Imágenes de páginas

discussed. The conclusion at which I then arrived Mr. SACKETT. It will be just half the com- || taken, however, until the amendment of the genas to the temper and feeling of the House, was, | pensation.

tleman from New York is disposed of. that there was no possibility of inducing the mem- I have no disposition to discuss this question Mr. HARRIS. To be sure not, but when that bers of this House to pay anything out of the further. It was amply debated when the bill from amendment is disposed of, the pending question Treasury of the United States to these registers the Senate was before the House. If it is the de- will be on the motion to strike out and insert, if and receivers. But it seems to me, that the sense sire of the House to reduce the compensation of the gentleman is allowed to make the modification. of justice of every member on this floor must these officers one half, this amendment will ac- Mr. STUART. I propose to amend the amendbring him to the conclusion, that the men who ren- complish that object, and preserve a uniform rate ment of the gentleman from New York, so as der this service for the holders of these warrants, of compensation.

to give these officers two per cent. each, instead of should be remunerated in some way. I propose, Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I am opposed one per cent, for both. therefore, to strike out all that part of the section to this amendment, and to every amendment Mr. DUNHAM. I desire, if it is in order, to which relates to the past, and requires payment having for its object the allowance of compensation move to amend the amendment of the gentleman by the Government for the future, so as to leave to these receivers and registers for duties connected from Ohio, which is to strike out the 21 section, the payment to be made by the holders of the war with these bounty land warrants. But I would by inserting the 2d section of the bill reported by rants to the registers and receivers. This I would ask the gentleman from New York, (Mr. Sack- the select committee. suggest as a compromise between the two parties ETT,) upon what principle he would make this The CHAIRMAN. That is the motion of the in this House-those who are opposed to any com- | compensation a percentage? It requires the same gentieman from Ohio; he has modified his amendpensation, and those who are only opposed to labor to register a forty acre warrant as it does to ment. compensation for past services.

register an eighty or one hundred and sixty acre Mr. STUART. I have some solicitude upon I am satisfied that much injustice may be done warrant. If any compensation at all should be this subject, but I confess I have also my misgivto the registers and receivers in past time, but I given them for these services, it seems to me that ings as to my own ability, or as to the ability of am in favor of doing justice as far as I can. I it ought to be upon the principle reported by the anybody, to arrest the atiention of this committee have come to the conclusion, that it is utterly im- select committee, and that is to allow them a fixed so as to induce them to act deliberately upon this possible to induce the House to pay out of the compensation for locating a bounty land warrant, question. But still I ask the indulgence of the Treasury of the United States for these past ser- | whether for forty or one hundred and sixty acres. committee, while I submit a few remarks. vices; and therefore I am for making provision If, therefore, gentlemen intend to pay them any- I wish to call attention to the fact, that on the for payment in future.

thing at all, the proper way would be to allow last day when this question was discussed here, I'think that the holders of these warrants, as them fifty cents for each warrant. There is just every single member that rose and opposed amendwell as the assignees, ought to be made to pay as much trouble in locating a small warrant as a menis to the former bill, declared his willingness this, and will be willing to do it.

large one, and there is no reason for a percentage ' to pay these registers and receivers. I represent a large number of holders of bounty in this case. Where the lands are purchased, the (Cries of “Oh! no!") land warrants, and the argument that it is wrong percentage is allowed for the trouble and expense Mr. STUART. Yes. I have the record, and that the soldier should be called on to pay one of receiving the money and taking care of it, and I say that on that day every man who opposed dollar for one hundred and sixty acres of land, transmitting it to the Government. But I am op- amendments to the bill then pending, indicated a does not carry with it any force with me. I am posed to giving them anything. These officers willingness to pay these officers, but insisted that satisfied that my constituents—the present holders now have a salary of $500. What other duties it was out of place; that we should firsi pass the * of these warrants as well as the assignees-are have they to perform but to be there from day to first section of the bill making the land warrants perfectly willing to pay the men who do this ser- day, and from morning till night, if you please, in | assignable, and then make provision for the comvice.

the discharge of the duties incumbent on them as pensation of registers and receivers afterwards. Now, I appeal to gentlemen who think some- registers and receivers ? It is for that they receive Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. I was one of thing ough to be done for the registers and re- their salaries of $500? Why give them additional those who opposed that bill, and yet I certainly

ceivers, that they will meet on this common ground, compensation. The original percentage was al- did not express myself as in favor of this com1 and say, that in future the holders of the warrants lowed, because they had to take care of the public pensation io registers and receivers.. cí shall pay the amount here specified to the registers money, and not for the performance of these du- Mr. STUART. The gentleman did not under

and receivers. A very large portion of these war- ties. 'I am, therefore, in favor of striking out the stand me. I did not say that every gentleman who rants have yet to be issued, and so far as any whole section.

had spoken in opposition to the bill had expressed mere party question is concerned, I will say to the Mr. GAYLORD. I wish to modify my amend himself in favor of paying these registers and Democratic gentlemen who are so confident that at ment so as to strike out the 2d section and in receivers, but every gentleman who expressed any the next election they will succeed in removing | sert the 2d section of the bill reorted by the opinion upon the subject; and, so far as my recolthe Whig incumbents from office, that they will select committee.

lection goes, such was the fact. There were sevget the benefit of this provision, because we know, The CHAIRMAN. It is not in order at this eral gentlemen who spoke on the bill who did not from the number of warrants to be issued, it will time, as there is an amendment pending.. express any opinion, one way or the other, in rebe utterly impossible that half of them can be lo- Mr. DUNHAM. What is the precise posi- |lation to the matter, cated within the next twelve months. There will tion of the amendments?

I now wish to direct the attention of the House be equal and just compensation to all the parties The CHAIRMAN. The gentleman from Ohio to the propriety of paying these men. I desire to concerned, and I trust the House will adopt the (Mr. GAYLORD) moves to strike out the 2d section. say, in answer to the argument of the gentleman amendment.

The gentleman from New York moves to amend from Georgia, (Mr. STEPHENS,] that argument The question was then taken on the amendment, | that section by striking out what was read, and in would be just as good against paying a receiver or and it was agreed to.

serting a provision to reduce the compensation register for any other business.' They had $500 The question recurring upon the motion to strike one half.

salary for entering these lands, payable in money, out the second section,

Mr. DUNHAM. Is it in order now to move and they have it now. But Congress has interMr. SACKETT moved further to amend the to amend the motion of the gentleman from Ohio, | posed and made land warrants receivable, thereby section proposed to be stricken out, by striking by adding “and insert the 2d section of the bill taking away a great deal of their pay, and reduout all after the word "warrants,” in the fourth reported by the select committee?”

cing it to a mere pittance in most instances, beline, to and including the word “acre,” in the sev- The CHAIRMAN. That motion will be in cause, in a large majority of cases, the receipts enth line, as follows:

order. It is, however, in order, in the first place, of the land office would not amount to $500, ex"The same rate of compensation or percentage to which to move to amend the section proposed to be clusive of clerk hire. Now, is it fair for Congress they are entitled by law for sales of the public lands for stricken out. Such a motion is pending, and it is to interpose and make an article receivable out of cast, at the rate of $1 25 per acre."

now in order to move to amend that portion pro- which they received their pay, and then refuse to And insert in lieu thereof the following: posed to be stricken out by the gentleman from compensate them for their loss? Is there any * As follows: for warrants of forty acres, finy cents; for New York.

principle in it? Is there any reason in it? I think é warrants of eighity acres, one dollar; and for warrants of Mr. HARRIS, of Tennessee. Is it not in order | not. If this principle be a true one, you may go · one hundred and sixty acres, two dollars."

for the gentleman from Ohio to modify his own further, and make nothing but land warrants reMr. S. said: The effect of that amendment will motion? The gentleman from Ohio, if I under-ceivable, thereby reducing their compensation, in be to fix a specific compensation for these registers stand it rightly, moved to strike out the 2d section; all cases, to the $500 a salary merely, which and receivers, and to make it just half the present he now proposes to modify his motion so as to would leave them bankrupt. rate, or half per cent, each. strike out and insert.

It was said here, the other day, that a man might This subject was pretty fully discussed when The CHAIRMAN. That would be in order. || hold a land office and attend to it at his convethe bill from the Senate, of a similar character to Mr. HARRIS. Well, that is precisely what I nience, or that in addition to it he might be a merthis, was before the House the other day. I am understand the gentleman from Ohio proposes to chant, or practice law, or attend to his farm, or satisfied the House does not intend to pass a pro- do.

anything else. But who can tell when a man will vision giving to the registers and receivers the Mr. GAYLORD then modified his motion to come to enter land? I say the land officer must be sarae compensation for locating these warrants strike out the 2d section of the joint resolution of || at his office all the time; and if you desire to have that is allowed them for the location of purchased the House, and to insert the 21 section of the bill responsible and competent officers, you must pay lands, for the reason that these warrants are gen- reported by the select committee, as follows: them. The essence of the matter is this: you have erally brought to the offices in parcels, and the labor of locating them is therefore not so great as

"$&c. 2. And be it further enacted, That from and af- interposed by law to make an article receivable for

ter the passage of this act. the registers and receivers of land which was not receivable before, thereby tais the labor of locating purchased lands. If I un- the United States land offices shall each be entitled to king from your land officers their just compensadestand the general law--and I believe I do-the receive fitty cents for his services in locating each bounty

tion by altering the basis of their percentages, ard compensation proposed by this amendment will be

land warrant by him located, to be paid by the person or
persons locating the same; but this act shall not be so con-

you now refuse to pay them. one half the present compensation.

strued as to allow any register or receiver to receive any Now, it is said, let the holders of the warrants Mr. DUNHAM here interposed a remark, but greater maximum of salary and fees than by law he is now pay for them. That is all right when the warrant in such a low voice as to be entirely inaudible to entitled."

has been assigned; but while

it is still in the hands the reporter.

The CHAIRMAN. That question will not be ll of the soldier, he should not be compelled to pay for it, because, if you insist upon that, his bounty | [Mr. STEPHENS.). As I understood that gentle. the port of New-York, where there has been an is a mere pittance, not worth receiving. Now, in man, he speaks of the $500 being given these offi- additional amount of revenge collected i Why my humble opinion-and I speak it with defer- cers as salary, and of the percentage, as being would it not apply to the officers of the Army and ence--we ought to step in and do what is but a only designed to pay for traveling expenses, and Navy, if by any unforeseen contingency addie mere act of justice to these officers. for a guardianship over the money.

tional services should be imposed upon them? Mr. DUNHAM. I stated, the other day, that Mr. STEPHENS. I did not say that was the Mr. FITCH. I would ask if the officers of the I should not say another word in reference to this only reason for the percentage, but as one reason. Army and Navy receive a percentage as a part of subject, but I wish the House to have correct in- Mir. FITCH. Very well; as one of the reasons. their salary? Their compensation is fixed, and formation as to the amount of clerk hire required But the register has no control or guardianship no percentage is allowed them. in these offices. I hold in my hand a list of all over the money after it is primarily paid. And it Mr. FULLER. So I understand; and so lunthe land offices in the country. Now, in order will be found that that officer receives no other derstand the salary of the receivers is a fixed one; that the committee may have a correct idea of the compensation in the shape of insurance upon this and upon the most ordinary principles of justice amount of the clerk bire required, it is necessary | money for transporting it to the Land Office, or to between man and man, where a man employs a to show an account of the warrants which are en- the place where he is directed by law to deposit laborer for a specified price, and imposes addtered. I will call their attention to this fact. I it. The gentleman from Michigan, (Mr. Stuart,) ' tional services upon him, beyond those stipulated have but cast my eye over the list, but I will ven- who preceded me, very properly called the atten-, in the contract to be performed, he is at liberty to ture to say that not one third-and not one quar- tion of the committee tr the profession, which was say it is a departure from the contract, and I will ter of the land offices in the United States have, || so liberally made a tew days since, of willingness no longer labor for this compensation. for the whole time since Mexican warrants were to pay these officers a just compensation. I spoke The question was then taken on the amend first issued, located five hundred warrants a year. then of these professions as mere subtertuges; and ment offered by Mr. FrTCH; and it was not agreed Now, if this is true, where is the necessity of this the debate which has occurred to-day, together to. extra compensation for clerk hire? Now, as was with the voting upon the various propositions which Mr. BISSELL. I send up an amendment. stated the other day, by a letter received from a have been before the committee, will show that I The CHAIRMAN. Is it an amendment to the gentleman in "lowa, it was shown that three clerks, was correct in my statement. If there was a dis part proposed to be stricken out? could enter one thousand warrants in two weeks, 1. position manifested upon that occasion to compen- Mr. BISSELL. I am not quite certain that ) and they could enter five hundred warrants in one sate these officers justly and properly for their understand the condition of the matter as it now week. 'Yet, with these facts staring them in the labor, that disposition will be manifested now by stands. I offer it as an addition to the section. face, gentlemen get up and tell this committee that a refusal to do so.

The CHAIRMAN. The Chair supposes at is this compensation is absolutely necessary in order I have heard this service compared to that of a ll not in order, as the amendment now under considto pay for clerk hire.

laborer. I did not hear this in debate, but I have eration is to strike out a portion of the section and I desire to make one further remark, and it is | heard it in conversation; and if I mistake not, my to insert. It will be in order after the question is this: In two thirds of the land offices in the United colleague, (Mr. Dunham,] the chairman of the taken on the pending amendment. States they do not begin to enter land enough, if select committee who reported this bill, has made The question was then taken on the amendment we adopt the present rate of percentage, to pay the use of that comparison. Now, for the sake of the offered by Mr. Sackett; and it was disagreed to. $500 salary which is paid to the officers. “And I thing, let us take it upon this ground. Let us sup- Mr. BISSELL. I now propose the amendment again say, what I said the other day, I believe, pose that a laborer under certain considerations is which I send to the table, as an addition to the and if I did not, I will say it now, that in several io receive a certain salary or percentage for a 2d section. of these offices, for a whole quarter, not a single service to be performed, and let us suppose that The amendment was read, as follows: warrant has been located. afterwards the character of that service should be

And be it enacted, That registers and receivers, withe I have one other remark. I say to those gen- changed so as to not only increase the labor, but in or out of office at the passage of this act, or their legal tlemen who have control of these public lands, to diminish the compensation which he had a representatives in case of death, shall be entitled to reply that I think they are negleeting their duty, if they right to expect. Is it not fair to compensate that

from the Treasury of the United States, for services beret do not, during this Congress, bring forward a bill man for his services? Is it not unfair to refuse to

fore performed in lucating military bounty land warralde.

the same rate of compensation provided in the precedir: to consolidate and abolish many of the land offices make that payment for his services? It has been

section for services hereafter to be performed, after dedurt now existing, where we are not receiving money asked, and the question has been repeated here as ing the amount already received by such officers under the enough to pay the actual salary, which we are if it were pertinent to the subject-- Have any of act entitled "An act to require the holders of military lanc compelled to pay the registers and receivers. these officers resigned ?" The gentleman from

* warrants to compensate the land officers of the United Mr. ORR. I desire to ask the gentleman if he || South Carolina (Mr. Orr) asked if any of these rants," approved May seventeenth, eighteen hundred and has received information from any source, that a officers have resigned for want of sufficient com- forty-eight : Prorided, That no register or receiver shall single officer has resigned his office in consequence li pensation. I will remark, that if these resigna

receive any compensation out of the Treasury for past of the increase of labor from land warrants being tions have not taken place, it has been because the

services, who has charged and received illegal fees for the

location of such warrants: And prorided further, That no made receivable? And if he has ever heard of original bounty land law made provision for some register or receiver shall reecive for his services during any any difficulty in finding other officers as compe- thing in the shape of compensation for locating rear a greater compensation than the maximuth noxv ai tent if such resignations have taken place? these lands-fifty cents each, if I mistake not. I lowed by law.

Mr. DUNHAM. I answered the gentleman's || After this law was changed, these officers would The CHAIRMAN. Does the gentleman pre interrogatory the other day, in reply, I believe, to hold on month after month with the

hope that the l: pose it as an additional section to the bill? a question asked by my colleague, (Mr. Fitch.] location of warrants at these particular offices Mr. BISSELL. I propose it as an addition to I said that, when the Administration changed, would not increase, and that the cash sales would not the 2d section. do not know of a single man who was willing to materially lessen, until at last they find themselves The CHAIRMAN. The Chair then suggests go out of office. And when removals were made, creditors to the Government to large amounts in that the phraseology be altered, as it refers to a I do not know of a single office in my county their estimation, und they determine to hold on to preceding section, and there is no preceding sau where there was not at least a "corporal's their offices until the Government had diseharged tion, the first section having been struck out. guard” of applicants for the place; and that, too, the debt.

Mr. BISSELL. The amendment can be so ai at a time when the bounty land law was in full My colleague [Mr. DUNHAM) said that in some tered. I understand, by a vote of this committet operation. I know of many cases where the offi- offices there are no lands entered by these war- this morning, upon an amendment proposel by cers could not make $500 a year out of the office. rants. This, surely, is no reason for not com- the gentleman from Florida, (Mr. CABELL.,) that

Mr. CLARK. I wish further to answer the pensating officers where lands have been entered, it is the deliberate sense of this House, that regisquestion propounded by the gentleman from South because this bill does not operate upon such , ters and receivers ought to be paid for their serCarolina, (Mr. Onr.] "I wish to say that they did offices. The Government will pay those officers | vices in locating military bounty land warrants, not resign because they expected pay.

nothing, whether the cash sales have been more and I concur in that sentiment most fully. The The CHAIRMAN. No further discussion is or less; whether the percentage amounts to $500, committee has decided now, as I understand, that in order.

or less than suficient to pay their annual salary, hereafter registers and receivers shall be paid for The question was then taken upon Mr. Sru- it matters not.

such services. Am I right? I did not pay par ART's amendment to the amendment; and it was Mr. DUNHAM. My colleague did not under- ticular attention to the early proceedings in this not agreed to.

stand me, or I did not make myself clear in my committee, but I suppose such was the result o* The question then recurred upon Mr. SACKETT's remark. The force 1 guve to the remark was, the vote taken upon the amendment of the gentle amendment.

that but few warrants were located at those offices, man from Florida, (Mr. CABELL.) However that Mr. FITCH. I think the amendinent of the and consequently small cash sales, and that $500 ; I may b», I trust that the committee will so decide, gentleman from New York is to reduce the com- salary would pay for the extra labor of locating and that it will also decide that it is equally just pensation one half. Am I right? these warrants.

that they should be compensated for the services Mr. SACKETT. That is my amendment. (Here the hammer fell.] Mr. FITCH. I am willing to make a compro

which they have already performed. I have

Mr. BISSELL. Is it in order to move an listened to all that has been urged in this commise in this matter. Not that I believe that will amendment at this time? be doing justice to these officers, but for the sake

mittee to-day, and heretofore, in opposition to the

The CHAIRMAN. Any gentlemen has the proposition to allow registers and receivers comof making a compromise, I move to amend the right to oppose the amendment. amendment by providing for the payment of one

pensation for locating these warrants, and I have

Mr. FÚLLER, of Maine. I wish to oppose listened in vain for anything that answers for an dollar for each and every warrant located. the amendment of the gentleman from Indiana, i argument. It has been said that five hundred

As I remarked, this is not doing justice to these and simply upon this ground: If I understand dollars is a suficient compensation to these mea officers, for Congress by making these warrants correctly his mode of reasoning, it is, that because for all their

services. If that be so-and I under receivable, have nearly quadrupled the labor of the Government has imposed additional services stand that to be the argument of the gentleman cash. I desire to call the attention of gentlemen additional compensation. Now, if he is correct, know why that gentleman, before this time, has particularly that of the gentleman from Georgia, 1 collectors of our revenue say, for

instance, at salaries of registers and receivers : for does he

States for services in relation to the location of those ?

not know that by the law, as the law now stands, sation to these land officers. I say that $500 is entirely inadequate. And, sir, I cannot conceive registers and receivers may, and some of them do, not a compensation to any land officer competent how gentlemen can refuse to allow them that to receive as high as three thousand dollars? That to the discharge of the duties of one of these, which they are so manifestly entitled by every being the fact, and the opinion of the gentleman offices. It requires something more than a day consideration of fairness and propriety. And the being that five hundred dollars is ample compen-laborer. It requires a man of education, a man more especially, should this be the case, when we satjon, why has he never moved to reduce and of skill, a man of judgment, to discharge credit, do not propose to increase their compensation, but Equalize these salariés ?

ably to himself and usefully to the Government and to give them only the same pay which registers Again: it has been said that land officers specu- the people the duties of one of these offices. And I and receivers have always had from the Governate in land warrants, and by that means make I think no gentleman upon this floor, in view of ment. noney outside of the fees they receive as officers. the salaries which are paid to the various and al- Mr. DUNHAM. I move to insert “one quarThat is a charge easily made, but against how most innumerable ofñcers of the Government, will ter.". My object is to give my young friend from many of the officers is it true? Gentlemen get up, say that even a clerk, competent to discharge the Illinois some information that I think he does not ind proclaim to this House that these land officers duties imposed upon land officers, would be com-' possess in reference to this matter, although he respeculate in land warrants illegally, and make for- | pensated by the salary which is given-the sum sides in the Springfield district. The amount of rumes thereby. I cannot answer such an argu- of $500. li has lieen well said, and I believe the salary and perquisites of the register at the Springment. I know land officers who have done no remark cannot be successfully contradicted, that field land office-who, I believe, was a Whig insuch thing, and I do not know of one who has. in most of the ofices the percentage and salary, |. cumbent--was $1,411 94, including the deductions I do not pretend to deny that land officers have added together will not amount to the sum of of which the gentleman has spoken. For the done such things.

$700. I ask if that sum will support a family of three quarters of last year the whole amount of Again, it is said that all the warrants located at a man competent to discharge the duties of these compensation of the receiver was $1,295 and some any, particular office in one year, might be located offices?

cents. The whole number of Mexican land war. in three weeks by the aid of three clerks, and it is Mr. CARTTER. If the gentleman will permit "rants located at the Springfield land office, from inferred from that, by the gentlemen pressing this me, I wish to direct his attention to this point: the beginning to the present time, was 1,463. argument, that the registers and receivers ought "What would be the advantage of the position in They have been about four years being located, to be paid for only three weeks' services. Why, point of capital for land speculation in these of which will make something less than four hundred sir, that may be true-though they would have fices? Would it fall below a capital of $50,000? a year; and they received half a dollar each for to be extraordinary clerks to perform that amount Mr. FICKLIN. I will reply to the gentleman's nearly all of them--making $200 more to be added of labor in so short a time--yet is it not known interrogatory-that it is not worth, to the faithful to the annual compensation I have already stated. that these land warrants come to the land of- and honest land officer, one cent.

I do not know how many additional clerks that iees, day by day, scattered along, upon one day [Here the hammer fell.]

register or receiver needed to have employed to ine, upon another two, and upon another five, Mr. YATES. I dislike to trouble the House, locate these warrants. I should think this addisad that registers and receivers know not when , but I will make one more appeal to the members tional $200 ought to have paid all the additional hey are coming! They have to be at their offices of the House upon the subject of giving to these clerk-hire. all the time, lest when a man comes twenty, thir- land officers fair compensation for past and future Mr. YATES. What was the amount of cash y, or fifty miles with his land warrant, he cannot services. If the gentlemen upon this side of the sales during the same period? How much did get into the office. The offices have to be kept | House will not listen to the just appeals of their they receive upon cash sales ? pen, and the officers or their clerks must be there fellow.Whigs, who have been in ottice, I will ad- il Mr. DUNHAM. I will give the gentleman the i all times, and should be paid for their services dress the appeal to the gentlemen upon the other pereeninge received, and then he can figure ithimLecordingly:

side, and I will say to those gentleman, that while self. He has more time than I have, as I am Mr. MARSHALL, of Kentucky:. I ask that their Democratic registers and receivers were in speaking and he is not. he vote may be taken upon this subject, for it is office they received this commission of one per Mr. YATES. For the period of four years ireless to discuss all these 'amendments,

cent. upon the actual cash sales. They received and eight months, the cash sales were $102,000. The question was then taken upon the amend it all the time they were in office. This law giving ! Well, by making a calculation the percentage will nent offered by Mr. Bisseli., and it was disagreed | a salary of five hundred dollars, and a commis- be over $250.

sion of one per cent. on the moneys received, as Mr. DUNHAM. The gentleman is mistaken. Mr. BELL. Is it in order to move to insert an a compensation for clerk hire, receiving, safe-keep- I have the record from the land office. dditional section to this section?

ing, and transmitting the public moneys, was ori- Mr. YATES. I have the same. The CHAIRMAN. The Chair supposes that iginally passed in the year 1818. The Democratic Mr. DUNHAM. I have the record lying be I will not be in order at this time, the 2d sec- registers and receivers have received this compen- fore me, that contains the income of every land ion being under consideration. The gentleman sation for a period of thirty years past. I then office in the United States; as also the number of will have an opportunity to offer his amendment, | ask the Democratic members of this House, if warrants which have been located at every office. however, before the bill is disposed of.

they will not do equal justice to the Whig office The gentleman is in very great error. Mr. FICKLIN. I propose to amend the holders--the registers and receivers who held office Mr. YATES. I have the statement of the Ad section. What was the amendment last voted under the last and present Administrations. I ask Commissioner of the Land Office and cannot be apon?

them to do the same justice to the Whig office mistaken. The CHAIRMAN. The amendmont of the holders that this Government has done in all time Mr. DUNHAM. I want to say a word in refgentleman from New York, (Mr SACKETT.) past to Democratic office-holders.

erence to the gentleman's allusion to the DemoMr. FICKLIN. Was that voted down? It is not true, as is contended, that these regis- cratic party. "I believe the first bounty land law The CHAIRMAN. It was.

ters and receivers invariably receive this compensa- was enacted under a Democratic Administration, Mr. FICKLIN. Then I propose to amend by tion of $500, although that is the stated salary. I and at the time one branch of Congress was Demulowing three quarters of one per cent. wherever have shown that in the district of land subject to ocratic; the officers in the land offices were Demand is sold for cash. I can see no sound reason sale at Springfield, Illinois, the percentage land ocrats. I apprehend, then, that the Democratic why speculators and individuals purchasing land officers are allowed, and the amount they receive party have had something to do in fixing the vatants of soldiers, should be permitted to locate for the location of land warrants, botli, do not compensation which was to be paid for the locahem free of charge, when a person who pays the amount to the sum of $500. Well, then, add $500, tion of these land warrants, and consequently I noney at $1 25 per acre is compelled to pay one their fixed salary, and deduct for clerk-hire, (and think the Democratie party did mete out to those per cent.

you cannot get a good clerk for less than $400,- then in offices, precisely, what we are willing to Mr. CAMPBELL, of Illinois. The individual Mr. DUNHAM. If he gentleman will allow extend to those now holding these offices. does not pay it, but the Government. me to ask him a question

Mr. PARKER. I was not disposed to trespass Mr. FICKLÍN. I can see no difference. Now, Mr. YATES. “I would ask the gentleinan to upon the time of the House, but it struck me there what is the state of the case, and what is likely to excuse me, as I have but a few minutes more. You was an idea or two connected with this matter that le the state of the case under the operation of the cannot get a good merchant's clerk in the West for has not yet been properly considered. I will obbill which bas passed this House, and which, less than $400. Out of that $1,000 is to be deduct- serve, however, in the first place, that it appears from present indications, will certainly pass the ed clerk-hire, office-rent, fuel, stationery, the ex- to me this discussion has degenerated, and that it Senate in some form or other, making land war- pense of receiving, safe-keeping, and transmitting | does not become the character of this House, parrants assignable? Is it not apparent that almost the public money. And in numerous land dis- ticularly at this juncture, to inquire whether Whigs the entire business of the land offices in the land tricts in the West, the percentage on cash sales, or Democrats are to be profited by this bill. Our States, will be confined to the location of land and the amount received for locating assigned war- land laws are not of recent origin. They date back warrants? Is it not certain, as absolutely certain rants, are not as much as that received in the some thirty, perhaps forty years, or more. They as mathematical calculation can make it, that | Springfield district. Do gentlemen say that this have worked remarkably well during all that time. where individuals can purchase land warrants is adequate compensation?

If there is any one system of laws connected with covering one hundred and sixty acres of land for I repeat again, sir, that if our Whig friends will this whole country that has been popular with the $100, that all the business of these offices will be not do justice to Whig receivers and registers, I mass of the people, it is our land laws. What confined to the location of land warrants, not in appeal to the sense of justice of the members upon has made them so ? Because they were nearly as the hands of the original soldiers who rendered the the other side. I ask them to mete out the same perfect as any of our laws could be. Now, how Services for which they were received, but in the measure of justice to Whig office-holders that they stands it, so far as this matter of compensation to hands of speculators who have purchased these have to the Democratic, and especially when they registers and receivers is concerned? For perhaps Warrants?

assert with so much confidence that we are to have thirty years they have been acting under the sys. Now, it has been said by my friend from Geor- | those offices for 50 very short a period longer. I tem of compensation we ask now that they shall gia, (Mr. STEPENS.)

who, not living in any of the submit it to the sense of justice of this allowed to act under in reference to bounty land new Suates where this work has to be performed, || What more can we do or say? Will gentlemen warrants. What new principle has intervened to cannot be so familiarly acquainted with it as the close their ears against a true statement of the change the system in this regard? I would like Gentleman from Indiana, (Mr. DUNHAM,) who oc- facts? The appeal of these registers and receivers gentlemen to answer me this question. Has the upies the same position-that $500 is a compen- || is a just one; their compensation has been and is i! time come to diminish the rate of their compensa


3. That in the event of the death of a commissioned of tion, especially when there is nothing left but the

dered; and Messrs. Mason, of Kentucky, and ficer, musician, or private, who shall have made applicaremnani of large districts of fine land. Take my

Fuller, of Maine, were appointed. tion for bounty land under the provisions of said act, during own State, if you please. There is no public the pendency of suci application, any warrant issued in

Mr. HARRIS, of Tennessee. It is obvious lands in my own district. There is not an acre the name of any such deceased applicant, such warrant so that there is not a quorum present, and I therefore left there. We have no land officer. I have issued ball not become void, but shall inure to and for the move that the committee rise. The motion was

benefit of those entitled thereto, the same as it'such officer no interest in this question, directly or indirectly, or soldier had been deceased at the passage of said aci.

agreed to, but I am interested in the institutions of this coun

The committee accordingly rose, and the Speaker

Mr. BELL. I wish, in a very few words, to try. This system has worked well. Nearly all

having resumed the chair, the Chairman reported the lands have been taken up in my State. The

direct the attention of the committee to the pro- that the Committee of the Whole on the state of districts are comparatively impoverished.

visions of the amendment I propose, for I am the Union had had the Union generally under con. These land ofiicers now occupying these offices

satisfied that if they understand it, they will give i sideration, and particularly the special order of the are parsimoniously paid under the new system

it their support. The first amendment I pro- | House, being joint resolution No. 1 of the House, you impose upon them. Is it right? Does it pose is, that where applications are made under explanatory of the act approved September 28th, become the American people at this juncture, and

the law of 1850, for those who were in the war of 1850, entitled "An act granting bounty lands to for what? Why is ihe compensation of these 1812, and the Indian war, and who served less

certain officers and soldiers who have been engaged land officers thus cut down? Why, it is to make a

than thirty days, or actually engaged to serve in the military service of the United States," and bounty for these men who have periled their lives and were honorably discharged according to the had come to no conclusion thereon. in the bloody wars for the defence of the countryprovisions of that act, they should be entitled 10

On motion by Mr. FOWLER, it is for this that these civilians--these land officers forty acres of bounty land. Now, such is the

The House then adjourned. are thus bled—itis to pay the soldier out of the mo- provision granting bounty land to Mexican • ney that is extracted from these land officers. Does soldiers; and I know this committee, when they

NOTICE OF A BILL. that become the chivalry of the American people? | correctly understand this matter, will draw no Are we thus straightened to raise the bounty our

By Mr. CLARK: A bill to regulate the terms of the disdistinction.

trict court for the district of lowa. gratitude would pay? I think not. Return to

The second amendment I propose is this: that the system we have long acted upon, and a blush when under the provisions of this act of 1850,

PETITIONS, &c. of shame will not then manile your cheek, espe

there shall be no minor heir or widow surviving to The following memorials, petitions, &c., were presented cially in a case of this kind. If we have been pay

draw the share the deceased soldier was entitled under the rule, and referred to the appropriate committees : ing these officers too much in times gone by, when

to, then his other heirs shall draw such share. By Mr. DURKEE: The petition of Jaines McFee and the West was full of fat lands, and everybody was The provision that was made in the law granting

27 others, of Guilford, in the State of Ilinois, praying that

our Government may use its best endeavors to secure by seeking them from the ends of the earth–let us bounty lands to Mexican soldiers, was right and

treaties with other nations, a code of international laws declare in the abstract that we have been doing so, applicable at that time, confining the bounty to for the peaceful adjudication of national disputes.

Mr. CONGER (Deceniber 17, 1851) presented the petiand that we have been deceived all the while, the minor heirs and widow, for these soldiers rather than go to work now upon these land offwere then fresh, as it were, from the battle-field.

tion of the present and late land officers at Genesee, Michi

gan, praying compensation for locating military bounty land cers who are holding, upon stinted allowances, the

There were fathers, mothers, widows,' or minor same positions their predecessors have for many

heirs in the greater part of these cases; but who Mr. CONGER (January 16, 1852) presented the petition long years, upon liberal pay, and that too for the would claim that this should have any application

of citizens of the State of Michigan, praying for the con. purpose of raising a bounty for the soldiers who to those who served in the wars of Wayne, St.

struction of a ship canal at Sault Ste. Marie, in said State.

Also, the petition of citizens of Saginaw county, in the have reflected credit and glory upon the character Clair, Harmer, or the last war with Great Brit.

State of Michigan, praying for the improvement of Saginaw

harbor. of your country. Now is that right? Is it prop

ain? The policy of granting bounty lands has er? Is this House, are the American people prebeen already adopted and sanctioned by this Gov

Also, a map of that portion of the State of Michigan,

called New Holland, heretofore presented: February 7th, pared for such a step? ernment. Why shall we not, then, equalize the

1850. Connected with ihis matter, there is another benefits of these acts, and extend the same pro- Also, the petition of citizens of Detroit, in the State of thing, I confess, does not very well accord with vision to the soldiers of 1791, under St. Clair; of Michigan, in relation to the improveinent of the southern my sentiments of right and of justice. It is the 1793 and 1794, under Wayne, to the soldiers under

shore of Lake Superior, hereto fore presented. February

25th, 1850. attack upon the office-holders. Sir, the time will Harmer, and those in the war of 1812?

Also, the petition of citizens of the State of Michigan, in not come soon when we can do without office- Let me tell you a single fact. At a meeting last relation to Sand Beach, on the coast of Lake Huron, hereloholders, and when we are not bound to them. It fall, when the citizens of western Ohio and east- fore presented. February 8th, 1851. is best to be upon good terms with them. If we ern Indiana gathered up and reinterred the bones

Also, the petition of citizens of the State of Michigan, in could place ourselves at defiance with these officeof the five hundred who had fallen in St. Clair's

relation to the extension of the Mobile and Chicago railroad

to Lake Superior. holders, and all others in Government positions, | defeat, those who had been engaged in that battle Also, two petitions of citizens of the State of Michigan, there might be some propriety in it; but so long were invited to join in the procession, but there

praying for an appropriation for the improvement of the as we have a Governmeni we must have officers; was not one there ready to respond to the call.

harbor at the mouth of Clinton river, in said State. and they should not be assailed as our enemies. When the children of those hardy veterans were

Also, the proceedings of a meeting of citizens of Macomb

county, in the State of Michigan, of like import with the We have had some experience, as I said before, in called upon to fall into the procession, you see


Also, the report of Colonel Abert, in relation to the immtimes gone by; and who has complained that these but the number of forty or more. Now, I ask

provement of the harbors on the east coast of Lake Mieluiofficers were too well paid, when their income you if these men are not equally entitled to the

gan. was much more than now? In the most rampant

benefits which you give to those who served in Also, the petition of citizens and all the officers of St. time of Jacksonism, or the Whiggery of other

your subsequent wars? I claim that they are. Clair county, in the State of Michigan, praying for the exdays, did you hear a word of complaint that those Who will pretend to deny that those who

tablishment of a mail route from Columbia, in St. Clair

county, via Memphis, East Berlin, West Berlín, to Almont, officers were getting too much? Why is it the marched from North Carolina; that the regiment in Lapeer county, in said State. cry is raised now against their compensation of bold Kentuckians who crossed the Ohio, and Mr. CONGER (February 9, 1852) presented the petition Let them answer who can. And let them say

marched out through the wilderness one hundred of Jacob Shook and others, citizens of Harrison, in Macomb if the country has become so poor that this miles to that fatal battle-field-are not equally en

county, Michigan, for improvements at the mouth of Clin

ton river. tax must be levied upon land officers to raise titled, I will not say to the benefit of this Govern

Also, the petition of William M. Fenton and others, citiproper bounty for the soldier.

ment, but honest payment for their services? If zens of Genesee county, Michigan, praying a grant of land The question was then taken upon Mr. Dun- | they do not live to enjoy the benefit of the bounty, to said State for the use of the railroad company, to aid ia HAM's aniendment, and it was rejecied. give it to the nearest of kin-to the persons upon

constructing a railroad from Pontiac to Ottawa county, or The question then recurring upon Mr. Yates's whom the soldier would confer it, if he were liv

Grand Haven, on Lake Micbigan.

By Mr. TAYLOR: The petition of Culbertson, Means & amendment, it was taken, and the amendment was

ing, and which the law would give them in relation Co., and 17 other firms, including the nanies of the practical rejected. to any other estate. I hold that it is a payment of iron manufacturers of the counties of Lawrence, Scinto


Jackson, and Gallia, Ohio, and Greenup county, in KenThe question then recurred upon Mr. Gar- service for which this Government processes, and

tucky, setting forth, that the manufacture of iron is deLORD's amendment to strike out the 2d section of intends by its laws to provide for. The third sec- pressed to a degree that must soon result in a total suspeuthe resolution and to insert the 2d section of the tion provides for the cases, in relation to which I sion of the business; and praying Congress to grant sueb bill of the select committee. have obtained information from the Secretary of

protection to the iron manufacturers as was contemplated Mr. STUART demanded tellers; which were the Interior. It is a provision for those cases

by the tariff act of 1846, at the time of its passage, and that

the duty on iron may be made specific; as under the ad not ordered.

where the applicant dies during the pendency of valorem system, the duty is merely nominal when most The question was then taken, and it was agreed his application.

needed, and highest when probably not needed at all. to,

The amendment I propose provides that the

Also, the memorial of James W. Davis and 154 others,

citizens of Portsmouth, Ohio, praying Congress to approMr. BELL offered the following as an addi

benefits of the bounty land act shall inure to the priate a sufficient sum of money to construct another canal, tional section, to come in it at the end of the 2d

widow or children of the officer or soldier, the same on either side of the Ohio river, at the Falls, at Louisville, section: as if he had been deceased at the passage of the

By Mr. SMART : The petition of Stephen Thurston and 1. That the provisions of the act entitled “ An act grant- act. It does not require a new application. The others, of Searsport, Maine, praying that the law regulating ing bounty land to certain officers and soldiers who have rules of the Department now require that a new

the spirit ration in the Navy may be repealed. been engaged in the military service of the United States,"

By Mr. RIDDLE: The memorial of the City Council of passed September 28, 1850, be and are hereby intended to

petition should be filed. This third section simply Wilmington, Delaware, praying for an appropriation to and for the service of any commissioned officer, musician, reinstates the provision which was adopted by the

build a custom house in the Delaware district. or private, who engaged in serve for a definite or indefinite Department under the law, giving bounty land to

By Mr. OLDS : The petition of the messengers in the period of time, and actually did serve some time, though the Mexican soldiers. I would ask for a division,

Post Office Department, asking an increase of compensa

tion. less than thirty days in any of said wars enumerated in the first section of said act, so as to allow to such person or

so that we may vote upon this matter understand- By Mr. CHANDLER: The memorial of the city of Philpersous entitled ther to forty acres.

ingly. I believe it is understond that the commit- adelphia, asking Congress to repair and construct harbors 2. That in cases wirere there is no widow or minor child tee will adopt these amendments.

in the river Delaware for the protection of vessels in the

winter. or children, entiled under the provisions of said act, then The question was then taken, and a count being the heirs at law and next of kin shall be entitled to receive

Also, two memorials, numerousl y signed by citizens of the waine quantity of land that such deceased commissioned

had, there were-ayes 49, noes 35-no quorum Pennsylvania, asking a modification of the tariff of 1846. officer, musician, or private, would have received had he voting.

Also, the memorial of Catherine Struburg, of Philadelbeen living at the passage of said act.

Mr. ORR denianded tellers; which were or.

phia, asking for the restoration of lands that, in equity, belong to her under circumstances stated in the petition.


for a planing machine; which was referred to the upon the final passage of the separate measures; THURSDAY, February 12, 1852. Committee on Patents and the Patent Office. for it will appear by the Journals that several of

the most ardent friends of the omnibus bill voted Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. Butler. NEW JERSEY ON THE COMPROMISE.

against, or neglected to vote for, several of the PETITIONS.

Mr. MILLER. Mr. President, I present to the measures which they had supported when comMr. BORLAND presented the memorial of of New Jersey relative to what are generally called opponents voted for them in their separate form.

Senate certain resolutions passed by the Legislature bined in that bill, while many of its most violent George W. Clarke and others, stockholders in the the compromise measures. Arkansas and Central Railroad Company, pray

It was this independent course of action-a

One of these resolutions instructs the Senators ing a donation of land to aid in the construction from that State to resist any change, alteration, : ning—which finally passed these several measures,

course which I was in favor of from the beginof that road; which was ordered to be laid on the or repeal” of those measures. table.

and secured to the country whatever there is of Mr.WADE presented the memorial of Stephen || mented Southard-on presenting to this body in

It was said by one of my predecessors—the la- good or of evil in the compromise. Potts and C. L. Madison, assistant marshals for structions with which he had been honored, that, tion of each measure that has secured to these

More than this: it was this separate considerataking the Seventh Census in Guernsey county: | if the New Jersey Senators were not the most Ohio, praying additional compensation; which I learned members of the Senate, they certainly which they would have been deprived of if they

laws a moral and a political force and influence was referred to the Committee of Claims.

Also, the memorial of the heirs of Daniel Lan- were the best instructed Senators north of Mason had been passed in combination. It is this fea dow, praying indemnity for property destroyed this occasion, to repeat my dissent to the doctrine citement and caused these laws to be respected and

and Dixon's line. But, sir, I do not intend, on ture, more than any other, which has lulled ex. by the enemy during the last war with Great of legislative instruction, or to argue that point acquiesced in by all parties. No man can now Britain; which was referred to the Committee of with the Legislature of New Jersey. I am satis- say, with any show of truth, that these laws were Claims. Mr. ATCHISON presented the petition of while claiming the right, as the representatives of or set of men, assume to themselves the peculiar

fied that the members of that honorable body, I the result of combination. Neither can any man, George W. Dent, in behalf of occupants of land in townships 43 and 44, in the State of Missouri, ion upon national affairs, will also grant to me the of these laws; for they were respectively passed by

a free people, to express their conscientious opin- || honor and glory of saving the Union by the passage ity to the views of the Solicitor of the T'reasury same privilege, in the discharge of my high duties the votes of men of all parties, and in opposition and the Commissioner of the General Land Office; and if I should on this or any other occasion dis-stitutes the true strength of the compromise, and

to votes from all classes of politicians. This conwhich was referred to the Committee on Public obey their instructions, it will not be on account Lands. Mr, FISH presented the memorial of William of any disrespect for their opinion, but because I have been executed, and are now beyond the power

cannot permit the opinions of others, however of repeal. The law abolishing the slave trade in Trean, praying the establishment of a tribunal to high may be the source from whence they come, the District and the fugitive slave law are all that review the decisions of the late Board of Com

to take the place of my own sense of duty and of can possibly be made the subject of further agitamissioners for the settiemeħt of claims of Amerimy solemn convictions of right,

tion. The former no one thinks of disturbing. can citizens against Mexico; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

În presenting these resolutions, I will do what I The latter, although threatened with opposition in Also, the memorial of the New York Institution | lieve-throw myself upon the indulgence of the probation, of the country. Nowhere is the ques

am not in the habit of doing-never before I be- a few localities, has the acquiescence, if not the apfor the instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, pray- | Senate while I state my own position upon the ion agitated with any seriousness except in legising the publication of certain statistics relative to measures referred to.

lative halls-exhibiting the strange anomaly of a the deaf and dumb, abstracted from the schedules

It is known to the Senate and to the country that people upon whom the law operates acquiescing in of the Seventh Census; which was ordered to lie I did not approve of the bill reported by the Com- and sustaining its enactments, while the law-makers

Mr. BRADBURY presented the petition of mittee of Thirteen--called the omnibus bill. 1are, by these ex post facto agitations, disturbing William H. Ellis and others, assistant marshals opposed that bill not because I objected to a fair the sanctities of a law which they themselves crein the

State of Maine, for taking the Seventh Cen- 1 embraced within it-for 1 yield to no man in an I here desire to state my own course with resus, praying additional compensation; which was

earnest desire to relieve Congress and the country || gard to the fugitive slave law. referred to the Committee of Claims.

from all agitation growing out of the question of Before the Committee of Thirteen was raised, Also, the memorial of ship-owners, merchants, slavery in all its forms. I have never willingly and while the resolutions of the Senator from Kenting against the repeal of the act for the reduction engaged in any agitating debate

upon that subject; tucky

were under discussion, I expressed, in a of expenses of proceedings in admiralty against have endeavored to treat the subject as a national, that measure. I then, in substance, said that,

and, when called upon to express my opinions, I || speech made here, my opinions and views upon ships and vessels; which was referred to the Com- and not as a local question.

owing to a construction which the Supreme Court mittee on the Judiciary. Also, the petition of George B. Clarke, praying fined to the mode and kind of settlement it pro

My objection to that bill was principally con- of the United States had, in a late decision, put

upon the law of Congress relative to the surthat Congress will redeem the continental money posed. I preferred another plan of adjustment. I render of fugitive slaves, and also upon the State held by him, received for revolutionary

services; refer to that proposed by the late President, Gen-laws upon the same subject, it become the duty of Mr. SEBASTIAN presented the memorial of eral Taylor, in his message to Congress upon that Congress to pass some new law, in order to carry

out more effectually the requirements of the Conthe widow of William Reiley, an officer of the have strengthened my opinion, that if Congress stitution; and I then declared my purpose to vote revolutionary war, praying to be allowed the loss had received General Taylor's plan of adjustment for any proper law that would 'effect that ohject.

I also on that occasion attempted, in my feeble certificates substituted for half pay for life; which of these questions, and carried it out in the same

liberal and national spirit with which it was pro-way, to defend New Jersey against what I conwas referred to the Committee of Claims, Mr. HAMLIN presented the petition of ship

posed, that plan would have been more satisfactory sidered an imputation upon her honor, that she

to the whole country than the one which was would not faithfully carry out the requirements of owners and ship-masters of St. George, Maine, praying that a light may be placed at the entrance finally adopted. But let that pass. I do not desire the Constitution. No one, therefore, has the right

to charge me with any factious opposition to the of Tenant's Harbor; which was referred to the now to indulge in offensive comparisons.

The grand mistake of the omnibus bill, and that fugitive slave law, or to suspect me of a disposition Committee on Commerce. Also, the memorial of Asa Whitney, proposing tion of all the measures in one bill. It was this which finally defeated it, consisted in the combina- to agitate that subject.

When the Senate finally acted upon that measto construct a railroad from Lake Michigan to the il obnoxious feature that drove from its support | ure, I was confined at my house in New Jersey by, upon certain conditions; which was referred to the many of the best friends of adjustment and com- sickness. Had I been present on that occasion, I Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.

promise. It was evident, from the day that bill should have preferred the bill presented by the late Mr. MALLORY submitted documents in sup

was reported until its final rejection by ihe Senate, Senator from Massachusetts (Mr. Webster] to the

that the measures combined could not pass; but it one which passed the Senate. I think that bill port of the claim of Richard Fitzpatrick to indemnity for losses sustained in consequence of the

was at the same time equally obvious, that there would have been more acceptable to the North, occupation of his land by the United States troops these measures, presented separately, would not

was no day, during all that time, when either of and would have secured the rights of the South as a military post; which were referred to the Com- have received a majority of the votes of this body.

as effectually as the present law.

But, whatever opposition I may have felt it my mittee of Claims.

We all know the history of the omnibus. After duty to make to any or either of the measures emMr. DODGE, of lowa, presented a petition of six months of labor and toil, it finally fell, crushed braced in the compromise while under discussion, inhabitants of Davis county, Iowa, praying a do- beneath its owo weight. Then it was that the yet, as soon as they were enacted into laws, it benation of land for the construction of a railroad real work of compromise commenced. I admit came my duty, as it is the duty of every good citfrom Lafayette, Indiana, to the Missouri river; that the materials were gathered from the ruins of izen, to sustain them with as much fidelity as if I which was referred to the Committee on Public the omnibus, but their availability consisted in be- had voted for each and all of them. In saying Lands.

ing used upon a new plan of construction. Each this, I but express the common sentiment of the Mr. SEWARD presented the petition of Wil measure was taken up separately, according to the people of New Jersey, who have always shown liam Dusenbury, praying an increase of pension; || plan of settlement proposed in the original resolu- | their devotion to our republican institutions by a which was referred to the Committee on Pensions. || tions submitted by the distinguished Senator from cheerful submission to the voice of the majority,

Also, the petition of William Dusenbury, pray- | Kentucky. Although this plan also proposed a when that voice is expressed in constitutional law. ing bounty land; which was referred to the Com- general system of measures, yet each measure was I am now opposed to all further agitation upon mittee on Pensions.

permitted to stand upon its own merits—thereby this subject. The quiet of the country, and even Mr. FISH presented the petition of W. w. leaving every member free to vote upon each, ac- the sanctity of Congress, demand that we should Woodworth, administrator of William Wood-cording to the dictates of his own judgment. cease our dispatations. Sir, my abhorrence to worth, deceased, praying for an extension of patent The propriety of this course was clearly shown | agitation upon this subject is such that it may even

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