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Mr. CABELL. If it can be presented under Mr. LANE. I hold in my hand a number of of in the manner provided for in the resoluthe rules, I am opposed to it.

petitions and memorials from the Legislative As. tion. Mr. WASHBURN. It may be presented un- sembly of Oregon, upon this subject, which I Mr. DISNEY. With the permission of the der the rules; but inasmuch as it is an elaborate would ask to have read, but that it would consume gentleman from Oregon, I desire to explain what petition, drawn up by the Executive Committee of too much of the time of the House. I will, how- is the precise effect of the resolution. I have just the State of Maine with great care, I desire to ever, give some reasons why the resolution ought read it, and it is merely an inquiry of the Presihase it printed.

to pass to-day. We have to furnish troops for ident, as to what steps have been taken for the proThe question was then taken, (Messrs. Brown, || the protection of this route within less than two tection of the emigrant; and if no steps have been of Mississippi, and Fuller, of Maine, acting as months from to-day, or it cannot be done in time taken, it requests him to make that disposition of tellers,) and there were-ayes 73, noes 53. to protect the emigrants who will go out the ensu- the rifle regiment. GRANT'S CHANNEL THROUGH SHELL REEF.

ing season. By that time the people bound for Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia. But there is a Mr. BROWN, of Mississippi, asked the unan

Oregon will be on the road. Can we get the mat- second clause in the resolution, which directs the imous consent of the House to offer the following | have a bill passed through both Houses of Con- placed along the line.

ter before the Committee on Military Affairs and President to cause a portion of this regiment to be resolution:

gress for raising and organizing a force, and get Several MEMBERS. Resoired, That the Secretary of the Treasury be instructed

“ Read the resolution." to inquire into and report to this House the advantages re

chat force on the road in time for the protection to The resolution was again read. sulting to the commerce of the United States, and to the which these American citizens are entitled? It is Mr. CABELL. The gentleman from Oregon mail service of the United States, from the opening of a only very recently-within the last few years, now will see that I was correct in saying that the channel, by John Grant, Esq., through the Shell Reef, lying that the Indians have become very troublesome on latter clause of the resolution directs the President between Dauphin Island and Cedar Point, in Mobile county,

these routes.

in this matter. Alabama; and further, what tonnage said Grant is now allowed by law to charge vessels navigating said channel, But that time has passed away. Lately the In- Mr. LANE. That clause is predicated upon how long his right to charge said tonnage will continue, and dians have committed greater depredations than the supposition, that the troops will be ordered to whether it would be advantageous to the United States to

Even within the last twelve months they Oregon. In that case, it requests the President to purchase the right of said Grant; and, if so, at what cost the purchase may be effected.

have been successful in killing a great many women place a portion, as will be found necessary, upon Mr. CARTTER objected. and children. The last Congress passed a law the emigrant road, and a portion upon the great

road leading from Oregon to California. I desire Mr. BROWN. I move a suspension of the making donations and grants of lands to the setrules, to enable me to introduce the resolution. It is inducing them to emigrate thither. And now' great roads leading to Oregon on which any dan

tlers and emigrants to that country, and thereby to say to the House, that there can be but two but a resolution of inquiry into a matter of great ask, is it not right and proper that they should afimportance to the commerce of the country, and

ger is to be apprehended—such is the shape of the I therefore hope the House will indulge me.

ford them protection? The gentleman from Ten- country; one road leads directly from St. Joseph, The question was then put, and the motion was

nessee [Mr. Jones) says this resolution ought to via Fort Hall, to the Dalles on ihe Columbia, and agreed to.

go to the Committee on Military Affairs. He says, upon that road the Indians are the most warlıke So the rules were suspended, and the resolution

let them consider the matter and report a bill. Let and ferocious in their habits. They are well armed was introduced.

me tell that gentleman that this regiment of troops and fierce. Mr. BROWN moved to suspend the rule re

was raised by order of Congress for that especial Mr. HEBARD. I desire to ask the gentleman quiring a resolution of inquiry to lay over one

purpose. The rifle regiment

was, if I mistake not, a question? : day; which motion was agreed to.

raised especially for the Oregon service. But it Mr. LANE. I beg the gentleman's pardon, but The question recurring on the adoption of the

was raised in the time of the Mexican war; and, I have about so much to say, and I don't like to resolution, it was put, and the resolution was

instead of sending them to Oregon, as was contem- be interrupted. agreed to

plated, they were sent to Mexico, where they did Mr. HÉBARD. I have but a word to say.

good service. When they returned from Mexico The gentleman is aware, that by the Constitution, ARMY ON THE ROUTE TO OREGON.

che President, in consideration of the fact that the President is made the commander-in-chief of Mr. LANE, by unanimous consent, offered the they had been diverted from the purpose for which the Army and disposer of our military forces. following resolution; which was considered, and

they were raised, thought it right to extend to them Now, I desire to ask the gentleinan, whether he agreed to:

the privilege of a discharge. They were discharged, ever called upon the President and requested him Resolred, That the President of the United States be

but it was recruited again, and in recruiting it was to make this disposition of the troops ? requested to communicate to the House what steps, it'any, have been taken to insure the protection of emigrants en

held out as a special inducement, that they should Mr. LANE. It gives me great pleasure to anroute to Oregon, against the depredations of the Indians of be employed in the Oregon service. I think that swer the gentleman. I did call upon the President that Territory; and in case no such steps have been taken was the understanding between the Government in person, and then I addressed him a letter; and for that purpose, that he be requested to cause the regi- and those who were recruited. They were sent if the House will allow me, I will read that letter. ment of Mounted Rifles to be placed upon duty within the Territory of Oregon-the service for which said troops

to Oregon, but before they had had time to render A copy of it was furnished to Senator Gwin, who were created-and that he cause a portion of said regiment any service there they were ordered away. Now read it in a speech upon the defences of California to be posted upon the main emigrant road from St. Joseph, the service of that regiment belonged to Oregon, and Oregon the other day. It was published in on the Missouri, between Fort Hall and the Dalls of the Columbia river, and the remainder thereof to be posted in

and to no other portion of the United States. I the debaes of the Senate, and I now have a copy the Rogue river Valley, on the road from Oregon to Cali

am aware that the President of the United States of the Union in my draw containing it. fornia, said troops being necessary for the protection of is Commander-in-Chief of the Army; and I do not [Mr. BARRERE, from the Committee on Enemigrants and others traveling said 'road.

desire to infringe upon his privileges or his author- | rolled Bills, here interposed, and presented as corMr. HAVEN. I rise to move a reconsidera- | ity. I do not ask the House to do that. Alll rectly enrolled, tion of the vote by which that resolution was just ask is, for the House to request him respectfully A bill to carry into execution, in further part, now adopted. I do it for the purpose of calling to grant to the people of Oregon just what is their | the twelfth article of the treaty with Mexico, conthe attention of the House to the fact, that the due; and to the people who are traveling to Oregon, | cluded at Guadalape Hidalgo; and resolution seems to give directions to the President what they are entitled to, protection. Is it right, An act for the relief of American citizens lately of the United States with reference to the mode I ask, to have an extent of country two thousand imprisoned and pardoned by the Queen of Spain.) of employing the military forces of the United miles in length, running through the Indian coun- Mr. HOWARD. I wish to ask the gentleman States. If this be so-and I am not sure that it try, running through the lands of some of the most one question. I wish to ask whether this regiis, for I did not hear the resolution distinctly-it fierce and barbarous tribes of Indians upon the ment has not been ordered to the frontiers of New seems to me that the resolution ought not to be face of the earth, who will attack and cripple the Mexico and Texas, as a mounted regiment, by passed.

cattle and teams, and then capture or kill the trav- the Secretary of War, upon the ground that it Mr. WILLIAMS. Let the resolution be read. elers themselves-I say, is it right to have this was not adapted to service in Oregon--that in that The Clerk read the resolution.

whole extent of country entirely without protec- l country mounted troops were not as efficient as Mr. HAVEN. I have nothing to add to what tion? The reasons are plain to my mind. No infantry? I desire also to know if the gentleman I said before the resolution was read. Unless time should be lost. This matter ought at once now wishes to change the plan of operations in the there is some explanation other than what appears to be settled—this resolution ought to be passed military department of the Government, and order, on the face of the resolution, it does seem to me immediately, and let the President direct the ritle at great expense, a regiment to return to Oregon? that it would be indiscreet on the part of the House regiment which was raised especially for that ser

Mr. HEBARD. I desire to know what answer to allow the vote to stand. I move to reconsider vice to march at once for Oregon.

the President returned to the application of the the vote by which the resolution was agreed to. Mr. CABELL, of Florida. Will the gentleman | gentleman from Oregon. I do not care about

Mr. JONES, of Tennessee. I would suggest | allow me to ask him one question? Do I under- having the letter read. to the gentleman from Oregon to allow the vote to stand that this resolution requests or directs the

Mr. LANE. If gentlemen will permit me to be reconsidered, and instead of calling upon the President to make this disposition of that regiment? have the letter read, I then will answer both the President and giving him the directions therein Mr. LANE. It requests him.

inquiries of the gentleman from Texas, (Mr. specified, refer the subject to the Committee on Mr. CABELL. The resolution goes on to di- | Howard,) and the gentleman from Vermont, (Mr. Military Affairs, and let them inquire into what rect that a portion of the troops shall be placed | HEBARD.) has been done and what it may be necessary to do, upon the line, if I understand it correctly. What The letter was then read by the Clerk, as folin order to protect the emigrants on that route. It I want to know is, whether it is the intention of lows: would be a very strange mode of proceeding, it the resolution to direct the President, in his dispo

WASHINGTON City, December 12, 1851. seems to me, for this House to direct the Presi- sition of the United States troops, or whether it is To his Excellency the President of the United States : dent how he shall dispose of the army, or any merely a request! If it is the latter, I have no ob

SiR : A sense of duty prompts me to call your early at

tention to the peculiar condition of things in Oregon. I portion of it. And certainly, if what is there im- || jection to it, but if it is an order, I shall protest

have been a citizen of that Territory for near three years; hodied is to be done at all, it should be done by against it. I protest against directing, or ordering, have traveled the settled portion of it all over; had much joint resolution of Congress, and not by one House. the President in this manner, by any single branch to do with the Indians, and know them, perhaps, as well as I think it would be better to reconsider the vote of Congress.

any other man, and understand the wants of the American

citizens there, and can say to you, that for their protection and let the resolution go to the Committee on Mili- Mr. LANE. It is simply a request. But I

and for the protection of others emigrating there, that lary Affairs.

desire to explain why I want the troops disposed || troops to be garrisoned on the great road from St. Joseph

One of

via Fort Hall to the Dalles of the Columbia, and also on the do it? They could do it; but recollect that every seat of Indian troubles, the whole outside settleroad from Oregon to California, are absolutely indispensable

man's time there is worth five dollars a day to ments would have been crushed. But they gave for the protection of life and property. I know that I need but call your attention to the condition of things there, and

him. Now, if you want to raise a force you must the Indians a severe flogging and a severe chaspresent the facts within my knowledge, to secure your aid first say to the volunteer that you will give him tisement, such a one as has kept them, up to the and prompt action in the premises. The suffering this sea- five dollars a day, and find him horse, arms, and present time, in that quarter, apparently friendly, son for the want of troops to protect emigrants and others en route to Oregon, and from Oregon to California, has equipment. And is that Territory, with only though they have killed a few whites since; but been terrible; and certainly this Government ougbt and

three thousand voters, able to do that, and can that is so frequent an occurrence that we hardly will, I have no doubt, afford protection to her citizens in a they extend to the country the protection which I think of asking this Government to avenge il. country so remote and exposed as are all persons traveling | it ought to have? Why induce people to go there? || The killing of one or two men is no unusual thing either on the emigrant road to Oregon or on the road from Oregon to California. There are but these two roads south

Since I have been here I have received thousands || there; but we take care of these comparatively of the Columbia on which troubles are to be apprehended. of letters making inquiries about Oregon, and small disturbances ourselves. But when it is eviThe shape of the country, with its stupendous mountains, making known to me that certain persons in the dent that there is a general hostility, as there is are insurmountable barriers to the location of roads of im

neighborhood of the writers were making prepa- | now, it is the imperative duty of the Gorernment portance. A garrison of two or three companies of horseone of infantry, if a mounted force cannot be had-on each

rations to start for Oregon. And every man who | to interpose and give us aid. of these roads at the Grand Round, for instance, on the

has made up his mind to go there this year must Now, while I am speaking of that Indian war emigrant or northern road, and in the Rogue River Valley, leave the settlements soon, and be at St. Joseph, || in which Captain Stewart fell, I would like to say on the California, or southern road. The moral influence that the establishment of the posts would produce upon the

with everything necessary for oufit on the way, by to South Carolinians, of which State he was a naminds of the Indians would do much towards keeping peace

the first of May next. Can we begin, at this late | tive, that he was an ornament to that gallant State; with them, and afford the protection to American citizens moment, to authorize the raising of the force re- that he was the best officer of his age in the Amerthat they are so justly entitied to.

quired, arm it, and get it ready in time to renderican Army, and more familiar with the duties of It may be well here to mention, that the road from Ore. gon to California forks in the Rogue River Valley; the main

them the necessary assistance?" No, sir, we can- an officer than any young man in the Army. He road passes south of the great Shasti Mountain to the source not; and if we fail to do it, what will be the result || had distinguished himself in every battle he was of the Sacramento, thence down that river to its great val- Let me tell you, it will be the tomahawking, in || in in Mexico-and he was in nearly all of themley, and to Sacramento City; the north branch passes by the most cruel and barbarous manner, of the men, and fell fighting for the people of Oregon. I learned, Ciamath Lake to Fort Hall. A small party of emigrants women, and children, and helpless families, who about the time of his death, that a portion of his route was opened by Jesse Applegate, Scott and others, in have been induced to go to Oregon,

and that, too, salary was annually or quarterly devoted to the the year 1846, for the purpose of affording to emigrants a after a regiment has been raised for the specific | benefit of his mother, now, I learn, living in this pass into the southern portion of Oregon; but such was the purpose of protecting them. Why should it be District. I hope that some friend of that man will suffering of the first emigrants on this route that it has been but little traveled since, but will, I have no doubt, be much

ordered to Texas? I am not sure that such an take care to propose that a pension be granted to traveled if a garrison should be established in Rogue River order has been made. If it has been, I ask, in the that mother; a mother who bore such a noble son Valley, as above suggested.

name of the people who will be exposed to Indian || is entitled, in my opinion, to the benefit of a pesI have been thus explicit, in order that you may under- i depredations, that it be countermanded, and let | sion. stand the condition and wants of the country which I have the bonor to represent, with the full belief that you will

the regiment go to Oregon, where it should go, But I am wandering from the subject. Now, take such steps as may be necessary to give protection to and where it is the duty of the President to send as to the resolution, if there is anything in it, any the citizens there, and emigrants and others, traveling to it. If he fails to do it, I shall never cease to say wording of it that is not just right, I am willing and from Oregon.

that, in my judgment, he has failed to do his duty. to change it. I do not ask to direct the President Herewith I enclose two communications from Oregon for your perusal, which you will please return to me.

I am sure it will be wrong to divert that regiment of the United States. He is the Commander-inthe writers I am well acquainted with, (Mr. Applegate, one from that country. The regiment arrived in | Chief of the Army of the United States, and I do of the early settlers of Oregon.) He has done much to Oregon at a time and under circumstances the not want to abridge his authority. I want to rebring the country into requisition, by exploring, opening roads, &c., &c.; a sensible, reliable man. With Mr. Si

most unfavorable. It was just at the time of quest him simply. If the word request is not in mons I have no acquaintance, but have no doubt of the the breaking out of the great gold excitement, the resolution, I want it inserted. I want to draw truth of his narrative.

and in the midst of that excitement many of the the attention of the President to it, and request With great respect, I am, sir, your obedient servant, privates abandoned the service, disgraced them- | him, in the most respectful manner, to extend to


selves by forsaking their flag and going off in the people of Oregon Territory that protection Mr. LANE resumed. I called upon the Presi- search of gold. But a portion of them did not which they are entitled to, and that he will send dent in person, and the House is aware that he is desert, and a sufficient number were left to afford out that regiment to Oregon, which was raised by of the opinion that the army is too small to afford all the protection necessary for that country. They a law of Congress for that service. Now, to ulall the protection that is necessary for that coun- | said, We have enlisted for this service, and will dertake to raise a regiment, and get them on the try, and that he has recommended an increase of remain and serve out our time, get our discharge, ground in time to protect emigrants this year, is the army. I called upon the Secretary of War and then become citizens of this country. While out of the question. No such thing can be done. recently relative to this matter, and asked him if the regiment was in that condition, and able to If members of this House are willing to afford any troops could be sent to that country to afford render service to the country, and afford the pro- this protection, they must request the President, or protection to the emigrants bound to Oregon this tection we needed, they were ordered from that the President must do it withont request, to send season? I have received no definite answer from country to this; and from what the gentleman from out some troops now in the field, and who are either of them. The President feels friendly dis- Texas [Mr. HOWARD) now says, I suppose it is regularly in the service. posed towards that country, and I have no doubt now ordered to Texas, and is upon the way thither. If you let it go this year, there is no certainty he is anxious to do his duty. I make no charges If so, it is all wrong. A portion of that regiment, l of getting them the next; and when will we get at all. But I charge that the rifle regiment has contrary to justice, contrary to law, in my judg- that protection our citizens need and demand I been diverted from the purpose for which it was ment-I am no lawyer, but if I make a declaration am satisfied myself, that the Army is sufficiently raised and organized. It ought not to have been which is not warranted, I wish some good lawyer large for all purposes. Is there not more troops ordered to Texas, if it has been done.

to correct me, I say a portion of that regiment, stationed along the Southern States than are I say to the gentleman from Texas, (Mr. How- raised for service in the Oregon Territory, before needed there? Why are troops needed in the old ARD,) that if an order has been issued from the they were ordered out of it, were transferred from States of the Union? Why not send them where Department here, ordering that regiment to Tex- that regiment into the dragoon service, and ordered they will be on duty, affording protection to the as, it ought not to have been done. It was not into California. That was, in my judgment, a unsettled portions of our country? Or is it that raised for Texan service, or for the protection of violation of the contract between the Government Oregon is too far off, and nothing is cared for the the boundary between Mexico and the United and the soldier, and would, I have no doubt, have | people out there? I am satisfied that there are States; and I can say another thing to the gentle | entitled him to his discharge, if he had taken the enough in the regular Army, properly distributed, man from Texas, that they there are not in the proper steps for that purpose in due time. Never- to afford all the protection that Texas may need, exposed condition as are the people of Oregon, theless, the transfer for the time being was for- | without cailing upon her gallant sons to turn out, and as are the people of the States on their way tunate for us, because it gave us their invaluable and to defend themselves. That, however, they there; and I know that it is an easy matter in Tex- services a few weeks longer than we would have || have been in the habit of doing ever since an as to raise a force in sufficient numbers to whip had them if they had gone off with the rifles. It | American lived there. They are enough to afford all the Indians who may make any attempt upon happened to be just at the time the troubles broke | protection to Texas, and also to emigrants en route their settlements. I know there is no State more out among the Rogue river Indians, when our for Oregon. Why not let the rifles come to Ore gallant, or a people more ready to turn out on duty people were being murdered by them, when they gon-let the troops who have enlisted for that ser at & moment's warning, than the people of Texas. were thus

transferred from the rifles to the dragoon vice serve

out their time there? Now, let me again I know their ability to defend themselves, and that service. The troops thus transferred consisted || ask that the resolution be amended so as to make all they want is to know that their services are of two companies, one commanded by Captain the resolution read “ request" instead of " direct,” needed, and they are ready to go out and de- Walker, the other by the gallant and lamented wherever it may occur. I trust the vote to reconstroy the Indians. But how is it with Oregon? Stewart, who, after covering himself with unfading | sider will not prevail. In that portion of Oregon, for which I ask laurels in Mexico, unfortunately fell in that distant Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia, obtained the floor, protection, there is not any settlements within land, in defence of his exposed countrymen. The but gave way to seven hundred miles. The population even in the people of Oregon will ever cherish his memory, Mr. HEBARD. I wish to say that the inquiry settled portion of Oregon is small; and can this and I hope and believe they will, as they ought, I made of the gentleman from Oregon, was not House for a moment expect them to raise a force erect a monument to perpetuate it.

dictated by any unfriendly feelings towards the of five hundred or even three hundred men, and send them out with subsistance seven hundred mand of Major Kearny, moved in the direction position we were placing ourselves in with refere

Those troops, the whole being under the com- | purposes of his resolution, but it was to see what miles from a settlement? Emigrants bound to of the Indian troubles; and it was my fortune, Oregon, when onee within the settlements, are as with a few gallant Oregonians, to fall in with them President. The objection with me is not what the safe as they would be in Washington city. But then, also including some brave volunteer Califor- gentleman himself supposes it to be. It is not belook at the district of country they are to pass nians, and witness and participate in the service cause it is not sufficiently indicative of a request, over to get there; and who is to give them protection? Can the people of Oregon turn out and mained only two weeks in the country, and at the Il proper as a direction. I did not pay much attention


to the resolution when it was introduced and have no information. It is the duty of the Presi- the eighth military division, and great expense has adopted in the first instance, from the confusion dent to protect the frontier, to protect our emi- | been incurred in their removal. You propose, upon in the Hall. When my attention was again called grants, to protect our distant settlers; and I have no a simple resolution, to order their second removal, to it by the motion to reconsider the vote, it oc- idea of this House interposing to relieve him from thus incurring a double expense. If you undertake curred to me that we were acting entirely in the any of his responsibility, by directing him in this that, you ought at least to do what you failed to dark. It is utterly improper, and I regard the matter. Well, sir, what will be the result? Just as do at the last session of Congress, give the Quarmaking of a request of the President upon an im- certain as the sun will rise to-morrow, if you pass termaster's Department sufficient money whereportant matter like this as equivalent to a direc- this resolution directing the rifle regiment to be with to operate upon the frontier in defence of the tion. I ask gentlemen here how we stand with | posted as the gentleman from Oregon suggests, it country. reference to the President of the United States in will be made the excuse for asking the addition of It appears now, from the report of the Secretary making a request of him to do an important act one or two regiments to our forces. This matter of War, that the Quartermaster's Department is when we ourselves know nothing about his ability was gone over at the last session of Congress, and I destitute of funds and is in debt, and it also to do that act or its propriety? There is the difí agree with the gentleman from Oregon, whose abil. , appears that he cannot protect the frontier, for the culty in the resolution. It is not that it is couched ity and experience has confirmed me in the truth very reason that he has no money in the Quarin disrespectful terms; it is not that it is a direction, of the opinion I expressed at the last Congress, termaster's Department with which he can mount but the objection with meis, that we are requesting that we have army enough if properly posted; but and move troops, and with which he can make a the President to do that of which we ourselves it is not for this House to say where they shall be disposition of any portion of the Army. It strikes have no information, of which we know nothing posted: Congress have not the information, nor me, it would be a far more useful inquiry to ask of the facts either as regards his ability or the pro- the power.

of the Committee of Ways and Means, why they priety of doing the action. It is with that view I Mr. HOWARD. After the statement of the hare not, before this late day, reported the defihope the vote upon the adoption of the resolution honorable Delegate from Oregon, [Mr. Lane,] it ciency bill required by the estimates of the Secrewill be reconsidered. If the gentleman has applied must be apparent to the House what the object of tary of War, thus providing for the necessary o the President to do this very thing, and he this resolution is. It is to overrule, if not by the wants of the Army. neglected to do it, the gentleman, without any direction of the House, at least by its opinion, the Mr. DUNHAM. I do not wish to interrupt nformation upon which to base our action, comes action of the President, as Commander-in-Chief of the gentleman, but these estimates were referred forward and requests him to do it. I want to Army, or the Secretary of War, in relation to the on the 13th of last month. know if it is not implying indirectly a censure posting of the Army. To say nothing of the Mr. HOWARD. If these estimates were reupon the President? 'It is presumed that if he power to which the honorable gentleman from ferred in this House on the 13th of last month, it knows his duty he will discharge it. If we know Virginia (Mr. BAYLY) has adverted to do this, in seems to me that between the Committee of Ways I better than he does, we must have facts upon the absence of all inquiry and information, it is at I and Means and the printing of the House, there which to base our action. I think we are acting | least a most extraordinary proceeding. Why have has been a perfect stop-law to all the business. improperly in requesting-in directing action upon these troops been ordered, not from Oregon, but Mr. DUNHAM. "That may be all true; but it the part of the President which he has declined to California? The Secretary of War has told you cannot be expected for the Committee of Ways and take himself-all the responsibility resting with that mounted troops are unnecessary in Oregon;' Means to act upon the estimates sent to the him, unless some better reason is furnished than that mounted troops cannot operate in Oregon and Speaker's table, before they are printed and sent has been suggested.

California with as much facility as elsewhere; that to the committee. They will act upon them when Mr. BAYLY, of Virginia. My objection to they are not adapted to that service.

in their hands; and if the gentleman wants a the resolution does not grow out of the object at Mr. LANE. If the gentleman from Texas will remedy, he must find it there, and not in the which the gentleman from Oregon seems to aim. allow me, I will put him right in relation to that Committee of Ways and Means. I have no doubt that it is entirely proper that Or

No troops are fit for Indian service but Mr. HOWARD. When the public interest egon, and that the emigrants upon their way to mounted ones. What was the description of force demands immediate action and immediate approOregon, should be protected, li is not from any with which Major Kearny operated? What was priation; when the whole frontier is in a state of doubt of the correctness of the gentleman upon the kind of force commanded by Capt. Stuart when warfare and bloodshed, it strikes me, the Comthat point I oppose this resolution, but my oppo- he was killed? I was with them a short time after mittee of Ways and Means could act upon a matsition grows out of a matter of principle. This the captain fell, and recollect of making a march ter which embraces no more than six pages of House alone has nothing to do with posting the of fifty miles in a day, and having in that several printed matter. They could act upon these estiarmy. The two Houses of Congress have noth- skirmishes. Could men on foot have done that? mates without their being printed ai all. ing to do with it. The Congress of the United We galloped into an Indian town and knocked Mr. DUNHAM. I would like to ask the States can raise and support an army, but the down every Indian that could be seen, and then gentleman if they have authority to do that, when President of the United States is the Commander- went in a gallop to the next town, and after over-the House have ordered these estimates to be in-Chief of the Army; and we have no authority running that, we went to the next, and in that i printed ? upon the face of the earth-the two Houses of manner they conquered in two weeks the most fe- Mr. HOWARD. At whose instance were they Congress have no authority—to give any direc- rocious and warlike Indians in Oregon Territory. I ordered to be printed? Was it at the instance of tion in respect to the posting of the army. That || This was done by troops raised for the Oregon the Committee of Ways and Means? The motion is a matter which belongs exclusively to the Com-service, and who had been transferred to the dra- proceeds from the Committee of Ways and Means, mander-in-Chief of the Army. Why, sir, even in goon service. I will say to the gentleman from or one of its members, and neither is it strictly time of war the Congress of the United States have Texas, that none but mounted troops can operate true, because they are ordered to be printed that no jurisdiction in respect to the Army except to there. Infantry will not do there except to gar- they must remain forever in the hands of the raise and support it.

rison a post. These troops did good service in printer, unless he chooses to execute the printMr. LANĖ. I will state to my friend that the Mexico. Mounted, as they were, they could gal- ing. resolution does not direct the President, it only re- lop a whole day, as did the Texas troops, and on Mr. HOUSTON. The gentleman from Texas quests him. the next fight three or four Indian battles.

(Mr. HOWARD) is laboring under an error, when Mr. BAYLY. I do not think, so far as the Mr. HOWARD. I do not pretend to set up he says that the deficiency estimates were referred question of principle is concerned, that that alters my knowledge of the character of the country in early in the last month. The deficiency estimates, the case. We make a request where we have no Oregon to that of the Delegate of that Territory; | as far as his appropriation is concerned, were preauthority to act, and that request is addressed to but what I said was this, that the Commander-in sented to this House some time in January, but one who has the authority, and who is responsi- Chief of the Army, and the Secretary of War they have not reached the Committee of Ways ble. I shall not comment upon the views which had decided that that country was not adapted to and Means in full yet. I have the estimates that have been already presented, that we have not in- mounted troops, but that infantry was a better have been printed and furnished to the Committee formation upon the subject, because my opposi- l species of force. Now, by a resolution of this i of Ways and Means, but the majority of the memtion does not grow out of the matter of expediency House we undertake to overrule that opinion and bers of that committee have not received them yet. nor propriety, but out of the question of power to order back to Oregon a regiment which has been The gentleman says we can act upon the manuI was about to say when l yielded to the gentle ordered from California to the frontier of Texas script communication that has been made to this man from Oregon, that even in time of war the and New Mexico. It strikes me that this ought | House. We do not get possession of the manuauthority of Congress over the Army is confined not to be done, and that it would be presumption script copy, and we have not the right to it. It is to the raising and subsisting of it. This was a in this House, without investigation, to overrule ordered by the House to be taken to the printersmatter carefully considered in the Convention both the President and the Secretary of War in rela- it is taken there, and there it lies, which adopted our Constitution. The power was tion to the disposition of the Army, or any por- Mr. CABELL, of Florida. I call the gentlegiven to Congress to declare war, to raise and sup- tion of it. Let an inquiry be instituted by the man from Alabama (Mr. Houston] to order. port an army, but the power to wage war is given Committee on Military Affairs, and let a proper The question of printing has nothing to do with to the President of the United States as the Com- | investigation take place, before the Administration the resolution before us. mander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy: Con- is set right upon this point if it is in an error; but Mr. HOUSTON. I think my friend from gress may, if it believes after a war has been de- do not let a resolution introduced in this manner. Florida is getting a little excited. clared, that it is unnecessary and improperly pros- attempting to make a disposition of the Army, be Mr. CABELL. I insist upon my point of ecuted, with hold supplies, but it cannot take the forced through the House without investigation. order. command of the Army. The only way by which | The idea of the Administration is to give so much The SPEAKER. The Chair must decide that the Congress can control the President of the infantry as is necessary to Oregon and Califor- l it is not in order to discuss the question of printUnited States in his command over the Army is nia, and to ace upon the great prairies, the great ing. by withholding supplies. I agree entirely with open plains, the mounted troops, because they can Mr. HOUSTON. The gentleman from Texas the gentleman from Vermont, (Mr. HEBARD,] operate in no other place to advantage against the [Mr. HOWARD) was allowed to discuss this very that in a case of this sort a request is.equivalent to Indians. There is another consideration in con- subject. a direction. It is a matter in reference to which 'nection with this matter. By this time the regi- The SPEAKER. The Chair is not inclined to we have no right to make a request, as a question ment has arrived in Texas, which is under the com- call either the gentleman from Texas (Mr. Howof power, and besides of expediency, where we | mand of General Smith, who is in command of || ARD) or the gentleman from Alabama (Mr. Hous

TON) to order, but the gentleman from Florida (Mr. The SPEAKER. The Chair is inclined to the signed, by citizens of Clermont county, Ohio, praying for CABELL) rises to a question of orderopinion, that if the vote is reconsidered, the reso

the establishment of an Agricultural Bureau.

By Mr. CHANDLER: The memorial of the Board of Mr. HOUSTON. With the permission of the ution will be before the House in order for con

Trade, of Philadelphia, relative to a branch Mint in New gentleman from Texas, I will make a statement sideration.

York. of facts. The stimates which concern him di- Mr. CLINGMAN. It is only when a motion Also, of Mary F. B. Lively, of Philadelphia, asking for rectly, are not the only estimates upon which the is made, and not acted upon, that it goes over to

pension on account of services and sufferings of her husband

in the service of the United States. commillee have to forin a bill. Now, if it were the next suspension day. This has been acted

Also, proceedings of the Agricultural Society, of Penn. true that half a dozen pages of printed matter upon.

sylvania, recommending the establishment of an Agricul were all, the corr mittee might take them up, if On motion, it was

tural Bureau by the United States, they had possession of the printed communica

Ordered, That leave be granted to withdraw from the tion, so as to act upon the subject; but the gentle- files or the House, the papers of John Gordon for purposes

IN SENATE. man forgets that there is a large deficiency in the of reference.

TUESDAY, February 10, 1852. Quartermaster's Department a large deficiency Mr. GORMAN, I yielded to my friend to in the Navy-a large deficiency in the Department make the motion, upon the supposition that this

Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. BUTLER. of the Interior. All these things have to consti- matter would come up to-morrow morning:

PETITIONS. tute one bill, and we cannot venture to take up The SPEAKER. The Chair decides that, as

Mr. WADE presented a memorial of the assist. every itema privileged question, it may be called up.

ant marshals for taking the Seventh Census in The SPEAKER. The Chair is compelled to Mr. JONES, of Tennessee. I will call the at

Clinton county, Ohio, praying additional compen. call the gentleman to order.

tention of the Chair to the fact, that after the House sation; which was referred to the Committee of Mr. HOWARD. I was stating, when I was has disposed of the privileged question, then the Claims. interrupted, why this regiment could not be re- resolution, coming in under the suspension of the Mr. DOWNS presented the memorial of Wilmoved back again to Oregon, for the simple rea- rules, must, I think, according to the practice of || liam R. Glover and James J. Wright, praying son that there is no money in the Quartermaster's the House, go over to the next Monday—the sus- that the Postmaster General may be authorized to Department to defray the expenses. That, I in- pension day.

contract with them for the transportation of the sisi, is pertinent to the resolution. Now the gen- The SPEAKER. The Chair thinks, in exam. mails between New Orleans and Vera Cruz, touchtleman says that the Committee of Ways and lining the practice of the House, that the subject ing at Tampico; which was referred to the ComMeans have not had the estimates before the com- has come fairly before the House, and after being mittee on the Post Office and Post Roads. mittee. They have had the estimates of the de- reconsidered by the House, it will be in order to

Mr. BADGER presented seven memorials of ficiency bill for the Army, which were referred on vote upon the resolution. But the Chair states

assistant marshals for taking the Seventh Census the 13th of the last month.

distinctly, that it reserves to itself the right of de- in North Carolina, praying additional compensaMr. CABELL, of Florida. I rise to the same termining that matter when it comes up.

tion; which were referred to the Committee of point of order. The remarks of the gentleman Mr. JONES. The Chair will find upon exami- Claims. from Texas have nothing to do with the question. ation, that the practice of the House, at the last Mr. SHIELDS presented the memorial of John

Mr. HOWARD, That is a matter for the session of Congress, when a similar question arose, A. Dix and John A. Bolles, sureties of the late Speaker to decide. was as I have already stated.

R. S. Dix, praying certain credits in the settleThe SPEAKER. The Chair is not inclined to On motion, it was

ment of his accounts as a paymaster in the Army; regard the gentleman from Texas as wandering Ordered, That leave be granted to withdraw from the which was referred to the Committee on Military entirely beyond the boundaries of this debate, in files of the House, the papers of John Sloane, for the pur- Affairs. referring to the means of the Government for

pose of reference to one of the Executive Departments. transterring these troops. The gentleman from

The question was then taken upon the motion

Also, a petition of the President and Directors Texas is in order. for adjournment, and it was agreed to.

of the Mississippi and Atlantic Railroad ComMr. HOWARD. On the 13th of January, this The House adjourned till co-morrow at twelve

pany, praying the right of way and a donation of o'clock. matter was referred and ordered to be printed, and

jand; which was referred to the Committee on

Public Lands. for about two weeks the printed estimate has been

Also, the petition of John Mitchell, praying to in my desk-how much longer in my box, I do

PETITIONS, &c. not know. It seems to me, in a matter of so

The following petitions, memorials, &c., were presented

be allowed back pension; which was referred to under the rule, and referred to the appropriate committees:

the Committee on Pensions. By Mr. BOWNE: The petition of Jaives Cleveland, Jr.,

Also, two petitions of citizens of Illinois, praywhole frontier-the efficiency of the whole Army and others, a committee of the rope-makers of Kings coun. ing the right of way and a donation of land for itself-that this is a late day for the deficiency bill, ty, in the State of New York, praying for an alteration of the construction of a railroad from Shawneetown and not yet brought in, and which ought to have

the taritt. been passed long ere this. The necessary money

By Mr. HORSFORD: The petition of sundry citizens

to the Mississippi river, opposite to Saint Louis; of Geneva, New York, praying for additional protection to

which were referred to the Committee on Public to make the Army efficient should have been ap- the business ot' manutacturiug segars.

Lands. propriated, as almost the first business of the By Mr. BURROWS: The memorial of A. A. Hibbard House, because, whatever may be the fault in relaand others, citizens of the State of New York, remonstra

Also, the petition of Jeremiah Twarny, praying tion to the defences of the country, I undertake ting against an extension of C. H. McCormick's patent for

compensation for a coat lost while he was aiding a reaping machine.

in extinguishing the fire in the Capitol on the 24th to say that it rests here. It does not rest with the By Mr. GOODRICH : The petition of Bancroft Fowler December last; which was referred to the ComAdministration. I feel bound in justice to the

and others, of Stockbridge, Massachusetts, praying Con- mittee to Audit and Control the Contingent Ex. Administration to say, that at the last session of

gress to take such action as it may deem best in lavor of
stipulated arbitration as a substitute for war, as an arbiter

penses of the Senate.
Congress they called repeatedly both for men and
of justice among nations.

Mr. CLEMENS presented the petition of Wilmeans to enable them to make the frontier de. Also, the petition of Ezra Heath, in behalf of the heirs of

liam O'Brien, a lieutenant in the late war with fences efficient. By the course pursued at the last

Gilbert Dench, for the payment of the balance equitably due
nder a contract with the Governinent.

Mexico, praying three months' extra pay and his session of Congress in cutting down the estimates

By Mr. HENN: The petition of Isaac G. Willson and

traveling expenses home; which was referred to one half in the Quartermaster's Department, and 35 others, citizens of Powesheik county, Jowa, asking for the Committee on Military Affairs. that, too, without any reason, and by the refusal a mail route from Fairfield, via Lancaster, Sigourney, and Mr. FISH presented a petition of bank oficers or neglect of the House this session to this late Indianapolis, to Montezuma.

By Mr. GROW: The petition of citizens of Susquehan

and others, of Albany, New York, praying the esday to supply that deficiency in any degree, the

na county, Pennsylvania, for a mail route from Friends- tablishment of a Mint in the city of New York; fault rests here; and the frontiers of the country ville, in said county, to South Warren, in Bradford county. which was referred to the Committee on Finance. are not protected in the manner in which they By Mr. CLINGMAN: The inemorial of Captain Charles Mr. BRADBURY presented a memorial of ought to be. I wish at the proper time to move

Wilkes, relative to the search for Sir John Franklin. to strike out all the resolution from the word “re

By Mr. BRIGGS: The memorial of the presidents and

merchants, shippers, ship-owners, underwriters, cashiers of the banks in Albany, New York, and 26 mem- and others, of Bath, Maine, praying that the act solved," and to substitute in its place “that the bers of the Senate of the State of New York, asking Con- of March 3, 1847, for the reduction of the costs Committee on Military Affairs be instructed to in- gress to establish a Mint in the city of New York. quire into it,” &c.

By Mr. MILLSON: The petition of William T. Hendren, I ships and vessels may not be repealed; which was

and expenses of proceedings in admiralty against clerk of the district court or the United States for the eastMr. GORMAN. I understand the motion is ern district of Virginia, praying a reasonable annual salary.

referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. to reconsider the vote by which the resolution was By Mr. McDONALD: The petition of Christopher B. Mr. SHIELDS. I have been requested to preadopted.

Sawyer and 17 others, citizens of Maine, for a light-house The SPEAKER. There is a motion now for on the Nubble, at Cape Neddech.

sent the memorial of Mrs. Mary Ann W. Van Also, the petition of G. N. Freeman and others, on same

Ness, praying an extension of the jurisdiction of reconsideration.

subject. Mr. ORR. Will that motion come up to-mor

the Supreme Court, so as to allow her an appeal

Also, the petition of Captain E. Perkins and others, on from a decision of the circuit court for the District row, if not disposed of?

same subject. The SPEAKER. It is a privileged question, others, citizens of Licking county, Ohio, for additional

By Mr. SWEETSER: The petition of Enoch Winan and

of Columbia, which I move to refer to the Com

mittee on the Judiciary. the motion to reconsider-which may be called up compensation for taking the census, under the act of May Mr. BUTLER. I do not like to interpose any tomorrow. 230, 1850.

objection to sending anything to the Committee on Mr. ORR. I hope my friend from Indiana By Mr. GIDDINGS: The petition of William Chandler (Mr. GORMAN) will give way to a motion to adand 43 other citizens of Clinton, Ohio; A. Van Houton

the Judiciary that properly belongs to it. I do and 126 others, of Morris county, New Jersey ; Minn G.

not say that this matter would not have originally journ. I make the motion that the House do now Moslin and 67' other citizens of Ohio, Kenneth Monthly belonged to that committee, but it has been before adjourn.

Meeting of the religious Society of Friends, for the repeal of that committee, and I have once brought in a bill Mr. JONES, of Tennessee. I wish to under- the fugitive slave law. stand the condition of the question, should the

Also, the petition of William Miley and 80 other citizens

in connection with it. As well as I can recollect, of Illinois, for observance of the Sabbath.

her former memorial-and I have no doubt this House now adjourn. If the motion should come

By Mr. RIDDLE: The memorial of 1,300 citizens of the is the same was, that we should review a certain up to-morrow to reconsider, and it be carried, then State of Delaware, praying for an appropriation to build a I should think the resolution, having come in custom house in the city of Wilmington.

law, and make a retrospective law so as to allow under a suspension of the rules, will go over until

By Mr. BUELL: The petitiou of Sergeant William Pratt,

her to go to the Supreme Court of the United for a pension.

States for a revision of her rights. That bill, next Monday.

By Mr. BARRERE: Three several petitions, numerously I! which was presented, was considered and disposed


the same.

of by a large majority of this body, and I should based, of no taxation without representation, to the bled, That it is hereby made the duty of the President of therefore be reluctant to allow such a matter to go

the t'nited States. to cause to be paid into the treasury of government of that State. At ihat time the Com

the State of California, all the moneys collected in the ports back to a committee which has already decided mittee on Finance reported upon the bill, striking now embraced within the limits of said State, from the thirupon it; and I would inform my friend from Illi- out the whole of it, and authorizing the payment tieth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and fortynois, that if it goes back again to that committee, to us of $300,000 instead of the millions of dollars right, to the day on which the collector appointed under the

act entitled “ An act to extend the revenue laws of the Uniit will share its former fate. He had better, there- which had been paid by us in violation of our

ted States over the territory and waters of Upper Cali'orfore, propose some other reference.

rights as citizens of the United States. Since thenia, and to create a collection district therein," approved Mr. SHIELDS. I have merely presented the adjournment of the last Congress, the Legislature March three, eighteen hundred and forty-nine, entered upon memorial at the request of this respectable lady, of California has acted upon this subject, and

the duties of his office: Provided, That such moneys so to and if the chairman of the Committee on the Ju- passed resolutions in regard to it by a unanimous

be paid to the State of California, shall be exclusive of all

sums properly expended under the directions of the military diciary objects to its being sent to that committee, vote, which I presented to the Senate some time de facto governors, for the necessary expenses of collecting I presume the better way will be to let it lie on the ago, and will now read.

the same; and also all sums properly and justly expended table.

under the directions of said officers for the purpose of carAs this is a question of great importance to the The PRESIDENT. Does the Senator persist people of that State, I will beg the indulgence of exinted orand sustaining the de facto government, which in his motion?

the Senate while I read the resolutions, which States and Mexico, until the present State government of Mr. SHIELDS. I would ask if there has been truly represent the unanimous voice of the people California went into operation. an adverse report upon this subject? If there has, of the State:

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted. That itis hereby made

the duty of the President of the United States in canse to I will change my course,

Joint Resolutions relative to the Civil Fund of California. be paid into the treasury of the State of California, all Mr. BUTLER. Perhaps not directly an ad- Resolved by the Senate and Assembly, That we view moueys collected as a revenue upon imports in the porte verse report, because her application was reported with feelings of surprise and regret, the action of Congress now embraced within the limits of said State, from the day upon by a bill. That bill proposed to give her the

in refusing to refund to the State of California, moneys col- on which the collector appointed under the act aforesaid,

lected in her ports and from the honest industry of her citi- approved third March, eighteen bundred and forty nine, enright of appealing to the Supreme Court by a law zens previous to her admission into the Federal Union. tered upon the duties of his office, to the day on which the which reached back to cases that had arisen with- Resolved, That we consider the fund heretofore known State of California was admitted into the Union : Prorided, in a period of five years, cases which had been de as the Civil Fund of California, to be the property of this That all such moneys so directed to be paid over shall be cided under the laws then existing; in other words,

State, and that any other appropriation of it by the General exclusive of all amounts properly disbursed in collecting

Government we bold to be unjust and ungeneruus. Taxato give her the benefit of a law operating retro- tion without representation, is a principle always repudiated SEC, 3. And be it further enacted, That it is hereby made spectively, when, in fact, no such law existed. by the American people.

the duty of the President of the United States to cause We decided against that, and introduced a bill

Resolved, That our Senators and Representatives be re- to be paid into the treasury of the State of California, all which should operate prospectively, giving to all

quested to continue all honorable exertions to procure from inoneys collected in the ports now embraced within the

Congress the recognition of our right to the moneys taken limits of said State, as hospital and light dues, and which persons a right to appeal to the Supreme Court from us by the General Government, and an appropriation moneys were so collected prior to the day on which said rom the decisions of the Circuit Court.

to that effect, and that we call upon our sister States to see State was aflmitted into the Union. The memorial was then laid on the table.

that this act of justice is performed towards the youngest of Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, that the President of the Republic.

the United States is hereby authorized to provide and prePAPERS WITHDRAWN AND REFERRED. Resolved, That the Governor be requested to present to scribe such regulations, vouchers, and other forms, as in

our Senators and Representatives, each, a copy of the fore. his judgment will be best calculated to carry out the foreOn motion by Mr. PEARCE, it was going resolutions. JOHN BIGLER,

going provisions of this law. Ordered, That the petition of Chester Griswold, on the

Speaker of the Assembly.

Mr. PEARCE. Mr. Presidentiles of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Pen


President of the Senate.

The PRESIDENT. It is not in order to discuss APPROVED, May 1, 1851.

this subject at the pre-ent time. REPORTS FROM STANDING COMMITTEES.


Mr. PEARCE. I was about to say, that as the Mr. CLEMENS, from the Committee on Mili- It is known to the Senate that I had these reso- || bill is not now under consideration, I did not conitary Affairs, to which was referred the memorial lutions reserred to the Committee on Finance, of sider it proper to reply to the remarks of the Senof the officers of the first regiment of Louisiana which I am a member; and I moved, in commit- ator from California; but when it is before us for volunteers, submitted an adverse report; which tee, that a bill be reported accordingly. I am sorry consideration I hope I shall be able to vindicate was read.

to say that I stood solitary and alone in favor of the course of the committee. Mr. SHIELDS, from the Committee on Mili- the introduction of such a bill; and I now give no- Mr. GWIN. I will meet the Senator there. tary Affairs, to which was referred the petition of tice, that when the bill reported comes before the

ENGROSSED BILL PASSED. a company of sappers and miners, submitted a re- Senate, I will make an appeal to the representaport, accompanied by a bill to repeal the act enti- tives of the several States of the Union to interfere time and passed :

The following engrossed bill was read a third iled "An act for the organization of a company and render effective this act of justice to Califorof sappers, miners, and pontoniers," approved nia.

An act supplementary to several acts of ConMay 15, 1846; which was read and passed to the In addition to this, there was another class of gress, providing for the better security of the lives second reading.

meritorious claims which were referred to the same of passengers on board of vessels propelled in On motion by Mr. SHIELDS, it was committee, designed to make some compensation

whole or in part by steam, and for other purposes. Ordered, That the Committee on Military Affairs be dis- to those patriotic citizens who prevented a num- ASSIGNABILITY OF LAND WARRANTS. charged from the further consideration of documents rela- || ber of American citizens from starving by furnish- The Senate proceeded to consider the amend. ting to the claim of John P. Duval, and that they be referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

ing them with support en roule, and on their arrival ments of the House of Representatives to the bill On motion by Mr. SHIELDS, it was

in that country. This proposition was made by to make land warrants assignable, and for other Ordered, That the Committee on Military Affairs be dis- me, not alone in consequence of the suggestions of purposes; and, charged from the further consideration of documents in re

my own mind, although it met my cordial appro- On motion by Mr. FELCH, it was lation to the claim of the widow of Brevet Major J. P.J. | bation, but in accordance with instructions from

Ordered, That they be referred to the Committee on PubO'Brien, and that they be referred to the Committee on the Legislature of California. The resolution is lic Lands. Pensions. this:

EXILED IRISH PATRIOTS. Mr. MALLORY, from the Committee on Naval Joint Resolution for the relief of Captain William Waldo, The Senate resumed the consideration of the Affairs, to which was referred the memorial of

Charles N. Hall, and J. J. Petrie.

resolution expressive of the sympathy of ConThomas Pember, submitted a report, accompanied Resolved, (the Assembly concurring.) That our Senators gress for the exiled Irish patriots, 'Smith O'Brien by a bill for his relief, which was read, and passed in Congress be instructed, and our Representatives re

and Thomas F. Meagher and their associates. to the second reading. The report was ordered to quested to use their influence and efforts to obtain an ap

Mr. SEWARD, (who has the floor on this subje printed.

also, for the relief of Captain William Waldo and Charles ject.) Mr. President, I move the postponement

N. Hall, for money expended by them in affording relief to REFUNDING REVENUE TO CALIFORNIA.

of that resolution until to-morrow, and that it be the destitute and suffering overland immigration, while

the special order for that day, at one o'clock. Mr. PEARCE. I am instructed by the Com- || acting under the direction of the Sacramento Relief Comaittee on Finance, to which was referred Senate

The PRESIDENT. It is now a special order, pany; and that the Governor of this State be requested to

forward this resolution to our Senators and Representatives and if postponed it will come up to-morrow at one ül No. 44, entitled “A bill in addition to and

in Congress.

JOHN BIGLER, o'clock. mendatory of an act entitled 'An act to provide

Speaker of the Assembly.

Mr. SEWARD. Then I make the motion to or the settlement of the accounts of the public offi

DAVID C. BRODERICK, ers, and others, who may have received moneys

President of the Senate.

postpone until to morrow. rising from military contributions, or otherwise,

APPROVED, April 5, 1851.

The motion was agreed to.

JOHN MCDOUGAL. · Mexico,'" approved March 3d, 1849, to report

NON-INTERVENTION. . I also made an unsuccessful effort to have some le same back to the Senate, with an amendment, appropriation made to pay these just and merito Mr. CLARKE's resolutions on the subject of non

The Senate proceeded to the consideration of nd ask that the bill and amendment be printed. The PRESIDENT. The bill will be printed, that effort. And I give notice, that when this bill intervention. The

pending question is the amendo s a matter of course, and it is usual also to print comes up, I shall introduce an amendment to carry

ment offered by Mr. Cass to the amendment of he amendments.

into effect the object of that resolution of my State. Mr. Seward. Mr. GWIN. In connection with this subject,

That the Senate may be apprised of the princi

Mr. CASS addressed the Senate at length on the ill comes up for consideration, in accordance these remarks the bill relating to this subject as | and maintained the right, justice, and propriety of

wish to give notice to the Senate, that when this ple I am contending for, I will have printed with subject. He considered the subject in all its bearvith a resolution of the Legislature of California,

originally introduced by me: will move to make some important amendments

an open declaration of our opinion upon the subA Bill to authorize and direct the payinent of certain mono it. During the last Congress I brought this eys into the treasury of the State of California, which !ject of violations of the law of nations. His subject to the notice of the Senate, prepared a bill, were collected in the ports of said State as a revenue speech will be found in the Appendix. and bad it referred to the Committee on Finance,

upon imports, since the ratification of the treaty of peace authorizing the payment of the moneys collected

between the United States and the Republic of Mexico, ll the

Senator from North Carolina


Mr. CLEMENS. For the purpose of enabling and prior to the admission of said State into the Union. from the people of California, in violation of law

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- | to conclude an unfinished speech, I'move that the and the principles upon which this Government is | tives of the United States of America in Congreu assem- further consideration of this subject be postponed

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