the lem to Jericho is still unsafe, that robberies material gathered by Shirley (almost everyhave occurred there within the memory of body called him Shirley) for the express purmen still living, and we get some conception pose of making a book of reminiscences has of the difference between a static and dy been, through family differences, unavailable; namic civilization. Into our dealings with the other reason is that Mr. Layard, bound the evils of a dynamic civilization bring apparently to make a portly volume, has not once more the remedy of Christ, the remedy digested, selected, and rejected from among of a larger neighborliness, and the next his material as carefully as one might wish. twenty-five years would be as wonderful There was naturally and inevitably a great spiritually as the last twenty-five have been deal that was ephemeral and trivial about materially.” A good book to read, to lend, Brooks's humorous writing, and even brillor to give to other neighbors.

iantly genial letters do not always sparkle as Adventures in Mr. David Grayson in these

they should after half a century. Shirley papers' dwells on country life,

Brooks was an extraordinarily adaptable Contentment its broadening and elevating

man, ready to write anything from a three

volume novel to a three-line squib at a influences. He describes the beautiful things of nature—the smell of freshly plowed loam

minute's notice. He was a capital editor on a spring day, when the clouds hang low

and a most agreeable fellow, but he left nothand the birds are calling from the budding

ing that lives in the way of literature. One trees; the joy of seeing the little green blades

of the most unconsciously humorous bits in pushing up, of watching them grow and grow

this book'is the repetition of the announcetill the bearded heads wave with every breath

ment that “ Once a Week” was to be braced of wind in billows over the field, and, finally,

up from a weakness caused by printing unthe delight of harvesting the goodly crop.

acceptable fiction through the serial publica

tion of Shirley Brooks's “ The Silver Cord”He is fair, too; he admits that country life has its disadvantages, such as harnessing a

the unacceptable novels which had preceded

were Reade's “ The Cloister and the Hearth" muddy horse in the rain, or driving intrusive

and Meredith's “Evan Harrington "! chickens continually out of the barn, also that women are apt to demand an inordinate

Some Neglected

In his latest published amount of kindling-wood. In spite of these

work? Captain Mahan

Aspects of War drawbacks, Mr. Grayson considers that out.

treats of war under several door life is happy and healthful enough to phases: its moral aspect, its practical aspect, compensate a man amply for sacrificing and as viewed from the Christian standpoint. wealth and position in order to enjoy it. His Also he writes of the Hague Conference of enthusiasm is such that he almost infects a 1907 and the question of immunity for bel. millionaire with his views; he is less success ligerent merchant shipping, In maintaining ful, however, with some of his farmer neigh that war has a moral raison d'être, Captain bors, who evidently regard him as mentally Mahan remarks that no evil that war can wanting in expressing ideas so little in ac bring can equal the moral declension that a cord with the "get rich quick” spirit of the nation inflicts upon itself and upon mankind twentieth century.

by deliberate acquiescence ini wrong which Shirley Brooks Books of reminiscence, if

it recognizes and which it may right. Even good in their class, are

if war is made upon mistaken premises, this of Punch among the most enjoyable

judgment stands—it is not the accuracy of

decision but the faithfulness to conviction of all books. One dealing with a famous editor of Punch in Punch's palmiest days

which constitutes the moral worth of an ac

tion, national or individual. Captain Mahan could not fail to be jovial. Mark Lemon, Leech, Tenniel, Thackeray, Tom Taylor,

speaks of the “control from good to evil of Percival Leigh, were Brooks's personal inti

the sword,” pointing to the birth of the

United States, to the resultant lesson changmates and professional associates. Brooks succeeded Lemon, Punch's first editor, as

ing Great Britain from the mistress to the editor-in-chief, and he has been described as

mother of her dependencies; to the French "perhaps the most brilliant and useful all

Revolution; to the betterment in India's and around man who ever wrote for Punch.”

Egypt's condition. One of the beneficent

results of war was seen in 1898, when the There is mighty good picking here, then, for the lover of anecdotes and personal sketches.

veil that parted two great English-speaking But, good as the book is, it might have been 2 Shirley Brooks of Punch: His Life. Letters, and Diaries.

By George Somes Layard. Henry Holt & Co., New York. 1 Adventures in Contentment. By David Grayson. Double 1 Some Neglected Aspects of War. By Captain A. T. day, Page & Co., New York, $1.20

Mahan, U. S. N. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. $1.50, net.

$3.50, net.

nations was rent, and revealed to each the soil, its protecting wall of rugged mountains ; face of a brother. Peace is not adequate to while the bold and independent character of progress; there are resistances that can its people, its diversity of climate and conbe overcome only by cxplosion. In connec- sequent diversity of agricultural products, tion with this the writer instances the Var its mineral riches—" Desert " Chile with its of Secession, bringing in is train the extir- nitrates and silver and copper is an inexhaustpation of slavery, frceing four millions of ible rescrvoir of wealth-all seem to point to people and establishing on this continent a a great future. It possesses, perhaps, the united people--a result that a dozen Hague most stable government of any South Amer. Conferences would have been powerless to ican cou.try, one almost Anglo-Saxon in its effect. War is an evil, Captain Mahan con- solidity. This book is very carefully and cedes, but it is the lesser in a choice of evils, handsomely made; everything about it is just as amputation is preferable to loss of beyond criticism. There is a copious index, life. Arbitration, he contends, is imprac. and an appendix supplying the most up-toticable in this present stage of our planet's date and valuable information ; also a very history. “The proper temper in which to large and full map. The only thing that can approach arbitration is not by picturing an be suggested as an improvement to this work imaginary political society of nations and is the addition or a smaller and more easily races, but the actual ones now existing in handled map for frequent reference. this tough old world of ours," says the writer;

While this book' is primaand again, The parliament of men, the Petrarch and federation of the world, is as yet an ideal,

rily a life of Petrarch, the His Times

author in his title and still beautiful it is true, but only an ideal.”

more in his treatment of the subject makes When Dr. Allen's Life Phillips Brooks

the work a popular, attractive, and most deand Letters of Phillips cidedly interesting study of the fourteenth Brooks' appeared some six years ago, it was century socially. Petrarch, fortunately, was recognized as a work of great insight and not only a great writer but a great traveler, skill. It succeeded in imparting to its read- and left behind him the most delightful ers, to a remarkable degree, a sense of the exchange and personal letters imaginable. personality of the great preacher. The size Those to Boccaccio are among the choicest of of the biography (it consists of two large these letters, but others almost equal them. volumes) limited its usefulness.

It has now

The author of the book modestly declares been abridged to a single volume. The that the narrative is essentially taken from present work, entitled simply Phillips Petrarch's writings. This is doubtless true Brooks,” is, as to price, within the reach of as regards the material and the substance, many who found the cost of the earlier work, but the arrangement and the fashioning of as the author frankly admits, prohibitive. the whole into a well-proportioned, readable, Mr. G. F. Scott Elliot's book on

straightforward narrative has been evidently Chile Chile ? presents a most exhaustive

a work of love, and deserves unstinted praise. account of that remarkable strip of land in

The volume may very well be placed on the South America " that is two thousand miles

shelf which holds Mrs. Ady's “ Beatrice of in length, running from 17° 17' south latitude

Milan" as an equally picturesque account of to Cape Horn, and looking about two inches

mediæval social conditions in Italy. wide upon the map.” Besides its thorough

One difficulty with ness of detail, this work is a most entertain

Japan as Described

most books on Japan ing one. It gives a résumé of the romantic

by a Japanese

and China is that they history of this unique land—a history that are written, not by Japanese and Chinese, rivals in interest that of any country in this but by Americans and Europeans. It is a hemisphere and that furnishes names worthy satisfaction, therefore, to come upon a volof enrollment on the world's list of heroes, ume describing Japanese life which has been Indian and Spanish names and those of the written by a native. Mr. Miyakawa's evihalf-Irish O'Higgins, first Director of the dent aim has been to produce a book which Republic, and Admiral Cochran, who respect shall show how, physically, mentally, and morively on land and sea helped to build up this ally, the Japanese have been influenced by country. The physical features of Chile their environment. To this end the author seem to mark it as the cradle of a race des. pays

his attention to such subjects as topog. tined to become a great power-its long sea- raphy, feudalism, customs and habits, the board rich in magnificent harbors, its fertile idea of home, education, ethics, and religion. 1 Phillips Brooks. 1835-1893. By Alexander V. G. Allen. 1 Petrarch, His Life and Times. By H. C. Hollway-Cal. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. $2 50, net.

throp. G P Putnam's Sons, New York. $3.50, net. 2 Chile. By GF Scott Elliot, M.A., F.R.G.S. Charles ? Life of Japan By Masuji Miyakawa. The Baker & Scribner's Sons, New York. $3, net.

Taylor Company, New York.

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